Anti Gallican Monitor, June 4, 1815 : Front Page

Publication: Anti Gallican Monitor June 4, 1815

Anti Gallican Monitor (Newspaper) - June 4, 1815, London, Middlesex THE ANTIGALLICAN MONITOR JSn. 223 --Price nd.]  � "� � -  �"�� 1 -� Piiirr bo to l;r lo our o��u : " If iK>J, hired Fi>iy;r�'--nml JV|irc asriMnl to Honvm. ETERNAL WAR WITH NAPOLEON BUONAPARTE. |r thr tin> of SoY-wi^ni, rmrter " thrnv-clvrs llir so-mitr unit han-T of (lie li'iin.i'i ivirr, thry " arp ice-"1 ')ri�t- wh'-sn every jir.ivc nni) m ijr ,|U�Uy ester* " uiiKvtc from 11 tr- (>f thr rmt'n ' yatux's i,>.r .�'>'iiiou*. lio.ik II. chnp. iv. ('Contimtui j'ioih our last ) As nothing has 1 >vt*n more eouhdently urged \iv the fneixls of lU'oNAr.vivrn in this country than thr supposed injustice of interfering with the rights which every nation possesses of choos-in.v si form of (Jovcrinnint or Sovereign for thein-elves, it will he necessary for me, in the first place, to investigate this point-to under-btaud the foil extent and meaning of that, proposition, vi/.. that every nation has a right, to choose a Sovereign for the m-elve.-, before 1 attempt to draw any conclusion ;b applicable to the particular case belore us. Nothing-can be more evident thin that independent, nation", must live in a community of rights and privileges, more or less extensive in proportion to tile relation* they stand i'.� to each other. When the supremo power in any state is employed in establishing n constitution ol government, or enacting laws for the good of that state, no foreign nation has a right to interfere, to presenhe or reject, toalteror amend, either then jaws or their constitution. The same right which ai� individual possesses in every country, of ordering his own actions as it may please him in the uaanagement, of his piivatc allairs, the very siiiiic right dors every independent nation possess, of regulating Iter form of 5 Jovernment, mid of providing for the welfare of the State, and promoting the general happiness of the whole nation. There, is ;i nvaxim of our common law often quoted, which is as applicable to the case of independent; nations us it is to private indivio deals, am! which is as wise as it is just, via. " sic �ulcre. (ho ntaliennri von /ovI^sT'apply this niacins and tio man will refuse his assent to the gener.d proposition when thus qualified, and without ouch qualification the proposition is absurd ; for 5 will suppose a nation and form of Government, finch jib that of the old Romans, essentially military and formed for conquest, and S believe the right of the surrounding nations io put. down Mich a form of Government will be as readily admitted a� that of any one nation is to exterminate a banditti which may have associated wuhin her liOMini for the sake ol (lom est ic or internal robbery or plunder. The pioper logo: in such a case jh. thai which S have hinnew here read of as addressed h\ a Gcnend to his soldiers in the presence �-1 the enemy., when directing the attention ol the uicnuudtr Ins command to the a peel of their ;u!vcrsaiies, winch was fornmla-h!e, lie ? �vchniiit .!, '* You sec i A eve j'clluws before //'-//5 kill tht-ni t>r the if ivill kill ijdii." " In vain" says V AT II. I , (hook \ \. chap, iv.) " does nuture prescribe to nations as well as individuals, the �a:e ot s�df-prcH-riatioii, and of ad va iM ing t i'.i'ir o-.-. u perfeelmn and happiness, if fdie (iocs not '.',ive tin mm a ri^lu to preserve th'-in-selves f tout evn y thm'j: that mi^ht render this care jiiclh-ctua!. 'i'tus r'v.J--t is nothing more than a mural j)vtr these treaties to be considered of a merely personal nature, still I would rely on common sense that thy were to be considered as binding on the nalion ; and tin* authority of Yattf.i. is directly in support itf this doctrine. ''Kings/' say he, (book ii. eh. xii.) ,v do not always treat solely and directly for their kingdoin - sometimes, by virtue of the power they have in their hands, they make tieajes relative to their own persons, or their famjitj*: and this they may lawfully do, as the welfare of the .state is interested in the safely and advantage of the Sovc reign, propeily understood. These treaiics iir�5 perstmal in their own nature, and expire, ot course, on the death of the King or the extinction of his family. Such is an alliance made, for the defence of a King and his family,'' It. is asked, whether such an alliance subsist*} with the King and Royal Family, when by some revolution they are deprived of the crown ? We have before' remarked that a personal alh� ance expires with the reign of him who eonT traded it : but that is to be understood with an alliance formed with the State, and restricted in its duration to the reii'ii of the contract/unr King. lint the alliance of which we are novy to tiaat is of another nature. Although obho gatory on the state, since �he is bound by alii the public acts of her Sovereign, it is made directly in favour of the Sviug and his family ;; it would, therefore, be absurd that it should be dissolved at the moment when they stand in need of it, and by the very event, which il v:ii:> intended to guard against ; besides, the King-does not forfeit the character of royalty, merely by the loss of his kingdom. If he is unjustly despoiled of it by an usurper, or by rebel*-., he Still preserve;} his rights, among which are to bo [reckoned his alliances. " |.iot who shall judge whether a King b>Vj vbeen dethroned lawfully or by violence ? Atb independent nation acknowledge; no pidi.-e� If the body �>f the nation declare that the Kies; i has forfeited his in-hl by the abuse he haf. uvlc I �ji it and depose hun, they may pi-itlv' tt, e;hcn iheir grievances are well he.mded, and no other power has a nsdit to censure ll.eir conduct." I After mentioning our Revolution as a case \to ! point, he adds :-- | 5uon Ai'autk been invited hack to France - h.ive the repj-e-; sentativesof the nation welcomed and hailed : his return - have -the Jlouse of Peers- I l;<,s hiy ! usurpation iceeived, up to tins' day, even th

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Publication: Anti Gallican Monitor

Location: London, Middlesex

Issue Date: June 4, 1815

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