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Settler And Pennon (Newspaper) - September 2, 1841, Smethport, Pennsylvania THE AND 13 PUBLISHED BY W. S. five in Two if not paid within three months after Two fifty not paid within the j Advertisements will be inserted at One dollar per lor the first and twenty-five cents for each subsequent Figure work double A discount will be made to who by the piper or advertisement will be discontinued until all arrearages are unless at the of the must be ty receive I S 4 U E September 1841J Bank W. P. same vs S. jr E. Beckw J. 3. Gable vs B. Marsh vs Gibbs same vs Gibbs Houghton same vs J. Thompson H. N. Wheeler vs A. M. Casler AMP POTTER COUNTY WK. 4-k. ri m SEPTEMBER 2, 1841. UMBER 43 came J. T. Jr G. J. Abbey A. Elmer vs same J. Hammond's F. Clark vs B. A. V. Parsons vs same vs N. vs J. Sartwell vs L. wife vs H. Payne vs Moore Rhodes Co. vs Gary W. E. Barden E. Briggs W. McDowell E. ve Clark Irons Earps McMain vs B. Freeman H. D. Foster T. Smith vs Sartwell Storm Co. VB same Wright vs A. D. Birge vs H. 1841._______S_ JURY McKean Sept. GRAND 1841. H. J. S. Jolin Chase W. E. jr. H. C. C. Ch. J. O. j M. D. D. John j F. Abbey N. C. J. M. H. TB AVERS avens F. JJL L. k. G. W. Enoch G. Cor- Job jr. E. M. C J. A. Dudley T. R. Com- Samuel James Z. W. W. Nathaniel p. O. W. D. Ephraim SERGE Joseph in an General Assembly of Of been granted by ce Of the peace in and for tU county at the instance of a if jn county pf certain We the same wheron tain and effects of 41 paid Walden VETO ON THE BANK August 16. The President communicates to the Senate the following MESSAGE Of the President of the United Returning with his the to incorporate the fiscal Bank of ihe August 16, 1841. To the Senate of the United The entitled act to ate the subscribers to a Fiscal Bank of- the United which originated in the been considered by with a desire to conform my action in regard to to that of the Houses of By the tion it is made my duty either to prove the by signing or to return it with my objections to the House in wich it I cannot give it my and I proceed to discharge the duty required of me by the give my reasons for The power of Congress to Create a National Bank to operate per se over the has been a question of dis- pute from the our Men most justly and deservedly ed for their high intellectual their virtue and their in regard to entertained ent and conflicting Congresses have The approval of one President has been followed by the dis- approval of The People at ferent have acquiesced in ions both for and try has been and still is deeply agitated by this unsettled It will fice for me to that my opinion has uniformly been proclaimed against the exercise of any such power by this On all suitable occasions during a period of twenty-five the thus entertained has been unreservedly I declared it in the legislature of my native In the House of Representatives of the United States it has been openly by me. I In the Senate in the ence and hearing of many who are at this time members of that it has been affirmed and in ches and reports there made an In popular I have unhesitatingly and the last public dec by an- lort tion which I and that but a time before the late presidential I referred to my previously expressed opinions as being those then ed by with a full knowledge of the opinions thus and I was by the people Vice President of the United By the concurrence of a contingency provided for by the and arising under an impressive sation of I succeeded to the Presidential But before entering upon the duties of that I took an oath that I would protect and defend the tion of the United Entertaining the opinions alluded and having taken this the Senate and the country will see that I could not give any sanction to a measure of the charter without ing all claim to the respect of honorable confidence on the part of the regard for religious and moral out an observance of no ment could be and no ple can be It would be to com- mit a crime which I would not wilfully commit to earthly which would justly subject me to the ridicule and scorn of all virtuous I deem it entirely unnecessary at this to enter upon the reasons which have brought my mind to the tions I feet and entertain on this They have over and over again been If some of those who have preceded me in this high office have entertained and avowed different 1 yielded all confidence their convictions were I claim on- ly to have the same measure meted out into So far as the mere of per is concerned it is quite immaterial to the whether is obtained at a Bank or tt U. S. They are both be- ginning and in a local What influence have local granted by any form of regulating of the currency and the Let the history of the late U. S. us in answering this For several years after the ment of that it dealt exclusively in local and ring that period the country the most disappointed In the con- sequences anticipated from Us A uniform currency was j were not regulated and little or nothing Was to the general and in 1820 its em- had become so that the Directors petitioned Congress to peal that article of the charter which made its nc tes receivable every in payment of public It up to that dealt to but a- extent in either foreign lor and as late as 18- 32, its operations in that line amounted to a more than per an- Very rapid augmentation soon ter and in 1833 its dealings in the exchanges amounted to upward of including the sales of its own and those immense transactions were effected without the employment of extraordinary The currency of the country became and the in the ex- changes were carried on at the lowest possible The circulation was increased to more than and the notes of the Bank as equal to specie all the thus most that if was their in and not local which furnished these and It may be that notwithstanding immense the in the purchase of the losses were merely while in the time of the suspended debt was and found most disasterous to the Bank and the Its er of local discounts in proved to be a fearful source of favoritism and alike destructive to the lic morals and to the general The capital invested in banks of disc counts in the United created by the at this time and if the discounting of local paper could have produced any cial the United States ought to possess soundest currency in the but the reverse is lamentably the I In the measure under is the objectionable character to which I have It is clearly unless the 16th fundamental ar- ticle of the i 1th section it is made The article is in the following 'The directors of the said corporation shall establish one competent office of discount and deposite in any state in which two thousand shares shall have been or may be held when upon application of the ture of such Congress may by require the And said directors may also establish of more competent offices of discount sad deposite in any or District of and in any the assent of such state; and when established said office or offices shall be or removed by the prior to the expiration of this with the previous assent in respect to any State Which