Sunday, June 18, 1815

Anti Gallican Monitor

Location: London, Middlesex

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Anti Gallican Monitor (Newspaper) - June 18, 1815, London, Middlesex THE ANTTGALdLICA ONITOR So. 230.-Price HJ.] i\ nee lie to Fr uuo, it' France in Wucc permit *' TW just nml lineal cati.uuc to our own : " lfimt, l>l�c�l IVnnce-n�d lViice a�ci nil to Moiwrn. JUNE 1R, ifli5. ETERNAL WAR WITH NAPOLEON BUONAPAKTB. "A* lothow moietm who, nmlrr the titto of Snrore.jrn*. rrndrr themselves the source n�d horror ot the hunts-, rare, I hr y "arc w. .tfo hras?- whom eviry !>me MM nuy ju.-uly exterminate iiw.i ttie f�r f thr caul)' VATTKL'-s l..uv ot N.itioiw, Loo!; II. chap. ir. (Concluded from our fast ) Having endeavoured to prove, in my three preceding Numbers, that tin: Allies are under the ntCisMtv of carrying on war against Buonaparte, expressly to ovoi t hrow hi� (iitvoriiincnt, it may not bo improper to say a few words on the popular feeling ami sentiments which ap-pear to prevail in France at present, tin; facility or difficulty with which the Boijiiijo"* Government is likely to he restored-l he intentions of the Allies in this respect, ami the manner in which that Government �/ the Boukuons must be maintained, on the supposition of its restoration. The restoration of the Bourbons was tin; doctrine of tin: sinti:fal/u- < If, as well as to all F'.urope. The Government of Bt'on AfAR/fli had become degrading and oppressive, ami almost all parties in France wished, under these circumstances, for the restoration of the family of their ancient King�. The taxes and tin; tyranny of Kuo\ a-l AiU'i'. had so galled and disgusted the majority of l'"rem;hmen, that they were ready to hail the :nnv.d of Lorjs as that of their deliverer. This is v. hat I always mud was the personal feelings of 5he runjoi ity of Frenchmen, though most of our London journalists aifected for a long time to doubt it. The restoration of the FioURRoNs was welcomed with ruihii-iaMiJ. C All Not himself,, in his celebrated Mrmorii'.!, expressly �ayj so� and gives his icanons. '* Tin; return of the Bourbons'' pays he, " produced in {''ranee an universal bunt of en-thmda-on -ihey v.etc welcomed with an inexpressible ovei flow ing of the heart ; the old lie-publicans Mnerrely participated it* the common �,,v-t\' n',i!,i,o\ had oppressed them in particular so very severely. All the classes of society had sod'en d to such a d gree that not a man could he I'ciud who did not feel a sort of intox-s -Hion, and who <b<l not deliver himself up to the most consoling hopes." i'iut, 1 must eoofcsi, the trial that has been s.nade ��i Louis's Government makes the recom-vnendation of a similar policy to what I formerly rc'imun-n :cd somewhat difficult. It uhould have been the chief business of that Government t ) study the art oi be. mntng popular, of retain-"",-, am! Hicn asing that popuhnitv, winch according to G r w;is so general at the Restora- tiou. t am sorry to�;�v 11 hp* was not done, and that the clfcots at the pre-put moment -are a bac{. iviirdi c'ss on the part of the French people, -".huh is di-h ii \iwiis to bailed, were nei;-iected by the f-oluBons, � heiher the old He-|)nb!icauH, or the ancient rovalets, wi.h very tew exception-, ^the former oi wiioui, according to CaUnot na 1 "i cerely returned to their allegiance, a id i he lauer had never (or a moment departed fro n n) - all w ere equally tlesp'^ed ami excluded from favour. Such ootid net on the part of the Go\eminent was aa imp is, who were retained, and not only retained, but loaded with riches and honours, never shewed themscFes easy orsatislied in the seiviceofthe BoiuiuoNs, but, on the contrary, shewed evident attaehuient to their ancient master. This is quite natural and in the order of thiinrs-house-breakers and common robbeiK do not feel easy in the company of oenllemen.- This conduct, I repeat it, was as impolitic as it was unjust; the cruel inflect of his partisans on the part of the Kin;;, spread universal dissatisfaction. The eases which came to my knowledge, and which are daily sent to me, of that neglect, are numerous indeed. When t lie |>i!o-N \ \* a ill I sts and jl�'pubbeans saw the clVeci oj' this, viz. that the Kin;; had lost his real friends, t!�iat mo'itent they set to work, aa \ ;�ided by the universal dissatisfaction which prevailed, and of course by the army, the result was certain.- The purchasers of national property were, as iniidit be expected, on the same side, from an apprehension (from what had been agitated by the Government in the Legislature respecting the property of emigrants) that they were to be ousted of their possessions and estates. Those who expected that the heavy taxes imposed by IJun v a PAiirr. (su<;!i a . t he droits rhinis in particular) would be removed, and who foilnd themselves disappointed in this respect, (tor no!withstanding the proclamai urns of the Kin;.; they were not removed) uaturn!ly-jidded to the number of the discontented. S mi^'ht add, that, it way not the restoration a]nr.eofa few millions in value in emigrant property, nor the partiality of J he .es of lit]on Al'Ain'ii to leuniiu, thnt caused t he dissatisfaction ; .there were several minor acts of the Government, such aa order-ioo the shops to be ohut up on Sundays and liolydays, while'the i�-amiu!