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Iowa Unionist (Newspaper) - September 19, 1908, Des Moines, Iowa UNIONIST The ol One Is the Con cern of All VOLUME X Would Make the Worker an In Cipher SOME SLANDERS REFUTED Charge That Trades Unions Have De generated Disproved by bor Movement Strengthened by Des Methods of Its Enemies American Industries Hie organ of the National Association of Manufac lias what Is termed the dents page wherein Mr Van Cleave the president of the association re bis mighty Intellect anil assists to tho best of his ability to befog employers and employees who Irc willing to allow themselves to be be fogged Air Van Cleave assumes to as one who hclhves In labor unions if properly conducted a qualify phrase which enabled Mr Vail nions from liis He assumes to desire that the unions shall be properly conducted which means from his point of view that the conduct of unions should never come In conflict with his own business view He makes professions far more lofly us the following quotation from the presidents page will show Tho undoubted degeneration of the modern labor union misled by dema gogues political tricksters naa graft ers Indicates that the time is at hand when the intelligent temperate mcm DBS MOINES IOWA SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 1908 allied hypocrites can point to any time In which labor unions conducted for the purposes slated ly him which have always been their have been supported by every employer or even by any considerable proportion of them In tho beginning unions were brought Into existence by oppression of work ers by employers and were kept secret and in many cases books of record ami account were kept buried in Hie ground In these stages the law looked upon unions as conspiracies and tbe most hostile employers then like Van Cleave anil Post now sought to convict labor wherever possible Inch by the unions fought their way lu recognition their sessions be Cleave to eliminate own business bcra must combine to vicious clement eliminate the conducted ns originally planner will command the recognition and support of prac every employer in tlie country Now is an excellent time for be un ions to make a new departure and to purge themselves of the undesirable Now we know that tho wb tho Buck Stove company of St Iouis of which Mr Van Cleave is the master mind Is n nonunion concern Is because of the undoubted degeneration of the modern labor union Since Mr Vnn Cleave refuses to em ploy organized labor In his own busi ness he Is remarkably well qualified to instruct wage earners upon proper trades union tactics To repeat Unions as originally ned will command the recognition mid support of practically every in the country Sow what were the original purposes of the unions This question is answered by Mr Vn Cleave upon tlie same pnge In the fol lowing language I will outline here ho original ob of the labor unions In tho United States To make their members sober Industrious and efficient workers o re duce the hours improve the surroundings and Increase of labor and to Inspire workers to be come Intelligent law abiding and pub lic spirited citizens For several dec these objects were kept constant ly In view With these purposes every patriot American was in It Is hardly necessary for me o say unions conducted on such lines today would receive tile support of every em ployer and of every good of tin United Stales In the case of many of the most of these beneficent aims seem to have been dropped In he twenty or twentyfive years and ag coercive and lawless practices came more and more open their Im mune purposes more generally accept ed by tbe public and a largely increas ing number of employers have come to recognize the wisdom nnd the ty of their existence For tins evolution from in dustry the unions owe no thanks to Vnn Cleave ov his It 13 not true that have degenerated The entire history of the labor movement is one of ever increas ing Intelligence ns is bound to be the result where thousands of minds grind against each other in mental strife Tho unions stand higher have more members and more friends nnd have friendly or contract relations with more employers now than at any previous time in history and even as lion gave the union movement birth and forced it to be strong so will the prosecutions nnd lies of Van Cleave mid his kind strengthen the union movement of our time The viewpoint of Van Cleave Is that the workman should be a cipher in in calculations he should blindly accept the decision of tho employer or leave the industry he should be en to form aid associations whose first duty is to aid file employer and not Iho employee and If tho em ployee should chance to join a mate union they are to be fought by lockouts forced strikes injunctions and failing in everything else ranks must lie divided by false profes sions of friendship accompanied liy of their nnd advice us fo their proper course of action IRISH LABOR SCHOOL Arts Trades and Sciences n Belfast Institute A great opportunity has just itself for Irish young men to receive a practical education in the arts trades anil In lias been cs a great institution Hie Mu institute where this may be at a very small cost The city of in December 1007 formally opened the splendid building erected to accommodate the Municipal Technical Institute This Institution was rendered possible through an act of Under it n local tax of a penny In the pound cents per valuation Is assessed for the institute which pro duces over annually nnd the department of agriculture nnd Raise Standard of Wages For All Workers ENGAGED IN A GREAT WORK tio cces have taken their place with a proportion of he labor the shortening of hours and the lengthen ing of wages appear to be Ibe only ar ticles of the original creed of trades unionism that arc left I