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Independent Press-Telegram (Newspaper) - March 24, 1963, Long Beach, California JFK's Special Committee Reports to Him AID CUT URGED WASHINGTON 'A special committee headed Gen. Clay recommended to President Kennedy Saturday thai he cut his program by half a as soon as possible and reduce it further in the the group endorsed principle of continuing substantial assistance grams under manage me h t and closer controls over the the nations use the U. S. The dividing 9 to 1, guidelines it laid down would result in a 5500-million reduction in the present level of aid But said an immediate size is not feasible because of commitments already the com- are indeed attempting too much for too and that a Higher quality and reduced quantity of our diffuse aid in certain countries could accomplish retired general corporation put it less formally in a New York feel that a lot of money has he got to be tightened continue to give economic assistance to countries that have done little or nothing to help themselves is throwing money Clay and eight other prominent citizens on the a p p o i n ted committee agreed oh the recommendations for a smaller and more tightly administered The dent asked an expanded Key members of Con- gress hailed the report as constructive and Those who com- were nearly mous in predicting that the committee's findings would make it doubly difficult for Kennedy to get anywhere near the billion he has budgeted for foreign aid in the coming fiscal That is an increase of 51 billion over the estimated spending this Perhaps with the con- gressional situation in Kennedy refrained from any immediate public endorsement of recommendations made by the Without mentioning the proposed Kennedy thanked Clay in a public letter for the committee's arid found heartening the committee's expression of support for properly ad- ministered mutual defense and development The 25-page the advisory group climaxed a three-month study ordered by Kennedy on how well the giant overseas ance program is uting to U. S. Some of the committee's major I. conceived Page Col. 3) OWN SUNDAY Newspaper Phone HE Classified No. HE 2-5959 PRICE 20 CENTS The Mostly sunny High about 68. Complete weather ott Page LONG BEACH 12, MARCH 24, 1963 VOL. 31 156 PAGES Cuba Freedom Fighters Form Rebel Republic MIAMI of 22 groups in Cuba have set up an and declared a state of war against the regime of Fidel to information received here Saturday by private sources from The report of the meeting and of Dr. Carlos Marquez Sterling's designation as president of the of- Cuba in was confirmed by UPI in a telephone con- versation with Marquez Sterling in New The report coincided with an announcement in Havana that government forces had annihilated three rebel bands operating in Matanzas province which lies to the east of REFUGEE who arrived in Miami from Havana Friday said rebels ambushed and killed 130 members of a militia unit in Las Villas province last Reports on the secret meeting said the delegates met as a national assembly a place of national proclaimed Marquez Sterling president and declared war the Communist of The delegates also said they would abolish the con- of 1940, once the Castro regime is In the they the should elect WASHiNGTON United has no firm evidence as yet that Russia has pulled any of its estimated combat troops out of officials said Some may have Been among Russian which President Kennedy reported day had been evacuated since Feb. 18, they On the other those pulled out may have been drawn entirely from among the military technicians and training personnel which Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev had in the islands up to a month gates to a constituent The delegates then voted approval of a which would serve as the basis for a provisional Sterling as the delegates selected ministers of foreign public health and But their were kept THE DELEGATES SAID the foreign affairs minister and a delegate would meet with Dr. Jose Miro president of the Cuban Revolutionary Council in to conciliate their various viewpoints and to negotiate recognition of the underground government with the free world The the delegates lead to a triumph in the war against communism in Cuba and bring Cuba its second and total Volcano Dead Mount to Bali Sunday Mount which began raining death onto this tropical island a week poured hot lava into another prised village three days it was reported here Almost 200 people Anak Agung said the delayed report boosted the official death toll to and it probably will rise TAMPERED WITH BOILER Ricardo 27, discharged boiler admitted Saturday that he tampered with the boiler in a San Jose store shortly before it killing 3 injuring 71. He was held on manslaughter Page Brazil Due Aid Package Million Despite Hostile Attitude By ARNALDO OTERO WASHINGTON Brazil stands to get about million in U.S. aid when negotiations on the new package are concluded Monday with a meeting be- tween President Kennedy and Brazilian Finance ister San Tiago it was learned The new agreements are being concluded in an atmosphere that may cause difficulties for future cial aid plans involving Most of the aid now be- ing negotiated will be used to carry out fiscal and anti- inflationary measures in a complex renegotiation of million in Brazilian debts to the United States this year and the release of previously approved Only what has been described as a of new credits is expected to be announced at this time in order to avoid increasing Brazil's DANTAS will be ing with Kennedy as a con- States headed by Brazilian Communist opens in Rio de A decision by the zilian government to interfere in any with the rally has touched off strong reaction against Brazil in Officials do not minimize the adverse effect that U.S. congressional reaction could have on new aid to Brazil and future Brazilian While the economic talks held high hopes for closer and improved the two recent controversies over Com- munist activities in Brazil will be a damaging Dantas won an tant victory in getting a million debt from the tional Monetary Guatemala Subversives Strike Again GUATEMALA CITY President Miguel Fuentes an- Saturday that acts of terrorism and sabotage by bands of