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New York Daily-Times (Newspaper) - April 17, 1854, New York, New York a ana In MT and is Brooklyn dty A a Ie to ths Carrier Single Copies Two Cum DOLLARS a months Two three months One Dollar and n all with Newspapers Tim TIKIS sent to any part of the paid iu advance at tha where delivered cents per Quarter or JIM per annum THE NEW-YORK WEEKLY TIMES A TO LAME FOB THB is every at the low of two per annum Two copies for Copies for DOUBLES will bo sent taone la ao case continued beyond the time for which payment Is made Postage on the Tuus sent by mail one yoar is as Within the State 13 cents THE TIMES FOR CALIFORNIA A LAMB or EIGHT Publishers FROM Jones Wood Park Third Reading of tion of tbe affairs of Colombia after the Commissioners of of Thomas SPECIAL OF DAILY ALBANY Friday April Since yesterday afternoon both Houses have been almost constantly engaged In the third reading of bills those passed there were few of general interest to you city In fact the only one was the act for the of Brooklyn and Bushwick It was passed in the Senate with amendments at 10 o'clock this morning and was sent down to ths for concurrence In the Amendments which concurrence was obtained and then on a motion to reconsider the question of encroachments waa discussed at much length bui as It was postponed in rase a reconsideration should be carried to make an attempt to engraft tipon the something akin to bin fbr a commission to examine the harbor The tion to reconsider 48 Nays 52 It re- quired affirmative votee to reconsider The to cut off tho lower end of Central Park making tie south was brought up in tbe Assembly and a motion made to re- establish Jones Wood Park by engrafting s section to that e fleet The amendment was lost after a full discussion of the Park question as was also the reducing the size of the Central Park The third reading of bills will be steadily continued in the Senale and Assembly until all on the desks have been disposed of The Senate has again been soiled with the mania for inquiry At 12 o'clock last night Mr BROOKS introduced the resolution of which 1 send you n copy The prompting for this Investigation IH found ia the charge that Trustees have lately been guilty of requiring that a candidate fot a Professorship should subscribe to a particular religions creed It was ed by several Senators that these charges had fioen made to them on the occasion of their late visit to York Upon the Impression by assertions the That a Select of three b3 whose duty It shall be during the of Legislature and ai as early a day 03 practicable in- quire Columbia College or any of UB Trustees have violated any provision of law or of its charter and particularly whether said College or any QI Its In any way required any and If any what religious qualifications or test from any candidate as a Condition of appointment to any Professorship In said College And to inquire Into means and re- of said College and the administration of Its at that such Committee have power to fend lor persons and Mr SPENCER an attempt o induce Senators not lo vote for the resolution alleging he was satisfied the charges made were groundless Failing In this he endeavored to engraft upon he original an amendment providing fbr an inquiry into the condition of all the Colleges In he State This was refused and the resolution adopted The Committee has not yet been appointed Apparently he success of thle movement suggested to Senator BARK the introduction of the follow lug resolve providing for an inquiry into the manner In which the Commissioners of Emigration have becu conducting 4f VOL 805 made resulting vote was Ayes 22 Nays 7 Si i Is a law notwithstanding the objections of His Ex- The resolution of the on Friday n gat to appoint a to Investigate the of Co College was reconsidered and so amended i s to make It concurrent and Invite the House to unite ii the inquiry n this shape U waa eent to the ibly which body declined to concur and so sent a roes mge to the Senale The back track was then taken up s airs end the original resolve adopted Messrs HOPKINS and were appointed tho Committee to conduct the Investigation Mr moved to tbe to extend their Inquiries lo all tbe Colleges In ths Slate and ascertain If eny of them are under s or sectarian any religions ere id is taught or test In any College i lore of one denomination are employed as teachers or NEW-YORK MONDAY APRIL 17 1854 TWO CENTS Resolved That a Committee of three be appointed with power to send lor persons and papers to fate the afl'alrs and management of the of Emigration and the charges made against them and that they report to next Legislature the results of their Investigation and what measures If any can or be necessary to be adopted lo remedy the complained of and that said Committee have leave to sit during the recess The local which 1 supposed had bean crushed out along the Western portion of the itself iu the Senate yesterday ID the Intro of following resolve That if Assembly concur the Canal Board be requested so to regulate tolls that property passing upon tbe Canals between Oswego and any point east of Diggings shall be charged the name toll whether it possesses through Oswego Canal or through the Lake and Canals connected therewith This resolve was featherd by Mr PUT HIM of Buffalo and may be construed u an attempt to the meree of Oswego by the Imposition of a lax io the shape of canal tolls upon properly passing through one of the small lakes which Is on the direct line to New-York The that dictates attempts to restrict trade and force It from a natural to an artificial channel is ly narrow In Its scope and one to which I regret ex- lhal the Senator from has been induced to yield As well a toll be levied upon goods ing up the Hudson River In canal boats er in vessels coasting from port to port upon the Atlantic coast A half century