�'-ln>us-es were per-utit led to be kept, open, because of the revenue they a Horded to Government, thereby licensing vice, &c. fee. which very much added to the o-enoral d'ea-onteiit, and which rendered the people indillerent to i'retih changes and fresh revolu-t ions. l.Juder Rttch circvitnst;ince<i there is naturally much difficultv as to the nature of tin; Declarations of the respecting t he future Government of France, on She supposition that, tin. present may be overthrown. Fo put down the pre-ent usurpation, and to re-establish Loujs, are evidently two dilferent acts, and thouoh there seems t(t be a connection between them, or that one would follow from the other, there is by no means the same necessity for insisting on the one as upon the other. The Government of IJuoN is incompatible with the peace of Fanope, therefoie F,u-rope has a ri^l.t to say to France, von shail not have Buonav\lltV. ; it follows however by simi" h�r reiwminu;. that Fiance nu^ht sav, the Government of such or such an individual is incompatible with our national happiness, therefore we will not have them. It never was my doc-trim; thai it was proper to force any sovereign upon France--how far France may be disposed to receive or reject the BoURliONu must soon be seen, lor the operations oi' the Allies will soon afford the population of that country an opportunity to take a free and active part in public affairs, if they are disposed to avail themselves of it. But it may be asked is there any thing in the nature of the late events which has dissolved the allegiance of the People of France ? I would answer, no. Louis XVIII was de jure as well as de facia King of France three months ago, and neither the proclamations of i5uon a VaItTr, nor t he nirce of the champ de mat, nor the or-^ani-ation of a House of Kepresen rati vis, and a House of Peers composed of thecreatures and accomplices of Bounafautr, have invalidated Ins right though tl Ov' have abridged the exercise of it The present proceedings in France are ordered by ;i handful of desperadoes, whose lives and fortunes are embarked in one common enterprise, and who of course will endeavour that eir pleasure r* I would think "h people would be consider- France should make common cause with them, and who, having the command of the public treasure and the public press, will use every means, moral and physical, to make Europe believe that they and France ate one, and that, of course, the national will being so strongly pressed in opposition to the Bourbons, the cause of the latter becomes desperate. What is asserted by them, or their fellow-labourers in 11)it* country, on this head, do not deserve one moment's attention. It is not, BttoN Ai artk and the army that, speak the sentiments of Franco; but when they are disposed of, as they must be, the future Government of Fiance may still be a matter of our luott. anxious solicitude. There certainly is some share of perplexity in the late oroeecdings and declarations of the Allies on this head, which it is desirable to see property explained. A Treaty has been made with Louis XVI1L by the Allied Sovereigns, since; the u-airpaiion of Buon arartk : Lou/a in his proclamations spcak:s of this Treaty -of his having acceded to it-of making common, c.atw with the Allies, &c. &c. The Allies, however, say, shat it is not their intention to impose a King or Government on France; but if they enter Fiance, accompanied by Loin.-, are we not. to suppose that they are making eo union cause with him ? Audifwe suppoM- that Buon a partis were killed, or put to death, can it on such principles, be left to the French whether they are to take back Louis or not, according to their pi not ; that the Frei ed a.'i bound by the alleuiauee which they had. sworn in IHH: that, hh before that tune the Allies considered the Frenoh as1 owing mi allegiance to Lous-j XVIII. on the Maine principle they nttiHt consider thetw bound by t heir a'egi-juico at present. According to the rVl'.iquis d . Ci3 a ii annus' second pamphlet, intiiled I permit $listori<pw" fyr. in which mm h mefu,. information is lo be found, the Allies, at. In- com-m 'ucement of t he campaign of I S1 !, di:-,eoun tenaneed the Bou ruon a .cut:;, and afforded them no facilities vy hat.ever--it war, even wit hi diilicidty that Lord \Vki.LIW(;T�k wiei prevailed on to send a division to BordeaiiK to the a-ai stance <"f the Royalists in t hat city. As tie: Allies therefore have proscribed BuoM.nv, ivt't;,, and have made a Treaty with LotJln, I muvt. consider that their meaning i^5 that on the deposition of the one, the exercise of the powers oj Government, and all his rights, return to the other as a matter of course. But another di'lio cult y arises, viz if, after t he deposit ion of IFjo� kai'mitk, the people of France should pertc-vere in their opposition to Louts, are the A Hie.-; to insist on forcing him upon them, contrary to their consent and imdilution ? 8( is, however, e?ctreme!y probable that in *l�e event of the depo'iition of Euonapahtk (which when it takes place I trust his public exeentiou will shortly follow), tin: restoration of the Bouii" rows would meet *v11h mi nnmediate diffienliy0 The wishes of the Allies would weigh power-filly in their favour. On the ^opposition of tliese wishes being attended to, it may not be improper to consider what fdiould be lhe conduct of the Allies with respect to I'"ranee. But in order to form a jint opinion of what that conduct should be, we must take into coii-j federation what has been already stated, respecting the unfortunate iivs-mauagcmeut of the Bouito.oN Government, froir. the treason ot';;niiifi and incapacity of others of Louis's; Ministers during the short time he enjoyed the supreme power. If the effects of their measurer; was to diminish the popularity of the King, to dishearten his friends, and to encoura^" his enemies, and to excite discontent through all Franee and all classes of Frenchmen, the Government that would correct such evils must be strong, and proceed upon principle:* radically different from those of the Gount de Blacas. The Marcptis de Cuaiian n t:s, in the pamphlet above alluded to, gives a statement of what he snpo poses to be the political feeliii'cs and dispositions of every class of Frenchmen, whom he divides according to their avocations in life, commencing with the labourer and including all 431?

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