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Kingsport Times (Newspaper) - August 27, 1934, Kingsport, Tennessee THE TENNESSEE AUGUST 1934 r KINGSPORT TENNESSEE New Room Office 140 Published on Sunday morning each after- noon during the week except Saturday by The Company Inc JL Market Entered at the post office at Kingsport Tenn M second-class mail matter MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS 1 The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this japer and also the local news published herein v All rights of republication of special dispatches nre also reserved Without or with or foei i I ketch your world exactly -a it 1 ENGLAND PUT ON THE SPOT The government of South Africa de- to pay the full balance of its war indebtedness to Great Britain amounting to approximately South rica had already made partial payments the debt but the decision to pay up in full probably came as something of a prise to London As a matter of fact the announced de- of South Africa to pay in full no brings mingled feelings to the British government not the least of which will be a feeling of embarrassment England has proved herself a bad debtor by defaulting on her debt to the United States is showing herself a very able collector ever by being able to collect in full her loan made to the government of South Africa j In short the government of Great Britain is going to have to do a lot of reconciling in order to save her own face Will she accept the of this loan or will she reject To reject the payment of which is honestly owed to her would look Hike the ultimate in folly The loan was made in good faith and the debtor is ing it back in good faith without question without On the other hand Great Britain has with the other bad credit risks of in repudiating her debt to the States which was also a debt en- tered into in good faith and which she is as much morally obligated to pay as Africa was to pay her England has committed herself to the of a general suspension of inter- payments If she accepts this from South Africa she will definitely show that the stand which she has taken is u sham and a hypocrisy unless she herself ahead with payments to America If really as a matter of principle that no more debts contracted during the World War should be paid then she cannot accept this ment under any condition Then here is another feature of the ter England casting about as did the other European debtors for some plausible excuse to avoid payment of her honest debt to the United States dug out the excuse of poverty She was not able to pay the debt some of her governments officials said Very well then let her at least turn over to the United States the from South Africa if she accepts the payment At least she will be unable to say that she cannot afford to do this Of course our honest opinion about the matter and the honest opinion of perhaps 99 per cent of the American people has been that the European debtors purely and simply wish to beat the United States out of the billions of the war loan so unwisely extended by this country This means that they wish to beat the American taxpayers out of this amount for in the the loan must be paid by the American taxpayers It is the old skin old as the principles of money as a means of ex- change and credit as a method of doing business But England at least will be put on the spot by this blunt offer of South Africa to pay her in honesty that is ing in this age of defaulting nations land must now do one of two She must liand back in good cold cash which rightfully belongs to her or must openly confess to the world that her policy in regard to the debts is a policy of sham hypocrisy and deceit Which will she organization It was wirelessed from ocean to from the Canadian border to the Gulf of Mexico and the assumption is that some opulent Republican paid the radio folk's for den has no money to speak of Anyway same Louis T McFadden is the identical McFadden who when President Hoover proclaimed his war debt moratorium in 1931 declared on the floor of the house of that the Californian had sold us out to Europe who subsequently made repeated attempts Nto have articles of impeachment voted against tlie then White House tenant who upon virtually was read out of his party whose committee posts were taken away from him by his fellow Republicans in the lower congressional chamber whose selections for federal ments in his district were turned down with ostentatious regularity who was ostracized by Republicans and referred to as crazy who was fought by the Republican national machine when hs came up for re-election in 1932 Oh How the G 0 P management at that particular juncture did hate Louis T McFadden At that it was only a culmination of its hatred of him McFadden a representative of two decades of service had gradually been working himself up by seniority rise after seniority rise to the manship of the powerful banking and currency committee Finally he gravitated into it Im- mediately he took the warpath all the financial abuses of which we have been hearing so much under the present administration man Fletcher of the senate committee on ing and currency Ferdinand Pecora and a few others have won most of the credit for the actual