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Reno Evening Gazette (Newspaper) - March 5, 1948, Reno, Nevada A Newspaper For the Home Information and Enjoyment For Every Member of THE FAMILY RENO EVENING GAZETTE Nevada's Greatest Newspaper WEATHER Variable high cloudiness night and Saturday somewhat warmer SEVENTY-FIRST 278 RENO NEVADA FRIDAY MARCH 5 1948 22 PAGES 6 CENTS DEMOCRATIC PEACE MOVES FAILURE Files on Condon Refused Committee Law Discussed Forcing Papers From Harriman Formal Hearings In Bureau Chief Case Demanded WASHINGTON March 5 The commerce department stuck by its guns today and refused again to hand over to the house Un- American Activities committee its loyalty records on Dr Edward U Condon John L Towne secretary of the department's loyalty board came before the committee in response to a subpoena directing that he thow up with the papers WILL NOT ANSWER But he didn't have the papers Nor would he answer questions about them Secretary of Commerce man advised the committee by letter last night that the records would not be turned over to the congress members He said that to do so would be prejudicial to the public interest in this 1 Committee members talked of asking congress to pass a law ing Harriman to surrender the papers 2 Harriman's stand was basted in speeches on the house floor by Reps Mackinnon Hoffman and Rich Pa Rich The only way we will ever get anything of benefit out of those bureaus downtown is to clean November 3 An Un-American Activities sub-committee recommended that the full committee hold formal public hearings of the case of Con- don director of the national bureau of standards 4 Condon himself told reporters that Oh certainly he favors ings As a matter of fact he said he asked for them last July CONDON LOOKS ON Condon showed up as an onlooker at today's committee meeting At one point Rep Rankin Miss sought to have the entire committee file on Condon read into the record It wasn't done because Rep Nixon objected He said that It might affect a grand jury investigation in New York into espionage activities of various United States citizens and aliens Condon told reporters there were several errors in the house sub- committee's report on him One mistake he said was a statement that he had associated with the wife of the Polish ambassador Mrs Joseph Winiewicz He said he doesn't even know her He said he does know Helen M Harris Polish embassy secretary and Ignace Zlotowski former em- bassy counsellor and now a Polish delegate to the United States They were mentioned in the tee report Condon said he knows some other people the report didn't name Answering another question Condon said he hasn't the est idea who the supposed Soviet spy might be with whom the com- accused him of associating NAMES GOVERNOR Mrs Christine Putnam ston Cullman Ala divorcee named Alabama's Gov Jim Folsom father of her old son in a paternity suit filed there Folsom however hinted that just politics were behind the charges Gould Heiress Given Divorce PHOENIX Ariz March 5 Gioia Barker Grimditch pretty Gould heiress today j was granted a divorce from liam Henry Grimditch jr andi custody of their two children l The outcome of last week's four-day divorce trial here was told last night by Superior j Court Clerk Walter Wilson whom Judge J Mercer mailed the decision from Tucson Wilson said the papers would be I officially filed later today I Gioia had filed the divorce action j but her husband countered with a cross complaint in which he charged infidelities and based much of his case on a gilt-edged diary kept by his wife while he was overseas NEGROES PERISH HUNTSVILLE Ala March 5 Seven Negroes died last night when their two-story home was destroyed by fire Two others were burned seriously Seven others caped The fire is believed to have ed from a coal oil lamp that had been used to warm baby chickens in a box in the living Partition Plan Vote Demanded Agency Determined To Create Nation LAKE SUCCESS March 5 UP The United Nations security cil today voted down a Colombian proposal for a week-long in its debate on Palestine partition The United States led the sition to such a delay Only Syria an Arab nation ported Columbia in the move made to give the big five powers time to consult privately OR the tine crisis OPPOSE MOVE The United States Russia the Soviet Ukraine China and Canada voted against the move Britain France Belgium and Argentina abstained Seven were ed for adoption The American delegation then renewed demands for an ate vote on acceptance of the tition plan by the council The surprise turn in debate came after the Jewish agency for tine said in effect that it was de- termined in any event to go ahead with creation of a Jewish nation in the Holy land This would be done even if the United Nation is unable to carry out its own partition project the agency said in a major policy statement to the U N security council MAKE STAND CLEAR Dr Abba Hillel Silver chairman of the American section of the agency's executive told the We feel under obligation to make our position unmistakably clear As far as the Jewish people is concerned it has accepted the partition decision of the United Nations We regard it as binding and we are resolved to move for- ward in the spirit of that decision Under the plan there are dates to be met We must assume that these dates will be met We fully respect the authority of the United Nations but if it is unable to carry out its own deci- sion and as a consequence the Jewish community of Palestine is confronted with the threat of an- it will be compelled by the considerations of sheer vival not to speak of the vation of its rights to take all the necessary measures which the will call for Wallace Reviews Communist Coup NEW YORK March 5 Czechoslovakia's recent nist coup Henry A Wallace says reflects the failure of American foreign policy