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Reno Evening Gazette (Newspaper) - September 28, 1938, Reno, Nevada FORECAST PARTLY CLOUDY AND MILD TONIGHT AND THURSDAY TEMPERATURE AT P M TODAY METALS Bar old U s U 8 Main lent New York Y Y 5.19 5.15 E St Louis 4.95 St Louis Y 75.00 duty pd SIXTY-SECOND YEAR EIGHTEEN PAGES RENO NEVADA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 28 1938 EIGHTEEN PAGES NO 231 EUROPEAN WAR AVERTED BY CALL FOR PEACE PARLEY France Mobilizes More Troops As Premier Accepts Parley lo WITH HITLER AT Leftist Member of Chamber Of Deputies Is Credited With Starting New Move Order Issued This Morning Calling More Reserves to Support French Stand PARIS Sept 28 ladier announced today he would participate In a four-power ence designed to save the general peace of Europe but simultaneously i nailed more troops to support the French stand against German in- vasion of Czechoslovakia RESERVES CALLED Daladier will Join Premier solini of Italy and Prime Minister Chamberlain of Britain at Munich tomorrow for a round table tation with Hitter on a new peace plan Close upon disclosure of plans for the exchange of views the French ordered a new partial of army reserves The exact number called to the colors today was not made known officially An earlier call of two echelons or stages of reserve power had placed additional men under arms boosting forces on French soil to more than two ion The first echelon had already been called up by classes when France launched on progressive mobilization last Saturday with calls to echelons No 2 and 3 Today's mobilization order was di- to echelon No 8 Its By order of the minister of tional defense and war and of the minister of air officers and non- commissioned officers and reserve troops bearing a mobilization order j in white carrying the figure 8 will set themselves en route Immediately and without delay and without The Situation In Europe By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ler and Daladier to meet at Munich tomorrow with II duce M mediator lain says Hitler agreed to pone twenty-four In hope conference would provide way out leaves for Munich accompanied by For- eign Minister Count Clano re- message from President Roosevelt contents not dis- closed ter predicts solution of German dis- pute within a few days PARIS calls more men to colors but Premier ladier says In broadcast he will continue peace efforts at nich PRAGUE rushes final preparations for war States Grew asks Japan to send peace plea to Hitler and President Benes of vakia HITLER'S IS REVEALED IN OF PARLEY SENDS STOCKS awaiting individual notice BRIEF BROADCAST They will take the place of con- vocation indicated on their order under conditions fore- seen by this document The order was posted on billboards about Paris at almost the same ment the Munich conference was announced Premier prepared to place France's case before the world in a radio broadcast tonight but with the announcement of the power conference he limited his talk to a few brief statements You will understand that on the eve of such an important tion it is my duty to postpone explanation which it was my tion to give he said But before my departure I wish to address to the people of France my thanks for its attitude replete with courage and dignity Announcement of the Munich conference capped a day of intense diplomatic activity in virtually avery European capital So far as the drama could be reconstructed from Turn to put 1 Col 1 MOSCOW Sept 28 leaders received the announcement that heads of the British German French and Italian governments would meet at Munich tomorrow with skepticism and great reserve The Soviet position consistently has been that Prime Minister Chamberlain's policy of attempting to bargain with Chancellor Hitler can only result in encouraging him to Increase his demands The Soviet press has repeatedly denounced the British prime mints NEW YORK Sept 28 Street today greeted news of the Munich conference of leading Eu- ropean government heads with a rousing upswing in the stock ex- change one of the sharpest of re- cent years RALLY FOLLOWS SLUMP Stocks had slumped fl to 13 a share In the first few minutes of trading in response to extreme of European markets but I buyers swarmed into the market at the end of the first half hour as j uncial news tickers printed the an- that Prime Minister Chamberlain Premier Daladier and Premier Mussolini would meet with Hitler in Munich morrow in a fresh effort to avert war Losses were quickly recovered many stocks Jumped II to above yesterday's final prices and the ume of trading sent the ticker In arrears The British pound sterling recovered In foreign exchange ings The news electrified stock ex- change circles which had been plunged into gloom by the grave tone of the British prime minister's address on his efforts to preserve peace late yesterday TICKER BEHIND The stock ticker was soon more than five minutes behind tions on the exchange floor as the quotation machinery struggled with the volume of orders Stocks were bought in blocks of thousands of shares at a time One transfer of shares of U 8 Rubber was made at s share up 14.25 from yesterday's