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Kewaunee County Enterprize (Newspaper) - April 11, 1860, Kewaunee, Wisconsin GARLAND I WE LABOR FOR IMPROVEMENT A SOD HOME INDUSTRY PUBLISHES WISCONSIN APRIL 11 1860 NUMBER HE KEWAUNEE 3 D OAKLAND i il ol iho Publisher ihu OK AlJVKKTISlNCi i no nun insertion ill livi year inie 10.00 li ill column six in column months John H M will tu the nl und to in end Midland in town of ireen inly mile ill uf in: liny IJT Martin mid Will In in cither lliu French i1 in Win I IV Isl Judge of Office r nl mid Clerk of Die Court's Office ami Streets MM: 1 Sheriff's I County Treasurer's Office U K I Clerk oi the County Board i nt Mil Streets 10 Register's uf mid li PUBLIC lOllis D D Garland NOTARY PUBLIC nl Mini Streels C W Dikeman JU STICK Of I mid W S Finly OK illici1 on lOllis two ol 0 G Kouse OF PEACH mi Lynian Walker DISTRICT nl G W Elliot LAND COUNTY SURVEYOR M Simon NOTARY PUBLIC L Walker NOTARY PUBLIC J L M Parker NOTARY Levi Parsons Jr NOTARY PUBLIC L Wulker ATTORNEY COUNSELOR At Levi Parsons Jr PHYSICIAN SURGEON the The Culture of Fruit IS TWO Within the last twenty years a remarkable change hus taken place in the profits of which iias produced a corresponding change in the attention given to its As the from the production of fruit are greater in the neighborhood of cities where the demand is constant the cost of sending to market and the injury from transportation and where on these accounts the fruit can be readily furnished in its most perfect ripeness and able order it would seem that to persons so situated these circum- stances should induce to seek for the best methods of culture the best and most profitable to cultivate and the varieties of each kind following in succession from earliest to the latest ripening so as to extend season to its utmost and as the prices have increased from a more general use of fruits among all classes of the community and as the use de mand evidently continues to increase it reasonable grounds to be- lieve that it will not only continue to be profitable for a long lime lo come but that it will be ly so 1 propose in these to give some suggestions respecting the man of ards in Philadelphia and adjoining counties derived mainly from my own experience and observation The usage hitherto has bison to nit one of with apple trees on each plantation or small and to subject the whole the orchard to tlie usual rotation of farm crops y a year of each of Indian corn oats and wheat then from three to ive years in grasses which for the most of the time were timothy and Teen 1 believe that in re- I O quires only a careful and reasonable examination of this course to show that it is injurious to the growth and productiveness of tho trees ing the two years plowing is continued every root within depth reached by the plow must be cut off and the tree must be ported by the roots and rootlets in the subsoil having some ad vantage from the generally then applied and from the open state of soil and its frequent stirring by the plow and cultivator Then years generally three to in which the surface is covered by fibrous-rooted grasses the rodts closely matted near to requiring much of the moisture furnished by rain for their support and which evidently must result in the apple tree roots sending out rootlets towards the surface lo the necessary support and to battle wilh the grasses for a share of the advantage ol surface soil and through these means obtaining a considerable part of the support of the tree from the soil within the depth reached by the this support thus commenced after the last plowing must annually in- crease during the years that the plow is not used till the tree is principally from in the soil within reach ot tho plow when in the regular rotation it shall be brought into use And now the time has the lield is to be plowed to plant Indian corn for which plowing is and of the tree that are the and which have been a very important support of the tree are ruthlessly cut away leaving only he roots and rootlets in the less fertile subsoil for its tenance bus very largely ing its powers of growth and liou of fruit alternation of growth and tion with the unending struggle wilh the crops of grain and grass cati hardly fail to shorten the its growth and limit its ness and the dwarfish ly decay of trees so treated are sufficient is would the lect the ground having regard to tbe quantity that cim be annually manured without much affecting the other parts of the farm enclose with a good fence with the no hoof is to enter upon it for the next ten years ex- of the horses while en- gaged in its cultivation plow and putting it in good order as regards tilth and fertility plant thrifty trees two or three years from the graft from five to seven feet in height well branched mode of planting hereafter the distance between the trees may from twenty to