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Gleaner, The (Newspaper) - December 7, 1993, Kingston, Kingston TWENTY THE GLEANER, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1993 Colombia's violence did not die with Escobar BOGOTA (AP) -_ The of Pablo Escobar, omr '.he world's principal and most violent cocaine suppiw-r. has brightened tanmhed international image. Escobar's death in a shoot out with police and soJditr', Thurs- day put to rest about the government's will to jpiure and prosecute-major drug traffick- ers. His death may t-nd the dra- matic attacks that have terror- ised South American nation since the early 1980s: political assassinations, shopping center bombings, the downing of a jet- liner. But drug trafficking and vio- ence will i nn m. in in iw murder is the leading cause of death for people ages 13 to 60, and where an average 20 people are murdered daily in the capital. "The violence doesn't end the death of Pablo" Esco- said Clara Lopez, a human rights activist and former Bogo- ta City Council president. Most violent "We have one of the most violent societies in the world." Even President Cesar Gaviria admits as much. "The death alone of "Pablo" by no means end the Gaviria said Satur- day in a ceremony rionoring the -men, whn .k- till. Ui tain at his Medellin hideout. For years, the international community had questioned the Murder rat6 government's will to capture Es- cobar. Eyebrows were raised when the drug lord was allowed -ta-transfomv his-luxury jail cell into a command center for his Medellin drug cartel. He escap- ed in July 1992, sett.ng off a 16- month manhunt. "I believe the blow Escobar .strengthened the image of the president and the government both insjde and out- side the said Rodrigo Losada, a political scientist spe- ciahwng in the study of high crime rates. Political will "It showed there was truj? political will to pursue the most dangerous of all drug traffick- President Clinton congratu- uted Gaviria and Colombian of- ficials for the "courageous and effective work" and pledged con- unuia luuperarfon hi the SrusT war. With the slaying of Escobar, "we Colombians have proved that there was no criminal orga- nization capable of challenging our Gaviria bragged Sun- day. But while the Medellin cartel was responsible for some of Co- lombia's more spectacular at- tacks, it committed only a small portion of the country's vio- lence. Even before Escobar's death, the Medellin cartel had been eclipsed-by Colombia's "There is drug trafficking throughout the country and the Medellin cartel is just one of committed in Colombia each year are drug-related. Only a small portion could be directly attribmed 4P Escobar and his gang, said. 'The violence will continue, he said. 'I think in several' months we'll see that U true." Colombia's violence has more to do with history and politics than with drug trafficking, Lo- pez sakL i In a period known as "La or "The several hundred thousand pecK pie died in the countryside dur- ing the 1940s and '50s as the Liberal and Conservative parties battled over land power. Drug traffickers often finance political campaigns, and Escobar himself was elected to congress in the early 1980s. lombia also has a lot of political violence and social violence." The country's murder rate is 81 per inhabitants eight times higher than "in: the" United States. About half the homi- Retponsibto for killings Vigilante groups linked to the army, leftist guerriljas and drug traffickers are responsible for many killings. Teen-age boys from impoverished families work as hit men for everyone, from jealous husbands .to drug deal- ers. ......_. Crimesnofien go unpunishedT" criminals threaten or. kill wit- nesses, and the inefficent court system fails to convict. lombia hasn't been Pablo Esco- bar, or even drug said Lopez. "It is corruption in the government and the unholy alliances that exist between cor-. jupt groups ajid certain officials, "While the government con- tinues ,to tolerate killing will continue. The Gleaner Qassifieds can give it to you andkeep the customers coming. JPlacing a small ad for a few dollars in the Gleaner or Star Classifieds only improve the profits! 922-9482 922-9573 ompany P.O. Box North Street, Kingston CONTACT THE GLEANER OR OUR AGENTS ISLANDWIDE AND MAKE IT WORK FOR YOU. Classified Hani's murderer loses bid for retrial JOHANNESBURG (Reuter) A white politician sentenced to death for the murder of South African Communist leader Chris Hani lost a Supreme Court bid for a retrial yesterday. Transvaal Judge Frikkie Eloff said he was not convinced a retrial of the case brought by pro-apartheid Conservative Par- ty politician Cliw Derby-Lewis would lead to a different verdict. "I'm not convinced that fur- ther n tvailabk and that if the evidence was avail- able, it would lead to a different Eioff said after hearing the application in the Rand Su- preme Court in Johannesburg. The April 10 murder of the charismatic Hani stunned the nation, sparking a wave of black outrage and violence. Derby-Le- wis and right-wing Polish immi- grant janusz Waluz were sen- tenced to death for the killing after a trial in October. said in a statement read out in court Monday he did not. testify ing the original trial on advice of his lawyer because ht did not believe the state enough evidence to convict At the trial, Eloff, who tcnced Derby-Urwis and to death, described Hani's mur. der as "cold-blooded and cow- ardly in the The heard that Waluz fired the used to kill Hani. The weapon was provided by Derby-Lewis. OCHO RIOS BRANCH invites all our Valued Customers to our at ECB Banking Hall Main Street Ocho Rios on Tuesday, December Beginning at S.OOp.m. r i m t i i i i -IB I I
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