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Ohio Democrat, The (Newspaper) - April 10, 1879, New Philadelphia, Ohio Official Paper of BY ELLIOTT ft OO THE DEMOCRAT Is published ery Thursday morning In New Philadel i phia Ohio the following One year If paid at the beginning of tte year or within three months j If paid at any time within the year 2.25 If not paid until after the expiration 2.581 110 My failure to notify a discontinuance at of the time subscribed for will be considered the wmc as a new engagement paper will be discontinued until all are paid except at the op- tion of the publisher Established A D THE MUST BE a year IB ATTORNEYS VOLUME 40 NEW PHILADELPHIA OHIO THURSDAY APRIL 10 1879 NUMBER 15 J HENRY BOOTH COUNSELOR AT LAW New Philadelphia Ohio up stairs opposite Treasury TVill at- tend promptly to all business in his sion H HOOVER ATTORNEY AT LAW AND NOTARY PUBLIC New Philadelphia O OFFICE with Hon A W Patrick 2d the Block near the LOUIS Block STOVE INSLEY Attorney at Law PHILADELPHIA O attention to Probate Business 11 V REAM Jr ATTORNEY AT LAW ASB NOTARY PUBLIC attention ghen to collections Office opposite Clerk's office Sew 0 S CITY BLOCK The Public are invited to call and examine the oi 000 V V EEEE ISS TO 0 V V E bS I SSSS TO 0 V V KEE SSSS SS T O 0 VV E sS T 000 V EEEE SSSSS COPPER WARE OK EVERY DESCRIPTION at the Store of T C Attorney and Counselor at Law Mayor's Office Town Hall Seiv Philadelphia 0 ALL business entrusted to his care will receive prompt attention Collections and in Probate Court a specialty II A MACK AM 11 PHYSICIAN SURGEON in Miller's second opposite Auditor's NKW PHILADELPHIA OHIO April 11 Zellner Sennhauser BLOCK Philadelphia We keep constantly on hand a large stock of all kinds of Goods usually found in a Hardware ment We have all the leading Stoves both for heating and Cooking purposes among which are the celebrated ARLINGTON STOVES for which we are sole TVe also call attention to our GRATES and MANTELS are prepared to furnish Grates and Mantels either Slate Iron or Marble at exceedingly low prices aud 01 any style de- sired attention paid to Hooting Spouting and all kinds of Job Work in our line ZELLNER SENNHAUSER j o i the attention of the of New Philadelphia and i ity to the j Eclectic Practice of Medicine and Surgery As the most and worthy Patients visited when required in j any part of the county Office and resilience on Broadway three doori of Grimm House New O Hine 12 DENTAL 1 GIVE prompt and careful attention to both branches of the Dental Profession Office in corner of City Block floor Beware of peddling IS STILL IS THE Clothing Business AT THE IN THE BLOCK JSTAnd has just opened a NEW STOCK OF HOTELS CENTRAL FORMERLY WATER STREET OHIO Completely licit ind in sample Rooms for T the of LTH and in con- the all HILL 1 Spring and Summer FRENCH AND ENGLISH OUSTED HE WILL MAKE Ul GENTS CLOTHING OF ALL KINDS AT Lowest Prices IN BYE WHISKIES IMPORTED KUMMEL Ac 31 EW O AND WILL GUARANTEE FITS Also Full Stock of GENTs Maj Jl O Box Boot and Shoe WILLIAM HOLLAND RYE WINES May 3 FR PIANO ORGAN ETC AND Main f NEW OHIO Surrey or Public FALLS address Beach H T NEW PHILADELPHIA OHIO All kinds of Saddlery ind Harness cheap AGENT KOK THE Santa Fe PHILADELPHIA O I SO CITY BLOCK i NEW PHILADELPHIA OHIO THE undersigned have just an sive of BOOTS SHOES GAITERS PERS for the SUMMER SEASON OF 1879 Men women and children find iu our ment anything and in any style they may desire in the Boot and Shoe line Leather and Shoe Findings We always keep on hand a complete stock of Sole Leather Calf Skin and in fact everything in the Shoe Finding hno which we are selling at astonishing low prices CUSTOM WORK done neat anc promptly Don't fail to give us a call ant oblige yours respectfully JOHN ECKERT City Block New Philadelphia O April 11 Sr Cleveland 197 Miller's Block Room 9 Superior All persons desiring to buy Kansas lands or tickets to Kansas will money by consulting me J A SMITH March 23 EXCHANGE BANK PHILADELPHIA O A BATES BANKER JOHN Cash Capital Unincumbered Real Estate in Ohio Business conducted the same as that of an Incorporated Bank Exchange it sight on all the principal cities of April 6 THE GREAT ENGLISH REMEDY GRIT'S SPECIFIC MEDICINE THADE JJ d e d las an unfailing WEAKNESS Spermatorrhea Impotency and all diseases that follow as sequence on After TaMng Self-Abuse as Loss of Memory Universal Lassitude in the Back Dimness of Vision Premature Old Age and many other tlut lead to Insanity Consumption and a Grave all of which as a rule first caused by deviating from the path of nature and indulgence The Specific Medicine the result of a life study and many joars of exponent in treating these special Full particulars in our pamphlets we desire to send freo by mail to every one The Medicine is by ill gists at per package or six packages for or will be sent by mail on receipt of the money addressing THE OKAY MEDICINE CO No 10 Mechanics Block DETROIT Mien in TEACHER'S EXAMINATIONS THE Board of Examiners of Tuscarawas county will meet for the examination 0 applicants for Teacher's Certificates in Canal Dover January Mth New Philadelphia February Canal Dover March 8th New Philadelphia March Canal Dover April New Philadelphia April 19th Uhrichsville May 3d New Philadelphia Newcomerstown June 14th New Philadelphia July 20th Examinations will commence promptly at i and no applicant will be ted to the class after 10 o'clock Applicants will come with Sta New Sixth Reader and a postpaid envelop with their address endorsed thereon Strangers must furnish testimonials oi moral character