Wednesday, January 26, 1955

Pacific Stars And Stripes

Location: Tokyo, Japan

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Pacific Stars and Stripes (Newspaper) - January 26, 1955, Tokyo, Japan STARUNOFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF UNITED STATES FORCES, FAR EASTRIPESVol. IT No 25VWI. I, p|<?. Z3 fl.F7 TOKYO-YOKOHAMA EDITIONa Wednesday, Jan. 26, 1955House OKs U.S. Forces for Formosa Defense7th Fleet GuardsFirst TachensRefugee MoveTAIPEH (INS)-—Gene-ralissimo Chiang Kai-shekWednesday decided toabandon the threatenedTachen Islands. The deci-sion, was reached in acabinet meeting of the Na-tionalist government inTaipeh Wednesday morn-ing. Presumably the U.SSeventh Fleet will assistin the evacuation of Na-tionalist troops from theTachens.• * ' * . *TAIPEH (INS)—The firstgroup of war refugees from.the Tachen Islands arrivedat the north Formosa porlof Keelung Tuesday in anevacuation prompted byChinese Communist threatsagainst Nationalist-held is-lands.The movement of the refugees—about 200 women andchildren—coincided with Pres-ident Dwight p. Eisenhower's.request to Congress to author-ize him to. take strongmeasures to defend Formosafrom the Reds.Authoritative s o u r ti e s inTaipeh said the Chiang Kai-shek government might bewilling to go along condition-ally with Mr. Eisenhower'sidea of evacuating not onlycivilians but also troops fromthe Tachens which lie some200 miles north of Formosa.The initial evacuation of wo-men and children from theTachens was accomplishedwithout incident and the LSTcarrying the refugees was con-voyed by Nationalist warships.The LST also had the pro-tection of. U.S. warships ofthe Seventh Fleet for part ofthe voyagedAmong the evacuees were39 widows and orphans of Na-tionalist soldiers who fell infighting at Yik'iangshan Island(Continued on Page 16 Col. 2)* * *Wilson, RadfordTo Brief Group• WASHINGTON (INS)—Chair-man Carl Virison (D-Ga.), an-nounced Wednesday that De-fense Secretary Charles E. Wil-son and Admiral Arthur W.Radford will brief the HouseArmed Services CommitteeThursday on the world militarysituation.Vinson also reported that thecommittee will launch hearingsTuesday on President DwightD. Eisenhower's proposal for afour-year extension of thedraft law. Also high on the com-mittee's agenda are hearingson the proposed military payraise and a new reserve law.The briefing by Wilson andRadford will be followed onFriday and Saturday by com-mittee sessions at which thesecretaries of the Army, Navyand Air Force will testifyMAP ASIAN 'STRATEGY — Congressionaland military leaders meet In WashingtonWednesday to chart Asian strategy as theSenate Foreign Relations and Armed ServicesCommittees consider a resolution expressingAmerica's "readiness to fight" to protect For-mosa. Left td right are: Sen. Walter F.Georgei ,(D-Ga.), chairman of the Senate For-eign Relations Committee; Admiral ArthurW. Radford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs ofStaff; Sen. Richard B. Russell (D-Ga.), chair-man of the .Senate Armed Services Commit-tee, and General Matthew B. Ridgway, Armychief of staff. (AP I^uliophoto)Russia DeclaresGerman PeaceAfter 14 YearsMOSCOW (UP)—The SovietUnion Tuesday ended nearly 14years of an official state of warwith Germany. It declared"peaceful relations are beingestablished", with both East andWest Germany.The action was taken effec-tive immediately in a decreeissued bjr the presidium of theSupreme Soviet of the USSR.(The U.S. ended its state ofwar with Germany on Oct. 19,1951, after. 19 other countriesincluding Great Britain, Canadaand France already had doneso.(On May 26, 1952, the U.S.,Britain and France signed aaeace contract with the WestGerman government in theabsence of a peace • treaty,which Russia blocked. The con-tract made West Germanyvirtually independent, though itremained an occupied country.(Agreements restoring fullWest German sovereignty arenow in process of ratification.)