Saturday, May 12, 1838

Atlas

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Atlas (Newspaper) - May 12, 1838, London, Middlesex No. 626. VoL.Xra.] SATURDAY, MAY 12, 1838. tEAKLY EDITION IN TIME FOR POST, It seems that ii so promising he five e commission from the Tory c6mmandiT-in-chief with which he started on his tour: even Burdett drew hack from the rash imdertaking, and, according to some opinions, like -~oId Northumberland Lies crafty-sick, in order to avoid making his appearance in London until he matter has somewhat blown over. Sir G. Sinclair, lio\(rever, hurried with all possible speed to London: he �* swallowed the ground with fierceness and rage"- in desperate haste to give his notice; but, although cold water was thrown by Sir Robert Peel upon the Tory traveller, smoking with fatigue and fury, as we hear, he began to get; warm again after the division of Thursday, He glowed on Friday morning, was in a red heat when he looked over ;he newspapers at breakfast, and had absolfltely reached a white neat by noon. In this feverish condition Sir George Sinclair hastened to Sir Robert Peel, whom he found reading liis speech of the preceding night, and not a little chagnned to observe that the Times thought it so tame and unsatisfactory tha,t, in its remarks on the debate, though it had mentioned every other Speaker, it had not even distantly alluded to him. Sir Robert was, therefore, ' " Sir George, and when lardon of Col. Conolly for thus borrowing Lord Mulgrave's appropriate designation of him) opened his mind to the nght honourable ex-Premier, he received such a rieply as induced him to wish he had been at that moment in Caithness, or anywhere but -^hete he was. He soon made himself more easy in this particular, but we learn that he is still far from settled m his mind, and (hat he wanders from White's to the Carlton an4 from the Carlton to White's, asking advice of everybody; at one time resolving to �arry his Stockport t^ireat into execution, and at ^mother recollects ingPope's line-- ' ^ A fool ndgbt'onqefitosetf alone expose. . THE ATLAS OF THIS DAY CONTAINS :- PAflB. The PoUtlcian................ 289 JBaat Indian and Colonial Atlas.. 290 Foreign News................291 Imperial Parliament.......... 291 British News ............294 Meetings...................... 294 �Lam Reports..................294 Police ReporU.................295 Omnium.......................295 MiscellMiea.................... 296 Theatrteal IntelUgenCe......... 296 Saturday's News ..............296 : Weekly Retrospeiit of theMbney Market............. .v......  296 leading Articles ............... 296 Tffr. Sergeant Talfourd'a New  Tragedy ......... ...... ^.� 29,T Memoranda on Men and Things.. 297 tlTSULTVKB. Six Years ia Biscay ............897 PAOB. Works of Alt and Artists In EngUnd....................298 Practical: Observations on the Preserration of Health, and the Prevention of Diseases........ 298 Bondeavdx} Translated from the Black Letter, French Edition: of 1527...................... 298 Mu^ic 9nd Musicians...........299 The Shajratul Atrak..........299 Piiie Arts;....................299 Literary'and Scientific Institutions ...........299 The Army...............299 Gazettes...............i...... 300 Banking and Monetary Atlas.... 300 fheMarkets ............301 The Universities .............. 302 Births, Marriages, and Deaths .. 302 Advertisements................802 THE POLITICIAN. LORD JOHN RUSSELL AND THE CHURCH. -TrLor4 J<toi JRussell, in the studied vi The majority ,of eleven | from their places. exceeded th� agueness wid mistiness wherewith he habitually expresses himself on these church questioriiSj labours hard to make it appear thiEit hilhats thfe good of lib^^^ object, because he woiidd emplcrp^, he could pinch out of ite revenues in the piirchase of "instruction for the people." Now, if his lordship means by tins phrase, ** the instruction" of that vast body of the people who, being members of the churcli establishment, ure from their own accumulating numbers destitute of all means of improvement in religious knowledge, we would humbly represent to the noble mutilater of the church and tool of the Dissenters, that the soundest and most valuable of all xeHgiotis instruction is that which would be imparted to^ ' our^^rotestant Episcopal congregations by