A reasonable time will be given on saeh branch and if the ination be in writing no papers will be ex- which have not been promptly en at the demand of the Examiners Certificates will not be dated back Any applicants desiring to be examined in the higher branches must so state to the Board at the opening of the meeting they attend Whatever room the class may occupy they must not leave it in a filthy condition nor disturb any books or papers to that room JAMES L U J KNISELY Examiners J G ZAHNER I PLOWS All farmers wishing to purchase the BEST PLOW for the money should try the Oliver Chilled Every Plow is to do good u ork Scour in any soil and to run lighter than any in use So traveling agents for this Plow and only sold in this vicinity by SHARP SONS are Agents for and c 311 hand an assortment of the leading ERS AND MOWERS IN DRILLS COEN PLANTERS AND TWO-HORSE CORN Repairing of nil and Give purchasing e CONQUERED AT LAST BY MISS MARIA L EVE Mobile Prize You came to us once 0 brothers in wrath And rude desolation followed your path You conquered us then but only in part For a stubborn thing is the human heart So the mad wind blows in his might and And tbo forests bend to his breath like grain Their heads in the dust aud their es broke But how shall we soften their hearts of You swept o'er our land like the wind's wing But the human heart is a stubborn thing We laid dowa our arms we yielded our will But our heart of hearts ed still We are we said but our wounds must We gave you our swords but our hearts were steel We are we said but our hearts were sore And woe to the conquered on every door But the spoiler came and he would not spare The angel that walketh in was He walked thro the valley walked thro the street And he left the print of his fiery feet In the dead dead dead that were where And buried away with never a prayer From the desolate land from its very heart There went forth a cry to the uttermost You heard it O With never a measure You opened your hearts and poured out your treasure 0 Sisters of Mercy you gave above For you helped we know on your knees Your pity was human but it was more When you shared our cross and our den bore Your lives in your hands you stood by our side Your lives for our lives you laid down and died And no greater love hath a man to give Than to lay down his life that his friends may live You poured in our wounds the oil and the wine That you brought to us from a Hand Di- vine You conquered us brothers our swords we We yield now our are all we have Our last ditch was there and it held out long It is yours 0 friends and you'll find it strong Your love had a magic diviner than art Aud Conquered by Kindness we'll write on our heart From the Boston THERE IS A GOD A Debate Between the Key J H Dodd Affirmative and Mrs Slenker Negative NO 8 MKb 1 Clemens Romanus I object to tak ing as testimony a man of whom BO little is really known This Christian Father is supposed to have been made Bishop of Rome either in A D 67 or A D 91 and of his writings history There is but one ancient MS in existence and his first Epistle only is held to be genuine Measureless are the forgeries which tian piety and conscientiousness has for ages put upon the world under his name He is believed to have been Bishop of in the latter part of the first and the beginning of the ond century and is believed to Rather indefinite is it not? He suffered martyrdom A D 107 J II D History aays The year of his death is among the ties of chronology The Epistles of Ignatius are admitted by all parties to have been most extensively altered but such as they are they afford no roony to any one of the essential facts oi the Christian story They were not published till 1495 so there was plenty of time in which to fix them up and of Christian zealots who would a merit of so doing was rather sensible as he thought faith was only fit for the rabble he therefore could not have had faith in the he is not testimony is supposed to be a myth and like many other ancient creations his story is full of marvels and among is the incident of a dove flying out of his body when his breast was pierced If much of the present New Testament was produced fiom the writings of these Apostolic fathers it was from texts forged upon them by subsequent writers as there is very little if anything is supposed to refer to Christ or Christianity At least this is the opinion of ancient scholars and critics You ask which historian I would prefer to have as a writer of my Atheist or a While believing that there are honest conscientious Christians who would try to do the subject full tice I should prefer an Atheist because he would from a similarity of opinions be better prepared to judge of motives and their results as concerning outward acts and he would write from a more If Josephus was as correct a historian as he is supposed to be he certainly could never have heard of Christ and his deeds his healing the sick raising the dead feeding the multitude nor of the great convulsions of Nature during the crucifixion Had all these things really occurred he would have made mention of them even though it had been but to deny the truth of their occurrence Spiritualism is a comparatively new religion but should a historian of to day attempt to write up the principal events of the lust fifty years he would make a lamentable failure should he make no mention of the marvels said to have taken place among its believers Paine was mentioned in histories lic reports during his vast rian labors for the freedom and equality and of he was quietly by or if he was mentioned