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Tucson Daily Citizen (Newspaper) - September 14, 1945, Tucson, Arizona WEATHER Continued find warmer tonight nnd tomorrow nt p m LATE NEWS EDITION VOL NO 221 M TUCSON ARIZONA FRIDAY EVENING SEPTEMBER 14 1945 FIVE CENTS TWELVE PAGES STRIKES CLOSE Unemployment Pay Measure To Be Argued Senate Set For Debate On Cash For Postwar Jobless Folks S Y S T E M EXTENDED Heat On Army Over Discharges Is Let Up Some IVv MAX HALT WASHINGTON Sept 14 Congress cooled off a little today on the subject of getting men out of the Army font the senate picked tin a the unemployment hill This hill would help jobless Markers with cash The fight over It shifted to the senate floor after that finance Committee on It for The oratory starts then Uio i- Americans Note Peacetime Shift Legislature Takes Recess Until Monday Ration Controls Lifted Others Are Soon To Be Discarded GLANCE fly ASSOCIATED PRESS Shift to enters second phase government yielding wins In spur heller ing travel curbs come off ihls week end Army discharges unemployed peoples wore tho main concerns of congress exactly one month Tapnn surrendered The Army put on ii drive to con- vince congress it Is doing about the demobilization job it can un- der the circumstances Many makers seemed convinced Others didn't Here's 1 Gen George C Marshall pan sending personal letters to fill members of congress He enclosed ft booklet telling how hard the is trying to bring the boys home fast Several congressmen the booklet as a They'll get extra copies and them to the folks who arc flooding them with thousands of letters To Release 3 Of 4 2 Other generals told the ftp military committee they -are taking emergency steps to speed releases they will release three out of four soldiers before July 1 and may release even more If the occupation force In Japan bo cut below present estimates 3 Members of the senate group generally expressed satisfaction with the Army's plans They'll hear the Navy's story Monday Secretary of War de- fended the Army in a letter to a congressman He said the point system may not be the only solution but It Is the very best one wo could contrive tender tho present system of un- employment pay the state ments do tho paying The ployment ns it reaches the ate provides federal cash federal employes and maritime workers Into the system don't get anything expenses up to for war workers stranded away from home the period of fits for people now entitled to re- provided the state approves If a person's state payments now run less than weeks federal cash would be added to stretch Sec CONGRESS on Page 3 By V WASHINGTON Sept 14 today sped into its second month of peace The new phase of sion is here Businessmen and working mon are taking the reins from government In kitchen store and factory tho wartime squeeze is gone or slated to go All rations hut sugar may end this year Scarce clothes are clue 00 days or so Most travel curbs are off this week end The war production board re- ports reconversion running two to three weeks ahead of schedule after the one month of peace The makers of washers ators and such aids to good living are still sending optimistic reports to Washington But they say OPA's rigid price policy pers them already have By December a production rate 12 per cent higher than the prewar age In terms of prewar dollars By next June 87 per cent higher climb that fast Perhaps persons will be idle by mid-December Vets Seek Jobs Many wilt just be between jobs But by then veterans will be discharged monthly into the labor market nearly all the millions of war workers will re- hired soon either To encourage higher living standards and more the new ment drive The first phase was getting rid of controls That Is well under For the country at large this is the outlook in the next few The kitchen Meat rationing may be eased ther by Oct 1 lifted entirely soon after Fats and scarce now may bo by the turn of the year Sugar prospects are dim until Canned foods canned milk and week cheese have been rubbed off the ration list So have gasoline fuel and stoves Three remaining rationed items have this Shoo Rationing Going by Oct 1 if the re- quest of leather bureau is Japanese Premier Calls For Buildin Of New Nation Tires Rubber companies you'll get them by end of the year All rationing ceases the on GOP Ponders Program For Next Election Bv F WASHINGTON Sept M House Republicans called a powwow today It they hope will emerge the foundation for a legislative program them into partial control next year he party's representatives the only ones invited to at- The meeting was tho Idea of Rep Jon Martin of Massachusetts house Republican leader who said he Moved the party's senate ship would follow suit shortly Martin told reporters the pose of tho session was to give every Republican In the house a chance ito sound off and express his views on what bills the party should get behind Policy Group The views expressed at the sion will be culled by a tee of the house Republican Ing the group which shapes party policy Eventually Martin added he hopes to announce