close U 8 Steel traded at up and many others made similar gains A block of shares of General Motors changed hands at up Issues up about to Included Bethlehem Steel Goodrich Electric General Electric Anaconda and others London Issues Statement On Negotiations Held With German Fuehrer Czech Situation Declared Unbearable in Note to Prime Minister LONDON Sept 28 ration by Adolf Hitler to Prime j Minister Chamberlain that the I situation had be- come unbearable and will now be terminated by me was disclosed I today with publication of between Chamberlain and Hitler DOCUMENTS MADE PUBLIC The British government Issued a white paper disclosing the ments exchanged between the er and the prime minister during their recent negotiations on Europe's crisis This showed that as the two sat in their hotels separated by the Rhine at Godesberg last week ler wrote to Chamberlain that ten refugees were coming into many of their own free will based on the right of self-determination of nations He added It was the irrevocable decision of the German Reich to give effect to this will Hitler further gave warning he was not prepared to allow territory which must be considered as be- longing to Germany to be left out the protection of the Reich It is Impossible for us to refrain from giving immediate protection to this he said TROOP OCCUPATION The white paper disclosed that in his first letter to Hitler written at Godesberg last Friday Chamberlain said he was ready to put up to the Czechoslovak government Hitler's proposal as to the areas to be ceded to the Reich so that Prague might examine the suggested provisional boundary Wrote The I see about the proposal you put to me yesterday arises from the suggestion that the areas should in the immediate future be occupied by German troops I recognize the difficulty of con- ducting a lengthy Investigation under the existing conditions and doubtless the plan you propose would If it were acceptable vide an immediate easing of the tension I do not think you have realized the Impossibility of my agreeing to Turn Col 1 WINS CONTEST FORT FAIRFIELD Me Sept 38 four-pound margin weight gave Gov Lewis O Barrows of Maine victory today in his minute duel with Gov Barzilla W Clark of Idaho The match ended with Barrows having SOI pounds to his credit and Clark 197 pounds An international picking contest held at the same time saw Robert Hallett Mars Hill youth fully retain his championship won last year He defeated thirteen Request of Great Britain That He Aid in Averting War Accepted by Duce Great Relief Is Apparent In Rome as Word Comes Of Scheduled Conference ROME Sept 28 IP Premier Mussolini suddenly become the tral figure of Europe's efforts to avert war left at 6 p m noon tonight for Munich where he is to meet tomorrow with Prime Minister Chamberlain Chancellor Hitler and Premier Daladier CROWD ON HAND II Duce was accompanied by his foreign minister and son-in-law Count Galeazzo Ciano on his special train A vast crowd evidently relieved at the momentary lifting of the war clouds gave Mussolini an uproarious sendoff as he departed to assume the role of mediator in the Czechoslovakia crisis He accepted the responsibility in- formed sources said at the request of Great Britain in a desperate effort to avert war After receiving a personal message from Prime Minister Chamberlain of Great Britain II Duce Immediately got in touch with Hitler presumably by telephone Subsequently it was announced that Mussolini Hitler Chamberlain and Premier Daladier of France would meet in Munich tomorrow morning ITALIANS RELIEVED From private sources diplomats heard that Hitler had accepted Mussolini as mediator and that Eduard Benes had resigned as dent of Czechoslovakia This latter report however lacked confirmation Great relief was apparent in ian circles when word came of the scheduled four-power conference at Munich II Duce had been represented In foreign circles as piqued at the failure of other statesmen to invite him to take a large role in the efforts for a Sudeten settlement The message from Prime Minister Chamberlain as well as one from President Roosevelt were regarded In these quarters as having eliminated any trace of possible friction over these seeming slights The Earl of Perth the British conveyed Chamberlain's message to Count Galeazzo Clano Italian foreign minister for delivery to Mussolini Some foreign observers believed that Mussolini had made Benes resignation a condition of his tion but confirmation of this was not immediately available URGE RESIGNATION However Gayda Fascist editor indicated such a possibility Only the resignation of Gayda wrote in II could at the last hour turn aside perhaps fatal events President Sends Messages To Hitler and Mussolini In Effort to Halt War Secretary Early Tells of Events at White House During Night WASHINGTON Sept 28 White House attaches hailed as very encouraging today the by Adolf Hitler of of England France and Italy to a conference in Munich row EARLY TELLS OF NOTE Stephen Early a presidential told this to newsmen ing them simultaneously that dent Roosevelt's cable to the man chancellor last night probably would be the chief final word in the European crisis