at all with ingratitude But as he never pretended to be God's son or to work miracles it doesn't ter whether there is proof of his existence or his resurrection Paul may have said all thou quotes him as saying and may have thought in his crazy fanaticism that he heard saw and experienced wonders but are his fancies and to stand as proof where miracles are to he substantiated Not to me are these things and why believe Christ rose from the dead any more than the thousands of materialized spirits of the day are real resurrections Are there not millions now living who will give all manner of testimony to the truth of returned doubt them their truth but their ment Now if Christ ever was and was I want better testimony than Paul the Christian fathers or an old Jew The I never saw the substance turn Trilobite Nor have I seen gods male Trilobites out of have I any proof they were ever made as special individuals I do not claim that Darwin is always right in his conclusions I believed in Evolution long before I ever heard of Darwin 1 I got the idea from my botany where I saw the great chain of links connecting the whole sciences into one I saw the development of the seed into the fect flower by constant interchanging steps A tree is only a developed bud branches are but extended buds leaves are but flattened out branches a flower is but a transformed branch having the leaves crowded together by the mere de- velopment of the axis Who is Colenso who says it would give eighty-eight children by each mother or if the first-born were females the males were not counted four children to each is If figures will not lie how is it that they two reach such different re- Fifty rods Well I want a preacher nearer than that if I expect to hear much that he Colenso says the Israelites had 000 sheep and oxen and that they nearly a year before Sinai where there was no food for cattle and the derness in they sojourned for nearly forty years is now and was then a desert But in all this debate thus far I fail to Gad one proof one trace of the steps of God Christ or Please do give us one good practical common sense test or proof of the existence of this God whose being thee so boldly serts DRAKE SLENKER WONDERFUL TELEGRAPHING The New Company that Proposes to Send Business Letters for 10 cents The American Rapid Telegraph Com- pany is the name of a company ed in New Yoik last month The prise has been kept a secret so far but promises the most uncommon paper The company seems to have tested numerous novel patents The principal invention upon which it bases its claim to existence ia a sort of improved automatic transmitting machine which it is asserted is capable of being worked at the rate of 1000 words per times faster than the Morse in- now in 500 to 1000 mile circuits The entire is worked by a erank No skill is necessary and the speed that can be attained is only limited by the ability of the receiver to register the dots and dashes of the Morse bet distinctly The message after being received has to be translated and printed in Roman characters That will be done by girls on machines at about twice the speed of ordinary writing The company proposes to have but one rate for ordinary messages this side of the Rocky mountains 25 cents for 30 words and 1 cent per word additional Press messages will be sent at the rate of 10 cents per 100 words Arrangements are being made with the De- by which the company will issue stamps similar to postage stamps ness men can then enclose a letter of fifty words in an envelope put on a 25 cent stamp and drop it into any box in a city The will make collections every half-hour and at once deliver such letters to the telegraph com pany The company confidently expect within three years to telegraph ordinary business letters to and from all points of the try for ten cents Press bureaus are to be established in the principal cities The first line will be built from Boston to the city of Washington via New York and Philadelphia and the second from New York to Chicago via Buffalo Three wires only will be strung The company expect to have both lines completed and working by January 1 1880 Thesystem will thereafter be extended in all A Lazy Convict A Columbus correspondent of the land Plain Dealer At the Penitentiary this morning R D Huntington a three-year man from Ashland Ashland county cut off three fingers of his left hand to escape work Huntington is a convict of more than or dinary intelligence and thought that the work was entirely too difficult for him He is employed in Patton's hollow ware shop and it was there that he mutilated his hand His mode of disfiguring self showed the man to be the possessor of unquestionable courage Laying his left hand on a block and with a hatchet in his right he began operations The first blow took off about half an inch from the three last fingers Again he struck hewing off some more Still thinking that he had not taken off enough he slashed away again At this juncture the guard saw what Huntington was doing and wrenched the hatchet from the hands of the desperate man He was removed to the prison hospital where Dr Allen dressed the mangled hand Warden Dyer when he heard of the matter dered Huntington to be taken back to shop as soon as his hand was bound up and given something at which he could work with one hand The War den says that he is determined to this growing practice of convicts themselves A WIFE'S Harold Harkward was one of those beefy hard-headed squires whose ways are the dispair of wives who have a sentimental turn He had bluff and rather noisy manners he