exposure but McFadden already had provided them with the bulk of their ammunition In the meantime however the infuriated had been doing their level best to wreck McFadden They succeeded along business lines That is to say They cleaned as he once told me describing his commercial status But there was one thing they couldn't do they couldn't beat him for re-election Through thick and thin his congressional district supported him though his conservative opposition even threw its weight in favor of the Mrs ford Pinchot in its 1932 effort to defeat him WORLD WASHINGTON SEEN AT A GLANCE By CHARLES P STEWART Staff Writer WASHINGTON D Louis T McFadden of Pennsylvania who recently made the moot effective Republican speech of this year's political campaign and who made it under the G 0 P national congressional committee's with the strongest indorsement of the TO THE FACT By LESLIE EICHEL Central Press Staff Writer NEW brutality finally has red New Mayor Fiorella H La has decided to try to put a stop to it The riding of police rough shod into groups of strike pickets in many parts of the country coupled with unwarranted and illegal arrests and imprisonment are seen as leading to violence and actual revolt rather than to peace and legal methods In the history of revolutions is interwoven the brutality of police as the climax When workers learn they are only with force then revolt is born In Russia a charge of mounted police into groups of protesting workers was the spark that i started the revolution Within a few moments police themselves joined the workers They were brothers Human nature is made up of such queer components that the paradox is BRUTALITY IN NEW YORK j Police brutality in New York is succinctly de- scribed by the newspapers In Germany in Austria in Italy in Russia do not dare to print stories of police brutality the New York With Chief Valentine in ance Mayor La at City Hall yesterday informed Salvatore Ninfo head of the knit goods workers strike that he will not tolerate police brutality in their dealings with pickets The mayor added that he considered the ing of pickets at 250 Moore street Brooklyn un- warranted Ordering Inspector Valentine to file specific charges against individual officers one of whom was alleged to have used abusive guage in addressing three girl strikers the or L fail to find justification for the attacks by police 1 am basing these remarks on a re- port made by police officers who investigated the complaints of strikers There was no tion of law If police go out of their to enter into combat with peaceful pickets they are entirely overstepping their police duties Let the New York Daily News describe the hearing Most of the pickets some of whom were so badly hurt they had to be carried into the room were and fined or given the native of a day in jail merely because they were pickets And the magistrate who threw them into jail because they hadn't the So announced he would continue pickets into jail The News describes the scene at the Five hundred of them they said were peacefully patrolling in front of the plant when police radio and patrol cars swooped down Without warning they said the police swarmed out of the flailing with their blackjacks and striking down men and women alike DIPHTHERIA ONCE IS NOW CONQUERED BY DOCTORS I By LOGAN CLENDENING an enemy of IF YOUR CHILD were entering school in September the j chances would have been about 1 to 10 that he would con- t a c t diphtheria year before the was over nant deadly enemy which had taken its toll of human life since the dawn of time and down to less than fifty years ago was still as terrifying and more terrifying and powerful than Once contract J Nor was this any happenstance ed in 1890 the or the ebb and chances o u Id have been about even that the ness would have flow that certain diseases have through the years We know that such things happen For instance in the case of influenza we know resulted in the the disease mysteriously dis- Dr child's death From 1888 to 189.4 the death rate in the ton City hospital was otice below 40 per cent and in 1892 if rose to nearly 50 per cent This year even if you take no precautions the chances of your child catching diphtheria is less than one in two hundred And even if is con- provided antitoxin is appears and will not be heard of for ten twenty or even forty and then suddenly and quite as mysteriously as it went it will come again and engulf the entire population of the world But diphtheria was never like that We know of it as long ago as the Babylonian Talmud ing the first century in the ings of and continuously ever since in every it every year No the conquest of it was de- en on the first day the chances liberate And its beginning is ore 400 to 1 that the child sharply in the year 1895 when recover The mortality reported i was generally introduced by the health department of into practice cago shows that patients injected with antitoxin on the first day In a typical city Milwaukee the mortality in was have a mortality of 0.27 per population In of 1 per Has anything more wonderful this ever in our modern What of any other group of men equals this of the medical profession practically to wipe out 1931 it was 2 per same ber of people And to show how