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Reno Evening Gazette (Newspaper) - January 25, 1945, Reno, Nevada A Newspaper For the Home Information and For Every Member of THE FAMILY RENO EVENING GAZETTE SIXTY-NINTH 22 Nevada's Greatest Newspaper RENO NEVADA THURSDAY JANUARY 25 1945 16 PAGES 5 CENTS WEATHER Cloudy tonight and Friday with occasional light or rain likely tonight not so cold tonight RUSS ONSLAUGHT PERILS BRESLAU Germans Open Desperate Offensive on Western Front ross Moder River On Front British Drive on in North Yanks Ardennes Bulge By EDWARD KENNEDY PARIS Jan 25 Germans have opened a desperate new offensive against the western front in northern Alsace it was an- late today at supreme headquarters possibly in a supreme effort to win back the whole northeast France province Attacking on a front from Haguenau northwest into the Vosges mountains the enemy crossed the Moder river at places 15 miles below the Reich frontier Far to the north the British 2nd army drove under guns of the Siegfried line to within a mile of the Roer river where the fixed defenses begin Seven towns within 30 miles of Dusseldorf fell the Tommies The Allied air force again ed on thinning German traffic fil- ering out of the Ardennes salient the center German troops toward the east still were seen The 1st and 3d armies cap- tured nine more towns In Ar- dennes sector three of them In- side Germany First army troops pushed close to the Reich fron 1 Troopship Sunk Hundreds Lost Report Latest Army tier around Wallenrode and bleve above St The 1st division trapped and captured 300 Nazis BALCK OPENS DRIVE Balck opened the duve with a heavy and mortar barrage while other mans to the north were continuing a great eastward exodus from the Ardennes salient Roads and rails were so littered in the north that the Germans resorted to routes in the center The British 2d army closed in a mile of the Roer river in northern Germany fighting close to the Siegfried line At no point were the British more than three miles from the Roer which the U S 9th army to the south ed from Linnich to below Duren The fresh British advances swept up seven towns in 12 hours some less than 30 miles from Dusseldorf Linne three miles from Roermond was among taken The German offensive in Alsace s in an area where the 7th army ad plenty of rugged space to trade for time in which to reinforce It was by no means on the scale of the Ardennes offensive of mid- December FINAL BATTLE The assault may signal the start of the final battle for AP Correspondent Robert C 4 Wilson wirelessed from 7th army headquarters Earlier the 7th army had l drawn from seven to ten miles along a sector of the ruhe Corner leaving Strasbourg out at the end of an Allied salient Wilson said the Americans were reported inflicting heavy losses and had destroyed at least five tanks and 14 armored vehicles in early hours of the drive The 1st and 3d armies captured nine more towns in the Ardennes salient now reduced to about 120 t- square miles The British 2d army Turn to Page 2 Column 6 Ppe 1st Edition NEW YORK Jan 25 lic auction of the Frank Hogan library brought with a J first edition of Edgar Allen Poe's Tamerlane and Other Poems selling for the net Galleries Inc announced day The book printed in 1927 at t Boston was purchased by the Ro- senbach company New York and Philadelphia dealers at the final gS session yesterday of the two-day sale First editions autographed r ters and manuscripts of American writers were among the 744 items auctioned at the sale conducted by t order of the Riggs National bank of Washington D C ex- Other Poe works drew high bids among them being for of the ff for To Miss Louisa Olivia and for The Domain The Rosenbach firm made the bids Charles Scribner Sons New York publishers bought a manuscript of of The Bells for and first editions of Al jc and Other Poems for The Raven and Other for and Tales for oems WASHINGTON Jan 25 Along with a report of new army casualties Secretary on revealed today the recent sinking of an American troopship in European waters with 765 dead and missing No detail was giving in the loss of the troopship beyond the fact she was sunk by enemy tion while carrying more than 2200 soldiers of whom more than 1400 were saved The casualties were 248 dead and 517 had been reported n two previous troopship sinkings both in the Mediterranean last i year Losses in those cases ailed 1498 Neither ship has been reported by name nor have the sinking dates been given More than 4300 officers and men were aboard the transport dent Coolidge when she was sunk the south Pacific Oct 26 1942 only five were lost Stimson said the new transport sinking was made public cordance with the established policy of losses in lar course even though some of the details may not yet be made available The overall report on army losses issued at the war conference showed dead wounded captured and missing since Pearl Harbor up from last