could not give a kiss without making it smack his talk was about agricultural produce and the breeding of horses cattle and pigs and as for jokes the broadest suited him best Not the kind of man this who have enjoyed himself for the ing at an Italian opera or who could have made the time pass in wet weather by reading a book He liked neither music nor novels he had no eye for a picture no ear for a sonnet when time hung heavy on his hands he retired to his study to a few pipes yawned lustily and then dropped to sleep in his arm chair During sleep he snored like an clede These goings on displeased Mrs ward whose Christian name was Jane but who called herself Belinda because she considered that appellation more tuneful She had been a governess and Harald Harkwood had married her strongly against the wishes of her relatives not so much because he liked her as because she had succeeded in making him believe that he had compromised her reputation His marriage was in fact a rous business though it had been without any fuss in mere dis- charge of whai Harold considered his duty as a man He was a country gentleman of excellent family and mightily respected in this county His mesalliance did him some harm with the county ladies but ho had the cy never to inform his wife by word or sign the unpleasantness he endured for her sake and indeed he treated her on all occasions with such affectionate humored regard that one would have thought he he made a marriage of nation A sensible woman have esteemed herself very happy to be the ab- solute mistress of Harkward Hall and would have loved Harold for his many fine qualities chief of which was his fect trustworthiness He would no moro tell a lie than he would have coined a bad sovereign In all his dealings great or small he eschewed roundabout methods and made straight for his point in a di- rect line Such men deserve respect and prudent people are wary of offending them But it pleased the sentimental Belinda to bewail her fate in being mated to a clown like the one described in Locksley Hall She often quoted scraps of this favorite ballad for her husband's tion and was not chary of remarking that that the of nature would have sufficient weight to drag her down if she did not see it Perhaps though the deepest cause of Belinda's ness lay In the fact that she was not ty so that nobody made love to her If she could have consoled herself for mari- tal grossness by flirting with a number of young squires a lord or two and some curates existence would not have seemed to her the bleak and thing which she professed to think it But considering that not a soul had ever rhymed an ode to her gray eyes nor squeezed her fingers during a quadrille nor inserted billets-doux into her muff Belinda was reduced to sighing over the decline of gallantry and she took as her confident in these outpourings Wr ker the local doctor who used to call at the hall every day and charged five lings for each visit For five shillings per diem a country will talk a great deal of poetry but it so happened that Mr Wheeker had really much romance in his tion He was a gray-headed shy little man of about forty so shy that he had never been able to face examining boards at the College of Physicians with proper composure and consequently had failed to obtain his M D degree He was not too well versed in physio but he knew enough to prescribe for the nervous dis- orders under which Belinda pretended to labor He refused to tell her husband was a highly delicate tion that needed as delicate handling as a flower He prescribed tonics for her dry champaigne trips to London and such like Harold assented to every thing ho proposed and used to him on the All right doctor My Bella's health is in your hands just order and I'll pay Naturally this allusion to ment shocked the sensitive nerves of Be- linda who had come to look upon the doctor as a being of kindred spirit with a soul above all things earthly Even when Mr Wheeker was invited to dinner and polished off viands and wines with the appetite of an epicure Belinda de lighted to remark how was his politeness and how he always found time between two mouthfuls to ply her with some pretty compliment All this made Harold Harkward laugh but there came a time when he grew rather impatient at hearing Mr Wheeker continually held up to him as an example You seem mighty fond of this Saw he with a shrug one evening at dinner He seems a poorish chap too I met him to-day in the road battling with his blue nose against a gale of wind that looked as if it were going to blow him away That's just like you to turn a weakness of body into sighed Belinda You seem to measure a man's merit according to ths number of stones he weighs My dear I only said that I saw ing very remarkable in Wheeker If you could comprehend his intellect you might soon recognize its superiority to your own That's likely enough we can't all be doctors you know You could at least be a gentleman in manners All right Bella don't let us quarrel old girl just take another glass of said Harold having crossed the room with a decanter he deposited one of his loud sounding kisses on his cheek I have a very ing of lated Bella submitting to the osculation and then she hei glass with a Harold that she was by his sneers at the bat her husband pleasure which silly minds ence in giving pain to those about them Gradually however a new sensation took place in Belinda's bosom and she began to fancy that Harold was jealous of the doctor This absurd notion pleased her vanity wondrous well Was she then after all going to have a little