all over the world The third party presidential in a statement released yesterday expressed the opinion that traditional forms of cratic government may be almost impossible in most of the tries Europe until America and Russia compose their ences The Communists seizure of er in Czechoslovakia the former vice president said was touched off by a crisis precipitated by Czech rightists with American Finn Majority Opposes Russ Military Pact May be Willing To Sign Varied Form of Treaty By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Most members of Finland's want no military pact with Russia but are willing to dicker otherwise on a new treaty under decisions disclosed today The conservatives and the hb lined up with the faction op posed to a military tie giving this faction 101 of the 200 seats in parliament OPEN PARLEYS At the same time the tives and liberals joined other parties and blocs to make a approving the opening of negotiations with the Soviet Un- ion Prime Minister Stalin gested last week that Finland and Russia sign a friendship and tual aid treaty This is the type of treaty which has helped tie Balkan and Central European nations to Russia They have signed up for 20 years Pledges of military aid are in- cluded The form such a treaty might take without military clauses is undetermined Czechoslovakia Italy Germany Austria Belgium and Canada also were scenes of development in the world struggle over Communism resigned in Brussels as Bulgarian minister to Belgium He said he could no longer represent a regime which has established itself against the will of the people and by violence Britain France Belgium the Netherlands and Luxembourg had delegates in Brussels talking a proposed union of western Europe to buck Communism expansion In Italy the lines were drawn for a test between Communists and at the polls The test will come in the election of the republic's first parliament April 18 Yesterday was the last day to register candidates for 574 arid around 400 senators Twenty-one parties and a two- party bloc have filed tickets The mam campaigners are Pre- mier Alcide de Christian Democrats and the Com- Popular Front Each is forecasting victory for itself Well informed observers predict that each instead will get around 40 per cent of an expected votes leaving the ance of power with smaller parties The big question they say is what the Communists will do if this prediction comes true and De Gasperi then forms another excluding Communist ministers The Communists claim to have arms hidden and an under- ground shadow government in readiness Italian for and against Communism have been mentioning Czechoslovakia where Communist recently got control of the government In hat country security police last night announced the arrest of a former official of the Catholic People's party Felix Uhl on a charge of spying for an unnamed foreign power The Czechoslovak Social crats said they had 1C rightist deputies out of the party and asked the deputies to resign from parliament The party's Prague newspaper forecast a lar purge by twq other parties In Germany an official of the American military government speaking by radio from Berlin told the people Red Fascists have grabbed power in vakia Richard M Scammon of Minneapolis chief of the elections and political parties branch said that proved there can be no compromise with A reliable Austrian government source in Vienna professed to see signs of a general Communist of- fensive against the government with Russian help He pointed to a recent industrial strike wave He said Soviet occupation were prompting food riots by holding back produce deliveries to the Austrian ration system from estates under their control In Canada an Ottawa ment informant said border police have been ordered by cabinet de- to keep foreign ists out of tht country Painted Sign Over Shelter Good Target SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO March 5 The men's association petitioned the city council to build a cozy bomb shelter in a hillside Then it made a second re- Brighten with ating paint a huge sign on the hilltop that reads South San Francisco the industrial Bewildered councilmen ed out that the illuminated sign would make a fine bomb target Spending Case Briefs on File Seek Dismissal Of Indictment WASHINGTON March 5 Philip Murray and the CIO fought for dismissal of their indictment under the act today but government lawyers argued to make it stick Murray as president of the CIO purposely violated the ban on union spending in a political campaign to test its ARGUMENTS FILED The arguments of justice de- and CIO were contained in briefs filed in federal district court The government upheld the right of congress to say labor unions can not use papers to attack or support candidates That is what Murray did last July in the CIO News He called for the election of Edward Garmatz D-Md to Garmatz was elected The CIO in their attack on the political spending ban said 1 Restricts freedom of speech and press 2 restricts the right of peaceful assembly 3 nates against labor organizations 4 is too vague and indefinable and 5 curtails the right to cal activity The union lawyers The design and aim of the section was to silence the press of labor organizations is accurate to state that there has never been a case before the court involving freedom of the press in which the motive to restrain has been EO clear and un- adorned DENY FREEDOM To use its powers to insure free and honest elections the CIO said the government may not deny to a free people the means for ing that election's will be To suggest otherwise is to sanction a form of constitutional cannibalism under which a power designed to preserve a right is used to devour it But the government fighting to uphold the law passed over ident Truman's veto No man is silenced by this statute U S Citizenship