sharp the point of the beginning of the fall was in 1895 the year one year after the mortality was 116 it was less than half of RICHBERG PRAISES INTERNATIONALE IS ANSWER THESE and YOUR QUESTIONS ANSWERED You can get an to any answerable question of fact or information to Frederick M Kir Question The Kingsport Times Bureau York Avenue Washing stamps for and legal advice cannot be nor can extended research be made All will receive a personal reply Unsigned re- quests cannot fct All letters are confidential You are cordially make use of this free service as often as you please Q Who Franklin D Roosevelt at the 1932 Democratic A John E A Milton C Work Q AVo persons receive wedding announcements obligates to send What an eclipse of the A The occasional casting the shadow on the when the earth is between the and the sun Q What is the correct way to Gbr Excellency Herman Goring The Prime Minister Berlin Germany Q What is the stretch-out A and factories when operators are required to increase their production within }a given period of time the term lout is employed Q What is the origin and of the feminine name meaning A It is from the Latin ling ninth j Q Which is heavier or wa- A Volume for volume s heavier Q Who played the role of the daughter in the motion picture Wine Women and A Marjorie Q Is Bedford still ing in motion A She remarried on October 1930 her divorced husband I Albert Roscoe she be- came famous in The Last of the She now occasionally EDITORIAL COMMENT OF OTHER NEWSPAPERS takes minor roles Q What famous A No Q Where is the longest tunnel the United A The Shandaken Tunnel part of the Catskill water supply is 18.1 miles long Q Who commanded the You should be able to answer at least seven of the following ten questions Turn to page 9 for the answers aner you have fried the test 1 In the Book of Genesis what is the name of the first man? 2 Of which country is chewan 3 What is 4 Which nation owns Rio 5 Who was Nikolai was Name the second President of the United 8 Who was Francis Marion 9 Name oldest the fraternities 10 What famous defense in the World War was commanded by General TODAY'S COMMON ERROR Never say He is an able The correct word is competent ible Los Angeles when it was sul in Panama A Karl de G MacVitty Q Arc limes grown in North to the U S from and South many where it was A The lime trees are A Dr Hugo Eckner was the ed extensively throughout tbe J n The dirigible has been decommissioned and is now stored in hurst N the J hangar at Q What is the color of James Red Q is the Yellow A It is an arm of the Pacific Between China on the west on the north and Korea Chosen on the Q What is the address of Mr and Mrs Charles A A Englewood New Jersey Q What does the place name Niagara A It is an name meaning Iroquois Indian at the neck or across the neck Q Where can a copy of the new bankruptcy law be A From the Superintendent of Documents Government Printing Office Washington D C: The price is five cents West Indies especially in ica Montserrat and Jamaica and to sonic extent on the Florida Keys and mainland but only in the extreme south CHICAGO TEACHERS GET PAY FOR 1933 26 Million Dollars Will Be Paid Made By Grant Is cage's school teachers could scarcely believe it but today was pay day Joining the teachers and other school employes in rejoicing were most of the city's business men for it was esti mated that 000 would TVA DEVELOPMENT Worthy Contribution T o South Increases ment Betters Conditions i WASHINGTON Aug 27 A distinct contribution by the Valley Authority to the recovery program was claimed today in a report to President Roosevelt on the first year and a half of his new deal The report prepared by Donald R Richberg executive secretary of the Tennessee Valley while engaged in the con- struction of public works is ing a contribution to the of industrial unemployment not only through employment of but also through its for ment of living ditions throughout valley Morgan Credited N Arthur E Morgan authority chairman was given as authority of a statement expansion of the TVA construction gram consisting of tion and reduction of soil go forward as there is a determination as to the allotment of the remainder of the amount assigned by the director of the budget to the In a message to Congress last spring President Roosevelt on the new works for the TVA but it was understood here that thus -far only 000 has been marie available No official has explained Effect of the TVA upon eco- nomic recovery in the river basin Richborg said will be more clearly evident the program develops and increases industrial j opportunities throughout the ley particularly through making available cheap electric power Accomplishments The report listed these other i accomplishments for the 1 The Tennessee Valley Cooperatives with 000 advanced by the Federal Re- lief Administration has launched nine cooperatives which already have members Fruit berry and vegetable canning seed potato cultivation flour grinding I dairying woodworking and craft textiles are the leading 2 Employment provided RED RESPONSIBLE Intrigues Against Japan Is Blamed for Train Wrecks On Chinese Eastern TOKYO Aug 27 ff The Japanese government charged day that the third internationale is responsible for fomenting