thirty-three feet as extremes let the intervals between the trees be cultivated either the smaller fruits such as currants gooseberries or raspberries or if preferred by an intermediate row each way of peaches or quinces which will probably die out before they will much apple or if not they must be taken away But if it is not thought proper to plant the trees or bushes the spaces dian corn potatoes turnips or used as a market garden or truck patch till branches of the apple trees approach each other within six or eight feet immuring is necessary for these crops every year and not farming with wheat rye oats or grass the branches of the trees to commence at four feet from the ground thinning but not so that grown they shall not be too close In cultivating the intermediate the plow should not go er 16 trees than to the extreme ends of the branches plowing and crossing at these distances till ibe intermediate space by the of trees to eight feut or when plowing and should continuing nevertheless to keep up the ry annual or periodic dressing of ashes lime stable or other manures and then at least during the early part of fruit season it would be advantageous to put swine in a few of each to eat up the fruit that falls turly from being punctured by in- sects The trees should be trimmed an- promptly removing growing and unnecessary branches at one year's growth so that it would not time be necessary to cut off a limb of more one in advantages of planting thrifty small trees are that they fer little from transplanting require no which abrade the trees branch out nearer the ground so that the the tree shades the stem from of the sun which frequently the bark on long med especially those that from prevailing winds incline wardly In selecting suitable places for by iii discover that gerier ally each affect particular situations ence to others and therefore may suppose some situations better suited to than others notwithstanding its long climation arid but as upon many there is so little difference in soil and exposure as to afford little advantage of choice it is to do the best under existing circumstances Those places where the subsoil is but moderately of water best if the soil is kept fertile by manures while thoso wilh heavy clay subsoil very tive of moisture if of sufficient slope on tho surface to admit of draining may by that means be made fully equal if not superior the other Apple trees flourish belter other circumstances being equal upon lands recently cleared of the native growth of wood than upon those long under cultivation and generally hillsides or uneven surface upon level land It is believed by many that northern exposures are able to southern but where the trees are permitted to form low heads the sun and winds power I judge that the difference is trifling Montgomery Co A w CORSON Sheep Extract from Patent Office Re- ports Everywhere and anywhere sheep will live and thrive and with proper care pay more for the capital and labor employed other animal or other system of It is one of the most ful and economical modes which the of the farm to money There is no animal in which there is so little waste or so little loss For at least seven years of its life it will give an annual fleece to the of the carcass and the yearly increase will be nearly or quite equal to the cost of keeping giving as a general thing a profit of cent per cent Of all other animals the cow comes nearest to the sheep in profit it returns to the farmer if w for It will pay for itself each year by the milk it yields and defray also the cost of aver without fear of contradiction in truth that there is hardly a locality in the whole kind of farm mals can subsist that the sheep if properly attended to will not give a net pro lit on the investment of at least fifty per cent and that with the ordinary management of farms it will some twenty to forty per cent been given us vegetation POTATO this -is the season for planting potatoes next to having good it is important to know how plant Tlie lowing is Prof Plow field deep Next harrow Then make furrows six inches deep and about apart whole potatoes once in two feet and cover them with n plow about three inches of earth When the tops make their appearance pretty generally plow over them of If essary to hoe them after this do it but keep the ground level Six in- ches is about the right depth to plant potatoes but half the earth at a time better than at once i New the sprouts above potato but never under it hilling small potatoes A potato vine will yield potatoes to top if billed as high the greater the number the smaller the average size All who arc plant put orchards will find much valuable in- formation in The Culture of MISCELLANY A Country Home Oil 11 in ilio country wide Anil it by the wood lln lire burns On Where song mid tlie laugh -are tlie is home for inc Oh give mo u home in the country wide