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Tucson Daily Citizen (Newspaper) - September 20, 1945, Tucson, Arizona WEATHER Portly cloudy nml morrow Little In nt p m VOL NO 226 LATE NEWS EDITION Part TUCSON ARIZONA THURSDAY EVENING SEPTEMBER 20 1945 FIVE PAGES Auto Union Chiefs Seek To End Strikes Conciliators Reach Detroit For U S Moves Session Of Labor Heads Management Is Called UAW Drafts Wage Plans For Auto Industry OTHER ROWS LOOM Federal Permission For Two Walkout Votes To Be Sought By V BOWLING DETROIT Sept 20 A battery of federal labor ex- launched peace efforts in Detroit's critical labor ation today and found the CIO United Auto Workers already 4 speeding settlement of at least three automobile Industry strikes Four labor department tors from the Cleveland office ar- rived this morning and called a meeting with union and ment representatives in the all Industries strike which has held up car body parts As the federal agency entered the explosive version disputes the UAW was In- In efforts to settle the Wheel company strike which has stopped production at the Ford Motor company Other UAW officials were meeting with management representatives of the Murray Corp of America and the L A Young Spring Wire Co Another Depression More than workers are out at the Murray and another 650 are Idle nt L A Young time Murray officials Issued a jic statement charging ble union leaders with stalling the national economic The statement said union leadership was heading the nation straight for another depression The UAW also was racing the government's conciliation service to restore production at Hayes a chief supplier of Ford Ford has stopped production on 1046 models at U plants because of the dispute Third Fleet Coming Home For Navy Day Cruiser Tucson Among Mighty Warships Leaving Japan By FRANK TOKYO Sept 20 American battleships led a substantial portion of the mighty third fleet out of Tokyo bay today on the first log of a victory voyage home to the United States The armada's departure coupled with an announcement that of Japan's homo army of men has been clearly indicated that the American occupation of Japan was well beyond the danger point Japan herself took another step to Insure speedy compliance with Gen Douglas MacArthur's tion orders Her privy councilors conferring In the presence of Em approved an ex imperial decree auto- v legalizing all government orders Issued at direction of Mac- Arthur of the third fleet pulled anchor and steamed out of Tokyo bay early this afternoon leaving occupation of Japanese home wa- ters to Adm Raymond A fifth fleet The third fleet world's greatest naval flotilla will participate In Navy day ceremonies In the ed States Oct 27 a MBS cast said part of the fleet will an- chor at a west coast port Oct 15 and another part will proceed to the coast in time for the Oct 27 ship was crammed to with Army and Navy cers and men eligible for dis- charge Additional troops and sailors will be picked up at Oki- nawa and Pearl Harbor Brilliant sunshine and a soft breeze favored the flotilla as it left In the vanguard were four new Iowa Wisconsin South Dakota and Alabama and two older Colorado and West Virginia Also In line were the carrier the light cruisers Vicksburg and Tucson and the destroyers Mansfield mar K Swenson Maddox Blue Samuel N Moore Collett Taussig and Brush j o lanta and W M McAulay Flint Mich AP House Votes To Kill Probe Of Governor Representatives A g a i 11 Support Osborn By Vote PHOENIX Sept 20 The Arizona house of today vindicated the governor of any charges made on the floor of this house to reaffirm its stand exonerating Gov Sidney P Osborn of alleged wrongs in his handling of Colorado river matters i The move was taken to bring to an end now and forever the proposition launched by Rep nev Kartus of Maricopa county to investigate the chief executive with a view to finding data that might constitute evidence on which to base Impeachment proceedings The house voted 51 to 3 to clear Osborn on a by Rep Laura McRae of Maricopa county after tho house had balloted to dis- charge a special investigating com- and to postpone indefinitely further deliberations of the com- report Three Reps J H Fairbanks Lee Norton and tus all of voted against the McRae motion Fairbanks and Norton contending that it was too broad in terms when it referred to any charges Kartus silent The motion to postpone consideration of the report and discharge the committee was made by Rep Richard F Kilpatrick of Maricopa county It carried by a 53 to 1 vote Kartus casting the only negative ballot Asks Reconsideration The issue which has embroiled the house for more than a week came back up again when Rep W 0 Rosenbaum of Gila county moved for a reconsideration of his proposition which laid the report on the table Rosenbaum explained his day action was taken to delay con- sideration of the proposition until the house was cooler and more Rep Leonard Klein of county said he had analyzed the committee report and had come to the conclusion that Kartus had started the investigation as a smokescreen to ascertain three What route would be taken to bring the Colorado river into cen tral Arizona In what areas would the water bo distributed