from Moscow intrigues against Japan involving train wrecks in on the Chinese Eastern Railway This was the latest blast in the j conflict of propaganda Japan I and Manchukuo are waging with signs of the other's 1 ening in deadlocked negotiations i for Japan's purchase of the road from Russia i A foreign office spokesman said 30 Soviet employes of the arrested in Manchukuo will be tried in two sets on charges of train wreckings and intrigues against i Japan at the behest of the third Internationale: Some ot confessions showed of the Third Internationale according to ial information reaching he asserted A spokesman indicated the ar- totaled 72 according to latest newspaper might continue depending upon whether alleged confessions of those now held involved others ji Meanwhile the Tokyo foreign office learned that some high soviet officials of the C E R are packing their bags It was not known whether this was due to fears of drastic action by an and Manchukuo or if cow intends to change its in the hope of tering the situation Exchanges protests and threats between Tokyo and Moscow has reached the stage where each is merely holing others protests shooting back some form of ter blast without the usual diplo- matic niceties of formal and replies Q On what day in 1900 did the flow in business channels day of the Jewish month coming result of contract A Tuesday July 17 1 bridge authority died Q Who is the American con- INGLORIOUS Almost any sort of snake right now seems fit hero for a battle tale The latest of these slithy principals in a lic bout is reported from Baltimore where a ter snake and a diminutive spider at the time of the story's first telling had been for three days in a life and death battle in the cellar of the home of the man who made the matter public The case this time seems to ba one of ance with the snake enmeshed in the web of the spider and wearing its life away in its gle to get free while the spider busies itself repairing the broken web and balefully eyeing the helpless little reptile Victory seems certain for the spider but more or Journal We see by the of a new Hollywood film is laid in a soap factory The producers must be taking this movement for er pictures seriously YOUR MONEY AND THE BANKS Since the great banking crisis of 1.933 the Executive under various laws and executive and ve orders have completely revamped the banking structure he States Weak banks have been eliminated from the tem new and important means of safeguarding depositors have been adopted the Federal System has been strengthened the federal government has entered in important ways as a ner in the private banks If you wish to understand the present new of the U S and how it functions to seive and safeguard for our Washington Bureau s new letin THE NEW BANKING SYSTEM OF THE U S Fill out the coupon CLIP COUPON DepT 300 Washington Daily KINGSPORT TIMES 1322 New York D C I want a copy of the bulletin THE NEW BANKING TEM OF THE UNITED STATES and enclose herewith five cents in coin to cover return postage and handling j Name Street and State I ani a reader of The Kingsport Times of teachers pay day Made possible by an RFC loan worth of checks were ready today for pedagogs in ment for services of the chool year 1 Most of it will go to j with an estimate that as many i more have been given 3 The Norris and dams 30 per cent completed The town of Norris Tenh has been as a demonstration in low-cost housing to planning and electrification with 200 of the hours planned already com- Cations to plead for regular aries H A Kincaid chemistry er af Crane Technical high was waiting in front of the Sity State Bank Sunday night mined to be first at the pay dow though it wasn't scheduled to open until 10 a m today Mayor Edward J Kelly ned to the first check I reported ready to provide the j gradual employment of j more men at work of great i manent value as funds are made available DR E A HOGE Dentist Office Over Clinchfield Drug Store Phone 207 Triple MORGANTOWN W Va news of those Dionne quintuplets must have made F A cow she gave birth to triplets H t Henderson of the West Virginia University Dairy I Department said it was the first lease of bovine triplets in the state HITLER WANTS TO TAKE SAAR SECTOR Calls National Plebiscite Issue Now Under Control Of League E H R E N B R EITSTEIN many Aug 27 The Saar territory soon to participate momentous plebiscite had the word of Chancellor Hitler today that the whole German nation is behind you More than half a million sons jammed together here for a great of loyalty to the Saar and to give Hitler a tremendous oVation It is inevitable Hitler said that the Reich region would vote uary 13 to return to Germany in preference to remaining under the mandate of the League of tions or becoming part of- Prance He said this should improve the Franco-German relations The Saar is the greatest lem now separating France from he asserted We shall give up the conviction that the other side eventually wall view this problem as it is and that France will not deny her sistance in solving it Despite rumors that he fears assassination Hitler strolled un- concernedly the huge crowd before his speech greeting many friends J
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