Later White House attaches an- that the president had sent a personal message to Premier Mussolini in the interest of pre- serving world peace Early asserted that because the communication was personal it would not be made public textually HP added however that the note dealt with preserving world peace Giving newsmen details of how Mr Roosevelt formulated his matic appeal to Hitler last night Early said the White House had ob- served news reports saying Hitler's army might start marching into Czechoslovakia today Early related that the president decided to send a message at once so it would be in Hitler's hand be- fore any movement took place and before any boundaries were crossed CONFERENCES HELD The White House secretary said 1914 proved that once troops were on they could not be stopped The president conferred at length with Secretary Hull and Under- secretary Sumner Welles of the state department Early told ers and then dictated his new plea which was dispatched at once by cable Asked to interpret a statement in the president's message that the United States had no political In- in Europe Early replied that meant exactly what it said In asserting last night's message probably would be the president's final word in the crisis Early said it was possible some European tions would like to see the United States step in as peace mediator Early added that in his reference to nations directly concerned in the European crisis Mr Roosevelt meant Czechoslovakia Germany Poland Russia France Great Britain Hungary and Italy BARUCH ON HAND Besides Hull and Welles Bernard Baruch New York financier also talked with Mr Roosevelt Jast night Baruch was head of the war industries board during the world war but Early said his call at the White House had nothing to do with the international situation Later Senator Schwellenbach D- who just returned from an Turn to 8 Col T American Citizens in Spain Are Advised Now to Go Home BARCELONA Sept 28 United States embassy today advised American citizens to return home Spanish newspapers put accounts of the Spanish civil war on Inside pages for his willingness to go to and devoted more prominent space to ler and placate him with new con- j the European crisis President messages wors printed prominently with the workers paper Obrera ing that the notes facilitate the postponement or avoidance of Rojo The Communist paper Frente praised the cooperation of Great Britain France and Russia as the first step In a world front for peace NEW YORK Sept 38 motion picture actress and wife of the British tennis player Fred Perry was seriously injured today In a collision of three auto- mobiles at a midtown intersection Three others also were hurt Miss suffered a deep cut beneath the chin requiring several stitches and contusions of the back legs and body TROOP REPORT ROME Sept 38 ment spokesman characterized as unfounded reports that Premier Mussolini had agreed to or ordered the early withdrawal of Italian troops from the Spanish civil war LONDON Sept 28 cautious Britons it was indicated tonight are crashing the gas mask lines to get a spare A home office official in a cast on how to take care of masks I hear some people have been queuing up twice so as to get two masks This is illegal Hitler Sets Conference In Munich with Mussolini Chamberlain and Daladier IL DUCE FUEHRER Mobilization of German Army Postponed 24 Hours While Statesmen Convene Announcement of Munich Meet Given As Prime Minister Tells House of Commons of Efforts PASS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS LONDON Sept electrifying announcement Mussolini and Hitler to announcement in a D stunned house of commons today that Europe's big Confer Pnor to Parley ler Chamberlain Mussolini and meet At Munich Tomorrow j row in Munich snatched Europe back from the brink of im- I minent war Propaganda Minister Seea a few seconds Prime Minister Chamberlain painted A LI c i c a of Uw world's prospects for peace in the Amicable Solution Soon moit announcement parliament has heard in a of Czech Dispute German mobilization was postponed for twenty-four BERLIN Sept 28 hours while the premiers of the four great European powers fuehrer Hitler is planning a sought a new way to avoid war over Germany's demands for matic meeting with his ally Pre- cession of Czechoslovakia's mier Mussolini at the historic Premier Mussolini of Italy accepted the role of mediator ner before the Munich between his German ally and the heads of the democracies Messages from President Roosevelt to Hitler Mussolini and the government of in the lightning changes of the day The haggard Chamberlain himself when he entered the to make the most momentous speech of his career did not His somber ence tomorrow reliable sources said tonight MEET AT PASS These informants said the fuehrer would journey tonight to the pass 1 where German and Italian tories have met since the m tion of Austria and would that the Munich meeting was to be held pany il duce back to Munich for the speech indicated he thought war was inevitable conference with Prime Minister Chamberlain and Premier Daladier A announcement of the Munich meeting to search for a way to avoid a European war said