San Antonio Express (Newspaper) - September 13, 1936, San Antonio, Texas NEWS For more than 70 San Antonio Express been giving Its That first concern FOR HOME DELIVERY ONLY for Sale VOL. 257 SAN SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 13, 1936 PRICE 5 1866 New Deal Critic Off Of University Shows America Ruled by Dr. J. Evetts Haley Declares MAY PUNCH COWS Radical Professors Preach at Ex- He Says Associated Sept. 12. J. Evetts faculty critic oE the New was definitely oft the payroll of the University of Texas and whether he would get on Dr. H. Y. was a question for the future to chairman of tre Democrats of said that if the University wanted to discharge him it was to do The crats are opposing the re-election of President Dr. Benedict disclosed that Haley had not been connected of- with the University since 51 after asking for and ob- a leave of absence Aug. 24. had been engaged in research jointly by the Central Board of Education in Xew York and the and the 10-year period of the project ended Aug. Dr. Benedict has clonn a crackerjack he will be reappointed adoption of the budget for the Social Science which is is a matter for the Interpreted Firing Haley said in a statement that in declining to grant him a leave of absence to the Roosevelt it might be the University had the easy course of ing me by so. that alone is an tion of the danger oC New Deal he of a nation of free and courageous we are today a country ruled by of a nation of sovereign we are a people standing in awe of a. national tion we elected to office to carry out our own He said Texans were not In harmony with arbitrary be- cause its and ideals are those of liberty and and he himself had decided quit collecting the history oE Texas and fisht for the ideals that made that history colorful and For three long he he had seen spellbinding members of the faculty of the Uni- versity of Texas taking leave of absence to accept sitions with the Federal ment at handsome salaries exempt of income Vacationers Ordered OFF Texas Coast CORPUS Sept. a bulletin received here Saturday afternoon from the fore- cast center of this district persons on exposed islands and in boats off the Texas Coast from Bay to Port Isabel wertte advised to return to the mainland for the week-end due to the of the storm in the western Gulf in sity and so as to move in a more northerly The weather here was mostly fair Saturday for a light rain squall in the early upper air conditions showed some evidence of the dis- although the surface winds were moderate south and southeast throughout the The barometer fell slowly during the afternoon and at G o'clock stood at 2D.77. To the at the skies generally over- the being easterly and showing the circulation around the The observer at Brownsville reported that the barometer had fallen slowly Continued on Page 10, Column 7. No Ambassadors Sent Home as Result of Warlike Speech may be honest but they always want to succor the public at the expense of the other he day they are stumping the state for Roosevelt at the by University rules no faculty member take in partisan When a headed Texas University economist is hired by the Xew Deal to the that is merely in accord with When I take leave fight for tional government upon my own at rny own that must be partisan this should be the attitude of the University of then I will welcome being and will go back to my old job oC punch ins least those that escaped Henry Haley said the Jeffersonian Democrats were working on and preparing to oppose in every county the tion of President WINTER MAKES FIRST BOW IN OREGON Associated Sept. Winter came to many parts of Oregon Snow was reported in districts of the Blue Mountains of Kastern Snow also fell on the hills around Government Camp on Mouni and an inch was reporter at the site of the new Mount Temperature there was 20 Weather Man Sez San Antonio and Probable rains with fresh easterly winds be cloudy In north rain in south portion Monday cloudy occasional rains In south and central Fresh easterly wind on the coast becoming strong on the coast where east to northeas gales are probable West Partly cloudy Sunday Monday partly probably snow ers in southeast Hourly SAN Sept. 11-12, 1936 8 p. in 9 p.m 11 p.m 12 midnight 1 2 3 4 5 74 6 74 7 73 86 84 82 80 73 7fi 5 5 8 9 7' 10 a. m 11 8: 12 noon 8, 1 p.m 8' 2 p.m 8! 3 p.m 9 4 p.m 9 5 p.m 9 6 p.m. DEFENDERS FLEE Disorderly Crowd Stampede by Land and Sea for Bilbao LOST Base on Bay of Biscay quate For Any Need by Fascists Gov. London Among Friends In Maine 1936, Associated Sept. Adolf Hitler with envy toward Soviet fertile fields and rich mines today and considered the possibility of war our old planes roared overhead as he dictator with big pictured the desirability ot the Russian He was silent fiA to bow riany might get that wealth but told cheering thousands at the Nazi convention Russia an attempt upon German youth help me we had the if we possessed if we had the national Socialist many would be swimming in plus the Nazi dictator The did not say Germany had any intention of ing to take the Soviet area and he avoided any statement that many entertained hope of ing the But his we brought cheers from his listeners who had just been told how Germany must struggle to overcome raw material shortage must and be overcome by German ingenuity and ler Alchemy Trail say we have no In four years we will be producing our own They say we have no four years we'll be riding around on pur own ers quaver where will we get our I tell you factories will spring out of the earth and in four years we'll be getting all our gasoline from our Comment was widespread among foreign From Russian quarters came authoritative ments that an official protest would be made such references by the head of the state and the violence of attacks on the Soviet government at the 7 85 Nazi There