How much water would be See LEGISLATURE on Page 1 Bender's Accuses Widow Calixtro Convicted Woman Says Struck First Blows Gen Somervell And Marshall Will Quit WASHINGTON Sept 20 Gen Brehon Somervell Ing general of the Army service forces revealed today that ho sub- mitted his resignation to chief of staff Gen George C Marshall on Aug IS Under Army regulations resignation must be accepted because he has completed more than 35 years service Somervell said he wished to leave the service on the day on which Gen Marshall vacates his position of chief of staff This was taken to indicate that Marshall's retirement as chief of staff is imminent NOG Sept 20 Librada Lopez der convicted widow of the late Herman C Bender for whose killing she is serving a life term took the witness stand today to say her son-in-law Manuel Calixtro charged with first degree murder in the same case was one of the participants in the crime last Apr 29 Court recessed for a half hour this morning while hospital at- tendants prepared to bring Benito Arias 17 another eyewitness to the courtroom on a stretcher to give his version of the crime Arias is recovering from an emergency appendectomy performed Monday Whether or not he was in tion to testify was not immediately known First Court Appearance Mrs Bender's appearance on the witness stand marked the first time she had spoken in the room She followed her daughter Armida Kellogg 14 on he stand Defense counsel Karam ob- to Mrs appearance on the stand and questioned her sanity Judge Frank E Thomas overruled him Mrs Bender entered the room cheerfully she smiled a warm Hello to Court Clerk Dorothy Titcomb She wore the same green dross she had on during her entire trial but this time her hair was neatly arranged and she wore black bobby socks with red The blue-eyed widow sat nervously in the witness stand and arranged and rearranged her hair She told County Attorney Ruffo Espinosa she saw Calixtro first the night of the slaying at the forks of the road near the Bender home Again she saw him in front of the Bender house she said and added that it was there that Calixtro struck tho aged miner The boys finished tho job she said Laughs On She said she understood English Interpreter Arthur zucia took the stand with her but the court tittered several limes when Mrs Bender answered tions herself in broken English She denied she had ever at- tempted to poison Bender and told Defense Counsel Karam she got along with her late husband except when we got drunk Asked if Bender had ever tried to shoot her Mrs Bender smiled ly and said no but he did hit me Sec on Page 7 SENATORS FAVOR TRAVEL HOME PAY WASHINGTON Sept 20 Tho senate voted today to pay the way back home for workers who lose the jobs they moved to during the war In the first administration tory after two major defeats on the unemployment compensation a vote of 65 to H turned back a move by Sen McClellan to biock the travel allowances The majority heeded arguments that since the government induced these people to take war work away from home it ought to get them back Reach Washington In One-Stop Hop By SCHERPP WASHINGTON Sept 20 weary Army airmen took time out for a well-earned rest today after a gruelling one-stop flight from Japan to Washington in three The big bombers landed here shortly before 10 o'clock last night for an elapsed time of just under 30 hours shire the takeoff The actual flying time for tho fastest plane was 27 hours 40 minutes The flight started out to be a nonstop affair But winds over Alaska and Canada caused heavy fuel consumption and tho planes were forced to stop in Chicago to take on more line and oil To Visit Homes The crew members will meet with reporters at a war ment press conference this ing and then will leave to visit their homes Gen Henry H Arnold Army air force chief a large of officials and the Army air force band turned out at the national airport to greet the fliers The silvery sky giants hit the runway in same order in which they had taken off from airfield on Hokkaido northernmost of the Japanese home islands be- ginning at p m Tuesday The first clown was skippered by Lt Gen Barney M Giles deputy chief of U S strategic air forces in the Pacific The second was commanded bv Maj Gen E LeMay chief of staff of the JOth bomber command and the third by Brig Gen Emmett commander of the bombardment wing Federal Tax Revision Plan Is Given U.S Magill Group Makes Recommendations For 15 Billion Total Demobilization Report Given To Congress Lawmakers Assemble For Address By Gen Marshall TAX CUTS LOOM Another 10 To Be Lopped Off Score Nov 1 WASHINGTON Sept 20 Magill former undersecretary of the ury announced today details of a plan drawn up by the committee on postwar tax policy providing ultimate federal tax reductions amounting to more than 50 per cent from the war peak Tho recommendations were sub- mitted to the joint congressional committee on internal revenue taxation and to treasury ment officials They were contained in a volume printed after 16 months of study by he tee of which Magill is chairman Federal taxes ultimately would be reduced under iho plan o be- tween and a year compared with he war peak in the fiscal year ended June 30 1945 