oui* own paro-' chial clergy, and that the best schoolhouses which could he obtained .would be <those built in the form^ to the uses effectedrsnd with thefefiilities afforded^ by a multiplication of Protestant churches, to be served by' mimsters paid-out of any Bui^lnswM^h could by: honest means 1^ raised out of &e existing landa of fhe churcK instead of leaving the poor of our establishment to shift for tfaem-. .jselves, while the out-door enemy was fattening on tl^eir spoliatioQ, and sharpening, at their expensei ms hdstille weapons. The, schc^me of Lor^;Johxi Ru8$em goes con-fessecQy jbo despoil, the churtch and tis members of what^ ever' tiavanfages might be drawn'from the improvement of their.own property, and to, hand oTer the mut& of fl[iat improvement to strangers. Supposing, as Hr.'Goulbuprn remarked, that the government of Elizabeth or Henry VIIX. had acted as the,c|�&cial'took of the piss^ters now propose to actj andihad said-r-" We are;tfriendsxof the church�bu,t we wHlmana^eithat its income shall neverhave the slightest shareoE benefit from the possible impr6ve-ment of the times,'' its present amount shall Q^ver oe exceeded, letihe growth of. the populationbe hereafter what it will"-'what, we askj would have been the present state of the church, aiid of the people of England^ with refer-< ence to tho' means of rehgious knowledge^ had the pro-' ?erty never improvlidfrbm the end'of' the 16th centijuy ? he scheme of thelord seeks not even what it professes. It professes tO: leave the revenue ot^^ where it isi;;b�t; it weakens the security of that revenue by converting a proprietor into a mere rent charger. In another respect, as Sir Robert Peel ri^tly afBrkns, a'decejption is, Jradtised by the ministers.' Thejr 5retend(to reheve the tissenters n:om an impost; but it is not the Dissenters who pay that' impost^ it is the great body of landed propnetors throughbut the Mngdom-r-themselves chiefly members of the church estaoKsJimentj who are to be^ relieved from the pblij^atioix ^rider which they acquired their estates,, no-matter whether by descent or purchase-viz., that of keeping up the ffsibrics of the chiu'ches. However, we nee'd not speculate on what ministers really mean: They-mean really'to do (accbrdingto custom) no-, thing; The present i^s^tem 6f ^^'agii�g, 0h�?:ch property, hadheeh found untenable-so long ago a* in November, 1934. Why have tl]i,ree years and a half smce passed without anything-tjdng done or seriously attempted ? In 1834 Lord Grey's government, of which Lord Afthorp was the organ, proposed that - the ^chii^eh-rates shall be paid by "the state.% :Why was that proposal abandoned P Mr. Spring Rice hroughf forward another project. Why was that abandoned ? A committee was appointed by thpse same inefficient mountebanks in July, 1837. - It did what it was designed to do~viz., nothing. Instead of introducing a measure;on this subject at the opening of the session in last November, they put it off until the 4th of May; and then it proves to be, not abill, or even one or more bincUng resolutions, but a motion for a committee, which is calculatedi like the last year's committee, to do just nothing at all. The fact is, that ministers dare not grapple with this question. They dread the Dissenters; they dread still more, at the bottom of their hearts, to of-f end iriretrievably the church of England. They will, riot stand upin fair battle against either; they therefore shuffle With both. " If eve^," says Sfr Robert Peel, " there yas a proposal calculated to guU both partieSr it is that of leaving the fluestioiji in its present unsettled state." T^ere^ fore it is that the question will, so far as depepdson mittis-ters, be "left in its present unsettled state,'^ and'the satisfactory adjustment of it, and of all other difficulties, vi4ll devolve upon l^irBoberf; Peel and hip Copservative, col-lea^es^ Itet the people of England bear- this in mind, for we have not deceived them. on Thursday last ought to have been reduced to two, inasmuch as three Conservative members left the House, and six others were prevented from coming down under the persuasion that it woiild be an adjourned debate. Such are the hair-breadth 'scapes of these sub-Radical adventurers. THE POLICY, IMPRUDENCE, AND DISAPPOINTMENT OF THE TORIES. Morning Chronicle-W<e can feel even for the Tories, and we know how grievously they have recently be'en disappointed. Not a few of the party (we do not refer to the leaders) had made up their min^ the other day to win upon Lord John Russell's, motion for a committee regarding churchleiases?