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Oakland Tribune (Newspaper) - February 20, 1942, Oakland, California THI TRIBUNE tf your does net 6000 before p.m. Paper will stnt at SERVICE IS GUARANTEED tribune EXCLUSIVE ASSOCIATED PILES S UNITED PRESS HOME EDITION VOL. 51 5c DAILY D FEBRUARY 12c SUNDAY 40 PAGES War Zones for I Nation Ordered I Roosevelt Directs Stimson to Set Up Military Areas From Which Aliens or Citizens Can Be Barred or Removed Feb. Roosevelt has authorized and directed the secretary of war to set up tary in the country from which any either alien or may be barred or The executive order of the President mentioned no but it was no secret that this action was directed to a large extent toward citizens of Japanese extraction whose presence at certain points might be deemed inimicable to the war Officials said that the order did not constitute application of martial but it appeared to be only a step short of it. Of the executive order citizens of German and Italian descent as and for that to native-born of any The executive signed by the President yesterday and held until today at the request of the War directs the secretary of war and military com- manders he may designate to scribe military areas in such places and of such extent as he or the military commander may from which any and all persons may be and with respect to the right to any person to remain or leave ahall be subject whatever re- the secretary or com- mander may Soy Farmers Aroused farmers in Tulare county demanded today that alien banished from strategic tal defense be prohibited from in California's in- and warned that the situation might soon be of Alarmed by the arrival more than 100 evacuated Japanese lies at Orosi and Lindsay in the of within the past 10 District Attorney Walter Haight declared that he would seek relief before the Congressional committee on National defense migration which opens sessions in Francisco The committee is headed by John H. Oakland j At a mass meeting last night at the farmers adopted tions demanding the instant re- of the migrating Japanese the public safety and for their own Pointing out that Tulare County contains or adjoins six important air and training danger from sabotage is The district attorney said the mass migration to his county began two days after a Los Angeles nese language newspaper printed stories outlining plans for settling Jap nationals in and around As the vexing situation Continued b Col. 1 Bali Japs Lose 8 Brazil Craft U-Boat Blitz On IMPERIALS STRIKE BACK IN BURMA Vessel Shel ed Off Coast BRITISH CONVOY WINS SEA BATHE Feb. 20. The British Admiralty and Air Ministry announced today that enemy boats and planes were destroyed and others damaged when they staged an Unsuccessful attack on a British convoy last Two Nazi were sunk in the all-night No casualties or were inflicted on the damage First Lady Quits OCD Resignation Sent To Land Action Halts Agency Critics Feb. 20. Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt today re- signed her post as assistant director of the Office of Civilian James M. the resignation in a letter voicing gratitude for her and but saying he could not ask her to continue give so greatly of your time and your Mrs. Roosevelt recently made known her intention to resign as soon as her division was functioning is now her letter of resignation io Landis by remaining I would only make it possible for those who wish to attack because of my to attack an agency which I consider can prove its usefulness so completely to the that il should be free of in order to render its maximum X individual is more than a good I feel that yours is and will be a program vital to the well-being of the people of the Both her letter and that of Landis made reference to the recent out- burst of criticism at need not tell what the world letter to Mrs. Roosevelt you brought to the Office of Civilian Defense the vision and energy to carry out those portions of the ex- order that directed us to mobilize the energy of everybody behind the now the a farm nor a home but is now conscious of the imprint of your no one but now knows that they have a task in civilian This has been true building of America's fighting faiths beside which criticism is at- tack Mrs. Roosevelt's resignation was made effective TEXT OF CORRESPONDENCE The text of the Dean feel that the Organization for Civilian Mobilization is now com- plete as far as the Washington of- fice is and therefore I am giving you my resignation to take effect on February 20, 1942. you I recognize fully the importance of civilian tion under your but I also believe very firmly that all civilians in our country must be mobilized 20 and Indira defense forces are in attempts to hold their pressed line on the west bank of the Bilin an Army com- The war bulletin fighting has continued during the Nazi Start Major Drive North Atlantic RAIDS FAIL 10 KNOCK OUI PORT DARWIN past 24 hours behind the Bilin air action yesterday had a considerably heartening effect on our the communique Elaborating the reference to air a Air Force com- said bombers and fighters carried out a number of attacks yesterday on enemy stores and transports in the Bilin Eiver HALT JAPS United Press quoted a goon radio report received in cutta 1hst attacks by American and British air squadrons had checked the Japanese ad- vance on the Bilin The reported little enemy air activity over United Press said it was be- Japanese losses in combat with American and British fighter planes caused the slackening in enemy air RANGOON ALARMED Last reports from the battlefront indicated the British were standing their ground in the face of heavy Japanese but Rangoon prepared to hear at any hour that nau a crossing of the Loss of the Bilin River line ably