romance in her life? Could it be that by making Harold jealous she might fillip his gies and convert him into something ter than the plodding self-satisfied ture who looked upon wifely affection and devotion as no more than his Be- linda had read in some novels that bands are much improved by the ery that other men are making love to their wives Now as above said no one had ever made love to her and this was humiliating When Belinda's foolish brain had once caught fire at the notion that the might introduce a little tic excitement into her existence she proceeded to do her utmost to develop the jealousy she believed was con- suming Harold She took to whispering mysteriously to Mr Wheeker in her presence she exchanged meaning smiles with him and now and then when he spoke to her casting her eyes on the carpet modestly The ished doctor did not know what to make of this but Harkward was so accustomed to Belinda's eccentricities that he appeared to take no notice of what went under his eyes he showed that he disliked the doctor but he made no reproaches to his wife This was too much for endurance men are complex beings who when their vanity was in question will do the most startling things without reck of quences Not to be baulked of her ro- mantic projects Belinda decided that it would be a fine stroke if she were to send Harold an anonymous letter bidding him beware of the wolf in sheep's ing who had entered his fold She cordingly wrote a letter iu a disguised hand and dropped it into the village box For several hours after this brilliant performance there is no denying that her heart fluttered and fear for her husband's action waa largely mixed with curiosity as to what he would do But she did not know Harold's character A little ed at first to find that people were mak ing free with his wife's name he soon dismissed the idea as a piece of and having flucg the letter into the fire made not the slightest allusion to it On the contrary he evinced rather more gayety than usual and was ed to be smiling at times as he scanned Mr just as if lie were relishing a little joke Then Belinda felt outraged It seemed to her that Harold doubted her power of winning any homage and she surveyed Mr Wheeker with a eye as though to note whether he were indeed a man whom it would be absurd to connect with episodes He was certainly not good-looking His face was weazen and he had a trick of rubbing his skinny hands together as if he were cold But then he dressed well bowed well and talked with a finikin grace liar to who lovo thought Belinda Mr Wheeker has nothing in him to excite and full of rage she dispatched a second letter then a third at a few days interval then a fourth As none of these epistles produced any effect on Harold's extremely thick moral cuticle Belinda who was by this time beside self posted a fifth letter much more wild and explicit than any of the others This time the shaft went home for Harold though he did not show it had begun to grow uneasy It so chanced that he in a bad per owing to some tiff with one of his and on receiving it he strode off with it to his wife's boudoir to ask for ex- Mr Wheeker was in the room and in the act of taking leave of Belinda to whom as he bowed he handed a letter she furtively slipped into her pocket There was no need for this furtiveness seeing that the letter only contained the doctor's quarterly but it tallied with Belinda's little game to keep up the pretence of mysteriousness Look here said Harold when the doctor had gone out Just read and he handed her the letter Belinda quaked a little for Harold looked flushed but she perused the sive with a queenly air and arching her eyebrows asked provokingly Well what of this letter Are you going to accuse me on the denunciation of an at said Harold but must be careful what you do in a place where such scandal as this can be written What was the note which the doctor handed I don't think 1 am bound to tell you? I think you are Bella Then I said Belinda ting a hand on her pocket and retreating as if she feared assault Is that your final Harold had become ominously calm Certainly it replied Mrs ward though the words almost choked her All right my dear but you'll repent said Harold and he strode from the room Belinda thought he had gone off to tweak Mr and her heart smote her for this positive mischief But she saw and heard nothing more of the affair till evening when her maid brought her this letter from her husband who had hastily left for Mr DEAR I married you I make you happy as it seems I have failed I will rid you of my company for a year or two by going a tour round the world Arrangements will be made for your maintenance while I am away and on my return I hope we shall understand each other better than we hive done of late Your affectionate HAROLD Two later this lamentable appeared in the Times agony II to joui wife anil all will be explained She will und I want on the main and dollars on the said a of in arc TeU good mfl caused the 1 i at Newport TRAMPS Speech of Hon J C Fislier Delivered ia the Ohio Senate March The Senate having under consideration Senate No 225 by Mr Jackson of Perry to define and punish vagrancy Mr Fisher of MR I offer the following substitute for the now before the i SEC 1 Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio That any person not being in the place in which he usually lives or has his home and who is found going about from place to place begging and asking subsistence by ity shall be taken and deemed to be a tramp and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment in the