For Costa Rican SAN JOSE Costa Rica March 5 Costa Rica's war minister who says he is sick of central American political intrigue and violence is going to the United states to become a citizen Rene Michalski brother of Costa Rica's president and until today the war or public security minister said in an interview just before he boarded an airplane today fro the United Let them go ahead and I'm through He said he intends to reapply for his first citizenship papers in the United States Five years from now I'll be a good citizen gf the United he said National Armies To Open Corridor PEIPING March 5 UK tional armies today were reported on the verge of reopening the vital southwest Manchurian corridor to isolated Mukden dispatches said relief forces attacking the Com- northeastward along the railway were only a few miles from Sirnnin 30 Senators Block Agency Proposal To Fight Reds Vandenberg Hits Supreme Council Without Veto WASHINGTON March 5 Senator Taft of Ohio today lined up with Senator Vandenberg of Michigan against trying to set up a new world agency to block Com- The opposition of the two leaders spelled death for the plan advanced by four of their GOP Senators Ball Wherry Hawkes NJ and Cam Wash HEAD COMMITTEE Taft is chanman of the senate Republican policy committee denberg heads the foreign relations committee and is the senate's pre- siding officer The super agency idea was of- as an amendment to the European recovery program It would direct the president to try to create an supreme council outside the United Nations There would be no veto against the use of farmed force to stop aggression or sub- version Taft told a reporter he is not willing to the veto power which the United States now has in the United Nations security council unless the U N charter is rewritten WON'T JUNK VETO who rejected the plan outright Wednesday also is opposed to junking the big power veto held by Britain France sia and China He told the senate he has its removal down to the point where the use of force is involved But he said the pending plan would let other countries de- cide when the United States should go to war The senate moved into its fourth day of Marshall plan debate with Senator Malone ready to resume the first formal opposition speech He had reached only the mid- way point of an address criticizing the recovery program as a brazen and preposterous scheme for worldwide distribution of wealth when yesterday's recess was called The debate is expected to con- at least until the end of next week WEDEMEYER SAYS RELIEF NOT ENOUGH Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer former wartime U S China theater commander who lasi year made a secret report on the situation in China for President Truman told the house foreign affairs committee Washington D C that American sistance to China must be protected with military aid against the movement of Communism With him at the hearing is man Charles Eaton R N Committee Avoids Civil Rights Row Sections Of Money Measure Rejected Thirteen Lost In Boat Upset GREENVILLE Miss March 5 crewmen were dead or missing today after the towboat Natchez rammed a bridge piling last night and sank io the treacherous current i of the river Federal barge line officials at St Louis said 13 of the crew of 26 were known survivors Two bodies were recovered The towboat brought eleven survivors to ville Another Engineer Louis Keeling of Greenville was picked up far downstream and was being brought to Greenville in critical condition Capt William A Howell master of the witnessed the end of the Natchez from his pilot house The current caught her and rolled her he said She went down in about a minute The men below firemen engineers and so on had no chance The men picked up were mostly deck crew The picked up nine survivors of whom two died on board Four other men cued by other boats were trans- ferred to the to be brought here Howell said he had taken aboard all those picked up by the other boats the Casablanca and Irene Howell who lives at 2501 Sycamore Cairo 111 said the dis- aster was worst In the 12 years he has been on the river He is 28 years old WASHINGTON March 5 The house committee refused today to mix into the civil rights fight It turned down in closed session a subcommittee recommendation that congress withhold federal money for hospital building and vocational education from states that deny Negroes equal tional and job opportunities 25 TO 6 VOTE The recommendation was made a subcommittee headed by Rep Keefe It was knocked out by a vote of 25 to 6 The full committee's ute action in overriding Keefe's group was unusual tees almost always win their points in the committee The subcommittee put the anti- discrimination clause into a to supply the labor department and the federal curity agency with funds for the year starting July 1 An attempt to restore the vision will be made when the comes before the house for debate next week MONEY AFFECTED Upwards of of bill's funds would have been by the provision The est of these is for hospital construction On these funds the states and local put up two dollars for each dollar furnished by the eral government Another is for tional rehabilitation grants for the training of blind deaf and wise handicapped persons And is for vocational cation grants for such things as craft training in and out of schools States match these funds The total in the includes in con- tract authority for which money must be appropriated later The actual cash recommended is or about three per cent below the amount President Truman asked But the total is only about one per cent less than the same agencies received for the present year The committee put off for ther study budget requests of for the United States employment service the social curity administration and mental health activities of the public health service By way of