since the Ignorance upon subject of trade and commerce might have afforded an excuse for a of the above Intern but in days of tele- graphs of railroads of steamships and clippers It seems a relic of antiquity easly out of place That the Bound practical men gather tbe Senate circle give their sanction to such a resolve I have not the slightest but since Its introduction by a gentlemen of so much intelligence as Mr PUTNAM tt U to be regretted Senate baa not yet acted upon tho House of adjournment and apparently there Is no Intention to do so 1 should not be surprised to have an adjournment of both Houses announced within Lhs next foor hours I And that generally ths out- aiders are In favor of an immediate adjournment which indicates that hore in little left undone in which hare much Interest To be sure the ation liae not yet been a third time in the Sonata nor has tbo Supply been acted by either yet when the right time comes there in I believe little trouble In obtaining prompt consideration and speedy of measures IB Executive Session to-day fie nomination MAS as Commissioner of Emigration wai re- J B s Closing Dissolving Views Saturday April 15 In the Assembly last evening the consideration Supply Hill was tho special order In Committee of tbe Whole the provisions of this about are paid oui of the State Treasury for almost erery conceivable purpose Whatever be passed Us own merits is incorporated in It and by the time It Is reported to the House It la a regular omnibus while In nine of every ten of the havo a parcel for a fond and of course a direct Interest In ting U through In making thin years there bad been much economy displayed In the way of of giving alms to public Institutions and an enlarged liberality In tbe way of extras to officers and others For instance to each of the managers of the trial on tbe part of the House was appropriated thing OTOT a the time engaged being about thirty days The House disagreed to this proposition and this Item down about which the Senate still further reduced to nor day and mileage The also reported an extra 100 to each of officers which was endorsed by the House with one or two exceptions To this the Senate demurred patting then all down to per day and Tha Senate also put ID an amendment giving to the Houses of Refuge In New-York to which the House assented At the present time it is impossible what Items finally settled upon as the till to be en- grossed Is In very tew of Up items ths slly re- ported Pending he discussion of the Supplies a from the Governor was known In advance to be a veto of the to provide for the appointment of to examine into the condition of the State Prisons Tha principal objections urged by the Governor were that Investigations were oBj abortions productive of good and very ex- pensive t that If any examination was de- a tbe power to examination was In mored he passage of notwithstanding the objections of the Governor AyeS 75 ond the objections beln U with the Fairs of the American Institute The Pairs themselves are held at Castle Garden while the show of animals takes place at a point four or five miles removed To bring the whole display together is desirable object Until the American Institute contrives to effect this the State Pair will far excel it The attractions of the City in the coming Fall will give an unwonted air of bustle and enterprise to our mercantile population who will justly look for large gains and good interest on the heavy ments they ere making It is their policy to im- prove the opportunities that are now opening FOUR DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE than another and If so how thet they Inquire generally Into the affairs and n of euch Institutions The Senate declined to adopt the suggestion Mesere YOST and BARR were ed a Committee to Inquire Into the management of the a of the Commissioners of Emigration in accordance with the resolve adopted on Friday The Senale on Friday night adopted a i In- the Attorney General If In his opinion the -e Is cause of action to commence an action against GEOROE lete Auditor of the Canal Department to recover to the State any neys advanced by him lo certain Canal ents without authority of law as reported to the Senate on the 2d day of March last by the present Auditor The House promptly concurred In the Auditor ia likely lo hava employment for a time in defending himself Are tbe Ingredients of soned chalice turning to his own lips T tt would seem so The amount Involved is I believe about which was advanced by him to his own political friends without proper authority for so doing during the time when be was endeavoring to put through Canal Commissioner Mi i HEW By way it ie said that Mr NEWELL is a candidate for the office of Consul lo London in place of Young America The Chairman of the Committee reported the re- sult of their efforts to investigate the condition of the Farmers Bank of from which it would appear that the Committee wore not very in finding because there were none or they were not ed for Iu the right place tlie Chairman of the Committee does not Inform us In connection with this report Mr STERLING Introduced a resolution colling upon tbe Bauk and the American Exchange Bank of your City to report forthwith In answer to a resolution passed by the about the 1st of March Tlie adopted but at stage of the session It will not produce the effect desired by mover which is to be regretted About tue passage of the first re- solves and the manner in which they have been t rented there are eome circumstances that would not reflect much lo the credit of any of engaged were they public Both the Houses have been almost entirely engaged the past two daye in reading bills a third in the Assembly the monotony of this order of business has been relieved by the efforts of the friends of the Harbor Encroachment lo bring that measure up in such a way as to obtain thereon