would mean the British would have to fall back upon the Sittang 30 miles to the west and last natural barrier protecting The Sittang is only 20 from which is barely 50 miles north of Rangoon on the railway ing this port with the Burma supply road to With the menace to Rangoon clearly it was estimated that approximately Indian residents already had departed from the bound mostly for Japanese Fleet Sighted Off Coast of Burma Feb. dispatches from Chinese terminus of the Burma said today that a large number of Japanese warships and transports had been sighted off the Burma It was asserted that the enemy fleet was approaching a sandy and part of the Dispatches said it was believed the Japanese might try ous landings zi many on cither side of the Irrawaddy River The British were reported to have mined the mouths of the which empties at the southeast cor- ner of the Bay of and the Feb. many has launched a major sub- marine offensive in the North At- from the Azores to to co-operate with Japan by keeping United States naval units Atlantic and preventing re- of the U.S. Pacific informed British sources said These sources declared cording to information from the the Nazis had 34 at sea in the North Atlantic early in This probably they that actually there were three times that many operating in this area at that Japanese demands for naval operation were said to have been made at an Axis conference in Ba- varia early in Vice- Admiral Karl in command of the U-boat was said to have told them he would use on the sea lanes near Europe while his largest submarines and best crews would range the North American AHEAD OF SCHEDULE Original opening date for the according to these was April I. renewed luu me IO open their campaign two months ahead of the sources German U-boat building was said to have been stepped up this at inland The attacks on Allied tankers moving out of Aruba in the Dutch West Indies and along the eastern coast of the United Stales were seen as designed to cripple the world's dwindling tanker WARSHIP ATTACK But British sources predicted that the after three months of the heaviest U-boat offensive that ever has been might gamble on sending one of their larger ships into the Caribbean to attempt a knockout blow at Aruba and its By according to this the submarines already would have forced the Allies to dis- perse their heavier surface ships and such operation might be ex- The informants said that among the submarine commanders ing in the western Atlantic are Cap- tain directing operations of a flotilla off the coasts of the United and Captain Von credited with the sinking of the Barham in the terranean last 22 Survivors of Sunk Ship Land in Canada Rangoon River which empties AN EAST COAST CANADIAN little to the at Feb. the GuU of of a ship torpedoed in the Western Atlantic have been landed while two other lifeboats from the ship still are it was announced in inc. A prevented a search For that I reuion of Germany during the missing Those res Sub Crash Dives as U.S. Approach 4080-ton Brazilian freighter Olinda was sunk by an Axis described as off the Atlantic Coast Wednesday after- and crew two of whom were taken aboard the sub- for said the submarine later at the approach of U.S. naval The Fifth Naval District release of details of the ing after the entire crew of 46 was picked up from two lifeboats by a rescue ship and landed The men were rescued after drifting and rowing for 20 Navy of- withheld any further details concerning the operations of the U.S. Francisco Nogueira of Sao said that he and Capt. Jacob were ordered aboard the submarine by its commander and were questioned concerning the ture of their where they were from and their 18 SHELLS FIRED The lired or 18 more or at the before the P Battle for Last Sea Base Near Raids Ruhr Feb. with destroying one enemy bomber and damaging four Earlier the fast motor torpedo the first face before but were sighted by the British de- stroyer Holderness and promptly turned away under a smoke Later the Holderness was said to have engaged two more de- one with her first Paje 11, Col. 4'today. No planes were the Air Ministry reported cued were suffering from exposure in the Story of Heroic 9-Day U.S. Battle Is Told By CLARK LEE WITH THE 3IST INFANTRY Japanese Army at Abucay THE FIELD ON BATAAN Hacienda in the Bataan Feb. It's a story that glorifies the The second was sunk in a I Here's a part of the story of ready sound reputation nf this general chase by British j Foreign of diverse racial background The action was fought in United States its and equally varied service nine-day battle against the jit tells of new deeds of gallantry by veterans many an Asiatic who have been with the outfit since it was organized at North Talk Subject Page Advertising 36 Comic 32 Crossword Puzzle 25 Editorials and Columns 40 Fashions 25 t rt I A Fraternal Notices 35 Geraldine 24 Knave 33 Mackenzie 40 Magazine Features 24 Radio Schedules 25 Society 26 Sports and Sportsmen 30 Wood Scanes 23-29 Vital Statistics 35 i 26 vascular we have a have the Bataan defenders condition where the theoretic assume the strong i they now hold. Tne Hacienda battle proved sound just like a August 13, 1916. It recognizes the spirited conduct By EARLE the younger asked office brought from the United of the Dilly does fog come in mostly at said Colonel isothermic coefficient of thermo- metric declension being allergic to drove Philippine units on the night of December 31. Lieut. Col. Jasper of gave his third talion a crisp bayonets and attack with a The battalion rose from positions behind an irrigation wall in a rice paddy and charged across the The Japanese scattered and After that first taste of direct the 31st regiment WE Continued Page 2, Col. crew abandonee info th about amidships