The committee immediately would eliminate the 3 per cent mal tax on personal incomes and the excess profits tax 011 tions The plan provides for tain changes in a transition period estimated at three years and for a strong tax foundation in the mal long-range postwar period which will follow For During the transition period the committee recommended tion of the three per cent normal tax which it estimated would free persons principally in low income tax brackets from paying federal income taxes The plan called for a single set of progressive tax rates on individuals eliminating the present combinations of normal and surtax rates The initial rate in this scale should fall between 15 and 20 cent according to revenue needs the committee said Other recommendations for vidual income taxes include tion of the present exemption for the taxpayer and each dent alleviation of the double tax See TAX CUTS on Page 7 Unemployment Payment Measure N e a r i n g Final Passage By HALL WASHINGTON Sept 20 Gen Marshall spoke Congress listened This was the No 1 news on Capitol Hill today George C shall Army chief of staff won high respect from the lawmakers ever he talked to them during the war Now he would see what he could do in peacetime His task was to teli the story of Army discharges to explain why soldiers aren't be- ing released as fast as some angry congressmen think they should be He was invited to address ah informal joint meeting of the ate and house in the Library of Congress just across the park from the capitol reporters were invited too Tax Reduction Plan 1 A new plan took shape in congress 2 The senate made ready to com- plete its action on the ment pay and send it to the house where the rumpus will start over again 3 The house prepared to debate a to give the stales an to adjoining lands that are under water This grew out of Interior Secretary Ickes claim of federal ownership of bearing land off the California coast 4 Mary Norton man of the house labor committee said her new to raise tho mini- mum wage for firms in interstate commerce from JO to 65 cents an hour has so much support she thinks a committee hearing will be unnecessary 5 The senate banking committee was on the verge of putting its final punctuation marks on the so See CONGRESS on Page 7 Jump In Property Tax In County Total Of To Be Paid In Pima Reports Deputy Treasurer Owners of property in Pima county this year are paying more than a half million dollars more in taxes than they did last in fact Increased salaries of public and higher costs of equip ment are given as the general son for the deeper clip into the pockets of John Q Public According to figures made lic today by Louis E Young chief deputy county the total of taxes to be collected for 1945 on real estate and secured personal property will be as contrasted with for 1044 Young said the totals had been given to him after having been proved by R H Martin chairman of supervisors and other members of the board The greatest portion of the in- See LOCAL TAXES on Page 7 MacArthur's View Stirs Up Lots Of Furore By DEWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst Gen MacArthur seems to have stirred up a sizable cloud of conflicting emotions by his announcement that Uncle Sam's pation forces in Japan be cut to some within six divergence of opinion which isn't strange in view of the numerous issues involved For the soldiers who want to get back home and for their families such a cut means one thing It means quite another to the exponents of using the mailed fist on the Japs To a further group it means something else and so it goes But it strikes me that whatever may be the premise from which you argue you always arrive at the same point which is We maintain troops in Japan as long as is necessary to achieve the far ing objectives of the declaration of Potsdam by the Big it lie one year or 20 We must keep as many soldiers there as are required to enforce this whether it be or The Potsdam edict calls not only for the physical disarmament but for the moral rearmament of Nippon The very character of the people must be changed to rid them of their medieval ideas fit them to govern themselves and so prepare them for a place among the United Nations Now that's a job which can't be quickly for it must be done by a process of education Gen Wainwright hero of See FURORE on Page 3 Buys Lot Marshall Tells Congress Of Plans Charles H Chuck and Esther Henderson Abbott known widely in the Southwest is ers today purchased a lot cast of 48 Ion street for a reported con- sideration of on which to a store and studio building Landowners saw in the tion another step in the sion of the East Congress street business district to North Scott and East Pennington streets New Building May Rise On Downtown Lot Abbots Purchase Site For Structure On East As an additional step in the development of the East North Scott street business district a transaction was closed today in which Charles H Chuck and Esther Henderson Abbott become the ers of a lot feet ately east of 48 East Pennington street at a reported consideration of Plans have been started it was said for the erection of a building Abbott could not be located at p m and his statement of final