an expression of the House and prompt of the Not lens than ten euch been made and hai bcon still enthusiastic fi lends of the do not despair of hope in which 1 cannot In- dulge as at this lute period of the session Us opponents who arc exceedingly active ran work ita defeat by the mere enforcement of the rules of the House tis Its true Doth will adjourn about 12 o'clock on Monday and they have my hearty therefor J It 8 v Saturday April 15 Friday's Concluded The Judiciary Committee reported against lie introduced by Mr in relation lo stage routes in New-York Laid on the table The Appropriation wse taken up A motion to strike out the appropriation lo tho Eye and Ear Infirmary was lost The to examine Into affairs of the State Prisons waa passed over the Governor's veio Mr WALKER was placed on the to examine Into the Treasurer's Accounts REID A THIRD TIME In relation to the Common Schools in New-York Passed Authorizing town subscriptions to Railroad Passed Authorizing towns in lo subscribe lo the and Railroad Authorizing towns lo subscribe to and Troy Railroad Lost The General Appropriation waa passed Mr CROSBY Introduced a concurrent resolution Attorney General proceed against the late Canal ditor If there be a cause of action lor moneys advanced by him to certain Canal Superintendents Adopted Adjourned SENATE ALBANY Sa April 15 SILLS PASSED To incorporate tho New-York Inebriate Asylum Relative to the of sail by tion For the relief of the Erie and New-York City road For the relief of Dispensary Tho Senate to reconsider the vote on allowing town subscriptions lo the Troy and Oswego Railroad To amend ilie charier of Dry Dock Company Passed For Iht of Brooklyn Female Academy Passed Tho Troy and Oswego Railroad subscription was reconsidered and passed To take the Census of 1855 Passed For tho publication of Meteorological Observations Pasted ASSEMBLY April 15 concluded The Supply was tuken up in Committee pending which the Volo of the Governor on the State was announced and the was passed over Veto by 74 to 27 The consideration of the Supply was resumed No amendments of moment were made except reducing tho of the managers of the impeachment caso The was reported to the Houee and the agreed lo Adjourned at J o'clock thin morning ASSEMBLY April 15 A resolution from the Senate relative to Auditor NEWELL was laid on tbe table BILLS PASSED Amending the School Law to the salary of the Secretary of State Relative to the New-York Institution fur Deaf and Dumb A resolution to into the affairs of Columbia College v as Introduced and rejected The amendments to the Supply were passed The Fair In New-York The New-York State Agricultural Society has appointed this City iis the place for its next Annual Exhibition The Fair will open early in September next By a resolution of the Common Council the Society is to be offered the free use of for the purposes of its Exhibition and for as long a period as may bo desired It is a pleasant indication of the growing spirit of enterprise in the Council that the free ment of one of the public Squares is to be granted to a Society which will this year make its first visit to New-York It is matter of surprise that Directors of that Society have never before pitched upon the City as ths scene of a festival which is always so pleasant and BO well calculated to draw visitors from all parts The true tion is probably to be found in the fact that the Society has endeavored to adopt a central locality convenient to the agricultural population of all tions of the State whose interests are more mately connected with the Exhibition than those of any other class This reason however will ly need lo operate hereafter The cheap an I di- rect means of access to tbe by the New-York and Erie Central Hudson River and Harlem oh none of which are the fare exorbitant render New-York the next-door bor of arry A r accustomed the meagre cattle shows which lake place in connection ARRIVAL OF THE ARCTIC IMPORTANT FROM THE SEAT OF WAR THE RUSSIANS CROSSING THE DANUBE The Great War Debate Speeches of tbe Earl of Clarendon Earl of Mr Lord John Russell Mr Disraeli Mr Ace The Cuban Slave Trade and tbe United States TEE CASE THE BLACK Position of the German Powers The French Government and Rights of Neutrals IN THE FUNDS FURTHER RISE IN GRAIN AND FLOUR More Steadiness in Cotton Tlie U- S Mail Arctic from about 1 P M on Wednesday tha 5th last arrived at this port on Sunday morning The Asia arrived out at 3 o'clock on the morning of Monday the 3d instant On 4lh the Niagara sailed for wilh the Regiment of infantry for the East The Age King George's in sixty ono days including fourteen days detention at St Vincent the Capa Her actual running time was therefore only forty-seven days It may be remembered that the British refused to send u mail by the Gulden Age preferring to pay to tha sailing ship Matilda whose arrival out we may look for for eome weeks lo come amounting to tons arc at the present moment fitting up at Liverpool to convey troops lo the East These arc for try The Courier tons Star of the South For cavalry The go Mary Ann Para- CGI all ready for sea The following will soon be Star Wilton Kennard War Tyrone i steamer Albatross 600 tons The steamship Trow New-York arrived at Bt 2 o'clock on Saturday 1st inat Capt of the fell overboard and was drowned on the morning of the 1st while the was off Port Lynas outward bound In consequence of his unfortunate dent the ship put back to Liverpool By the of Pride of the Ocean at don April 1 we have intelligence of the losa of tho emigrant ship Sea Nymph from Liverpool Feb 21 for York When a week out the Sea Nymph experienced a heavy gale and became able leaking badly topmasts yards carried away and for 24 hours lay in tho trough of the sea At this juncture the Pride of the Ocean hovo in sight end bore down to her assistance Two of the boats were lowered and with difficulty