was no Indication that either side had any intention of their The foreign office in Berlin let it be known Hitler did not plan any such step and similar statements came from Russian Diplomatic offices in Berlin were busy throughout the day dis- patching special reports their Intensely interested because the speech was the first in Hitler publicly mentioned the Drawing a picture of surplus land and materials in Soviet Hitler wound am not in the fortunate tion of the Soviet Germany's problem must be is no such thing as ins it cannot be must Puts Labor's Back he pleading for patience and lives longer than one Turning his talk to the Der Fuehrer could raise your wages to 1936, Associated SAN Sept. defenders the seaport of San Sebastian to the Fascists The Fascist with Irun captured a week thus achieved their trol of the vital Bay of Biscay sector contiguous to the French Foreign consular officers ex- pressed the opinion abandonment of San Sebastian by the ment forces marked a definite turning point in the civil Madrid government is said one South American ot city after the fall of Irun is a military loss which the popular front not From a military and moral point of view the gents won the civil war The Fascist fighting men under the war Gen. Emilio poured into the city in the after- disdaining scattered sniping by a handful of government who had not joined in the The Municipal Governor An- tonio who had vowed Sebastian will never be stuck to his post to the last His plan was 10 flee with other government officials aboard a yacht to Bilbao which is still nominally in government Militiamen Hundreds of militiamen were packed into trucks and sent ing at breakneck speed on the road to where the ment forces swore to make a The retreating militiamen of the government rushed from the city in flight after Fascist troops Fort Santa to San Other thousands of government fighting men stampeded aboard fishing and motorboats which shoved off Those on shore thought the militiamen would head either for Bilbao or for French Striving desperately to change the rout of the militiamen into a blance of with revolvers guarded street The fleeing soldiers ran up and down the some still ing their others dropping everything in their haste to get out of the Carry Wounded on Back Here and there a militiamen ried a wounded comrade on his j back as he trotted toward the gates of the Government estimated that several thousand officials would remain in the Echoes of the heavy ing rolled back into the stricken city leading to the bellof that the government retreat had been halted and that the men might have turned to make a stand against their The sudden decision to abandon the city was reached a few hours before expiration of a. Fascist matum to the city to if it did riot The government gunboat ber as a parting dumped a dozen shells on Fort Guadalupe which the cists last week captured from the government defenders Then the gunboat turned and headed for Bilbao under forced At 10 p. anarchists among the government defenders had failed make good a threat to set fire to San Most of the anarchists ready had fled the after que Nationalists threatened to shoot Continued on Page 7, Column By George Gallup Director American Institute of Public Opinion XEW Sept of the Institute of In- that Governor Landon is taking no great risk in identifying himself with the fortunes of his party in the Maine state election His barnstorming trip there day is not strategically necessary to clinch a Republican In- polls indicate that the local candidates in Maine by a sizable most approaching 2 to 1. nor Landon's visit will simply serve to tize the ing The Institute polls voted on the presidency But the latest balloting indicates that Maine citizens vote the same way in the State election as they would in a national election the Republican vote in Maine will be about 67 per cent of the major party Louis J. Democratic candidate for the will make a better showing than any of his party Landon Visiting Territory On his way from New York City to Portland today Governor don will be passing through ly The three States In which he made short speeches from the rear platform of his as he swung north Massachusetts and New Institute polls show him with a comfortable lead In each of these States Roosevelt 42 ri 58Cc Massachusetts 58 Hampshire 55 45 All three States have voted Re- publican in every Institute poll since last Landon's lic appearance in these States will thus be in the mature of a friendly posture a rather than a 1936, by American Institute of Public IN DALLAS SLAIN Man Gives Saying number tim Fires First Gun Found in Car BUILT BY NEW DEAL TO SAVE ITSELF Federal Employes Plug for Boss in Violation of Law and Tradition CAN SWING VOTE Extensive as To Control Results in Doubtful States This in the of- a series of five dispatches In which David rence has summarized his findings after it visit to 13 Western States in the Rocky Mountain and Coast Mr. Lawrence found the Landon trend rising at the the Roosevelt still In the After Ing David rence left for New England to vey the six States of that group before departing on ft tour of the Middle which he believes is the real battleground of the New Deal Joins World Flight From London Says in Maine Associated Sept. AV. 4ii, met death in gangland fashion here when two men poured shots into body as he sat in his automobile j with his A. short time Bennie t o By David Lawrence 1936, SRn Antonio Sept. 1-. Even though I have visited only 1 3 States thus I have seen enough to convince me that the biggest machine in the history of the United many times as j powerful RS anything Tammany ever dreamed has been built by the new Federal office holders right and left are active in politics and make little pretense it. This is what the old deal so that those citizens who had hoped the fessed idealism