attribute his change to the ad vent of tlie demagogues political trick sters and rafters who have forced themselves Into positions of In some of unions But whatever may be the cause of change in the Ideals and the aims of the unions 1 nm free to say Unit no man in ilic country more deplores the change than I do It is bad for em and for tlie country mid It Is and harmful for he members of he unions ns in We admit the original objects of ils unions lo i to sober Industrious and wor ers to reduce the hours improve lie Limitary and Increase lite wages of and to Inspire lo Intelligent law public spirited citizens We deny that In any 111 Inns ever departed from or abandoned these UV our liave generally licin applauded by patriotic Ameri cans Including very few employer however and never any of the Vnn cal Instruction for Ireland makes n grant proportioned to tlie population of the city which amounts to per year Minor sources of Income bring the total to about 8111930 per annum Of this is paid annually as ground rent of the site of tbe building and to meet the building loan sinking fund leaving about or for the main tenance of tbe Institute Tho building occupies a very sire in the heart of the city contains rooms with an area for five flours of square feet The total cost of the building was 00000 The labor unions and oilier trades organizations have taken an enlight ened view of Iho institutes operations nnd have encouraged apprentices and young journeymen to themselves of the facilities provided especially In evening classes Much encourage ment has been given by employers a number of whom pay all or n part of tho tuition fees of their employees All such are furnished with monthly re ports showing progress of each employee piki fur There nie depart men Is In all fully prepared will ho for the tech lie ways displayed hatred o unionism In any form What would IK the altitude of any of three If their employees n union them for conditions shorter hours anil higher The Is found In the Buck Stove Injunction and contempt mill In thi of teveral of study to Trades Temple Tin his pi m u erection l 11 trad lo COM about llt oT street near The intention Is erect a four stories with rll fix class for the unions the coun cil and one large auditorium fur spe l The ground will or w bo for nnd will be club billiard smoking and hath rooms In the hull ling The railway trackmen are for the of n home foi their ngd null Indigent members It proved to a tract of find acre DMr Fort location Vin nor uur of hl II Organized Labor Most Potent Move ment For Betterment cf proves the Social Economic and Physical Condition of the T oiler At a banquet given by tlie union printers of Lincoln Xeb recently Wil iam Jennings was principal speaker Mr Bryan sail in part I am glad to be associated with you in the bonds of this organization for two reasons in the first place bei cause run are the of the great labor organisation of tie j country nnd yon oe of most intelligent of tile labor of the country you represent one of the best organized branches of labor of tho country And T believe in tho or of the laboring men I Le in Ibo organization for what it does for those who belong to It and I believe in it for what It docs for those who do not belong to It for according to my of tho work of labor organizations the benefits are not lo members God has so linked us together that no matter what we may desire we cannot live alone God has so linked us together that no matter how we may desire to con flue our efforts to the things that bene fit ourselves we cannot do it Xo per son who good thing can monopolize the benefits of good thing and the members of the labor organizations are engaged in a great work and a work whose benefits they cannot monopolize even if to I the labor organiza tions of the country are more responsi ble than any other one factor in the improvement of labor conditions in the United States during tile last twenty live years And improvements that hey wrought that surround the laboring men are shared by those who do not belong to the organization and who do not as members contribute lo In expense of the was brought to my attention n few years ago by n man In Chicago who was an employer He hud teen appointed ns one of a committee to ar bitrate a and when tbe mm had produced a 10 per cent advance question was raised whether men not belonging to tbe union should be advanced with hem and be laboring men proposed that those outside of the union receive Ilic price they wore formerly willing to receive and the members of tlie union receive tlie per cent Increase on which they had agreed The employer said Wbv that is impossible for those outside of tho union would not work for tbe lower price If we give you tiie In crease Thus those outside of tbe union were lo receive and dill receive the increase in wages that was ob by he organization of the In boring men only clo they get be belieft of the higher wages that have been brought about by organization but they receive the large benefits dial come from tho of tlie various social reforms behind which organized labor stands In the fight to protect the children from too early work children of those who are not members of the or share the benefits ns well ns tlie children of hose who nrc mem bers of the organization In every thing that goes to provide for heller examination of mines better health conditions for those who toll the peo ple outside of tho organizations as well as those inside reap the benefit I repeat that this world Is so con no good thing can he monop And It Is well hat It Is so Tho farmer who Introduces n new kind of grain or furnishes information In regard to the the crops or who Improves n breed of animals may do It for a par pose but he cannot keep tbe bone fits lo himself And these labor or have been teaching the Idea