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Atlas: Saturday, January 20, 1838 - Page 1

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   Atlas (Newspaper) - January 20, 1838, London, Middlesex                                Vol. XIIIj SATURDAY, JANUARY 20, 1838. [PftlCE   lOrf. THE ATLAS OF THIS � v   VAOX Politician   . . .>. . .     . . 83 Kast Indian and Colonial Attas Imperial Parliament "'. Foreign News v . �', . . . Britfih K�w� .'% . ... Scotland . . ...... .Ireland' '.      -.�' Accident* and Offences   . . Plies' ' Omniam , ............... - Banking ^ Monetary Atlas Bankof Fttuiceiy :  iBanfcotAusliatosi*^ .:!. . . XiaWJltfion aliOstCheck . .,-v . Weekly Retrospect of the Money  -Market        .., . v . . .40 I*aldiij* Articles     . . . . .40 ffie Uterary Profession ' . . .41 34 .Si .37 .37 . 37 .37 . 87 .88 .38 .38 i 39 .30 40 DAY CONTAINS :- *AOB Theatricals........41 Memoranda on Hen and Things. 41 Music and Mnsicians . . . . 41 -  LITERATURE. AttQa, King of the Hons . . .42 The Naturalist's Library ... .43 Antdgrapbs of IllustriouB and Dia-tingaiBhed Women of IGreat Britain   . . . . . . . . 44 Fitie Arts   . . .  . ... 44 Literary and Scientific Institutions v. .......44 Universities   ....... 44 Army :� . .: . . . ..  dhurcrh ^s^lis^i^l,' cfo object to)he terms in which< tha^proimse, was^cQiieirted hyjtje  descriptions of person*; and professes to relieve them, alone. It leaves all the rest whe�e they were left in 1828. The corn|rehende(i sec.ts are Quakers, MprayjRns,, and Separatists. The5 excluded are Jews/ and &U other sects having conscientious asm* pies about takings soaths. i,The Jew is>excluded by ^the words ;wh^ declaration or test of 1828,�� on the true feith of a Christian," excluded Him; but the$ w$ds: were objected to,by ^Qua^rsfandofo oath.; > which they truly do; whilst the Jew, Wtho does not object to any oath, however formal, wasof course excluded by tb,e; substance, though not by the form of the words.1 The toew test or declaration substituted by the late act leaves out these words; but contains a declaration thai; the, party, making it is either a .Quaker, a Moravian, or a Separatist; and1 this necessarily excludes all, whether Christian, or Jew, pr Gentile, who belong not to these: three excepted sects. Upon this we are at issue withtiie' framers bf^the'actr and we agree with the peers whoigo-lemnly protest against it, especially with Lord Holland,-: onaU occasions, the prompt*, steady; and enlightened friend of toleration in its largest acceptation, and who, regardless of all official trammels, and all party connexions, and all the little tribe.of their personal delicacies and paltry etiquette, never fails, it may be remarked, to lifthis voice for those sacred principles of religious, as well as civil liber^, to which his illustrious kinsman's life was devoted. Our m^tdbjection and our chief, to this new declaration is, that it is neither more nor less than a test; and it is a test in the most intolerable shape, --a. It is a test. Its language is-no one shall partake of the benefits intended by this act, unless he, can bring his mind to make this profession." Whoever, then, cannot conscientiously make it, is excluded; whoever can, is admitted; whoever chooses to do violence to his conscience, islet in; whoeveris too honest todo so iskept out. It is a test, and open to all the insuperable objections which have long made testshate-ful in tweyes'df all just men; absurd in the eyes of dl th^kin4^f{,J#^|pus in the eyes, of aU. who regard consiste^cv i and^selMestruc|dve,.as:frustratmg the very ends for which, the^ purpose to.be contrived. Again, it is a test' fashioned, in the worst' shape. It institutes a dire-oH^q^^ihtd'toi^s reMritoMeft-hy requiring a^4eel6J|^^^|4^ tb^t>he.Mof- one;specir fied faith, and none other;-and this it requires as a qua-| Hfication, not for any religious function, but for one purely civil and'secular. It was reserved for this act to teach the world what progress we .have made in the principles of toleration.' Strange to tell, this new and inquisitorial test, which thus searches a man's breast for his belief in spiritual things, is the produce of an advanced period of the nineteenth century, and is the handy work of some very sincere and useful friends of religious 'liberty! . But they have framed their hew test from some singular, and we freely admit, because we firmly believe, most unintentional oversight^ upon the very principles which have been in all times, and in every country, the very ground of in-tolerance and persecution. # MINISTERIAL