and virtue of the present administration would do away with debauchery of all kinds in whether for the benefit of selfish interests or of political are about to witness the efforts an un- paralleled era of us a Starter Pome idea of what has happened under the present administration may be gained from the following table of taken from thw official records of the new just made Total Per cent of Federal Jobs not tn Civil 1933 19 1935 36 1938 33 Thus it will be seen that centage of those in civil ice has been steadily A large are obtained through political or at least an effort is made to make the in- believe they will hold their only by shewing loyalty to the party in The non- classified which are largely have risen KS 1933 1935 264'U? 1936 325.534 None ot the above figures in- eludes the military and naval de- the employs of the identified with a policy game which flourished here surrendered to among Deputy Sheriff informing him had had and wanted to give himself He was accompanied by his courts or of The 325.534 employes represent the largest number in the history of our Government who are not covered in civil 714.6MII Outside Capital Now it happens out nf the Continued on Page 7, Column 2. Officers immediately search for an unidentified com- of reported to have been with him at the time Freiden was rl employes on his George according to were sitting in a parked in a negro district talking to two men drove One of the men got walked over to and slapped him several the quoted as you're up to your dirty tricks Then the two rfen opened fire and Freiden was caught in the cross police were Immediately after the shooting the gunmen ran to their automobile and sped Inspector Fritz he found a loaded caliber tol in lap but that none of the cartridges had been dis- He died from seven let who was 3ii years refused to make a. has a. long police record of arrests and is under a two-year suspended Continued Page 7, i J tUere are 714.fiUO in jobs from coast to coast outside the city of This constitutes as big a of political workers as any party could and while there are all sorts of rules forbidding political local State and county committees violaLe those rules in Federal employes to in political -n Page 7, Column 1 Dairy and Crap Game Radios Burglar Alarm Starts When Los Angeles Lights Fail Short Circuit Blamed for Fire in World-Famous Theater Associated LOS Sept. interesting things happened today when electric currents failed at 1-32 a. arid left a major tion of America's city dark and powerless for ranging up to 40 In a leading downtown gambling a man with dice in his hand just fade The lights the sportsmen In the ensuing scramble for the several sportsmen and kibitzers received minor The power failure caught a South Side dairy in the middle of its matutinal The tric milking machines stopped and the dairy staff had to revert the almost forgotten art of the heifers by Being much out of condition for such the milkers had stiff gers Electric clocks radio stations were silenced and burglar alarm systems set off as the Many persons who did not notice their clocks had lost time were astounded to find themselves late to work and The currents went off when a generator stopped at the Los Angeles Gas and Electric Com- Seal Beach a power source also for the Southern Sierras Power Com- One of the latter lines between San Bernardino and throwing the Seal Beach generator out of Government and Business By Alf M. Landon Sept. violent fire ravaged the old Paris Opera House for nearly two hours early today before it was brought under con- Flames wrecked the offices and back of the famous familiar to American but the theater hall Fire on the basis of a preliminary blamed the blaze on an electrical The sky above Paris was bright with the reflection from the fire while smoke streamed out of the built In 1862. All available ratus was rushed to Central Opera in the heart of to save what the French consider world's most beautiful The fire was discovered at a. m. and it was not until a. m. that officials said it was in Police guarded the maintaining order among the crowd which gathered for the Workmen had been making re- pairs and alterations in the opera which had been closed this but the night only were supposed to In the Sept. text of the address of Governor Alf M. Landon of Kansas here night We are meeting here on the eve ot a great It will be a victory not tor Maine It will be victory for the Maine so the That means something this It means something in every state in the It means Just as much In Kansas as it does That is why I am with you That Is why I am so happy to be here to close your notable and successful I wish to congratulate the licans and their Democrat and In- dependent allies who have united in nominating your Republican State and your Republican dates for Congress and In Senator White for the Senate of the United In both Houses of the people are entitled to be represented by men ol In- and ability and And the people of Maine will be so represented when they elect their Republican candidates for the ate and House of They will be represented .by true Americans endowed with the New England Americans everywhere nre waiting for the majorities that you will pile up for the Republican candidates next You will start a victory parade that will span the will lift the hearts ot millions they Independents or You point the way to success in Tonight I am going to consider the relationship of government to This is a question that vitally concerns all of For the relation between government and business affects the very character of our It determines the kind of government we have In It can mean a of free and representative or it can mean greater and greater authority for the Chief In this government In its relation to business always followed the underlying a en- Under this Americans have