after the crew had taken to the Nogueira adding that the freighter went down about an hour a half Nogueira said the undersea raider was enough to put in my The submersible had one deck gun and two machine Crew members said U.S. naval planes were sighted approaching while the submarine was still on the surface and that the ible immediately When the submarine first Wednesday Radio Operator said the sub- fired a number of shells across the bow and over the The sub was two miles away at the The first he carried away the radio rendering impossible the sending of distress More shells lowed and the captain gave the order to abandon CREW QUITS SHIF The crew left the ship on two lifeboats and pulled Officers on the deck commanded the two boats to and as the drew the speaking in Spanish and ordered the captain and radio operator to come boarded the submarine first and was questioned six and ten He was treated the radio orator and took my ture The crew also took pictures of the When Nogueira returned to his Captain boarded the sub and stayed about ten The sub commander asked Feb. official communique tonight reported Australian air facilities at Darwin escaped vital damage in the big Japanese raids and that ties among defense forces were Air Minister A. S. Drakeford re- ported that known casualties among land and sea personnel do not exceed eight Civilian numbered 24 killed and 24 Prime Minister John Curtin ad- mitted shipping at the port some Feb. third air raid alarm in two days screamed for the lonely little naval harbor of which has been catapulted into vital importance to the United Nations by the loss of other naval No bombers but this may meant only that the anese were scouting the effects of their two destructive air slashes or feeling out the defenses of Australia's far northern coast for more forays on the town and its valuable Australian fighter planes and anti- aircraft guns gave battle to the 93 Japanese bombers and fighters which roared over in two waves to put the Australian mainland under an steel for the first time in its SIX SHOT DOWN They knocked down but were bomb damage both ashore and in the harbor and including 15 persons killed and 24 With some presumed operating from an aircraft the first wave of 72 twin-engined bombers convoyed by split into two One smashed at the wharves and The other attacked A second wave included 21 Several ships were wharves and buildings were among them several service and civilian hospitals which were bombed and no vital services were a communique It that some Australian planes were aged on the ground and that some although not was done to SHELTER HIT Among the Postmaster General W. P. Ashley were nine postal employees killed and 11 injured when a direct hit was scored on a trench shelter in Enemy Closing in on Dutch Fight On in Sumatra and Bali as Warcraft Sutler invasion Fieer And U.S. By JOHN K. MORRIS Feb. Japan closed two giant claws on the United remaining East Indies base of Java tonight with the conquest of the islands of Sumatra and Fighting is still in progress on where Japanese sion forces landed after American airplanes bombed or sank eight of their warships and and resistance pre- is continuing on But enemy forces pushed across Sumatra to Sunda Strait opposite Java and lor all practical purposes two islands flanking the Allied base of on both the east and west are gone under the tide ol enemy Tonight Java if braced lor the decisive ATTACK ON TIMOR As yet there have been no of enemy landings on Further the Japanese have been bombing the Portuguese Island of which lies northwest of Australia's Port Military and Government authorities here that up to a late hour tonight they had received no information regarding Timor Isle Falls to Foe Dutch Areas Are Is Claim of Tokyo from enemy nre with the they frequently statements Intended for him for his tuC but which they were Although Australians were prised that the enemy had been able to muster such air strength off the northern Australians had recognized the probability of an- on their home soil and took the news Prime Minister John Curtin frankly called it severe Continued Page 2, Col. 3 States every two years to keep the ranks at fighting j General MacArthur will say but for the 3'sfs grim fight at ihe Japanese well British Destroyer To Save Troopship Feb. 20. Under first time that American j the heading Was Their tion official explaining why outfight the Evening Standard has to nav to stand un was costly The 3Ist today the story of a destroyer with the sailed into the path of a public has to pay to stand up was his Let me off here is stu I'll walk And threw himself closed his j names of wounded and torpedo in order to save a rine i bringing hundreds If on the floor and slons the rest observers and gators to Britain Irom j OI i were aboard the FREIGHTER TORPEDOED returned to his boat and the sub then torpedoed the The Olinda listed turned over on her side and went to the bottom about an hour and a half after the crew entered the The Olinda was out of Bahia for New York with a cargo of cocoa and castor Pedro of who was in the boiler room when the attack told newsmen that fire broke out during shelling in the ship's No. hold and in the engine Two Ships Flash Distress Signals in Feb. tress calls from two steamships in j dropped the Caribbean war zone sent defense craft searching new areas today for German submarines which Fire Bombs on Lines New Attack Met by MacArthur's Forces In Beleaguered Jungle Feb. 20. The War Department reported day that fighting from fixed tions continues on all sections of the front in and that en- emy airplanes have dropped a ber of incendiary bombs or lations behind ihe defending The text of the No. 116, based on reports received here up to a.m. Philippine i fighting