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M'kean County Democrat (Newspaper) - May 3, 1862, Smethport, Pennsylvania MEAN COUNT SATURDAY By 0 VI TEEMS SO in Rates of THE Ecno nmn ens X X One of 12 lints or 3 subsequent ft with six 2000 1200 1 60 600 Hula or teure work will be double the Tire relink or eight lines Is rated a These Terms will ho adhered Business HYDE Ill This Hotel Is new ami In modern lias all a First Elk May ELDRED Proprietor house is situated half way Between and Mean A an and obliging and A Draftsman nd Real Estate WILLIAM Ia Itll Estate Els i Thomas Ia Pa H Ores Houn filled up Ii snd anl every will hi paid oy the proprietor to the comfort anl tisto of his FOBES UH N Y The Fobes is entirely new and built and Is furnished in modern Tho Jailers himself liU tions are not surpassed by any hotel In Western run rom the New York and Kris Rail M LIST AT LAWJ for Lands Attends especially to tlie Collection of Claim Examination of Land Titles of anl all business tins to Real Office In Attorney and Counsellor at us nest entrusted to care for the counties of Potter will be promptly attended to in the Court second and will attend to all professional calls wilh iniart well THING Wholesale and Retal Dealers In and Dry Made and General Furnishing Hoots Will and Window Looking JOHN Attorney and Counsellor at Cn uttend to all business In his profession in the Bounties of and HACKNEY Travelers will find good ac and reasonable Oo This is about nine on the to will be found a Back of the error that slavery is the cause of the rebellion and that its removal is sary to a lies the grave and terrible mis take which has been made by those who have supposed the slave to be the grand object o sympathy and of benevolent ant who have regarded slavery as the subject o most political when in reality the the colored is the true subject o national and charitable It was long ago plain that it was not half so important to con sider how to remove slavery as how to remove the The great problem toward which men should have directed labors and in was how to treat a race that is among us and not of that mixes wilh our but mingle with our This subject involves to some extent the gen eral subject of but only as the greater includes the For yean the act ive mind of the not the fitful and innate mind of radical but the Intel lectual force which formed and which has di reeled the course of the in its great work of benefit to has regarded this question as connected with the and I as attempted to keep the national counsels toward instead of toward the inferior question of the position of a portion of the race while among It is conceded everywhere that the race is inferior whether by reason ol its long experience in and its trans fer lo position of subjection in a civilized or whether by it does not concern us at present to The race is now of if n lower and exceptional cases which are dorn time to time broughl forward only serve lo show more distinctly lad truth in relation to the whole negro Being inferior they demand our and our cannot of equal rights wilh the unless we over throw the order of nature and at once adopt This may possibly be disputed but there is no dividing For il the law should declare the negro entitled to equal he may not only demand admis sion to same holel for the law compels hotel to receive the decent but if it be and in a place where it is the custom to put two or more in a he may demand admission to the same room wilh while to the same to the same steam boat state the same sleeping in short he may by law demand everything that a white man may If he may rightfully all it would be absurd and impos sible lo deny his social even to the extent We do not dwell 01 which must be The in stanl a distinction is drawn between the as to railway cars or thai instant a superiority und feriotity of races is No man can advocate the equality of negro FARMERS VALLEY nr This house live mile on tUe road to Pleasure parti and ba on the Dry Kast the Public Proprietor A and and will Had PORT at Me junc tion of the und Allegany River of To Those Interested in Mining and Mineral Lands offers services for the tion of Mineral Lands 111 nml Klk coun and will his opinion as to tho OF Ac his services will recelre all reliable atthe Bunker HIM Juno Collections promptly attended BENNETT opposite commodi and will furnished Tin trust of tho Public wirk Jona lo on the shortest and in tin most substantial A respectfully announce I the of Smethport and that he Is prepared to attend lo all business In hl Artificial tenth inserted upon sci and so as to preserve the natural ei of the face All operations in Dental Surgery done In a skillful Pellet In Tin west sul of tho Public Custom work done to order shortest and In tbo most substantial will at Ulk Attorney anl Counsellor at ten IBS of and Prompt attention paid lo Office Kail BAKER Bast Bide of the Public Second Door North of till Democrat Office Dealer In Watches anl Executed and SOUTHEAST CORNER MAIN STREET and the white man in political without advocating social equality Whether u decent negro is not o companion than a dirty white man has nothing lo do with the We are not discussing matters ol Personal preferences nothing lo do with general We no prejudices on subject itmi that our motives may not bo it is proper to say that there ore colored men to whom we are personally attached with very great and who are better fitted lo be companions und than a vast of nominally respectable while these very persons are most firmly convinced u dependent character of their and most anxious for the opportunity of on a national the question whether the is natural or ol The is what to do with an inferior thrown among us by the will of and given by Him to our Make them all free to begin says the philan But what is free