week It re- a period of heavy fighting to stem the German in Belgium two or three weeks ago The navy's newest casualty total of up 1635 for the week made the overall figure for the armed services an in- crease of since last week BOMBS AWAY ThK unusual picture of bombs being dropped from Marauders over Germany was made from the greenhouse of another plane Wallace Fights For Full Power Given Ovation By Spectators FDR Orders RR Seizure in Utah WASHINGTON Jan 25 President Roosevelt today ordered War Secretary Stimson to take over the and Garfield Railway company in Utah for the effective prosecution of the war A executive order dated yesterday gave no details of the seizure action but the war de- said a strike of men and firemen became effective early today halting operations of the line Although the railroad runs only from to Garfield Utah a distance of 20 miles the depart ment said it is responsible for a substantial part of the na copper ore production from mines to processing mills STALIN MEETS POLES LONDON Jan 25 Stalin met yesterday with of the Lublin Polish re- gime to discuss re- lations and the relief and tion of Warsaw the Moscow radio said today WASHINGTON Jan 25 Contending big little business Is the real issue in control of the government's huge banking powers Henry A Wallace today proposed a con- gressional investigation of RFC lending under Jesse Jones WASHINGTON Jan 25 Henry A Wallace fought to re- tain Jesse Jones immense ing power toddy contending op- position to his cabinet ment stemmed not from his lack of experience but rather not liking the kind of experience I have had Appearing before the senate commerce committee which had heard Jones frankly label Wallace not qualified for his dual pbs of secretary of commerce and boss of federal lending agencies the former vice president promptly ex- pressed deep concern at moves to strip away the banking functions LESS THAN FRANK He would be less than Wallace said if he told the com- that his concern sprang merely from the fact that the aration of authority was proposed Of even greater Wallace said was that my inaton for secretary of commerce was the occasion for this sal Reading from a typewritten statement Wallace said talk of his lack of experience words used by Jones does not fool me or the American people Wallace was greeted by a longed outburst of applause from more than 500 spectators when he walked Into the It is not a question of lack of he said Turn to Page 2 Column 1 MacARTHUR'S TROOPS BESIEGE CLARK FIELD Manila Less Than 50 Miles Away Japanese Losses in Campaign GERMANS WARNED NOT TO USE GAS LONDON Jan 25 UP Prime Minister Churchill warned the Germans today if they used poison gas the Allies would retaliate swiftly ten fold It Is no doubt a realization of this fact and not any real moral scruples on the part of the enemy that has hitherto secured us immunity from this particular form of Churchill said His statement was contained In a written reply to a question raised In commons as to whether the Allies were pre- pared for the possible Nazi use of gas as a last resort By C YATES McDANIEL GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS Luzon Jan 25 massing of 14th army corps troops besieged Clark field's 131 today after a two j campaign on Luzon in which 101 Japanese were killed for every American Manila lies less than 50 airline miles ahead of the south bound Yank columns disclosed today to have paid the relatively low cost of 657 lives during the first 14 days of their drive from gulf More than 6000 dead Japanese have been counted and the figure ly is greater because tre ese try to conceal their losses by Steve Early Might Resign Has Many Offers Worth Much More WASHINGTON Jan 25 The White House is coaching than Daniels former editor and author as a successor to tial Secretary Stephen Early If the change is made Daniels will handle President Roosevelt's press and Early will step out into private employment Daniels now is one of five ad- ministrative to the chief aides whose mam qualification is supposed to be a passion for anonymity Before coming to the White House he was assistant director of civilian de- fense and has agreed to go to supreme Allied headquarters in Europe to look over press relations there He expects for weeks During his absence Daniels will 1 queries and issue for the press Early dragging bodies away many of the CLARK FIELD DRIVE Japanese forces have their well-prepared defenses In the hills northwest of Bam ban 35 miles from nila and the fall of that bastion shielding Clark field appears imminent Other gains were scored on flanks FDR Makes Rank Nominations Son Elliott on Advancement List LONDON Jan 25 Elliott Roosevelt commander of a photo reconnaissance wing in the U S Sth air force was not able for comment tonight on his nomination for advancement to brigadier general Inquiry at his base disclosed he was somewhere on the continent The president's son has com- manded the