all were taken on board the Pride of the Ocean and brought to London When last the Sea Nymph vras fast settling down Tho loss of the Rutsel ges and rescue of tho by the Isaac Webb and Rainbow has been already reported by the America via Halifax The influx of emigrants into Liverpool surpasses anything of the sort ewr before known The majority are from Ireland an 1 are bound either for the United States or Canada The price of steerage passages now ranges as high as 10s owing to the scarcity of shipping and number of offering At Liverpool had again slightly ad- end Cotton was rather better in tone but without leading to much business The Great Debate in both Houses of Parliament on the Eastern War is of more interest than any other feature of the news by this arrival In ilie Home of Lords the Earls of CLARENDON and ABERDEEN de- fended the Government against he Earl of DERBY and In the House of Commons Opposition Speeches were made by Mr Mr DISRAELI and Mr which were answered by Lord and Lord JOHN As this debate goei over the whole ground and throws great light on the origin and ble results of the pending war we give vary full reports of it In this morning's DAILY TIMES It will be read with Interest On Monday Aprils Houses of Parliament for the purpose of presenting to the Quean tlie address in reply to her message notifying tho state of War with expressing her confidence in the cooperation of the people Two were one of Lords and the other of the Com- mons and both proceeded to Buckingham Palace to assure he Crown of the cord al support of all ments of Government The vote wai unanimous In both Houses The following Is tho Queen's reply MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN I thank you for your and dutiful It Is highly gra to me to receive tho of your cooperation in giving e fleet to the measures 1 necessary for tho honor of the Crown and for tho welfare people In answer to SCOBELL Sir J GRAHAM stated tlic report which asserted that the movements of the allied fleets in thu Black Sea were for want of coals was incorrect Sinca January 1 tons hud been sent to Constantinople and are at Multa It waa expected that tlw whale fleet would in a few days again commence cruising in the Block Sea Since morning accounts had Indeed been received that the fleet was near Varna The following notice of motion stands on the book Mr HUTCHINS to ask Lord JOHN RUSSELL whether the Government have authorized Mr Minister at Washington to act In behalf of he Spanish Government In affair of the of the steamer Black Warrior by tho Cuben authorities 7 In reply to Mr who detailed the circum- stances connected with the seizure of the Black Warrior by the Cuban authorities Lord JOHN RUSSELL stated that a had been tent to the United on the subject but no information had yet been received from Mr Cramplon Col COLT has received an order from the fbr revolvers for use In the fleet Prince Ins addressed to Lord an interesting letter on the re of the Kingdom of Poland which will be round below On the ult Sir JOHN and hU tion were off the books of the British Navy and are riven up tor dead 1 he debate in the Liverpool Chamber of Com- merce on the subject of limited liability in partnership after dis- cussion The Council of the Chamber to whom the question was referred by he general body their re- partnerships Tie of the debate io majority of 37 to 18 but the question ia deemed BO portant that a poll is to be taken after publication of tbe speeches on both It was estimated that the quarterly returns of the tional revenue to April 5 would show an increase of about half a million sterling over the correspond ng quarter of last year of feeling st IB greatly disquieting to the Government Diplomatic relations have ceased between Greece and Turkey Gen Greek Minister has his passports BEY the Turkish Minister had quitted returned to Constantinople A new levy of men la about to be made In France The ship from Antwerp ostensibly for Montreal has been captured and brought to the Downs with anna on board fbr the Greek insurgents A council of Austrian Generals la summoned to meet at Vienna Among others Invited are the Baron and Count It ie positively asserted that the Russians from see summary have been landed and taken of the Island of below Progress of the War The news from the Seat of War is highly inter- esting The are still continuing their ments In advance and have established themselves on the Turkish eide of the Danube Their troops had been crossing the various points fbr several days The move mem commenced on the in three columns by means of four raft bridges The principal column under the orders of General LUDERS started from Galatz Prince crossed the river with he troops be- tween and Tollscha protected and ied by the division of General and the third column effected its below at a called on the right bank but which is not In the meps These forces amount together to men Including 41 battalions of Infantry 3 ments of cavalry 1 of and 140 of non On the 20th March was taken by the Russians who also made themselves masters of the strong position of und are consequently in entire of the Upper The racks patrol as far as And according o the Blatt the fort of was taken by the Russians on the Imperfect accounts ore at hand say was taken after three days It will be some days ere reliable statements can be re- The circumstances under which the passage the Danube appear to huve been effected were On or out he 13th of March received order from St Petersburg to secure within ten days a position on the right bank ff Danube to to that which the Turks maintain at other extremity of he line of I left for where hu and on the com- to lite river at three different points The left wing of u corps of men under General a opposite Ismul tho centre under General LUDEKS crossed meci ing from while winp under the immediate direction of was forcing a passage