P�AN FOR. THE CAN ADAS. Globe--Assuming-as from the character of the despatches from Lower Canada we have a right to assume -that the insurrectionists in that province, abandoned by the inajority of thek countrymen, will be compelled to submit-the question arises, in what manner is the government to be carried on for the future P To continue upon the present system would be impossible. The recent conduct of the Assembly has shown how; hopeless, such a course would be. Upon whatterms, then, is the connection betweenEngland and the Canadas to be maintained? This is the problem which the.legislature has now to solve, and of which the' plan proposed by Lord John Eussell last night is offered as absolution. A crisis has arrived which demands the adoption df novel measures. The experiment tried by Mr. Pitt in JL791 has proved a total failure. The powers which that constitution -gaVe to the House of Assembly, and the composition of the Assembly itself, have been found, incompatible with the preservation of the supremacy of the: United Kingdom. The claims of that. Assembly were iat? once extravagant and peremptory, and the measures'by > which these1 claims were supported produced aii entire stoppage of tbe legislature, and paralysed the executive, jut such' a'case it became necessary that some decided course should be adopted: that either the dominion of Great Britain should be asserted, or the independence of Canada recognised. The latter would hayebeen inconsistent with the hononfrbf t^e country,anddes^tr#^^^b^^ thousands of Britiah subjects whovu^pn,t^e,faith^of,,the government* had embarked thpir ^apitaXflftd thewfortunes m the colony. The former, then, was the course adopted. Besolhtiohs were passed by the Imperial'Ljegislat^re, asserting the, supremacy of this ebmrry/ aria sanctioriin^ BreedingsMJwhich government propose to treat the subject.  The chief sources of difference have sprung, as his lordship observed, " in a, great measure from the peculiar construction of the House: of Assembly, which was placed at the will of a turbulent demagogue, and from the existenceofa Legislative Council in which the interests of the province were not sufficiently considered ;" and in order to provide against the recurrence of the dissensions which have so long disturbed the peace of the province, it is necessary that with regard to the composition of the Legislative-Council, and the mode of representation in the House of Assembly, some compromise should be arrived at which may secure the interests of the Canadians and the rights of the United. Kingdom.  It is not proposed that, in the; first instance, the Imperial Parliament shall decide the precise terms upon which this compromise shall be effected.  A commission'of twenty inoividuals, ten from Lower and ten from Upper Canada, three only, from each province being members of the Legislative Council* is to be appointed, who are to consider all the matters upon which differences have arisen between the mother country and the provincesi' The resolutions of this committee are not to be final; and binding ^ey^are^ to;.be transmitted. to the governmeril of Chis. country,^who aire to submit them, to Parliament for  ,,.*, The mission of Lord Dur-Wr*:%�^sidflof aireon^itibnalgovernment MbtPe (m9fm* are, m ptesume, jtpv,berpven. quantities. NotMri^ in ihe likeness of an'adverse^raajoritiy ne�lt we beljevtfri he,appre^nded, as ,obst^(4ous: l^ose twov events.- > The mode and amount of preparation, for what-! ever adverititib^ danger^'may be ex^eeted;^;grpw out of; the commotions in our provinces wiU,w*'tr^s^ he,p^a- wnenr Jj  whose head will be their bipod, we.aVsk P ;On his' by whom they; Were '^instigated andspurredinto rebellipn.'* The words are those of the arch-mstigator himself. - Mr. Joseph Hume, if we are not mistaken, though fpq, stupidly inseX^H^Ie tor feel them now, will think upon them on his deathbed. : -:,'.;;'' ^..^i^^'f^XCanadian :'g$&MGz& "  ' MoRNtK& GHROMtc)t,e-I ower Canada having an original French popnlaAidn, trained under the old JJreoch law,, with an influx of British settlers,..speaking the English language, and trained under aid iffefent system1 ^flaw, various collisions bave necessarily been the result.  But thetse difficulties will yield to time, and to an honest disposition to master them.   The laws ofScotlabd and England are very different, and yet. little in-CQnv'enience is experienced from this circumstance;  Its c-ni}nor, of course, be so easy to define the limits Of tw
                            

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