Is the poor starving negro in new or in really much more free than a in Virginia Take a We know a colored man with a who was an hon est intelligent with good wages in o me employment a year or so who was thrown out ol has been most ol the year dependent on charity for his nnd is now laboring eighteen hours a in a hole where no while man would do the work for twice the and is earning a miserable wholly insufficient to keep life in his Us is a broken down anxious to but compelled to lead a life of He would not exchange his present life for but would a well slave exchange with him 1 Would any one Advise to make the exchange The result of the comparison is simply that to remove alt the slaves from the present restraint of must be considered instead of o mere to as a change nied with a removal of the masters obligation to take of the servant and his the servant is thrown on the free to choose his he is thrown nto the novel position of being compelled to work at anything that turns up for a and is not certain of obtaining the work that will earn the From a state of forced vork certain be suddenly trans ferred to a state of uncertain uncertain and his life has in it a oj ff never Uad in sickness or or any other We do nol state this as an argument in fa vor of the perpetuation of but solely as a teason against its unless accom by a provision for the protection of the poor inexperienced race suddenly with the possibility of perishing from Before abolishing meani mutt be taken to provide for the colored With ever plan of emancipation should be connected plan of laking care of the To propose without providing colonization is to destroy the negro to injure the race at the same From all this it is plain enough lhat the disposition of the negro race is main question preceding and controlling the question of In former the best men of the South were agreed with those of the North on When agitation of the minor ques tion made the discussion of the whole subject they til back to the true ground of reasonable lhal abolitionism was a dangerous to while race as lo the and the grand question ol the fate o the colored was suffered lo in the presence of the fierce discussion of We are now on the verge of period when the minds of the North and the South must be harmonized in some if the country is to be On the of the negro the discussion of abolitionism the hatred of North ami South will be The can never make unity o discord by any of mad Their success would be public and private to black and Proclamations of freedom casting millions negroes on the charities of the would perpetuate this negro question and mike it more impossible lion than The Northern mind must fore abandon rs thi future ol the nation calls for some disposition of the ored the Northern portion of the countr owe it to to lo ne gro who is oppressed ground down in New York as much as in to provide a for the free in some acceptable real question before the nation today is not how to remove slavery as the supposed cause of the bul how to reconcile Massa and South one a free ami th other a slave This is the grand problem ol Will live in th Union wilh a slave Slate Will South Caro lina live in the Union with a State which re fuses to return fugitive and whose citi zens preach that slavery is the sum of all vil Will either State accept the negro as a social How shall opposing be and the oil and wate mingled It is easy to South ina give up her slaves and cause of disa is Il is just as easy el Massachusetts restore slavery lo her soil and the two States can will do and one injust as difficult nf accomplish ment as the This may be but the remark is Carolina can nore get rid of slavery at than Mai can restore slavery at question must bo dropped which cannot perhaps be expected after he events of or Northern and Southern minds unite on a reasonable and view of which will remove it wholly from the arena of party past few weeks North has wilh unanimity assented to the Presidents ilan ol by with This ancient plan of the Coloni may yet become the liate ground on which men will meet and agree o dispose of the negro In this connection we notice with interest he speech of Blair of in April and we regard it as more because we have reason lo suppose hat it gave expression in some degree to the news of Without designing to the truth of all Blairs ve invite a careful perusal of this extract from is as policy of and also as indicating the superior im of the to the slavery To superficial observers who believe thai the rebellion srew out of and as they term arid when it is known to true thai hoMine regions of the South are for the It is natural lhat it should occur lo lhal the proper course lo catty all the holders against the rebellion would be to decree But a closer scrutiny demon the contrary to be true such a scrutiny lhat rebellion originated chiefly with in the of the not springing from any ol slavery but from an antagonism of race and hostility lo idea of equality with the blacks involved in simple This idea among holders wai naturally of renter intensity in proportion to number of slaves about them and irs force in extinguishing Union feeling ai we approached the high and lain regions whore slaves are acquainted with tht il ii la call his a If sucb was the two divisions of our army could have suppressed it without the negroes themselves could easily put down the two hundred and fifty thousand but it lj a mutter tlie ax a were the last nnd mast to join The repre men ol that like Badger of North Aiken of South and Alexander Stephens of struggled ns long as there was hope against the nnd for the obvious reason that the entire of the slaveholder were put in extreme It wtt negro and not slavery entirely and entirely different treatment and it is as sary to understand the distinction to enable us to deal