of brotherhood that is any separate organization of men and fills Idea of lies hue of and the of tlie of various kinds in lid Iry Is tlie growing Idea In this world nd Idea uf that H cultivated by members of Ibis organ ami nil Is going to tonch a kinship nnd to each other that will enable us lo solve more easily the problems that vex mankind and while I possibly could not earn In wages ttxeil by If I lo do the work that you are doing us an honorary member of your organization I can Iw n full mom working on full time In every thing means the enlargement of the Idea of brotherhood In this T I am very glad to lie here enini any Vic I of within to Invite by due legs process uf lw If we We object o and em Pii itieally protest against government by which Is another name slavery ami n hollo mockery on our boasted democracy We want nnd demand free speech mi free press both of which are guimm teed ly the but denied us by Injunction Judges in some cases Journal LONG STRIKE ENDED Vermont Labor Settled Afte Six Years of Warfare At a conference held i Vt between 1 u of Kutland and O M of I representing the I I Manufacturing company and I of Toledo o ami I of acting for Irn Xo ilir Association of Machinists ami its in members a settlement svi reached in the suits at law 11111 j brought by against tbe union and its Individual members Messrs Harber and have filed stipulations with H A clerk of tlie Rutland comity court for a dismissal of tin suits and a strike which has teen in existence since causing protract el legal tangles thus came to an end The terms of the settlement were uol given out but it is understood thai both sides to the controversy are sat with he arrangements made The strike began in May 1902 declared by Protection the Patch Manufacturing company and the Lincoln Iron works as the result of differences which arose re garding tbe number of hours should constitute a days work Suits at taw in equity were brought later by tbe Patch company against Protection lodge and the individual members thereof fo recover for ed damages to the busi ness resulting from the demonstration In 1005 a verdict for he company tc recover and costs was returned by a Jury In comity court against tin lodge ami Its members The case went to tlie Vermont supreme court which sustained the verdict Suit was Rev Charles Stelzle Favors tho Publicity Idea A BUSINESS Trades Organizations Should Tell the World What They Stand Sug gestions as to Arguments to present and Methods to Employ brought under the Vermont statute e individual members w he i v i employed elsewhere against were then employed their wages were for amount of the verdict A jury in county corit lien found for the em ployees in right of tile cases all the other members of lodge re sponsible This suit has been the of trades uu ion publicity the Her Chalos said It is that Cm labor unio NUMBER 30 TO AMEND STRIKE LAW I j Proposed Changes In New Arbitration Act Compulsory industrial arbitration in New Zealand has been passing through troublous times of late Awards of the arbitration court have been disregard ed imposed for such disregard remained unpaid In one or two notorious cases a strike maintained for months in defiance of the law has been finally settled by employers nnd employed without reference to the law It is therefore small wonder that fur ther legislation should be thought nec essary Recently tbe minister of labor intro an Industrial conciliation and i II is that Cm labor union amendment in the must advertise On all sines the of At first sight Is being appealed to by designed rather to and agencies and insist Him they can more better things ihan the labor can tlo bor union to prove to him it the Is no law weaken than to strengthen the law as j it repeals tlie section In an earlier act i enabling strikers lo lie imprisoned If I they remained obdurate under milder i punishment The fact is no doubt that this penally of for refusing to work except on ones own It LIV j tiere is no law 1 on except on on which compels i man to join n labor I is severe to bo cITec union The are rither in I 3 a f dangerous in the opposite direction Therefore the lf causes that little ing but its merits bV it In other respects nd in seekin to I W is intended to make It is nhc ct prac he opposite direction Therefore tin labor union has nothing but its upon which to secure a larger membership It is plac ed In the position of a ad who must so attractively and so convincingly present liis proposition that it will appeal to those who have a perfect right to buy or not to buy The labor union should be so adver that tbe world may know that its adherents are not of Its work To engage whole in a move ment which shall reveal Ibe fact that Its membership actually believes in the labor union will do much toward the outsider fake more stock in it Tho labor union should advertise be cause the method is successful In legit mato business enterprise To narrate he story of modern business ng would seem like n fairy tale The union may lie similarly adver and with even greater success be cause it already lias at command In is millions of advertising who if properly trained might iceome centers of Influence in behalf of organized labor Tt is well therefore in advertising the trades union to select from tlie settlement in the supreme will now be dropped court No The aik for no or not accorded to o TRIUMPH OF DEMOCRACY Labor Members of Parliament Highly Respected Tlie election of a good many of labor unions as of the British purl In me nt has been beneficial to our country In more wuv than one said James a 111 bor leader of Manchester England al Baltimore recently one thing 1 has reduced snobbishness In England considerably When a Ini years ago these horny banded In their plain everyday clothes tirsi took scats In he house of commons their rich and