from By ilie Freund we hove accounts of the In Which matters were managed Early on the morning af the the Russians under coyer of 12 began to form a pontoon bridge from a spot near across the to on the right bunk of the Danube As tlie Turin offered no serious the bridge was completed by 1 o'clock end at that hour tbe Russian column began heir march continued without interruption until at night when he men lighted their and bivouacked between and At the Gen constructed a second bridge between and the bank in fiee from In the course of the day we of chasseurs and wo of the line with ry and artillery crossed be river without loss On the same day he left wing under Gen forced a passage above and In spite of H vigorous re- sistance on tbe part of he Turks got possession of the redoubts which had been constructed on he right bank Eleven guns and ISO prisoners fell the of the Concerning he additional ha his since hy to the effect that end Maudlin had been captured no details arc yet to hand As soon as the Intelligence of the peerage by the reached PACHA ho sent reinforcements to the troops ponied at Trajan's Will end When PASHA the Turkish commander found the Russians were in on great force he d first and subsequently upon Hie force In the field Is not more than men of garrisons in give the complete command nf mouths of the Danube They have already drawn chains across the Sulina Channel As soon as had established himself in the he Issued a proclamation to tbe tants similar to that which was published in Moldavia and In connection with movements It Is mentioned that five steamers barges men has left fbr tbe western coast of the Black Sea if this be they run a chance of with the snips of the fleet now cruising along that Prince was to set out about 13th Innt from Warsaw for the real of war The Emperor will not himself go to the Principalities The British steam frigate Inflexible was employed In conveying troops from Varna A tion of the British fleet was near Varna with the Intention of watching new and unexpected ments of he Russians LATEST DANUBE By Telegraph to the London VIENNA Monday Evening In the all the fortified places with tho exception perhaps of are in the hands of the who are o he ground There are rumors of treachery on the par of the Turkish com- manders of the different fortresses The Turki have been repelled fiom every part of tki Ifft bank of the Danube except Kalafat By advices from Odessa of the ult ll Is stated from an excellent source that there Is not a ship of war in and hat it is believed something is by the against Varna The excited state of public feeling at Constantinople is extremely disquieting o the Government It was sold at Odessa hat the flee e not venture o leave he Bosphorus until he arrival of the auxiliary army Since the dismissal of he ish party have been Intriguing for the advancement of Russian Interests Austria has demanded from Russia her subjects In the Principalities shall not be compelled 10 take he Russian paper money Tbo movements of the Russian Troops From the Pant This movement in of the Russian has produced some uneasiness but speaking Is no fbr It The Russian army which in now on the right bank of the Danube dues not occupy one of those threatening positions by which arc ruled It ban arrived not In Bulgaria or on the road to Constantinople but In the Is to gay on an immense plain intersected with marshes without re- and without communications It has behind it between and a Turkish corpi of men with 00 pieces under HALIM PACHA and before It a barrier of fortified placets Varna and Shumie which bar the road to the Balkans It la I bus difficult to explain the reason why Prince Go has chosen this place for crossing the Danube It Is true that In 1828 he Russians entered by in order 10 na and but at that time they had of Seu The buttle of had destroyed the navy and were therefore freo in all heir Is only half way be- tween BIB low and Bulgaria ond he Russians were not the less obliged to pass a month In an ment in order to cross the marshes As they are now of the lilack Sea it is difficult lo comprehend the which they have adopted PACHA who ought to know he effect of it regards this of Die river as the greatest of service he Russians could have rendered him The Turkish army on the frontier including he Inhabitants who are performing permanent military duty Is not less thau from to men although the contrary hao been stated and supplies are being on a very extensive scale Object of tbe Ex- VIENNA Friday March 31 You were yesterday informed that five Russian with vessels In tow which had men on board had left and we uow learn what their destination was On the nearly at tho eame time that the passage of the Danube took place the mtn with artillery were landed on the tween the St and At and have since taken possession of the large Island of below Ae soon as their task was the vessels returned to where they will probably report that nothing hed been seen of the allied The gallant A are already standing buttt for the of the Constantinople and Viennese The Oest Deutsche Pott learne from Orsova that ever since the troops have been on their way from to the At present there are only and horse in the before-mentioned fortress A regular bridge of boats is now about to be constructed between and Probable Object of tbe Russians In From the London Times Friday March P M It is evidently the desire now to attach no great Importance lo the passage of the Danube by the Russian army On the contrary the movement la pronounced hy some military men aa unfortunate for the Russians and In conformity to tbe expressed wishes of PACHA aa already noticed The position In these men or whatever be he number who have effected as It would appear a scarcely dis- passage of the stream must hey say bo bad they occupy is unhealthy and unsafe They are in the midst of marshes and have aa tive but to retrace