continues on all sections of the front in Feb. nese Imperial headquarters announced today that on Timor Island and the ment Information Bureau said they had been directed to oust British and Dutch troops which occupied the Portuguese section of the island last The landings were effected under the guns of Japanese announcement near Dilli and which are respectively the capitals of Portuguese and Dutch The information bureau declared the Japanese troops would be drawn from Portuguese territory as soon as they had expelled British and Dutch which they said had moved in without the consent of Portugal and in violation of In- PLEDGED The Japanese the reau is prepared to respect the territorial integrity of the guese colony so long as the Lisbon Government maintains Japanese fliers were declared in a n o t h er announcement to have the Buitenzorg air field shooting or destroying on the ground 27 American and Dutch Japanese planes to their base without a single the communique lies about 40 miles below Batavia at the western end of It has one of a series of military protecting Army headquarters and site of a huge 70 miles to the AUSTRALIA THREATENED Japanese Interest in Timor is the United Press points Four hundred miles oi lies Continued Page 2, Col. 2 of incendiary bombs on lations behind our An ex- amination of these bombs discloses that the Japanese are using white are operating over a 700-mile stretch are using of the South Atlantic from Phosphorus as an zuela to British The retried last night that Chilean steamship had heard a distress call from an ican and Venezuela reported a distress call from another I in behalf his acknowledged with appreciation the cordial ing transmitted to him oy arsenal of the Ordnance Department of the Army in the United United States Army 2. There is nothing to report announced yesterday explosions damaged but did not sink two steamships in the anchorage at early in January near The destroyer and all but seven her crew of more than 100 st. But the troopship with her while the of each of still withdrawing into prepared had had at least a year's sitions on flying in British and United States After strong Army schools and in sailed larft of inf safely into t British Port of and submarines were Curacao Island was out completely last The lands Indies News Agency reported from and United States and Netherlands forces were on the alert throughout the area for man ai TOKYO Japanese casts Feb. The ican front lines on Bataan sula and fortress at the southern tip of the peninsula were under heavy aerial bombardment throughout Domei re- ported Large formations ot army ers carried out the Domei and that the Australian de- fense troops there been drivea back or wiped broadcasts said that nese troops landed Timor early today and other Axis reports said the Australian defenders were being repulsed and annihilated in bitter The situation far as Java ta concerned is very are some American forces here but very few other than the air and naval personnel that has been ing in the East BATTLE AT SEA Allied naval including sub- joined with American forces and Dutch land troops in furious fighting around but it was not definitely known whether American warships were Communications on the island of Java are very difficult because of heavy demands on the limited and there is considerable interrupted briefly at this The Japanese invasion troops are within one brief water jump or both ends of Java On the western striking distance of the capital of the enemy is just acron the 15-mile wide Sunda cording to a message from Harold United Press who visited the western tip of the island this Newspaper headquarters which have been at Batavia will probably be elsewhere in the next day or All civilian movements on are prohibited without special Dutch sad British troops which fought en Continued rate 2, Col. 1 F. R. to Present Picture of World At War in Broadcast to Nation Feb. The address President will make to the 7 to Monday the While House said may touch on strategy but probably will be di- principally to the tion of a picture of a world at as the Chief Executive sees it. The President's press Stephen told reporters think when he has finished the speech it will be made very clear that the oceans on each of our coast lines are no longer the savings or the protection of the country they were said to be by some not so long I 1'nink it will show that military actions and naval en- wherever they are fought thousands of miles from have a definite effect on each little com- on each man in a on the production CANCELS CONFERENCE The President canceled his press conference today because he still had a head Early said the Chief Executive had planned to the press and radio to the people of the United States will be pood enough to open their doors and let him in to talk to he hoped they would have a of the world or a world globe be- fore them to that iu that might more clearly and better he talks with Asked whether this meant the in general would discuss world strategy or Early then replied that he believed the address would devoted chiefly to painting a picture of a world at HAS DATA He pointed that in order tot the President to see this ht has available copies of every Army and Navy report and other channels of information to the and an inter- change of information among and between the United Early's tile tion offered by the oceans recalled the Chief Executive's to a press conference Tuesday under certain New York might be shelled and bombed the following that an attack oft Alaska was not at all The cold kept the President fined to his for the second straight orders of the White House Host T. jfo formal engagements the ttt he speech for but i he for
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