not less than one nor more than three years SEC 2 That any tramp who shall en ter any dwelling house or shall enter the yard or enclosure about any dwelling house or shall kindle any fire on the highway or on the land of another out the consent of the owner or occupant thereof or shall be found carrying any firearms or other dangerous weapons or shall do or threaten to do any injury to any person or shall do or threaten to do any injury to tha real or personal estate or property of another shall upon con- viction thereof be imprisoned in the not less than three years nor more than five years SEO 3 This act shall not apply to any female or blind person or minor un- der the age of sixteen years SEC 4 This act shall tako effect and be in force from and after the first day of June 1879 This may bo regarded by some Senators on this floor a radical and somewhat harsh way of dealing with the evil which it seeks to remedy The substitute sition does not seek to simply regulate and curtail the tramp scourge but to an- it To do this measures that may seem harsh even unto cruelty must be applied The tramp nuisance is no longer a nuisance merely It has assumed such proportions as to be absolutely un- endurable It is a positive property to life and to the State itself The tramp has developed into a person that roams from town to town from State to State begging stealing robbing burning up property and assaulting women and Tramps have became practical ists They hold that the world owes them a living without work and they will have it at all risks They believe that all things should be owned in no man has a right to accumulate money and grow rich and if he does he must share out the good things he has acquired by his industry and economy among the indolent and profligate who belong to the grand army of tramps During the called labor riots in the summer of the tramp was the moving cause of the disturbance and did most of the mischief It was the professional tramp that set fire to the warehouses and bridges and ened destruction to life and property It is the tramp still that burns barns and haystacks robs and and very often resorts to lary and rape and murder in his lawless career The tramp is now as distinct a nomad as the gipsy without the gipsy's good qualities or industry The tramp scorns tents or cooking utensils moves without hoises and feeds without labor They now move in concert with a language all their own and consider the outskirts oi cities and separate farm houses legitimate prey So long as they confined their de- mands for food or old they were fairly treated and rarely but this will now be restricted in view of the many crimes attempted by this class ever the wives and daughters of our ple are to be subject to the insults oi these wretches the time has arrived for summary and severe punishment We have daily to record instances of women outraged whose cries for help are un heard and the perpetrators go ished The conduct and vile outrages of these vagabonds are becoming so glaring and frequent that summary justice will be upon them and the shotgun policy will gradually grow into more general use It is becoming a serious error if not a crime to favor and feed tramps any longer It is not many years since it was teemed a privilege for a liberal farmer or industrious citizen to assist a poor man on his journey who might stop at his home for rest and refreshment Then it was that the poor wayfarer was an object of sympathy and truly an unfortunate fellow creature He presented his plea ly and graciously and scarcely ever did it fall upon unwilling ears Charity given to such an one was not bestowed m vain If able to perform manual labor he never asked for bread without tendering its equivalent in work If not strong enough to woik lie received with many thanks It was a pleasure oftentimes for the comfortable to give the best in homes to the poor unfortunate who had neither money home nor friends ple who lived in the rural districts or in farm houses never felt fear from this class But this is so no longer Neither is it fair to say that the modern tramp is the outgrowth of this class of nate humanity But wherever the ern tramp may have come from he is here and he is as unlike the beggars oi earlier years as he is lazy treacherous and deceitful A gentleman who had spent several years in the military service of the Gov on our western border gave it as hw opinion that the only good In- dians are those who stand before cigar stores or are dead beyond the possibility of a resurrection This remark will ply with almost equal truth to the modern tramps Professor Waylaud of Yale College in an address delivered before a Social ence Convention held at Saratoga a few months ago photographed the tramp in language forcible but unexaggerated He describes the tramp as a lazy shiftless sauntering or incorrigible cowardly ut telly and stated danger he is to in pay ing that being devoid of conscience he knowb no validations of crime and com- mits a or a petty theft with indifference The character of the tramp is to tm COUNTY OFFICERS JAMES PATRICK JK Common Pleas Judge JACOB ClerK ALEX H Judge J H Attorney JOSEPH S JOHN A WYSS Recorder DANIEL KHUN JOHN H Commissioners B OLIVER H GBO W BOWERS New Coroner ALEXANDER BROWN JACOB Infirmary Directors PHILIP Terms Court DISTRICT 1st COM PLEAS May 19 8 OHIO DEMOCRAT has a larger circulation than any other in County creasing in numbers and violence every and not one offender out of twenty is punished Tramps are continually on the move and escape from local iion The only way to deal with the