a program which will the hacking of senate and house Republicans Asked If he believed the fact thai congressional elections will be held next year made It Imperative that the Republicans define their tive position on major matters tin We haven't even thought about But Martin and his lieutenants afc known to ho looking ahead to with confidence They now are 29 seats short of a majority in house and they believe they can take over the house In the year balloting is becoming a city of as the war cles deflate and the regular I cies add more help to handle new I peacetime responsibilities The office of censorship is gone Out of business tomorrow Is the office of war information with the state department carrying on some of its Information chores Tho American urge to go places gets this By tho whole ar- ray of travel curbs goes over- board Sunday Including the freeze of train schedules the ban on special cars and extra trains The limit on pullman tions stays in force So does the ban on sleepers on short runs Plane Priorities Bv passenger ties will be greatly relaxed row wiped out by Oct 15 By government Is letting more people cross The mcean Should be fairly easy six months hence All priorities end Hy streetcars and buses restrictions are off but the vehicles will be scarce for a while And all curbs on fairs con- go out Oct 1 Construction of houses Us the laggard industry of reconversion Main Tho lumber shortage All controls go off lumber sales Sent M They have been relaxed but it's still hard to find much in anv lumber yard Tho government wants to shod Its ban on dwelling construction by Oct I get along with its program for new houses in the next 10 vears But it fears sky-high prices on the needed new homes and may keep some price restraint in force Builders say that would age construction BASH BALL National FINALS 4 Chicago 3 Now York 7 Cincinnati 5 Detroit 1 Philadelphia 0 Game called In inning St Louis 4 Boston 1 Also Given Till Tuesday For Report On Ouster PHOENIX Sept 14 The special session of the 17th Arizona legislature today voted a week-end recess to permit committees to com- plete deliberations of the bills in- in the last five clays to give the house special committee investigating Gov Sidney P born time in which to report its findings As the legislators recessed ever there was an indication in the senate that one of the governor's items of legislation was into a conflict over the method to be It con- cerns the request for funds Lo make an investigation of public utility rates Sens A C Stanton of Greenlee H H of Pima and John Coconino a conforming to born's ideas of a straight appropriation to pay expenses of federal power commission experts to come to Arizona to make the survey upon invitation of the Arizona corporation commission 1 Following the measure into the per was a by Sen Dan Angius of a federal ex- expense is to be paid by the utilities investigated Angius said his lowing the legislature in 1933 calling for rates surveys at the expense of utilities The senate indefinitely action on two bills by Sen Walter of Maricopa at his request They pertained to transfer of administrative tion of the state welfare to the state health board and for ex- of facilities in the state It would mean that at some future date but not at this ive session the legislature would be asked lo consider the measures Two New Measures The senate received two other bills one from Sens Norman Fain and William Kim ball of Pima appropriating to the Arizona teachers retirement system and the other Sens David P of Maricopa and Wes Townsend of Graham trans- ferring the powers and duties of the Colorado river commission to the state land department and the Arizona power authority It con- forms to a request from the ernor In the house five new bills were introduced They By Rep Sidney Kartus and Lee Norton of Maricopa increasing un- employment compensation to weekly for a maximum of 26 weeks By Rep H C Armstrong of Maricopa and others proposing to remove all restrictions on liquor licenses except the 300 feet from schools restriction By 0 W Rugg of Final and others for completion of a ground water survey By the capitol building and grounds committee authorizing plans for improvements and additions appropriating for the initial program By the public health committee allowing the state board of dental examiners to issue temporary mits When the convened tus chairman of the special in- committee was given permission without dissent to delay until Tuesday submission of the committee's report It was originally planned to ask for a delay until Monday but leaders suggested the day date to allow the committee time to look Into other matters re- unrelated to Colorado river affairs the original purpose of the Inquiry Kartus said the committee ex- to complete its list of during the day He said it had still nor decided whether to Invite Gov Osborn to appear Carries Rep Jack Cummard of Maricopa protested the week-end ment demanded a vote on the question The motion ried 42 to 33 Before tho vote was taken eral legislators voiced opposition to the action Rep