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Pella Weekly Herald (Newspaper) - August 23, 1892, Pella, Iowa 3. FRIDAY AUGUST 23 1892 NUMBER 40, OF OR THE SINGLE TAX ON LAND REMEDY FOR EXISTING SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC An address by C. S. Eastman before Live Issue Jan. 27, 1892. that original state of things which proceeded the appropriation of land and the accumulation of wealth by the whole produce of labor belonged to the and he had neither lord nor master to share with Then if man's hrst perceptions and moral rights had not been dulled and warped by that 5and in tne race for so manifest in our and to treat aright the purpose of the fair earth containing as it did all the forces and elements to satisfy an which if not being a guarantee of centuries and progress in moral and material life this so Creator of all given to an providing with in the grand scope of His to man to so direct the forces of nature to conduce to his lure and and the use of certain elements for the renewal of when worn And if man had not abused the faculty of intelligence ami by avarice ami loss of moral sensibilities thwarted beneficent designs of his If the power and intelligence of a men had not imposed on the weakness and ignorance of other seized and turned into monopolies the opportunities ami of nature intended for all thereby denying the universal and rights of all then the and the immoralities of the centuries would not have history would liave been Why is it that in this marvelous era of inventions and machinery and the various ingenious devices are being the aid and efficiency of labor and the creation of and intelligence are developing and applying forces that are increasing the wealth of the when experience and be able to handle the generous material to moral and material continuously to all That which we are all familiar with the economic phenomena known scarcity of money and other ills of the It is well known that these ills are common to all of climate ami kind of and are more intense in countries of the greatest material where th is the greatest and population the If it must be there must be a common Wise and experienced doctors business men have tried to solve this problem and not yet all look wise and each gives his opinion ex say it is from others give demand and supply of Clearly a But it stubbornly remains the enigma of our The of the phenomena are facts ami experiences with are all They are deadening discouragements of vainly seeking conditions that produce the the I that create in the midst of the greatest material aiui where in the roach of abundance and misery that excite the interest of charity and solution aud cure of which the socio-economic experts try in to bring With some it is popular to reconcile it with the and poverty exist because of the inscrutable decree of a reason that should be repugnant to us as incompatible with ttat ideas of His tenderness and that poverty can largely be laid at the door of the maladjustment of human ' and the ' can I believe be made THE GENESIS OF N The history of taxation history of man politically and 18 man multiplied on the face of the earth and on account of his nous tendencies and social it was inherent in the should be formed and for political and sanitary must be assessed or taxed for the support of such The manner of raising taxes has varied with the time of history and modes invariably more or less crude and on The history of tax raising from the earliest and conspicuous feature were oppressed and bore the riCh through various schemes 0l,rrent 8ystem may uo based on nearer but it is too true that the poor and greater share of the burden the same as monopoly of the opportunities and forces of nature by w classes still bear the brethren of earlier Ft is true to that it is not quite so more refined in its mode of application and white having a vague consciousness of the their rights and their place in and the through to conditions which at Hrst excited their but seeing no way out of gradually grew to accept what yet always Inexplicable The present popular systems export and stamp ami assessments on personal and real The first being are easily imposed and as they become pint of the price of the goods when such goods reach the consumer and cannot be hence not But taxes on real and personal property are more because we put our hands in our pockets and pay such taxes in cold 1 am persuaded that few of us do so without a feeling that it is an extortion aud too that the next time we will assessor and be less conscientious in giving in our personal These two last and too common expedients seem sound reasons for some I would like to go back and trace up the history of this subject to show that while we have advanced in material the arts and we have made few steps in the art of scientific and But in the art of making the extortion loss in the art of educating the masses to the acceptance of the results as pan of the economy of nature and the laws of the survival of the through the channels of those moulders of public the homilies from the pulpit and the stump dealing in iridescent generalities and optimistic of the future on present all tending to throw dust in the eyes of the confusing them as to their rights and and to take existing conditions as natural and should be accepted in a sensible and I will prove why our current systems are inequitable and illogical and are born by those least able to bear more than their tending to create monopolies and privileged the source of bribery ami aud are so complex that the machinery for their collection is costly through its army of tax Few of us are so innocent as to believe that honest returns are made on personal Perhaps in no other way do men scheme and exercise such ingenuity to escape taxation as in swearing to their per sonal The elasticity of the conscience is It surely is the best field for the Father of Lies to encourage prevarication as offering the greatest returns for the least The facilities for the evasion of personal taxation are Of the incompetency and corruptibility of the impossibility of reaching the in the hands of very rich and we are well aware of. No one will deny the farce of the returns they Compare from year