evil is to lay the axe to the root of the tree and not to simply lop off the limbs It is truly said in the thoughtful essay to which we refer that honest men deprived of work are sometimes obliged to seek it where they can but statistics show that vast majority of these wanderers are impostors They travel to avoid ment not to find it and blend the bully and the beggar in their trade Dr Holland in an article on this sub- ect printed in Scribner's Monthly for December observes that the accidents of life sometimes cast a man or woman high and dry upon the sands of a less poverty but pauperism comes through a lack of the prudential virtues It is not always that a pauper wastes his revenue in drink or other immortalities but somewhere in his career forty-nine times in fifty it will be found that he has been extravagant that he has not cised self-denial under temptation that bo has lived up to or beyond his means or has ventured upon risks that the est grada of business prudence would con- demn Now who is to bear the penalty of these sins and How are they to be prevented in future if those who commit them regardless of quences are to be coddled and taken care of by those who have denied themselves and laid up a little Certain with mawkish sentimentality try to make us believe that the special business of a thrifty man is not in any way to enjoy the fruit of his prudence and en- but to shield the shiftless people around him from the results of their own imprudence and improvidence It was Thomas Carlyle who tersely anc truthfully Let wastefulness ness improvidence take the fate which God has appointed them that their op- may also have a chance for their fate It is clear that the system of genera giving of food and to these ple is only putting a premium on beggary and lawlessness It is equally clear thai local legislation by town and city councils cannot abate the nuisance It may do so for the particular town or city but it only renders the case of the country people worse by driving all the tramps out among them and placing them at the mercy this roaming lawless band of marauders It is true that if the people generally would refuse to feed tramps their houses and kitchen doors will soon be rid them But the people ara terrorize into acceding to their demands for and shelter It is a struggle for many honest people to live and meet tions after constant labor day after day and yaar after year and there is no law moral or physical which requires th throwing away of substance on a class people who refuse to work and hav pledged themselves to perpetual idleness They ought to be forced to work or forced out of the country The name o tramp has lost its novelty and is no longer spoken but with fear and con- tempt The industrious are not required to support this vast army in idleness and dissipation During the last year there were rural districts in some portions of the State where the became so threatening to life and property that committees were formed to hold it in check and if the law making power of the State does not devise some more ad- equate remedy the near future will ness a general move for the formation of vigilance committees to afford better for isolated neighborhoods and to secura the summary arrest and severe punishment of these lazy outcasts ever they attempt or threaten violence In nearly every issue of the daily are recorded the most revolting crimes the most glaring deeds of murder and outrage and the wanton destruction of property directly traced to the evil propensities and passions of this class Unless a man makes up his mind to do or dare anything to fight rob or murder if occasion shall seem to it he is not a good tramp and has no business in the tramp tion The few worthy poor who really beg for a living have been driven off the track and the desperate fellows have session of the course The character of these Ishmaelites of idleness and vice being ascertained it is clearly the duty of the General Assembly if possible to rid the commonwealth of this pestilential devise a remedy certain swift and positive Tho only remedy for the is to utterly and forever and this I believe can be done What I greatly desire and which I think is a duty wo owe our constituents is to prevent tramping and beggary be- coming a permanent institution in this country as it is in England Such a thing will justify radical measures against the professional tramp It is for the own good and the welfare of society that he should be compelled to work for his food clothing and shelter even when it is conferred in charity This is the fundamental idea on which all laws to meet the end should be based One thing is certain unless some effective means are adopted to stop the growth of this species of vagabondage the country will be cursed with a race of beggars bringing up children to lives of beggary The in- fluence upon society of such a class of alone anywhere in the woods or fields A population gradually increasing in law last winter by her State bers and becoming fixed in characteristics j containing the previsions of this cannot be otherwise than baneful Aside substitute effected all this change every wandering vagabond clear of year In England the strolling vagabonds beggars and tramps are banded together in a secret organization for mutual aid and protection in their warfare on society and industry They have a slang well understood signs of and a system of hieroglyphics which they mark on fences walls and door steps which convey information as to the liberality or crustiness of residents whether the police of the locality arc