G N Baker of Maricopa expressed belief thing could be accomplished if the house met Saturday stand also was endorsed by Kartus Rep Phelps said she couldn't see anv reason which the special See LEGISLATURE on Page By TOKYO Sopt Prince called upon tlm people of America to Pearl Harbor as builds a completely new peaceful nation in an statement today to Associated Press America lias won and Japan has Hie premier wrote in answer a letter from the Press The war is ended Let us now bury hate This my policy since tion of Hie present cabinet you forget Pearl Harbor we Japiine.se people will forget the picture of devastation wrought hy the atomic bomb and will start tirely anew as a peace-loving tion The premier whose entire lic life heretofore has been spent in the Army promised that the Japanese people will for the first time enjoy freedom from sion of the clique as freedom of speech and of the press arc gradually extended The prince recently publicly a letter of criticism and suggestion from the people and promised an answer whenever unprecedented ise in Japan's history The Associated Press took him at his word and sent a letter containing ten questions and re- a letter of reply within hour's sketched a long and difficult period ahead in building a new Japan Deputies On Bus During Attack Batavia Once Great City Of Java Now Seems To Be Dead Sept 14 the first Allied at Batavia since Passengers on plane to land the Japanese occupation brought back word today that the great city in Java looked dead and appalling conditions marked a near-by internment A small party flew to Batavia yesterday unofficially ing the Allied of the rich East Indies island still lo he surrendered formally after three years of Japanese tion Squadron Leader C V Ley of the royal Australian air force was aboard the re- ji f hours liack to Singapore ans Top Place In A Hied Council LONDON Sept 14 ministers of the five leading Allied nations resumed Drafting of a peace treaty for Italy today as Egypt dispatched notes asking con- the greater part of the ad- joining Italian colony of Cirenaica The Balkans continued as the main point of tension A slightly better atmosphere was created with the disclosure that the agreement Romanian reparations was negotiated with knowledge of the Allied control commission in Bucharest Concern bad been ex- pressed that Russia had acted alone King Peter of Yugoslavia was reported encouraged by his talk with Secretary of State James F Byrnes in which he urged the United States to help broaden the Yugoslav government and assure democratic elections Another Balkan monarch In exile George II of Greece hustled back from a vacation in Scotland to confer with the Greek regent Archbishop Damaskinos The re- gent talked to Byrnes yesterday British Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin has presented a proposal for an Italian peace treaty which is being studied by the other foreign secretaries and the British and Americans are pressing for con- sideration of an Italian treaty im- Boys Throw Rock In Window During Run In Amphitheatre The by using hoodlum against son Rapid Transit Co buses last night approached the climactic stage when a rock was hurled by an unidentified person at a car In which were riding two deputy sheriffs The officers were not injured Reports were received earlier in the evening that a bus had been hit with rotten eggs This the driver said occurred while on a route in the Amphitheatre district north of Tucson The office of Sheriff Ed F was notified immediately The alarm was then given by radio to a patrol car operating in the north Tucson suburb tho deputies began to search the neighborhood for sible suspects As the officers were riding through Amphitheatre looking for the egg hurlers they were greeted by a rock thrown by an fied person A search of the im- mediate vicinity failed to bring forth the assailant Going On For Months A number of reports have been received by Sheriff Ed F Echols in the last two months of a band of what are said to be young boys whose aim it was apparent was to molest TRT buses and drivers One report was that a boy had thrown a watermelon rind through bus window a young girl narrowly escaping injury ather was to the effect that a barricade of heavy Limbers had been erected in a road used by the buses Sheriff Echols given tions to prowl cars to comb the area closely for the suspects and to place them before court officials for hearings Domei Agency Is Suspended By To Put Halt To False News Reports From Jap Press By B DICKINSON TOKYO Sept 14 Gen Douglas MacArthur day closed Japan's last outlet the official Domei news and answered critics of a soft peace with an announcement that he has no intention of applying surrender terms in kid-gloved fashion Two more Japanese suicides were reported Gen Teiichi Yoshimoto former commander of the east Japan district committed kiri this morning tty slashing his abdomen with a and firing a bullet into his head Last night Koizumi welfare minister in pan's Pearl Harbor cabinet and No 11 on list of Japanese hara-kiri at his Tokyo home after learning