to year the reports of the increase of real estate then in the same way compare the reports on the personal and it will be noticed that while realty values have this yeaT ' - Wealth As and the arts so does personal wealth It is understood by economic statisticians that improvements and values will on the average reflect the value of the land on which they But take the latest returns of personal wealth and we are amazed at the poverty of the Compare the the poor to evade Where is the assessor who has a motive to be light on the poor mechanic's the widows the sewing machine of the seamstress in the large to eke out a precarious existence with her perhaps making shirts at or less per The men and women who are small property the mass of whom are too timid or too ignorant of the ingenious devices by which the wealthy Trustees of the estates of widows anil orphans have not the pecuniary interest to prevent full returns of properties in their If tho rich and influential thus escape their and the poor and the estates of orphans bear more than their it needs no fine casuistry to point out where the wrong is. To correct this unequal taxation aud force fair and full returns has been found It has been tried in all countries for centuries since taxation was seriously thought of. In ancient so dull was yet so shrewd were men that the use of cruel torture failed to wring from them a true account of their The devices of the peasant farmers of England to evade the unjust hearth and the cruel torture used to collect it in that era is a part of Likewise the tax farming of England and The Hies of the press at the season of the contests before boards 0f tho proved ease of evasion by the and the crushing weight on the and other glaring proofs are sound and urgent reasons why a remedy should bo looked Johnson's Encylopedia says of the prevalent moral sentiment is are too weak to resist the strong temptations to make false and commit perjury when is In theory it is admitted that taxation to be equitable must draw in duo proportion from all kinds of but the attempt to fairly apply this and involves such a manifest and glaring inequality that a cry is raised for a One might right here be tempted to stop ami moralize on the of such a to prove that if private conscience gets to so low an what can be expected of the public How it foments discontent among the who realize they are in some way discriminated and are not so dull but that they see it keeps them I have made it clear how unjust and how much of a farce it is to try and impose and collect a tax on personal My next object will be to make it clear that the current methods of taxing real property is based on wrong principles and that the results are far-reaching in their influence upon the liberty aud happiness of the If the current system is based On any method or supposed correct principles of political economy at I believe it is false based false which create confusion and most of the financial phenomena in the business The treatment of the relation of land to rent and the fiscal economic affairs of society and government should be At an early period of man's existence and the forming of communities proceeded it was realized that government was and civilization the need of police and sanitary as a benefit to at large hence the people must contribute to a fund for that purpose in the interest each one has to be and a fund for such purposes must be raised by a tax From time immemorial all kinds of schemes have been To tax to tax tax on tax tax on tax on To The Patrons ol The Public Pella Last was pleasant and and the work done by both teachers and pupils was and Next more than will hard study lie a necessity on the part of those who are to Great care will be taken on the part of teachers and in regard to and special effort will be made to determine fully the merits of each one and to be honest and frank with is often an inclination cm the part of some parents to urge the promotion of children before they are prepared for the work of next While it is an unpleasant duty perform it is necessary to say to such demands and take a firm stand for a high standard of I desire to speak most sincerely of the general of our corps of anil their hearty co-operation in everything that tends to build up our 1 thank the Board of Education for their firm support and uniform and the people in general for words of encouragement so often The work of public education is a difficult and it is only when all its friends are united that the best results can be We bespeak for our schools the coming year your sympathy and What we wanted to say is The years worn will begin Sept. 5th. bond all * J. Supt. IOWA STATE Of THIS The Iowa State Fair begins at Dos Moines on August 26 and will on September 2. The premiums offered aggregate and are liberal in all departments of workshop and Iowa State Fair always pays all premiums awarded in There are barns for a thousand horses and pens for thousands of hogs and a line largo poultry ami buildings for the display of fine grain and pantry and fruits and dairy etc. The grounds are beautifully located and well supplied with water and all conveniences for the comfort and pleasure of exhibitors and In a natural grove ot timber there is a magnificent camping lighted by electricity and provided with Those coming with the horses will be separated from tho camp to prevent All this is provided free to those who enjoy the pleasure of in a pleasant and independent and at the same time enjoy the All Iowa railroads make a rale to the Premium lists and all additional information may be had by addressing tho John K. at Des A carpenter by the name of M. S. Powers fell from the roof of a house in East Des ami sustained a painful and serious sprain of the which he cured with one bottle of Chamberlain's Pain He says it is worth a It cost him 50 For salo at storo Arnica Salve The Best Salve in the world for Cuts Bruises Sores Ulcers Fever Sores Totter Chapped Hands Corns and all Skin Eruptions rad positively cures Files or no pay required It is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction or money refunded ct per box For Sale B F 4 m m x m ft m r it m m G G to Hf
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