explanation the com- said the United Stales em- ployment service which includes the veterans employment service now the subject of a tial reorganization plan which the house but not the senate has re- The social security allotment was held up because of certain changes now in progress Funds for mental health work were put on the shelf the tee said because it is not fied that existing resources for this purpose are being devoted to the most essential and worthwhile objectives The committee said it wants to make a further study MAJOR ACTIVITY Here is what the committee activities in the Department of 200 a cut of from the president's request in addition of current year funds were recalled Federal Security a cut of Be- sides the cash however the com- recommended in contract Major parts of the FSA total the hospital construction and tional education and rehabilitation funds are for the tional cancer institute and for the national institute of health National Labor Relations Board a cut of The budget request for was based on a The committee voted for eight months National Mediation the full amount re- quested Railroad Retirement the full amount re- quested The committee refused to grant any of the asked for the labor department's bureau of erans reemployment rights It said this bureau originally charged with helping returning veterans recover their jobs no 1 longer has enough work to do The bureau of labor statistics request for was cut to And the committee ordered all regional offices of the labor department's women's reau abolished These offices are in Boston New York phia St Louis Chicago and San Francisco PAYROLL ROBBERY PITTSBURGH March 5 Two bandits escaped with in a payroll bery today at Allegheny eral hospital HOMEWORK FOR PUPILS MONSTROUS SAYS SHAW AYOT ST LAWRENCE England March 5 George Bernard Shaw asking children to do homework is simply monstrous The school managers ought to be warned by the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to observed the playwright If they require such overtime day in and day out all the year around from the minister the lord chief justice or the astronomer royal they would be certified for a mental hospital It would kill me in a week Well asked a press association reporter how would Shaw begin if he were grammar school By threatening to murder my classes if they dared to think out et Rebels in Dixie Still Demanding Exit of Truman Chairman Seeks Compromise with Southern Senators WASHINGTON March 5 Democratic peace feelers were re- ported today to have bumped into an unbudging Dixie stand that only President Truman's exit can halt the civil rights revolt Democratic Chairman J ard who also is a Rhode Island senator has been sounding out some of his southern colleagues on the chances for a compromise INFORMAL TALKS The party split over Mr man's race equality proposals also is said to have been talked oxer informally with some senators by Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach a former senator himself Some of those approached both were told that only Mr man's withdrawal as a potential candidate could bring peace McGrath seemingly had little to offer except a return to the 1944 party platform plank on civil rights That declaration promised only in a general way to bring about greater equality among the races It contained no specific reference to the tax discrimination and anti- Jim Crow measures proposed by the president WANT TRUMAN OUT The southerners were reported to have said in effect that this would be fine but not enough What they want they made it plain is for Mr Truman to take himself out of the November tion picture McGrath obviously could ise no move by Mr Truman to get out In fact the Democratic chairman has told friends he is as certain as one can be about politics that Mr Truman is de- termined to run The president is described by fraend and foe alike as a stubborn man who won't give up in the face of a fight CRITICIZE PROPOSAL Meanwhile Senator Hill who is a candidate for convention delegate joined Senator Ellender yesterday one the president's civil rights proposals The two said in a minority re- port on a to set up a fair em- discrimination commission that it would aid Com- They argued that the measure offers an invitation to sabotage because it would keep the federal government from discriminating against a job seeker because of his national origin or ancestry In Boston a Texan who is tional president of the Young clubs said party members musl weigh the matters upon which they disagree against our common objectives And if the objective outweighs the disagreement as it inevitably will there will be unity and there will be Roy Baker of Sherman Tex told a group of young Democrats In the senate Mississippi's ator Stennis told Republicans backing the civil rights program that its enactment might result in a wide assortment of splinter parties instead of the present two- party system Stennis said that France with 21 political parties had been un- able to maintain a strong ment before its conquest by many Quickie Divorce Rejected MONTGOMERY Ala March 5 The Alabama court has turned thumbs down on the state's quickie divorce law In a ruling yesterday the court held unconstitutional an act of the 1945 legislature which said that no period of residence was re- quired if both husband and wife in a divorce suit were within the trial court's jurisdiction The ruling came in upholding the refusal of north Alabama judge to grant a divorce a South Carolina couple It was not known immediately how many di- will be affected by day's ruling When the quickie law was passed some persons speculated that Alabama might challenge Reno Nev as the nation's divorce The court's action yesterday re- vived an old one-year residence requirement for divorces granted in Alabama
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