-not, indeed, that they could resist the nomination of a comimttee, but that they should be able to carry Mr. Liddell's amendment for defeating the inquiry; and tljereby they hoped, to accomplish what was of infinitely greater importaiice to them than any matter relatin^f to the vjrell-being of the church-the exclusion of ministers from office. The church is very well as a stalking-horse from/ behind which to aim at Lord Melbourne and his' colleagues, and for this reason chiefly the Tories how profess such an astonishing regard tor it; but let it be remembered that the Tones at the time of the revolution were the Worst enemies of the church,,and that but for the Whigs they would have succeeded in enabling James II. to establish Poper^rin England as the religion of the state. In fact, the Whigs, from that day to the present, have always been the truest friends of Protestantism; and in order.to render the church as popular as possible; they have been anxious to remove abuses and objections. One objection unquestionably is the payment of church-rates by Dissenters, and hence the desire of the Whig government to find a substitute without subtracting one iarthing from the church, by. the improvement of its property. The church will thus be ^permanently strengthened, and wronjg will be done to nobody^ This reldly is the plain state of the case, and we defy the Tories to'coptradUipt.it.. Upon what mis-^ calculation the expectaladn to which we have alluded was founded^ we iknow riot� .but^^ the issute of the second division on-Thursday wa& cruelly tantahzmg to the yotmgeri and more igre^y^of'the Conservative ptetisans. To b{e: sijffe. l^erj i|a^ jij^pffitei^'had aipajority of ^thirty-six as to the appbiptmehpbf ^t^^ commiftee; 'but inen on the 'airiehdmerit, that whatS^vjer money might be obtained by better management pf/dhur'ch lands ought to be devoted purely to religious purposes, the number of members who votjEdwith !l^ordPJ6hp Russell was only eleven abov^ the number who, vote^ with Sir R. Peel. "Bovf near ai balance did this seem, and what an increased appetite it gave to the hungry expectants of the opposition ! It was like the thin pane of ^^lass which divides ; the beggar from\ the smokipgi.yiands. The..Tories fancied they actually smelt office:, they had the steam of this |:ood things regatingl their ' nostrils. Dryden,: writing m Tory times, or ^t all events m corrupt times,; which is much the same'thing, despaired of living to see' a government " wherein time servers and blockheads' would not be uppermost." However, he did live to "see it, 'when' the Whigs effectjed the revolution of 1688. They efiected another revolution in 1832, when the Reform Bill passed;' and 'since&that era^ with a brief exception," time-servers.aild blockheads" have again been excluded from office; but the more juvenile and eager Tories on, Thursday last fondly^ imagined that the reign of ^'time-servers and btopkheads" was at last to be restored^ and that they were to retake possession of the ^nug berths in Whitehall, which they had held for half a century^ which they hoped again to hold for half a century longer. Not so the more- cautious and experienced of the party. Men like Sir Robert Peel and Lord Aberdeen know but too well that in the present state of feeling and opinion throughout the country a majority of eleven votes is just as good asia jnajority of one hundred and eleven in the days of Castlereagn- and Liverpool; Only let Sir Robert Peel and Lord Aberdeen get a llOuse of Commons with eleven votes in their favour, and they would think themselves " wh^ld: as the marble, founded as the rock," and never tb iemoyed from office so long as they could commsmd such^ a,majorityi Did not they hold the reins of government i for, three months together with; considerably more than* 'such a majority against themP Sir Robert Peel is well aware that if he couldj step into the Treasiuy tbtiaorrowj hie must inevit-' " Thursday, and that determining not to draw other people:-into the scrape. What �onciusion; if any, he has arriyed at remains