elegantly attired ates looked askance at tins new ok ment that had suddenly been into the national legislature Gradual ly some of the more democratic and broader gauged men introduced selves the newcomer nnd soon friendships were maie ami cor dial relations were established Tin members of more social prominence found these workingmen to have Intel us good as their own and just as much nnd patriotism Of course a few snobs still hoKI aloof but on tbe whole there is n gen oral anil the labor num bers are as highly respected ns It has been a great triumph of democ racy over caste Union Brides and Bridegrooms The members of tlie east nile branci of lie Hole nnd met recently anil is sued an appeal to the young men and women Intend to git The appeal in Please see Unit yon for n union ball Union beer Anil for ii union brass will be mure llian n on Ibe east side the next three months said the walk Ing delegal 1C oar appeal i heeded the nonunion balls will have to go mil of Wo expect men and who are members of labor to heed our request which will make everything unionized Including tlie bride and bridegroom themselves one outstanding fact which should be driven home by constant rep Eliminate every other item Focus the attention upon this one point and do It in tho briefest possi ble For Instance The trades union saves the lives of little children Or labor believes in giving women a square deal The trades union in creases the wages Or labor shortens tbe laborer workday should watch events in order lo make tbe most of particular occasions the public in general anil he public press In par are discussing the question or child labor then ii he time for the trades union lo advertise the fact that it Is doing lis par to save tbe lives of tlie children Every trades unionist knows that no matter how good n printed job he If It does not bear lie union label It seems to repel Important then h the appearance of the job that Is put out aside from quality of the Ing matter which it contains It al ways pays to employ n good printer A cheap job u dear at price Ii rarely pays to get estimates on a Job of printing Find a printer whom you can Tell him what yon want lie will do tbe Job in good style and you will get tbe results so far as be is con cerned Purchase Union GOODS The courts enjoin tinmins iting the advertisement of the product of linns unfair to organized labor The members of the unions should pur chase only union made goods manu by fair firms The firms will then cease to Interest them Workers Journal Glass Workers Wages Increased Coincident with he announcement of nn increase In tile price of window Class by the American Window Mass company 1 newly re elected of National Window Glass Workers of Cleveland declared that an Increase in wages would be received by Hi union men In the making of new wage agree incur all striking is illegal in Xew than it was before II Is designed in particular lo remedy a curious law discovered by tlie fleers in tbe arbitration acts as stand at present Clearly during n dispute the possi of the mens getting financial support from other men or unions Is a point of the first Importance During a recent mining strike as is described In tbe article from our New Zealand money poured in to support the men from unions in every part of dominion Since tile strike itself was In defiance of an award of the arbitration court it might reason ably have been thought that those who sent this money were as persons aiding or an Illegal strike doing an illegal act Tho attorney general of New Zealand ap however to have advised that n strike as contemplated by the act was an deed Those who merely supported the men after they had struck might do so with impunity of the present hill is to rule out this leading of the law A new definition ij given of the term strike A penalty Is Imposed not only for the first act of stopping work hut also for every week that tho strike hereafter A spe high penalty is to je inflicted for or a strike when Ibis Is iiy a union employer or finv other than a worker Another clause provides for suspending during not lyore than three years the regis oi any union found guilty of aiding inciting or instigating a strike by any of members Whether these new provisions will be found remains to be seen However bat may be their mere en fs as fo the ties of enforcing industrial peace upon those who are determined to have pl ther their own terms or war To have a land without strikes is nn admirable ambition and one that any community may quite reasonably aim at by all means In its power But tbe means in such a case are really very limited The government cannot under anything like a democratic rule im prison thousands of individuals for re fusing to work under conditions which they dislike It cannot except In the case of a strike public generally and so rousing public feel lug as a railway strike would have done depend upon Sympathy in enforcing the law It Is apt to find very effective on tlie other side and Ibo wny of the rebel against authority made easy The New Zealand experiences mi suggest that tho only form In which stale Intervention 111 wate questions could ever be practicable In this country is in the of mini ininn wages in really sweated trades and alone Those who are above the level of absolute sweating must be left to light for their own don Tost tural t fentral Wash i oily ar being made by the liing Trades alliance and he labor union of Spokane erect a labor temple In tint There are Hoston Journeymen Tailors union No 12 Is planning for the celebration of Us one hundred and second anniver sary II claims lo the union In continuous In the country union men in Spokane II B President lrv A Cashier G B THE MECHANICS SAVINGS BANK 313 FIFTH Capital Surplus MANHATTAN BUILDING mmt ol ck
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