their steps which would bo mount to a or move on In a very narrow apace between the river and the eea through a country ia cut np by pools snd marshes and which produces nothing Their route Is different from what It was on former occasions and It is considered doubtful that the intention Is to penetrate far Into the country as the attempt would be attended with peril At however they mutt have some object in making She movement it it not improbable thai they were desirous of drawing Turkish troops into an engagement and striking a blow before the auxiliary could eome up The news abont Austria is still favorable and I am In- formed that this Government baa received news qf the encouraging kind noticed in my letter of yesterday and In foot that there U little room for doubt of that Power with he Danube mast be of the eases bar to aqairajlty and it ta lone varying and vacillating hot at length taken a decided tun in direction Position of the derm on sian of the London Times Friday March 31 How can the Western Powers expect Germany to form an alliance with them fbr tbe attainment of au ob- ject which Ie Billl undefined 1 Such ie the language just now held by ell parties The Russian faction Is still sanguine that the two great German may be In- to assist the Emperor NICHOLAS In his plans but neutrality la for he moment at least the programme of this Government evening you were Informed by electric telegraph lhat a manifesto might soon be expected In It would be declared that Austria and with her Germany would re- neutral and cause that neutrality to be an army of men As was stated th s mation w u derived from a private bat It is one which has seldom bean al fauli Few well-informed sons now doubt that in all of tance Austria and Prussia have to an understanding but tbe return of Baron HESS may Hill for a time bo delayed M he probably has to make arrangements with the Prussian military authorities relative to tin positions which be Federal will eventually occupy Austria will naturally take on herself the defence of the Eastern and part of tlie m frontiers w bile aud the oilier I man Powers will nm their faces to the will of course be given o France that neither Austria nor Prussia entertain any hostile intentions wards her bui there is evidently some slight fear here tha he Emperor NAPOLEON may object o the neutrality of Federal neighbors who bayonets at their disposal That an extremely active correspondence is just now carried on between Austria and France is notorious but NET his owu counsel and is as silent on the sub as are Austrians Those politicians in the Wett whn on tlie assistance of and Prussia must lake a one-sided view of things I would be plain enough for both If had been a 1772 but they are now faying i he penally for share In of Poland The Intercuts of Austria in the East ere diametrically opposed lo those of fia but bind her hal Power Declaration in Regard to The following report to the Emperor from the Minister ol Foreign Affairs appears in the At a period when maritime and commercial Interests occupy so large a place iu ence of nations it IB be duty of any Power obliged to wage war to take the measures for as much as Ita by leaving to tub com- merce of neutral every facility compatible with the of hostility to which they endeavor to remain strangers it is not sufficient thai the belligerent parties be fully determined lo respect constantly the of neutrals they arc bound also to to down In he disquietudes cml mull are always so prompt to conceive not doubt to submit as to the principle which intend applying A MI of regulations on the duties of neutrals might appear i sort of infringement on the of at desire to preserve ity on he contrary a spontaneous declaration to which a belligerent party to confi rm appears tbe most formal testimony lhat U can give of rights sf oilier It Is idea thur having with the Government ol Her Majesty I have tlie honor of to the approbation of jour the following declaration lam Sire wilh ihr greatest re- spect jour and tervant and subject DK Approved of NAPOLEON The declaration is aa follows DECLARATION TO NEUTRALS LETTER OF ETC PARIS March 2D The Emperor of he French bring forced 10 tike up arms to succor an ally desires to render the war is little onerous as possible lo the pith whom hr at In order to protect commerce of from all Impediment His Majesty con- lor the present to ren unce n art n hts which lit long to him as a in virtue of right of nations U Is impossible for His Majesty to renounce the of hie right to seize on articles of war in contraband aud to prevent from the enemy's dispatches He is bound also to maintain intnct bis right ae a belligerent Power o prevent neutrals from any Mockado which may be by mi ans of sufficient forces before ibe forts harbors or of the enemy hr teasels of of His Majesty will not selie on property of the enemy placed on buaid a vessel unless properly be war supplies in contraband His Majesty does not intend making use of tbe of confiscating tus erty of neutrals found on board tlie enemy's vessels His Majesty declares that actuated by the desire to as much as the evils of war and to Its operation to the regularly organised forces the ho has not for the present any to deliver letters of marque to authorize the operations of rs The Powers and Greece From tlie Pans Debuts We hove received a letter from the mentioning an Interesting fac was not In our former It Is the existence of a protocol annexed to i IIP treaty of alliance bj France England and Turkey M ia therein specified lhat the three allied Pavers to the of King OTHO a collective note calling on it to by means In its power tbo insurrectionary which are iri Greece against he frontier provinces of Turkey Ii those ces should be without effect the Greek Minister at Con- would receive his passports the political and commercial relations between Greece and TurVe would be and