unit for 18 months as a colonel although the tion calls for a commander with the rank of brigadier general a spokesman at U S strategic quarters said Any Old Roads You Want Write Los Angeles LOS ANGELES Jan 25 Forty years ago the Los Angeles county board of supervisors con- a county highway bridge Recently they rebuilt it Now the board finds they went Walker Still U S Postmaster WASHINGTON Jan 25 UP Frank C Walker was nominated by President Roosevelt today for another term as postmaster His is the only cabinet position whose term is fixed by law It lasts as long as the presidential term plus one month and hence requires a new nomination al least every Roosevelt has been in charge of four the wing since the African WASHINGTON Jan 25 Brig Gen Anthony C McAuliffe who retorted with a defiant nuts to a German surrender ultimatum at Bastogne vas nominated today for promotion to major general The deputy com- mander of the airborne sion was decorated with the service cross by Lt Gen George S Patton jr in the Turn to Page 2 Column 5 An intricate maze of more than 30 fortress caves which the ponese spent months building as a major defense belt for Clark field littered with scores of wrecked Nipponese bombers and fighters is in the hands of division soldiers Disdainful of wilting enemy rearguard resistance little artillery spotter planes landed on the satellite field before the ground troops got there The Bamban river where the enemy could have put up a ing fight has been crossed The town of Bamban has been seized and the town of Mabalacat last one before Clark has been reached in a push from Capas which has carried into Pampanga province long referred to as the gateway to Manila As long ago as Wednesday morning the latest period covered in today's communique motorized units of Maj Gen Oscar W corps were on the borders of Clark field and Fort burg It was there more than three years ago that America's main air strength in the Philippines was caught on the ground and wiped out by the then Nipponese airforce Today the situation is reversed While United States planes rule the an- over blasted Corregidor in Manila bay air strength in Turn to Page 2 Column 3 European mission ends Early is not keeping it secret that he would like to give up the year job as presidential ary and take one or more of several offers that would pay con- more Whether he will however will determined by the president than by Early He is the last r the secretariat that came into with the president on March 1933 And if Mr Roosevelt tells him his experience ability and alty still are needed at the White Early will stay on neighboring Orange ty to do the work Supervisor Raymond D ax b y wants to know won't Orange ty at least take over maintenance Fail Life Try On Himmler LONDON Jan 25 Moscow radio said today an un attempt had been made to assassinate Hemrich Himmler German gestapo chief during his tour of the imperilled eastern provinces escaped but the gestapo subsequently made mass arrest among home army the Russian radio said Now Himmler has strengthened his bodyguard and avoids ing Reds Cross Oder Berlin 125 Miles Breslau Fall Imminent Righting Rugged at Gates of Konigsberg Jan 25 Ankara radio said today most German government officials had left Berlin for Berchtesgaden Hitler's hilltop retreat taking government records with them LONDON Jan 25 armies have captured wltz and Oels two more cities guarding the approaches to Breslau Marshal Stalin announced tonight as Red array troops moved through the broken Oder river line and seemingly Isolated the large German forces In East Prussia with a drive to the Baltic east of Danzig Is 90 miles southeast of Breslau Oels a rail tion Is only 14 miles northeast of the important hold Stalin also announced the capture of Ostrow 10 miles from the northern border of Silesia in Poland and an tant center in the Dombrova coal basin By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS LONDON Jan army forces have broken the Oder river line in southeast Germany and are the breakthrough while in the north they apparently have cut off East Prussia Soviet field dispatches announced today Moscow broadcasts said the thunderous Soviet winter offensive had rolled to a point little more than 125 miles from Berlin and that Red army units were fighting on the edge of capital Manpower Action Sought War Material Lack Crucial By WILLIAM F ARBOGAST WASHINGTON Jan 25 The argument that fighting armies need help now accompanied a house military committee today for prompt action on national service legislation Shortages of war material are and the com- said in sending to the house floor a to require every man between IS and 45 to work where lie is needed under threat of in- duction or imprisonment Tro committee completed action on the legislation late yesterday after two weeks of consideration and in a move for harmony eliminated on a close vote an shop amend ment vigorously opposed by labor ive