shall at the first session of the Legislature held after the passage of this by or oth usual legislative un- conditionally assent or dissent tot the office or offices within such assent of the said state shall be thereafter That whenever it shall become necessary and proper for carrying into execution any of the powers granted by the establish an office of offices in any the states and the estate thereof shall be directed the duty of the said directors office or seen by this that invested with the a branch in any I yielded its bed such by order Such assent is to be and to have the fores and sanction of an actually sent in respect to any state which shalt at the first session of the legislature held thereafter the sage of this by resolution or other usual legislative assent or dissent to the office or offices within such assent of such state shall be pre- The assent or dissent is to be expressed unconditionally sesion of the legislature by some for- mal legislative if no sot assent is to be and the directors are therefore with at such time there m they may please to establish which cannot after ward be except by resolve of matter what may be the cause which may op- erate with the which er prevents it from or ses itself to its wisdom to induce delay its assent Is to be and It is the lawgiver of the master to the an- unconditional answer is claimed and incapacity to produces an implied which is er after Many of the State elections have ready token without any edge on the part of the such a question was to come The may desire a submission of the question to their constituents pre- paratory to final action upon but this high privilege is whatever may be the motives and views ed by the of the people induce their assent is to be pre- and is ever afterward unless their dissent shall be expressed at their first session after the passage of the into a They may by formal resolution de- clare the question of assent or dissent to be undecided and and in opposition to their express dec- to the their assent is to be Cases innumerable might be cited to manifest the irrationality of such an Let one or two in addition popular branch of the Legislature may dis- sent by a unanimous and its lution may be defeated by the vote of the and yet the assent is to be Both branches of the tuie concur in a resolution of de- and yet the Governor may exert the veto power conferred on him by the State and their legislative action be and yet the assent of the legislative authority is and the Directors of this con- templated institution are authorized to establish a branch or branches in such whenever they may find con- to the of the ders to do and having they under no with draw except by an act of The State may afterward protest against any such its authority is Its assent is im- plied by its failure or inability to act at its first and its voice can never after ward be To inferences so as they seem to mer I cannot yield my No court of justice would or could sanction without reversing all that is in judicial by in- presumptions at variance to the and inferences at expense of A State to a condition of duress would be presumed Co as an individual manacled and imprisoned might be presumed to be ia the ment of Far better to say to the State and gress and submission is It may be said that the directors may not establish branches under such but this is a question of and this invests them with full power to do so. If the Legislature of York or or any other should ba found in such condition as I have there be any security furnished against such a step on the part ofthe is it not fairly to be presumed that this proviso was introduced for the sole purpose of meeting the contingency re- ferred Why else should it have been And I would submit to the Senate whether it can be that any State would be likely to sit quietly down under such a state of In a great measure of public their teay be successfully appeal to but to infer their assent from stances at war with such I cannot regard as calculated to ex- ate a feeling at fatal emnity with the peace and must setting the power to to establish offices of discount not only without its and so regarding it I sanction it j the right in Congress to prescribe to implies a superiority of power and deprives the of all pretence to between and aa we have in the total abrogation on the part of the the State may aftar i solemn form of. tu which may from to time there be in fuil view of own in- be separated from the wise and of this and yet Congress by virtue of the over- rule its and upon which to such will appear to rest on a constructive necessity and and nothing I regard the as asserting for Con- gress the right to U. S. with power right to lish offices of discount irv the several States of Una with or without their a principle to 1 have already heretofore and which can never obtain my And waving all other considerations growing out of its I return it to the House uv which it with these my ob- jections to us JOHN Aug. 16, 1841. A VICTIM TO On the shore ofthe seven miles west of in the attention of the traveller would bje arrested by Urn appearance of a well neat and commodious d appurtenance of a well goed indicating the abode of in- dustry and Do you stop to quaff the cooling water or to enjoy a- lounge under the pleasant from the scorching sun by a beautiful ki vain do for the domestic linger for the welcome of Silence and solitude reign It is the hour of busy you at a dis- tance you discover a man toiling in the field and he is th a goodly pattern of a invites you to a you become interested in his tells you he was the sou of a sterner cradled on the banks of Nova In riper his home was the the brig of which he was owner and der foundered at he was saved by taking to the returned to the land of his married his and in after when the father of six he removed with his family and settled upon this very teen years then in its wildest Here he continued m all the enjoyment consequent upon a virtuous sessed ofthe esteem confidence of of a competence of world's his domestic were until within about two years The spoHer A Mormon preacher appeared iri the sons and of now lone man were bis Wild fastened upon and they became converts to The golden Bible and the of Joe Smith bid them prepare to journey to the The husband and father but son and kind persuasion where The pictured scenes of homer were but the gloom of compared with bright visions ofthe upon And required the sacrifice of domestic a severance ofthe connubial of filial And these were not enough to satisfy the demands ofthe strange pecuniary tribute was exacted to amount of all the of the man already bereft of wife and and he ed to the and besides ses and the cattle of the he literally emptied his satiate ty of this other They left him The and 3 daughters arrived in three months after arrival on Mormon ground the mother sickened and And now Joshua and childless though he by the power of Mormon having from the with the big heart of a sailor and stands by ready for another pvH at the on the ocean of
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