When lliu comes a blushing bride her In lliu song fresh-leaved Anil melody breeze In a summer in nook And close by side of a brook Where the violet grows And rose Faint and sick sun's scorching beam Dips her petals in cooling stream Oh give inu a home in tbo country wide la golden of a farmer's his filled fields he has tilled And lie feels his tusk is done And smiling at he beckons him on From Moore's Yorker Mistaken Kindness Good morning Mrs I called to have you go with me to see Mrs babe is very sick I hear they think it ly doubtful whether it recovers Certainly I always make it-a point to call wherever there is sickness even if I have to neglect some of my home duties Sit down a moment until 1 get cloak and Mrs Adair entered the parlor in a few moments ready for the walk and the two friends were soon on their way to Elm street the dence of Mr Barlow a young and prosperous merchant and his ble wife It was a sorrowful time for the young first born their only child the little bright boy was very sick so sick that Mr Barlow had not gone to his store that day but remained with his wife watching every of their precious little one Little was sinking into a quiet ber his were hushed and the red flush had his needed sleep and quiet Mrs Barlow had just placed liim in his crib dropped the curtains to exclude the morning light and sat down beside the cradle looking anxiously upon face and the Oh might her darling lent prayer went up the prayer of that for for her cheek was with and the tears fell fast from clear blue eyes There was a knock at the door and her two- friends Mrs Adair and Mrs Carr were shown in They were valued friends but those rents wished in their hearts that they could be alone with in that critical hour when undue ex- might close that Tittle life hour when rest and quiet were absolutely The ladies made many inquiries about the babe gave some advice and some always the that Mrs girl was child was not and so strange wakening the babe who and cried while the to his cheek He could not be quieted the fond mother walked trying to hush the little but he still heard the which caused to start his eyelids to open Half an hour they ed thus chatting thinking they doing a great kindness to Mrs hour had passed and still lingered The mother's heart was by the cry of her little one and the effort to keep up the her visitors did offend about When they took leave she innocently though truthfully said again When The door was closed hear said Mrs again when Harry well L O V guess she did not thank us for our I trouble Just think too of the i L morning's work that the pies for dinner and loaf cake for tea that should have been baked by this time For iny part I shall such people alone after this And I too Did cross Mr Barlow I he spoke three words while we were there Poor Harry poor little said his mother pressing him lo her heart I am afraid pou will die It is a gossiping What did you try to keep up a conversation them did not like to offend it for a kindness I hope they will not call again i Well if more of your friends than life of our boy do so There will be the day is and God only knows how much worse it makes him His fever is on excited he is I do this visiting the sick when no good can be by it Give Harry of those soothing drops and I will lock the outside door and friend will without them Do Mr Barlow I am sure our Harry's life and comfort are of more consequence than else in the world They were troubled no more with friendly calls the morning visitors spread the news that Barlow did not wish her friends to come there while her babe was they were treated uncivilly Many about it and brought the ease home to their own and they acknowledged that Mrs Barlow was right while others offended and dropped her quaintance What cares that happy as the shades of evening deepened around elegant little cottage home that she lost sonic friends when she saw hur darling in gentle slumber the iire of fever excitement smile of re- turning life playing on the beautiful features There was in holy joy and thankfulness in her soul and father and mother in humble prayer by side of the cradle of their thanks that the life and joy of their household not departed forever and that they had been spared the mistaken ness of their neighbors Mrs Adair and Mrs Carr never called again always passing with a cold bow but Mr and are too happy in their blooming bright-eyed and gleesome little ry to mourn the loss of such ship A Boss want twenty-five said a jour printer to his employer How soon do you want it Jack Next Tuesday As soon as that have it you often when you arc in want of so large a of money you must give at four weeks notice The question why printers did not succeed as well as brewers was thus answered Because printers work for the head and brewers for the stomach and where ten have has
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