tile two Western Powers gage in care of need o Ii nd support in he of the Solian Our having In last letter stated that the hud demanded and ob- mined possession of tha key of tlie Russian embassy a now corrects his former and that on the of M DK BRUCK who had been charged with the protection of interests in key the hud not followed up itn application and tlic Czar Saturday April 1 Advices from Belgium mention lhat the mation of the that Emperor of Russia had made overtures to too Emperor of French of a similar by the British had a very unpleasant feeling in circle there They i ate aa if hey hail some grounds Tor tbe assertion that the bait thai wa- h Id out was lue ering of Belgium and to France's cupidity conquest and the ol ouch a proceeding in of Holland with Court tnd Russia so many tiea of Is duly dwelt upon It is interesting to observe tuai these two countries as believe that were elect of Russia as Prussia It would lhat ho not make any pre- cise for would of the number ol who ut present feel themselves aggrieved by The and Stares In the House of Commons Sir G moved an to Her Majesty lor returns of all eels their names and tonnage nn suspicion of being engaged In the and of Her Majesty's ships and vi previ July House had appointed quite Into ibe amount paid by thia country for the of the and the manner in which the various treaties existing on he subject were carried into effect That Committee afier obtaining very uble evidence came to the unanimous conclusion hat Spam ought to be required as far aa possible o carry out i real lea Into which she had entered with this country for suppression of the Tlie Government of Brazil bad already yielded to the made to them by Her Majesty's Government It waa show n however before the Committee that existence of the was mainly at- tributable I o Its encouragement In the Island of Cuba for though the of that Island hod endeavor to carry out existing treaties ii was they had connived at the landing of H was stated bv one of should show could combat not of Russia but Mr HOME the motion Mr be motion It was that ths fraudulent and conduct of the should no longer be permitted emedly she her engagements us and took care that Cuba should no longer be and indeed sole seat of the which she undertaken to suppress she not fairly com if England took measures to prevent Cuba from falling into the bands of the Americans Sir J said that though he could not at aQ concur in the proposition that by way of collateral ar- were to hand over Cuba to the United Slates endeavors of our cruisers both on the coast of and on the coast of Africa should be if possible and every means used for securing the real operation of the authorities at Cuba Mr pointed out that he ton member for In- verness bed not proposed tbet we should hand over ba to the States but simply Um if ain despite her solemn to the contrary persisted In allowing Cuba to be the focus of trade she could not call upon ug to interfere between her at d the United States in any the latter Power might adopt for the acquisition of the Island wished to guard himself distinctly from the expression of any opinion as to whether it would be just Or right for America to buy puba for he believed that they were more likely to become possessed of it by that means than any other but he thought If they really attached much importance to suppression of the ae they bad always asserted and as post experience had demonstrated they would be guilty of great were to offer to defend by their the right of Spain to that island He could not imtgtno anything more calculated to mako tha Spanish ment persevere In the course she had adopted with reference to the to allow her to entertain a hope that we would Interfere to prevent America flom becoming possessed of tbe liland of Cuba The ment to be made to understand that by suing policy she had chosen disregarding as she did the of and humanity by con- the she was fast losing tbe respect and of every nation of the civilized world and preparing the way for some atrong Power to take of lhat Island which she hod so scandalously 1 In honorable had sold that Slavery hi the was true but the did not exist I Hear The Uni- ted bud the to be piracy and It was to put thai nation on a par Spain In keeping up that odious traffic Without E ing one word about the expediency of firing Cuba to ibe Slates or that country like of the Island he thought it would be greatly far the nf humanity tf the Untied States i r any Power that would altogether dis- the should it hoped they were not about to throw a bone of before the public to be n ater and ill will He could say ing of or otherwise of the Spaniards being to retain Cuba but did thank the ment effort they bad made to the aitd hr ho ed the would never for- get that ll wan very before the friends of tbe tion of that traffic could carry the measure through Parliament The Position of and of i lie Armlen From tht April 5 The chief in iho present situation of ie two subjects of to general of and to the conduct of wai one Is policy of the German Pov trt so far n can lie from the mation to us from lUe other the IP by army on the right bani of the Tu we shall c M our of affairs In Germany and even at the ui of U somewhat more favorable pe of the Powers and tbe t H Is f The of the Chamber to which the demand of the a loan of had tx en referred agrees to report m in lavor of the vote bui the adopted by ibe eipreasly slates that to the of war the Chamber cannot e vole the supplies required to def nd the honor and In- ndencc of tbe country Inasmuch King's Go hae declared it in lends to persevere for the future in the couree of followed np to tiase In conjunction the of Vienna Paris and but more with Austria sid German lo labor for he of peace on he banis of right OB it has been laid down in the of Vienna and reserving to in of an in- OP sanctions the law enabling the State o contract