been They have been provided they did not Infringe upon the similar rights of to do anything that would bring them an honest and profitable They have been free to plan for their own knowing that their goal was limited only by their own They have been free to plan for their con- in the that in America there no handicap on birth or class Protecting this freedom has been one of the major problems of our In the early days our Republic most of the lating were enacted by the As the years went by con- ditions became morn complex gradually the Federal government became active In protecting the economic freedom and the welfare of our As a we have our laws on pure public workmen's safety monopolies and unfair trade and more recently our laws regulating public utilities and the issuance of This is an imposing It has marked America as a progressive For every one of these laws was designed to protect the public welfare and preserve equality of op- It Is true not all these laws are perfect and not all of them have been enforced as they should But they were based on the philosophy we have always followed philosophy of economic Not one of them has weakened the fundamental character of our This was always the relationship ot government to business before the present administration took of- At no time did the Federal government usurp the right of the states to negotiate Industry and commerce within their own At no time did It attempt to direct and manage Then came the With the enactment of this measure In 1933. our without mandate of the adopted a new and completely different When I say I mean new only In the sense that It was new to this It was a philosophy well known under the autocratic governments of It waa foisted upon us In the misery of the depression by a Federal tration that used the emergency to absorb the powers of the administration that assumed we had suddenly outgrown American This philosophy decreed that prices should be not by demand and but by government that wages and hours of employes should be not by free and fair negotiations under rules lK but by officials In that the sort of competition which must be as the blood of free should Jn future be prohibited by This was a which de- nied that the more we the more we can that the more efficiently we the higher will be our standard of It declared that the existing facilities of production must not be Where would we be today U we hud adopted this philosophy in 1890, or in How many automobiles and telephones would there be In the How many moving picture How many Tills philosophy to us in 1933. a temporary when we were too troubled to realize what was Many business men then supported the Some saw In It escape from the rigors of Others selfishly comed relaxation of legal restrictions on failed to that it marked the establishment of centralized control by government over In practice the National Industrial Recovery Act was a law which tended to protect the well established at the ex- pense of the ambitious young trying to start his own it was a law which tended to make It impossible for smaller concerns ever to compete effectively with larger for new enterprises ever to gain foothold In fields ready Like the recently enacted so-called surplus It hung a millstone around the neck of the small business Recall what under the NRA with its hundreds of the big corporations were to keep staff of men In ton to present their views the code The little fellow had neither the time nor the money to make frequent trips to lie could not days around offices trying to keep up with all the changing rules and An he never could be sure he not breaking a ruling laid down by a ruling which wti frequently nude public and which under this tration had the force of the NRA really undertook to do In this country was to terminate our system of free and to substitute for it a. system of and protected It Is not to see what inevitably happens when this doctrine Is First the government creates and fosters a Then It finds that It Is against the public Interest to leave sucb a even though Jn private In the government de- cides to take over the It Is a well-defined The road it takes is easy to It Is the road that leads away from The NHA was the beginning in America of the movement throughout the has been sweeping aside private enterprise in favor of government ment which has been substituting arbitrary personal authority for con- may NRA is True The National trial Recovery Act is thanks to the courage and integrity ot the Supreme But the spirit of the NRA lives It lives on In recently It lives on in the efforts of this ad- ministration to get around the de- cisions of the Supreme It lives on In this administration's 1936 It lives on In the recent public utterances of the President and his But above It lives on In the spirit of the President who has con- fessed no has let It be clearly known that considered It would be a catastrophe If the can farmer should more become a lord on his own If this dees not mean that the present administration wants to government domination of In- dustry and what does it If the President has changed his mind and recognizes his let him say so. Let him say so In plain Until we have such an admission of the choice before us Is On one side Is the system of free competitive which not at least does not dole out opportunity according to a system under which this country Is still a a happier place to live In than any other country In the system under which the humblest citizen can still rise to the highest office in the the Presidency of. the United On the other side Is a system under which the minutest doings of every citizen are scrutinized and under which the privacy of our homes is fields lie idle by governmental across the length and breadth of America million signs spring up order of the keep off. There Is no house be- tween these