bids in the past have failed to The amendment would ure him away He won t discuss what field he have permitted a work in a union registrant to shop without night enter should the president a union if his draft board ree him There have been reports that both radio and ipn pictures would be interested in 115 services Before coming to the White House he was with Para- mount News Daniels has been around long enough to know how the executive mansion functions and he has a newspaper and magazine ground In addition he has written a novel and several travel books He prefers incidentally to be known as an editor and author rather than to be identified ly as the son of Josephus Daniels The elder Daniels Raleigh newspaper publisher broke lin D Roosevelt into the ment service during the last war Daniels was secretary and Mr Roosevelt assistant secretary of the navy under President Wilson Japs Take Town North of Canton CHUNKING Jan 25 UP The Chinese high command announced tonight that Japanese forces in their three-pronged drive to strengthen their corridor China have taken 75 miles north of Canton The column smashing from the west has taken 150 miles north of Canton and those striking southward from in Hunan province were engaged about 65 miles south told him to go there Instead the committee wrote in a provision re- local draft boards to give a man a reasonable choice of plovers for whom to work It left in the of the di- rector of war mobilization or someone by him the authority to determine what are Turn to Page 2 Column 2 Declines Ickes WASHINGTON Jan 25 Interior Secretary Ickes announced today that President Roosevelt had declined to accept his offered ignation asking him to remain in the cabinet Ickes is one of the two original members of the president's net The other is Secretary of bor Frances Perkins whose nation the president has also re- Ickes told a news conference he had received a letter from the White House in which the dent said he hoped I would stay on Ickes described Henry nomination as secretary of commerce to succeed Jesse Jones as a good appointment of East Prussia FALL IMMINENT Fall of Breslau capital of Lower northern Silesia and most im- portant industrial city in the ern Reich appeared imminent aa Marshal Ivan Konev moved his 1st Ukranian army rapidly west of the Oder to encircle the city forces vanguards of the Russian across the broken Ice of the Oder In the heart of Silesia at a point southeast of Breslau Soviet front line reporters said and shoved on toward the mountains of mia In Czechoslovakia Konev was fighting for yet other crossings northwest of the city and Berlin said he already had secured a bridgehead al 32 miles northwest of the city and 138 miles from Berlin Yet other troops under command w ere reported ing into the outskirts from an over- night jumpoff point only four miles southeast of the city BARRAGE Hundreds of tanks and self-propelled guns laid down a searing barrage on the approaches The crossing southeast of the apparently was in the of captured capital of per southern Silesia and aboul 30 miles northeast of a lip of the Moravian border of Czechoslovakia The smash tow ard the apparently was to cut he cities of Si esia from Berlin and menace tin erman armies still fighting in Slo akia and Hungary and Vienna To the southeast the 4th Ukrain an army fighting through tin mountains of Slovakia was about 40 cast of the Jab unka gateway to Moravia a his one which once called a controlling n central Europe The Germans by their own ad mission had failed to hall Marsha the Baltic The Moscow broadcast sayin hat Russian forces were only little over 125 miles from did not give the point of this deep st penetration toward the capital German accounts for several Turn to Page 2 Column 4 Further this Ickes said deponent saith Just an Old Mountie Custom P 0 Gets Em Too KANSAS CITY Jan 25 Stern executive of a bond investment concern spent months trying to locate a client who held in bonds which had been called Stern wanted to pay his money He finally got a a faint one Last time I heard of him he was in some nudist colony out near San an acquaintance told Stern So Stern addressed a letter to the customer care of nudist col- ony in vicinity of San Diego The postoffice found man Russ Ambassador Killed in Mexico MEXICO CITY Jan 25 Soviet Ambassador his wife and seven otl ers were killed today in the eras of a Mexican air force plane star ing to take the ambassador 1 Costa Rica to present his crede tials as minister there Dr W L Garnett at the Arne hospital said officia told him there were 11 in the plai and that only two escaped boi injured The plane took off at a I from the Mexico City airport ai crashed about 500 yards from tl runway while trying to gain all tude The Soviet embassy confirm that the ambassador Mrs Ouma sky first secretary Leo sky and another secretary we killed Mrs was j jured seriously
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