of his impending arrest A New Delhi broadcast reported by NBC said Japanese Gen roko of the first general military headquarters also shot and killed himself today The suspension of Domei lowed by only a few hours its est in a series of radio news trans- missions charging pation troops with rape and looting in Tokyo and Soviet troops with varied atrocities in Korea and Sakhalin The action also deprived all anese the single exception of the Tokyo and Osaka Mainichi which have just sub- scribed to United their only source of news home cities Immediately after the suspension was announced however Brig Gen Le Grand Diller Mac Arthur's chief See DOMEI on Page 3 TORIES Auto Plants Ordered Shut Indefinitely Is Tiresome Word These Days To Maj Gen McAuliffe Kiwanis Club Hears Coach And Mathews a senger Publishers Urged To Conserve Newsprint WASHINGTON Sept 14 newsprint market m 1946 was predicted torlay unless publishers agree to self-imposed re- strictions Col J Hale Steinman of the wai production board said in an inter- view no great improvement in the newsprint supply can be expected until next July In a double feature program the Kiwanis club luncheon today heard William Mathews editor of the Arizona Daily Star talk on his tour of the Pacific and Mike Casteel University of Arizona football coach toll of resumption of the fall sport at the university The publisher reported that on his tour of the battle area of the Pacific and subsequent visit on the Japanese mainland that in his opinion Japan will never re- cover from I he she has suffered and that it is up to the western powers to see that the Orient is well policed It is Mathew's belief that if our troops were withdrawn from Japan there would be chaos in the Orient world civilization would be destroyed It will take us about a year to occupy Japan fully he stated The leadership of Gen MacArthur and our politica is viewed by him a being the major reasons that th war culminated as soon as it did nnd that of the key points so fai on the Japanese the Americans have not lost single life Coach Casteel revealed in talk that there arc 40 men on the football squad this year that there are four home games to be played by the team He said the team first since the 1943 wartime sus pension will average 175 and will lack experience CHICAGO M Gen Anthony C McAuliffe who in reply to a man surrender demand Hie battle of the bulge has cast the word from his vocabulary Here for a two-day visit the general said that the word had become his hallmark and lie was sick of it And o think it used to be my favorite McAuliffe said regretfully Japs Helpless Without Ally General Feels Eichelberger Believes Occupation Can End Within Year By RALPH TEATSORTH TOKYO Sept 14 occupation of Japan may be washed up in another year provided Japan remains with- out allies Lt Gen Robert L Japan is no longer a military power and won't be dangerous if no one makes an alliance with Eichelberger commander of the S eighth army told a press conference The occupation could be washed up within a year if Japan doesn't deal from beneath the he said I'm getting and I don't think Japan will be a military power in rny time unless somebody leads her by the hand Eichelberger estimated that be- tween and American troops were now ashore on the Japanese mainland Ultimately to personnel of the 6th and Sth armies will be in Japan Juring the peak of Allied he said By the end of October both armies will have completed the major portion of the assigned share of their duties he said Lt Gen W W 14th corps lias left by water for Rondai in Northwest Honshu where it will make its headquarters The air-borne will follow by rail morrow Maj Gen Charles Rider's ninth Sec OCCUPATION on Page 3 General Motors Is Threatened By Labor Ills DETROIT Sept 14 The Ford Motor company said today that because of strikes against many of our pliers it was laying off men indefinitely The company said In a After several weeks operations in tho face of crippling and un- authorized strikes against many of our supplies the Ford Motor com- pany is being forced to halt ly all of its production operations late today We have considered all angles of the situation We wanted to keep men at work We had hoped that by this time we would be hiring more men Instead are telling of our employes to slay off their jobs indefinitely In two and one-half months we have produced less automobiles than we could in three hours of normal production and the major reasons is that these continued out- breaks irresponsible labor groups are impeding the regular progress reconversion It 5s time that the country as a whole recognize the seriousness of the situation There can be no return to peacetime production so long as this condition exists Every day without a full day's work de- lays the industrial comeback of a city or town In the country that won't because all our other plies will have to curtail work Our than of them hit hard It means that with- out men more than people in this country will suffer We don't know when we can reopen our plants It's difficult to admit that a company like Ford