it would make a last effort to the peaceful cession of deten German territory to the Tonight Propaganda Minister with a few But a pencil scribbled note handed to him an hour and a half after he began explaining why it appeared war must come changed the gloomy tense house and galleries into a cheering frenzied mass It was a message from Hitler inviting the pre- miers of France and Italy also were the Munich conference Chamberlain who had ordered Britain's mighty fleet Paul Joseph Goebbels told a throng last night had made one final effort for negotiation by of today he foresaw an appeal through Mussolini amicable solution of the i in r 111 Hitler's partner in the Fascist axis and it worked The news was received with most the same jubilation In land as If an actual armistice had been declared Many believed It was tantamount to that because the mobilization which the fuehrer deferred twenty-four hours almost inevitably would have meant war with Czechoslovakia with the that all the major European nations would be dragged in Chamberlain told the cheering I will go to see what I can do as a last effort In his words was seen a warning that the danger was far from over But a few minutes later he ed to a cheering throng that hailed him outside 10 Downing It's all right this STOCKS BOUND UP The British people who had been solution of Czechoslovak dispute days Goebbels usually a fire-eater sounded a note of peace as he spoke amid deafening hells in historic Lustgarten He did not mention tomorrow's conference at Munich but he de- I as a man in the know of things can tell you we neither can nor want to retreat as the fuehrer has pledged his word to support the but the solution Is nent ON GUARD FOR PEACE It was believed however he was Turn to page S Col 8 BENES IS OUT PARIS Sept 28 Prague dispatch to Havas the French news agency today said authoritative Czechoslovak sources denied reports that President Eduard Benes had resigned In Paris and Rome it was re- ported the Czechoslovak president had resigned and that his ment was one of Premier conditions for mediation in the crisis U S Observer At Conference PARIS Sept 28 in French parliamentary cles tonight that a United States observer would attend tomorrow's historic Munich conference The United States embassy ever said it had no knowledge of any such arrangement CZECHS HOPEFUL OF PEACE AT PARLEY IN Sept 28 vakia tonight requested some form of representation at the epochal four-power conference which will open at Munich tomorrow to discuss her fate WANT REPRESENTATION Jan Masaryk Czechoslovak ister to London In a letter to Prime Minister Chamberlain asked that his country be represented by a man expert or observer if not by a digging trenches and fitting on gas masks did not worry about the ominous ring of reference to last effort Rid of the tension of stering war U I i delegate ranking equally with those In the face they became Jubilant I ntn HPV of Britain Italy Germany France and TO SEND APPEAL TOKYO Sept 88 States Ambassador Joseph C Grew today asked Japan to send a peace appeal to Adolf Hitler and President Eduard Benes of Czechoslovakia As soon as Masaryk heard startling announcement of the conference in the house of com- J mons today he immediately tele- phoned Viscount Halifax the for- eign secretary Since Halifax listening to the prime minister's speech in the peers gallery of the house could not be reached at once the minister dashed off an urgent letter to Chamberlain At a late hour he had not re- a reply RUSSIA NOT INVITED Czechoslovak quarters in London commented with emphasis on the fact that neither Czechoslovak nor Soviet Russia had been Invited to the parley called to discuss the future Wilhelm Declines to Discuss Anything Not 2000 Years Old and cheered good old Nev Stocks bounded upward in after hours trading reflecting the of financial circles Informed circles expressed hope that the conference between heads of the two democracies and the two great Fascist powers might give Europe more a breathing spell There was revived talk of a pact among the Big Four and settlement of other problems beyond that of Czechoslovakia The Munich conference revives at least momentarily Chamberlain's program of dealing with the tors that seemed shattered day RISK OPPOSITION But if he makes too many sions in their favor at Munich where Hitler began his march to world power fifteen years ago will risk a storm of opposition at powerful sections of though eager for peace do not want to pay too big a price for it DOORN The Netherlands Sept 38 kaiser Wilhelm who once led his German legions Into battle declined today to discuss anything which occurred since 63 B C He is following quietly his ordinary daily routine la exile but this week he got In a visit to an ex- of treasures of antiquity in the municipal museum at dam He showed special Interest in Egyptian relics Questioned on the International crisis replied with a refusal to discuss anything law than j two thousands years old of every country who could in the diplomatic gallery of space the house of commons The invitation from Hitler for the meeting came even as to s COL
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