sub- have broken out in the interior and are being combated by government He said the first sabotage occurred near a plantation of the United Fruit where eight telephone and telegraph lines linking the capital with the Atlantic port of Puerto Barrios were have been con- tacts regular of the National Army and armed bands of subversive lie bnt gave no details of where the clashes took place or U.S. Will Deploy 54 Doomsday Rockets TOO in LB. Undergo Operation EAR SURGERY AIDS DEAFENED By BEN ZINSER Editor Dave 63, who used to turn up the TV volume to blast-off has thrown away his hearing can hear an alarm clock tick he says For the past five years 214 E. Canton had been wearing an His hearing began failing in 1938. But the world of muffled sounds and mumbled voices is behind him thanks to a relatively new surgical The so delicate has to be formed under a microscope designed for surgical is that in a tiny piece of tantalum wire is implanted in the middle More than 100 Long Beach residents have undergone the it is The micro- surgical technique is performed at St. Mary's and at Memorial The patients are victims of a condition called of spongy bone to cause immobilization of a tiny ear bone called the stapes The little bone is com- known as the As a result of this bony chronic progressive deafness The which ordinarily vibrates to transmit sound be- comes rigid and In the the surgeon folds back the eardrum and removes the immobilized Then he inserts a piece of tantalum Page Col. 1) SURGICAL technician Robert Shea and nurse Marie Kleinhenz demonstrate mi- used for delicate ear surgery at St. Mary's MAY SOLVE PHYSICAL PARADOX Theory Explains Intense Heat By LEE CRAIG Aerospace Editor A 25-year-old astronomer has obtained evidence ex- plaining a stellar mystery which has baffled star for more than 150 Dr. Charles R. youthful Carnegie of the Wilson and mar has de- a logical theory about the evolution of nebula These bright blue and neatly framed in expanding green rings or shells of have the hottest surfaces of any in the confounding all current concepts of lar the more massive the the hotter its surface Nebula although their mass is only half again as iarge as that of the reach temperatures of to degrees compared to degrees for the sun's Through his Dr. O'Dell calculates that every year in the Milky Way galaxy two stars about one and one-half times the mass of the sun finish burning in their This type of with the fuel gone from its is unable to sustain itself and the core begins col- developing mous heat in the process. The star's surface about the mass of the are blown out- ward in a slow-motion ex- plosion as the inner layers and core begin to collapse EASTER the resurrection of the Luke In 2 weeks we will palms display And 3 weeks hence 'tis Easter Day Let the birds and buds of Spring Join with sacred choirs that sing To welcome in the gladsome season Of Holy Week and this the reason The angels from the Tomb claimed That is and we've named It and in this Base on it all JULIEN C. HYER the young omer This actually in ical terms takes about years to At this the radius of the shell is nearly 14 lion million The temperature of Ihe collapsing as seen through its green gas gives it a bright blue At the end of the the star becomes a white dwarf about the diameter of the earth and a million times denser than the sun. THE STELLAR graveyard is populated by white the final ary stage of all In the case of planetary nebula the shell of gas be- comes a kind of luminous shroud for the The term for this type of star stems from observar tions made by Sir William Herschel more than 150 years At he took them to be then noticed that they did not move through the heavens like Some 600 of these stars have been identified in the Milky Way The nearest one to the the in the constellation of is about 500 light years Weight Fatal in Crash The impact of his two children and a 90-pound dog on the back of the driver's seat caused the death night of Rodney M. 41, of 1725 Herrin do Officers said Jensen's car struck another at Temple Avenue and Willow Street at p.m. Jenson died an hour later in Community Hospital from a puncture wound in the back of the head caused when the seat back struck Atlas Explodes f on Launch Pad VANDENBERG AIR FORCE At- las missile exploded day just after it left the launching the Air Force Experts See Menace to Civilization WASHINGTON Without and in fact with as much secrecy as the Defense De- is preparing to de- ploy at U.S. bases 54 inter- continental missiles of the Many experts think ization would not survive if they were eyer against In of tons of TNT equivalent the may pack only a fourth as much power as Soviet Pre- mier Nikita Khrushchev's 100-megaton But ex- perts said Saturday that that is beside the EITHER the American or Soviet weapon could level the largest of cities and spew clouds of lethal over thousands of square The experts think two of U.S. missiles would probably do more damage than one 100-megatonner. The missile is the Titan This is a more ample and much more efficient version of the Titan I. The only of- hint of its destructive capacity came last weekl After firing the missile more than miles down the Atlantic missile range from Cape the Air Force was permitted to of the Titan II is double that of a previously the nation's EVEN THAT single tence probably was re- leased only because the Titan II has been selected as the booster for the eral space agency's two- man space gram. It was therefore to become known that the missile is capable of boosting more than four tons of payload into orbit around the A simple mathematical formula which was valid two years ago and has been improved upon in nuclear tests shows that a four-ton warhead would re- Continued Page Col. WHERE TO FIND IT LONG is just one of the communities of flatlanders who have run for the hills to escape bustle and For story of San Bernardino Mountain see Page OFFICE WORKERS IN is the story of the Federal Correctional Institution on Terminal Island where prisoners of both sexes work side by side in a new rehabilitation See Page Beach Combing Classified 19 Death Finance Music and 20 Real R-l School Ship Sports 6 Omarr Women's News 8
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