plans could not be obtained but it was reported that a two- story building is to be erected on the west feet of the lot and that the remainder soon will be sold to Roy and Oliver Drachman An additional building may be erected it was said when materials and labor are more plentiful Sold By Mrs Mrs Frida 0 Christmann 1040 North First avenue is the previous owner of the lot The transaction was handled by the Tucson Realty Trust Co with Earl Jones as the negotiator Rumors have been prevalent for months of a pending sale of East Pennington street property at one time it having been reported that a hotel company was purchasing the lot and two others adjacent on the east for the erecting a hotel building Landowners declare the East Pen Scott street area provides a logical outlet the East Congress street business dis- expansion and say other ing plans are being considered there Given Climate Club Total To Grow The mark in the annual Sunshine Climate club fund drive was passed this noon and ing to William Chamberlain secretary a great many more checks will be rolling in this after- noon He was optimistic that the goal of will be attained on final counting of contributions The campaign was officially de- clared closed at noon However several hours will be required for all compilation Workers will meet at p m today in the Santa Rita for a dinner and checkup Chamberlain an- Prizes and other honors will be awarded winners BASEBALL FINALS American League Cleveland 6 Detroit k New York 6 Washington 1 Boston 2 Philadelphia 0 National League Boston 3 Brooklyn 2 WASHINGTON Sept 20 George C Marshall announced today that points needed for Army discharge will be reduced to 70 on Oct 1 and 60 on Nov 1 The present point score discharge level is SO Marshall appearing before bers of congress in a personal effort to halt congressional of the Army demobilization program said the reductions would affect somewhere in the hood of people Ho promised that by late winter demobilization will have reached the point where all men of two years or more service will be eligible for release By then he said the point tem as it now stands will hardly be a factor Marshall said that when that time comes the some problem of discharging service personnel who never got overseas service to earn dis- charge point credits will be answered Marshall said the Army expects to release men in tember in October and thereafter he said the rate will be to a month Decision Next Spring He said this would keep up until next spring when he will reach the point where it will have to be determined what force will be needed for occupation purposes and how many more can be Marshall repeated the assertion President Truman that there is no relationship at between the speed of and future Army needs He it will be next spring before the occupation needs can be determined accurately and such needs will not be a factor in demobilization before that said that meanwhile all facilities are being devoted to the release of the largest number of rapidly as possible Trans- facilities and trained are the deciding factors at this time he said He took note of congressional protests that overseas veterans are being kept in idleness or assigned menial tasks at domestic bases while awaiting discharge That situation Marshall promised will be cleared up within three or four weeks As Fast As Possible In that length of time tion facilities have reached the point where all men for whom a useful Job cannot be found will be released I don't know how many that will he said but we are not going to keep anyone who is not of use to the Army said this policy might result in release of some troops here who have lower scores than some veterans still overseas He said it would bo done over the protest of theatre commanders who are responsible for the discipline and morale of their own men He said that unless it is done however he expected greater fury on this front than would result from the protests from overseas Marshall explained that Germany fell last May high point long service men in Europe and the Philippines had to remain overseas because lower point men in units marked for Pacific using all the available transportation Marshall said the needs for forces are constantly be- ing revised Only last night he revealed the war department re- official word from Gen Douglas MacArthur that he hopes to be able to handle Korea with no more than regular troops by the end of six months Marshall said Gen hower commander in the European theatre still estimates he will need troops by the end of next Marshall also disclosed that Mac- Arthur wants to keep one division of marines in addition to the 000 Army troops for the occupation of Japan and Korea He said Mac- Arthur's figures do not include needs at other Pacific points such as Hawaii the Philippines Alaska the Aleutians the China coast and any other possible outposts Damaskinos Promises To Hold Greek Election Sept 20 Greek regent Archbishop Damaskinos said today Greece wished to hold soon as-possible Ho was unable to say whether the ing would take place this year He said the Germans had greatly dis- Greek communications and transport
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