active the dogs dangerous and other curious knowledge of value to the tramps The tramps also have charts of successful begging districts with hints as to the policy to be pursued in making application at different houses This organization and of tion has been the work of generations of tramps for the vocation of begging de- from parents to The young are trained to it and follow it as a matter of right which society has no power to question Beggary is recognized as a legitimate vocation at least by the thousands who adopt it as their life suit and in time transmit it to their dren Tramping is only of recent growth in the United States but it flourishing under pressure and excuse of hard times in a remarkable way The tramp is becoming a fixed and tled class of American society ing has become business and thousands are permanently engaged in it for The lazy vicious and indolent easily find some excuse for adopting this vagabond life and it has charms for the rude and vulgar that tempt great numbers to don every thought of an industrious or useful career The New York Herald insists that even in the short time that the highway as he calls himself has become a recognized American he has worked out the system of organization practiced by his fellow bond in England The American tramp like the British nuisance is a member of a Union with grades and laws and signs definitely prescribed and obeyed He is aided in his thefts and crimes screened from justice when pursued rescued from punishment by violence or perjury with a devotion not surpassed by the oath bound Molly Maguires They have seasons of coming and going appearance and They have districted the States and tions of country in which they travel as accurately as the Internal Revenue reau or the collectors of taxes They have signs and signals which are so much Hebrew to those not belonging to their guild but perfectly intelligible to one an- other Mysterious chalk and charcoal marks on fences doorposts and roads tell whom and what to avoid where the shot gun gives a warm reception or some soft-hearted dupes may be found The that there are at least meu following this vagabond life in the Eastern aud Middle States The evil is increasing aud it can hardly be estimated if allowed to go on un- checked Laborers and mechanics out of work become tainted with a love of this idle nomadic sort of life and in time graduate into first class Broad and radical measures should be adopted for the suppression of this evil should be stamped out ever a vagabond is found he should be put to hard work and kept at it for a long term If all the States would treat them in that manner the worthless nomads would soon find it more agreeable as well as more profitable to cultivate some pation outside of workhouses and All able-bodied men found begging should be considered vagrants and vagrancy should be made a crime But it is useless to attempt to remedy the evil by fines and jail incarcerations It is no use to put them in the to be a public expense without any tion Many of them covet that Nor is it any more to the purpose to tay it will cost the public too much in the way of taxes for improvements to keep them at work The truth is they must be fed and clothed and that by the public The only question whether the public shall receive some compensation for that food and clothing or not The legislation that I propose in this would in my judgment rid Ohio of tramps within ty days or would put them in a situation where they must render some equivalent for their food and shelter There is no other authority but the State which has the strength and the means to act in this matter Cities and towns acting in their re- spective capacities have endeavored to deal with this community scourge bu with varying success Where it alleviated in one section only seemed to aggravate it in another Communicating a disease to a neighbor is not a desirable cure even though it does relieve one sufferer Each year in the various legislation more or less repressive enacted for the purpose of getting rid of this undesirable and migratory population Of the enacted to put an end to none has proved effective as the tramp law of the main provisions oi which arc embodied in the substitute which I sent to the Clerk's desk It has wrought entire relief in that State 1 am informed that there is not a tramp at present in the State of New Hampshire A little more thai a ycar ago the State was with them so that it was not safe for a woman to go from the direct loss by theft and arson and by the withdrawal of such an army from the productive labor of the com- munity this country can ill afford to erate a distinct class of thieving beggars that State Tramping as a profession has ceased in New Hampshire and if this kind of a law was enacted in every State tramping would be at an end in this like the Copts of Egypt or the Lazzaroni j Every town would then be obliged of Italy It would seem to than ito its own poor and its own folly to allow the benefits of public scoundrels as it should do cation and restraints of penal law to be The only effective way that has been virtually lost to the State by this practical discovered of dealing with the tramp is of idleness vice and crime to or s gnon him ted by the race of tramps under the di- 1 region oi armed li he will not J Ncy no lunger doening un- the labsr otherwise No woik employed men anxious ior woik but only f di him from a or a the dissolute and dishonest Work or L the lazy to md too cowardly tramp but and and out- Burdette of iu
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