with it as it is that the physician should know the lie is called on In treat and to If the rebellion was by two hundred and fifty thousand for the sake of perpetuating sU then it miehl be a complete remedy to extirpate the institution but if the rebellion bus grown out of the abhorrence ol the non for emancipation nnd amalgama and their drend of negro how will their be cured by the very measure the mere apprehension of which bas driven them into rebellion Nr wise mnn to increase the num ber of enemies to the State within the hostile or divide its friends Lincoln knew that a of emancipation simply would have this an act he knew was calculated to make of the whole of tho of and at the time to weaken the sympathy of a large number of Ilie working men of the who are not ready tn see their brethren in the South put on an equality with manumitted In accordance with this view of the proclaimed he was named for the he has arted he has been President To disarm the jealousy ol which he knew lay at the bottom of he mended in his first annual message that homes should be provided in neighboring county for such of the blacks as should be made free by the events of the While we art the chief cause of the rebellion was the antagonism of stimulated by the disap pointed nnd defeated politicians who liad made it source ol their power over the he also saw that the progress of events had affected and would still further affect lhn class who had property interests in the And while it was Hue tint that class had not originated policy which culminated in they were now involved in many of them actually nnd sympathizing with it or having pro perty staked on and therefore in danger ol lining drawn into To do justice to those not engaged in and lo prevent from being into it bv their property in and invite their cooperation in the of this he mw proposes u measure of compensation for their uf Those in tunes like lalk of the of habeas sympathize with the Sad indeed is the condition of the such an utterance could be heard in I hi Senate of United Status It of Irom a nf lhal whose seems to be systematic undermining and destroying of the And with the above pted to intimidate the senator Hum is not even one of the worst of In older to bu ublu tu fully appreciate audacity of those who Iry lo establish an actual against such ol Con gress as still cling faithful to I hi t must be recollected that was one of the firt prominent Democratic leaders who came tu the aid ol the new I lime of Us greatest distress and forgetful of party mils gave it the most unconditional Nut even a shadow of a suspicion of disloyal ty can rest upon him nnd that such an inso lation be hurled against such a the ol impudence which ha been reached by tho junta in Con when others put elves at the disposition of their former politi cal they cherished a that the er would act as drop pine party and keep in lew only Ilia on great restoration of the In this they have been dis They are now wanted to believe in he nv wherein the old with all the rights it guarantees to individual State and has been and replaced y the arbitrariness of a despotic military rule Whosoever dues not subscribe to this new which would pervert the war lor he Union into a reckless is be ng and wilh the most galling insults ami perse by the most infamous This as been the lot of patriotic Senators and of the Border lo f the of tho aimy and vith such means it has been even lo force he President over to the It is time that the people understand is going on in and what cf orts arc made to deprive them of the fruits o i heir Tha people have submitted to even to n and partial abridgment of their less but they have not done this for the hat delegates in Congress should proclaim be whole Constitution as trea son he respect for the supreme laws of i con nt It would appear thai demagogues in Washington have quite misunderstood tne of the people about certain extraordinary actions of the While making allowance for the existing and being inclined to exceptionally erf the assumption of certain doubtful functions on account of the embarrassed condition of the they never of any of functionaries or representatives from a due regard to the fundamental law of the The people now as work ol the which they still hold shall be treated with nnd have authorized none of nnd agen to trample upon II the legitimate either through actual necessity and as has happened no less through merely imaginary awkwardness ami want of has been driven to transgress in certain cases its il does nol that is no longer n trailer and an enemy to his country who Iy and strives to remove the Con and to open the gales lo an sible What is meaning of the insulting tence with which it was intended to deter a loyal Senator from the defense of constitutional not the same theory also by that fieri it no a nothing but a sort of that may dispose as it pleases o the the the blood and he pro pel y nf people I If you do nol i you dare to raise your voice in favor of High and Law and old you ate accused o sympathy wilh its armed if pos reduced to silence by The term begins to be rather in There are kinds of rebels wo have lo deal witni those bearing arms openly refuse the recognition of tho old Union and those who have chosen the safer and more cowardly way of perfidiously destroying it with plots and intrigues and insidious The out we meet on the battlefield but what be result nl all the bloody i n meantime the other should succeed in de us of the prize for which we are light g The dangers threatening from on are known j but if the people do not soon real thu more concealed dangers arising fiom ih and do not in time put an end lo th work ol these traitors in the mask of n hopelessly Weeds letters from The son and spr rerl Iaris very Th Chimps Elysees and wool of Boulogne altract