must be closed insists on selfish cies when everyone's economic ture is at stake But it's Balkan Problems Pushed To Front Among Allies By DEWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst The Balkan political troubles have as was to be expected descended like a plague of locusts on the London conference of the Big Five foreign ministers who have been trying to frame a peace treaty for Italy as a first step in European readjustment It was too much to hope that Italy's case could be handled without intrusion of the Balkan difficulties which have given rise to sharp differences of opinion among the Big the Russians on the one hand and the Anglo-American Allies on the other Apart from other tions peace treaties also have to be drawn up for Bulgaria Romania and Hungary as Axis satellites Speaking in very general terms the kan political upheavals are the result of the sweep of the leftist tide across Europe They are offshoots of the fight for power in the various states between the extreme left and the right Then there is another far-reaching issue involved Russia and Britain are up against the question of who's who in the Balkans that is whose sphere of ern Europe is in Taking it all in all it looks as though the Big Three were on the verge of a vastly important showdown One of the significant developments of this situation is that the remaining Balkan thrones are shaking like jellies and the royalists are rushing to the rescue The position of young King Mihai of Romania has become Youthful King Peter of Yugoslavia is hammering at the door of the foreign council in London trying to gain help in ousting the leftist government of Marshal Tito Peter's chances don't look so hot since all the Big Three have recognized Tito's government Moreover Moscow can't have much love for the Yugoslav royal family The urgency of the situation is clearly indicated by the fact that Secretary Byrnes has called America's key representatives in southeastern Europe to London on the jump They are consulting with him today Radio Strike Is Ended By 500 Engineers NEW YORK Sept networks NBC and ABC returned to normal operation today after a strike by approximately 500 union broadcast engineers The engineers began returning lo their jobs in New York and other major last night The walkout ended after officials of the companies and the union the tional Association of Broadcast En- and Technicians Ind agreed to resume negotiations day for a new wage contract it was the breakdown of these negotiations union officials said which caused the engineers to walk out of their jobs Wednesday ning The National and American broadcasting companies termed the trike unauthorized After a brief period of silent air and ABC used executives not connected with the union to con- imie their programs A few grams were cancelled Wednesday night but a fairly normal schedule was maintained yesterday Army Plans Of Doctors Dentists WASHINGTON Sept 34 The Army will release at least 000 dentists and nore than nurses by next Inly 1 th war department an- today Under a new discharge system physicians nurses 500 dentists and a large number of other medical department will be returned to civilian life by Jan 1 The department said that cal and dental corps officers will bo considered surplus and released they had SO points Sept 2 1945 or are years of age or older or if they entered the service prior to DecT 7 1941 Public Hearing On Water Code Opens Sept 20 PHOENIX Sept 14 hearing on the proposed water code as embodied in house 14 will be held in the house chambers next Thursday Rep Claire Phelps of Maricopa county chairman an- today Her committee on agriculture and irrigation will hold the hearing House 34 was introduced Tuesday by Robert H Forbes of Pima I A Rosok of Cochise Clara Botzum of Yuma and W G baum of Gila Rep Phelps said that while the is not yet officially before the committee house 26 also may be considered at the same time This measure introduced today provides for a tion for further co-operative veys with the federal geological survey as a means of compiling data looking towards formulation of a ground water code T w e ii t y o n e representatives joined in introduction of the latter measure Hurricane Is Heading For Florida Coast MIAMI Fla Sept 34 estimated at 150 MPH were re- ported to have struck Turk's land in the British west indies day as a great hurricane whirled toward the Florida coast The weather bureau observer at Turk's island said the center of the hurricane blasted the island about a m EWT today with 150 MPH winds at height of the storm The Turk's island station had been off the air for nearly 31 hours before ing communication with the U S weather bureau in Miami At 2 p m it was estimated that the storm was about 500 miles southeast of Miami As the storm approached all Army transport command planes were sped away from Miami fields to safer ozones in Alabama and Tennessee Navy planes had already left In addition the ATC ordered all troops to be ready for evacuation to safer quarters by noon tomorrow
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