to Pe seep; but^ at all events^ he is likely to makea very pretty finish to hjis northern e5qjedjj^ . THE WHIGS, THE TOHlESi AND THE CHURCH. MoHNWGPosT-rvChe friends oi^-ministers complain that we Tories accttse-their official patrons of "beii^g foes of the church. They say that we.are perpetually dealing in-misrepresentation, and attributing to ministers a hatred of the church, and a desperateidesign for its overthrow, which the said ministers do by no means entertain. This is altogether a mistake. We aafe ^uite aware of the acu-mepi and the astuteness, and all.that sort of thing, which is displayed by the literary' fribnds of the present very potent and magnificent administration, especially by those friends who'publis^^^ an after- noon.but in the instance to which we have referre'd they are decidedly wrong; We do not accuse the present mipisters of hating the church, or ivishine for its overthrow as an estabushinent. We do not baUeye:,A^ capable of any stiong sentiment even on the side of des-tructiveness. We believe they have in ; the conduct -'of public aflTairs but one aim, which they jmrsPe rather with perseverance than with vigour-nmiii, si^dfidpecpikndo -^and that aim is the coahnu^nce of theitt^jplves in If they could man^g^ this wi^out attacking the churph we are persuaded they would make no such attack. The church rates might r6st in peace if the votes of Dissentfers and Republicans were not necessary to the positib'n ;of Lord John Russell as Secretary of State' for the:Home Department. Church leases might continue to be made as they haVebeen for hundreds of years without exciting any jealous inquiry on�the part of her Majesty's ministers, were it not that such amiable persons as Mr. WarbPrton, and such luminousperspns as Mr. Hume, wopld, hodqruht,^ run seriously restiff if the church were Mt iundisturbed by threats of plunder, or were suffered to proceed in its works of peaceful usefulness with a public understanding that the conductors of the civil government'msl^ed, it good speed. -But though we dp riot acc&emiiust^^^ being the enenries of Ine churfeh,*' we can help",at:fri-bptirigtotiiienia;sortpf conductwlhich;:�ineyerypubUc point, of view fitr worse than that of aipcere enmity to the Protestant establishment. They are not the foes of that establisliment, hut they suffer themselves to be made the  ' - - . 1 . fKi..- ...- -^rbus to the eful to ably step out ;qf the chanceof a Tory .aBmipistration was never more remote and desperate thaii' at this moment. This is the confirmed opinion of^. the wary. Tory leader, and he only smiles at those who flatter themselves with hope which never: can be rej^ised;' whether founded upon the ministerial niEgority of eleven,; or upon the idle rumour greedily caught up and simlbwed a few days ago, that the private secrej;sqry of the priei^^ obtained a permanent appointment :If,;too^ we are not misinformed, ^il Jtobert PeeJ has Just give^paiifr^sh proof of his convic-tiottrtha,t the.imajprity ;of eieyep for ministers does not brihg' hijar aijd his paia^ Downingj-street, ,^{e.hay^ haiflt^pjQasi^Pvrit^Ore thfi^ to mention the little incident at Stockpott, wheitiSir George Sinclair, in the;hU^p pieetirigof upwattoivo Conservatives, " re^stered a vowinyHeaVen?.'' tha!t he would instantly britagabout�tl'ialbfatreri^^/;'!^^^ tools of those who:arei This is very dan^ well-being of the nation, aud exceediagly u all parties concerned. We think, indeed, that there is no part of the proceedings of the sincere enemies of the' church which reflects such discredit upon them as the use that they make of a feeble government which they have found to be composed of " squeezable nmtenal^.f^';',^^ is easy to ipiagirie that mistaken but still honest iperi  plight wish and work for the overthrow of the schurihv The minds of men are. constituted so differently'i apd^^t&e circumstances of education lead even the npfoati'*'**'''^ people 'to such contradictory eonclpsiopSj tl^^t^^ are quite sure of the. immense advimtages from, our: church establishmept, we; kno�vt1ihats as honestly feel quite as sure of the v seems.to us impossible that those Bd) politicians who, themselves .sijttcei^sls overthrow of the church eiSttablilshttj^^t^ isting government m the .Tfe^yilh'ejF;l|&"^: that purpose. These Radieal&iiniifilti^ if the eftd they iiifl^