crowds of every rank and fiorn thu to the I should fall in any lo the nl tlie of a fores lour or miles in laid out uti I nt great expense and exquisite The First were more men He adorned Pans with trophies nf victory such us Column of the Arch ol the nf Napoleon is more seeking to improve as well u adorn His reign will be distin guish I by Reforms anl France under his has been and impro ving in its Manufacturing Commercial and resources while Pa ris is becoming the lost beautiful city in 111 The nod ol progressing upon a scale of tilde For example tin Boulevard cut the heart ol the extends ih Purl St Denis to Ku niu is already buill up vvith palatial This is with the equally mag ending at tlie Railway On the IMW lintel covering more than an aril casting the the almost as by the best may be given of Hotel by t is than the as and the would H Adjoining this Hire acres ol ngs have heri preparatory lo 111 of ai Opra Around the e two acres of buildings ute being Ih ground on which Hood lo lie thrown inlo i This will site ol a of so many unwritten his of misery and I looked into thi receptacle of the unknown Dead ihi holies of two wretched beings who birl elf ibis coil lay wail ng to ba identified and claimed by some of who were constantly looking into the Nearly the on the other lide of and house long by ami hilt in fith atnry of which the parle resided was a of Anil in The present placed a tablet in wall recording Ibis inci lent in Ilii life of his Wn went ilm morning lopay B tribute ol and to the tomb of La who repues in ol the Sa cred Heart of This is bur a hort distance from the site of one of ginl ill lilt nf and the spit con by the remains of the good La Fayette headless bodies of Thirteen lion dred and sixty victims of the that were thrown into i pit dug for the It is now abode of piety and Some of the Nuns were al their devo linns in the and 01 hers ware walking through THE 1 The following excellent article is taken trorn he New York a of arge ami great It iri ruli ates sound constitutional doctrines In the Senate rf United last when the arrest imprisonment of Stone were nndir Senator Wades reply to the lhal under the the common law ami the military law nf the had heen that the In this greal is hound to protect and hat the Constitution is virtually repealed until he Government lias become lo authority in the rebellions We find this in the of in has been before the for n week or more without copy t to fasten the eyes of the nation upon ai highest avowal yet made of a doctrine that is working n radical change in theory of inr nnd rapidly it into n despotism of the worst type Il this so distinctly set forth liy Senator and whicH been with boldness avowed by Senator and other dist abolition he policy nd of the our like baseless fabric of n dream s and only n miserable wreck is left be this theory nf Senator Ii sub mitted we would do well to try the question the Supreme and If that judica tory it as the law of the it will be our privilege to choose between submission tn and voluntary Siberia or We confess that we prefer of H pagan prince lo lhat of ft If Wades doctrine is we have no Gov but the will of the man who wields the army und regardless of the tion which he is set and sworn to uphold by those of has ably ami nobly risen In the spirit and wilh much of the of lo this has the of Con and subordination of the govern ng power to liat sovereign menlt with equal eloquence and truth he significantly points In the authors of ihli new revolutionary doctrine nnd declares i In lo chanee the Constitution by forte of we become the rebels we ore striving tn The was nol made for fair It for time of peace am belter still for Them is lillle when menaro to obey but when war breaks tlie pence and security ol lo when the of men are lashed into and the nation is suddenly into the vortex of civil then the of communities nnd individuals are in ih only protection which citizens en ii in the Constitution of his Il is n grand which even men limes that the of hour justifies a ruler in the of illegal This fullney is the apology w IIy abuse of power the liberties of nations have blotted and lives of thousands What we want now In is a spirit nf devotion fo laws and principles of i u spirit of patriotism rising fur behests of party and Ig utterly all schemes of President making or while energies nf mind and he resources ol the country are to the single purpose ol restoring the Union to linsis nf the II Senator theory becomes the of there will be no more constitutional in the Republic at tho A SAD Wednesday as Nun of Fiftyeight was near the Post he was accosted by t youthful worn who snid seeing Itm figures 55 on his she hoped he might be lili to how she could get n letter lo an officer in that He said he would be nippy lo hir il he She said ahn lad written several letters and received mi What is the name inquired Lieut Van answered the I am sorry lo say lhal Fife ii dead he was killed al Van The was Almost lu stanily the lady sank to Ihn her grief was most was her But y the sad budget of news was nol all I t thai bur father Captain c f ond hr First Lieutenant and her husban I Second Lieutenant uf the same Ifi r is now a pris wilh most of h s in tha hands of and 11 r w wounded severely In It is rarely lhat such a f falls upon a is t as iha Ohio regimen who ran away in n panic from the field al P in lo gairison ort op and a h loly primed the of are filled with pad es f sick und J t that city ami ill Cincinnati Louisville t mostly from the of who was wounded al y a cays the was similar n that nl a smart blow There is nothing cutting or the smiles taking by rid adjacent parts befor on can it SHILOH The battle rg or the part ol upon a nn which n Church round in that is in The field f Shiloh by jive this
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