loar far ex- military U would have been pre- ferable if declaration had originated with tba net thin ilie i fur tlic and Its cm bound by the tion f a nf Supply nnd to u that the Prussian net o us efforts for tbe restoration of in France England and tria Bui we take Ibis lo be a Creditable proof of dec In- of to support the ol the kingdom in Europe and an expression of opinion winch even the Lourt would not find It to ose At tbe same time Baron hat ar- rived in on a special of great from and it Is said that Ilia instructions hate had m strengthening the of the Prussia n Government Tbe rumor that a separate treaty or convention had been d between Austria and believed to be premature If not all though three Powers may take to renew the Convention of which was concluded In iSil and expires Iu May neU bui Prussian Government lather more lav or a tie to the adoption of protocol lo be signed at Vienna by the Four Powers for the purpose of uniting them with greater precision In the coarse bave to pursue The effect of snob a protocol would be to constitute a positive engagement on tbe part of the German Powers not iu any measures adverse to the cause of Western States and It would lay the basis of a nearer alliance to which events m glit give more activity and militaries In dealing with tbe German Courts the Ministers of France and England appear to ua to have n great iVIll and In allowing them to ad ai ce at their owu and faltering pace without on that account our own more vigorous pre- we trust that by the ing I opinion of Europe by frash disclosures ol duplicity he of armies the German Powers unit cor pel d to jam ut and we only hops that they wait do with danger and discredit whai they might bave done earlier wilh safety and with honor The production of Secret and Confidential bos had an immense effect In every pai t of ilie Continent and more at Vienna for It lurm out at the very lime the Emperor of sia ranking communications to Sir HAMILTON Minister at Vienna wne holding language ol a to the Imperial Court the dot by the ment more tlian one of the Continental Cabinets lo Its of the sincerity end good cf diplomacy In its intercourse with tha Wilh reference to the last tion d In been made by the Emperor of Russia to the of WK ran only remark that tf It were KII r IP in d il it had mode when Count fiiowrdid 10 Vienna it might have contributed to he of but taken in conjunction witn the now occurring in tiie it can only be re- B a to impose ou the credulity of King of o nie which gives a mill stronger and more Mng to the pulley if the German Cabinets M Ac the forces on Lou IT Danube ll ie now beyond oil doubt that the of that greal European river are completely held bj the St George's mouth is barricaded by a in addition bnr of mud or sand the linn lo and the oc cur anon i f tie forts on Hie right bank is evidently in d to lo an absolute command of the river 1 he or Ha of he from w c da o Galatt aud along the of lo tha sta defended on the rner side by the forts of tois and and all these I m 10 en nr Invested he nans t and the of They lie 1 in three or four divisions at or and Ismail on bridges formed at tl i oints upon moored In the stream the whole operation under immediate of Gi i rial acting under he orders of Prince OFF end Gen At some loss ibe Hie from tbe Turkish but ilic Turku are Ui have luir In the night Gen in without opposition at heid of thirteen General i a more resistance in his passage ail lo where the troops hod to land fnc tha right bni k wen n By assail t ecus lass is not in a condition to offer s long resistance for tlie lort which hero till was destroyed by Ru mi B at the close of war aud the works o any obstacle to the ofa army The loss of has vel to be explained bui lit ecms clear that the u hole nf the in- the pott nf Baka Doth is in possession of have probably before this assailed Dyke or Wall of Trman and may proceed It erf to lay titge to itself Tha distance from the passage of Karasu at tbe of Urea is only 73 miles and from to about 60 more If the left wing army succeeds in turning will the of by the centre of the army at tha Turkic h position may be assailed from two Bliss at once For several reasons however the ot thU district Is of doubtful advantage H la Intersected by pools and morasses and Us few wretched us the thaw might very safely be withdrawn The present General of Cuba the report of the had reached him expressed his determination to all tha exertions in his power to pa a stop to the trade lie G then that this was the time for Her Majesty's Government to take ton Captain General at his word and to test his sincerity by tbo small naval squadron stationed on tho shores of Cuba In 1612 his country had upon that tion six sailing and four which would be ami ly sufficient lo suppress the traffic If they wero properly managed but in this number waa Included flagship a vessel of 74 gum which of ing on the Cuban coast was ut Halifax during one-half of year and at Bermuda during the greater part the other half-year He Sir O hoped that on the coast Id under efficient U had been laid be- pox from of Cuba whore tbo trade waa now concentrated The Government other arid enemy In front Any in the army In such a position might have incalculable yal we cannot concur In the the commanders haro caused this Important CM e atlon to be made only for the purpose of advancing heir front end maintaining a defensive attitude and al any It Is highly Important to known by the namo of the la said to form B strong line of defence and It if the sort of position which tho are wont to hold against an enemy with groat We hope that on the right PABUA'S army equal to the duty now and tho of a part of the allied Sd and Varna musi assist 1 laces and of Ua ll The nights of 1 by J From the Trie of bos hitherto been directed to ths political and military or naval
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