• • .U.S, Gives GunboatTo Philippine NavyMANILA, P.I. (UP) — TheU.S. turned the first of thesix new $1 million gunboatsover to the Philippines Wed-nesday. They were promisedunder the Mutual Defense As-sistance program.The^ Navy ships, designed tomeet this country's problemsn keeping an eye on its manyslands and lengthy shorelines,will be the fastest ships in thePhilippine Navy.Spain Admitted asTo U.N. Pending Full StatusNEW YORK (UP)—Spain hasformally been admitted as apermanent observer to the U.N.,it was disclosed Wednesday.An official communication in-viting Spain to sit in the'worldorganization was transmittedby Secretary General DagHammarskjold to Spanish Am-bassador Jose Maria Areilza.Observers viewed .the actionas an important step in normal-izing the hitherto strained rela-tions between the U.N. andSpain. It was learned author-itatively that Spain will prompt-ly appoint a permanent missionof top ranking officials to maketheir office in New York.Ambassador Areilza workedfor more than a month soundingout "various member nationsand evidently prevailed on themajority to support the admjs-sion of Spain as a permanentobserver..Other countries that havereceived similar status pendingtheir admission as a full mem-ber are Japan, West Germany,Italy, Finland, Austria andSouth Korea.U.S. to Pay Panama Higher RentGains Free Site to Train TroopsWASHINGTON (AP) —Vana-ma and the U.S. Wednesdaysigned a new treaty govern-ing U.S. activities, in thePanama Canal Zone, thus end-ing negotiations begun by JoseAntonio Remoh, Panamanianpresident who was assassinat-ed Jan. 2.Major provisions of thetreaty increase the Americangovernment's annual rentalpayment to Panama from $430,-300 to $1,930,000, and give theU.S. free use of about 20,000acres of Panamanian territoryfor military training: andmaneuvers.The U.S. by the treaty givesup various rights under theoriginal 1903 treaty, when thePanama Canal was under con-struction.The new treaty provides rest-riction of commissary and im-port privileges for non-U.S.citizens; a single basic wagescale for all U.S. and Pana-manian employes in the CanalZone, and. broader opportuni-ties to Panamanian firms tosell supplies to the Zone gov-ernment.The U.S. now has no mili-tary operations in Panamanianterritory, except those arrang-ed for from time to time bymutual agreement, after negortiations by the two govern-ments. Its normal militaryoperations in . the Zone areunder the U.S.' Department ofDefense.Defense authorities herehave long wanted regular useof certain areas of Panamanianterritory for military trainingand maneuvers and that isarranged for under the newtreaty.Near-UnanimousVote FollowsPlea for UnitySee stories Page 3WASHINGTON (UP)—*The House Wednesdayoverwhelmingly votedPresident Dwight D. Eisen-how^r unlimited powers tosend U.S. forces into bat-tle against the ChineseCommunists if necessaryto defend the Formosaarea.The House approved withoutchange the President's "fight-if-necessary" Far East reso-lution.• The vote was 409 to 3.Reps. Graham A. Barden(D-N.C.), Eugene Siler (R-Ky.)and Timothy P. Sheehan (R-111.) were the dissenters.House Democratic leaderJohn W. McCormack and Re-publican House Leader JosephW. Martin Jr., (R-Mass.) bothappealed for unanimous actionto demonstrate that Americais "united" in the fight againstCommunist aggression.Speaker Sam Ray burn (D-Tex.) also called for speedyapproval of the President'srequest for the authority, buthe warned that it could be"very dangerous and embar-rassing" if it becomes aprecedent for the President toask prior congressional approv-al of actions that he caa takeon his own as commander-in-chief.Ray burn said that if thePresident waits .fdr congres-sional action in such emer-gencies, "there will come atime when 12 hours will betoo long a time :to act."McCormack told the Housethat this was no time for try-ing to place the blame for thecrisis "today is the day forunity and action," he. said.Some political sniping brokeout anyway. Rep. Chet Holi-field (D-Cal.) accused thePresident of "duplicity."He said the President hasnow "admitted"- he was nottelling the truth two years agowhen he said former presidentHarry S. Truman had usedthe Navy to "shield" theChinese Communists from aNationalist attack.Rep. Ray J. Madden (D-Ind.) said the administrationshould "apologize" for tellingthe country during the lastpolitical campaign that it had"accomplished peace in Asia."9 Korean BoysKilled by GrenadePUSAN, Korea (AP) — NineKorean boys were killed Mon-day when an anti-tank handgrenade they were playingwith went off, Korean Na-tional Police reported Wed-nesday.Police said the incident tookplace in a kindergarten yardin Yangsan, 40 miles north ofPusan. *The boys, between 5 and 14,picked up the explosive at avacant lot formerly used bya South Korean Army unit.