two We have to look our history of the past four years to know that this Is true For what on our The ment restricted the production of Farmers turned to growing There were too many The government restricted the Brewing of The farmers turned to raising potatoes and the first thing we It was a nal offense to grow potatoes unless a license was secured from the That Is the That Is what must happen once we start the balling tendency of a government planned We are being taken down a road that gets steeper and The farther we the harder it Is to tarn We are being taken down the road that leads to a centralized government of unlimited The Republican party rejects this It denies that our present system has It refuses to follow the present administration in smashing the rights of the It opposes the creation of a system of organized authority wielded by one We pledge ourselves to maintain a free competitive with a impartial enforcement of eral Government must tect the average man against the aggressive exploitation by the We recognize that In the past we have been too at times we have even appeared to forget that under modern a free en- system will not automatically unless Is constantly on guard to defend competition against a free enterprise system tends to be- come a tangle of vested interest and rigid But the solution is not to abandon a free enterprise system for a tem of Government The solution is to free the forces of stamp out unfair trade practices and This will allow the American people to resume their steady march of It will restore the system which for generations has given Americans the highest standard of living of any people in the We have but to look across the waters to see the consequences of government domination over eco- nomic Step by step living ards have Productivity has Human beings have be- come more and more dependent upon a. government which In turn has become less and less able to take care of That is one reason why the Re- publican party stands squarely across the road down which we are being driven by the present Planned economy is with the Democratic form of It must lead to creasing executive If central government at Washington is direct all the Infinite variety of factors which go to up our nation's It stands to reason that this not be done without concentration of quickly moving power in the It was no accident that Congress delegated its functions to the It wan necessity under the system he which goes far beyond anything ever suggested by those liberals who tain a strong central government Is necessary to meet present day social problems and to control monopoly and special Power of this magnitude dangerous from toe economic as well as from the cal point of No man's ment is sufficiently to justify living him In private business or In government the standard of the and the destiny of bis low When tbe decision of one man affects an entire a wrong decision means national The Republican party opposes un- limited executive power for another This reason is that the world-wide trend away from racy means but one one thing is Any weakening of Democracy means the final IF NOT STOPPED Standards of Living Drop as Authority Becomes He Says Associated Sept. Pledging himself save our tern of free Governor Alf M. Landon said tonight the new deal would be leading the nation toward a of unlimited ing the world trend from racy but one Bareheaded on a platform in the municipal the Republican presidential nee faced Maine voters crowding a wot field in a tog that blurred brisht Lewis O. Republican candidate for governor estimated the throng at from 12.000 to doubt if civilization can stand another Landon em- into microphones that carried his voice into all corners of the field as well as throughout the Applause burst forth when the candidate predicted a Republican victory in Maine Monday which start a victory parade that will span the Landon's address on ment and climaxed first campaign tour of Xew land industrial Parade Through A parade from the station where his special train through the heart of Portland to the field preceded his The Kansas governor said the choice ot America lies between two he system of free competitive enterprise while nut at least does not j out opportunity according to 'a government system under which this country is still a a happier place to live in than any other country In the On the other the lican presidential nominee system under which the privacy of our homes is fields ie idle by governmental the length and breadth of a million signs spring up by order of the keep He scored It is. he with Democratic form ot and must lead to executive the decision of one man effects an entire a wrong decision means the san ami Republican party opposes unlimited executive power for an- other This reason is that the worldwide trend away from Democracy means but one that one thing is Any ening of democracy here means the final rout of democracy The trend against racy must be stopped at once if the world is to escape a major There is no greater Continued on Page 11, Column 1 Couzens and Murphy Hold Top of Ballot Associated Sept. lengthy enough to be referred to as of the will face Michigan voters in many tions of the State next Tuesday when they select candidates for offices ranging from S. tor down to county drain com- The campaign was one of many unusual Election of- on the basis of the aggregate vote will exceed the cast in the 1934 the unusual ments of the primary were ator James ment that although a candidate for on the can he intended to support President Roosevelt for a Senate investigation of contributions and tures that immediately ran into a. dispute with Wilber the entrance of a former Republican lieutenant George W. into the campaign as a candidate for j the Democratic gubernatorial Continued on 11, Column 2 Continued on Page 7, Column t.