Dublin Public Register Or Freemans Journal, July 9, 1765

Dublin Public Register Or Freemans Journal

July 09, 1765

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Issue date: Tuesday, July 9, 1765

Pages available: 4

Previous edition: Saturday, July 6, 1765

Next edition: Saturday, July 13, 1765

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Publication name: Dublin Public Register Or Freemans Journal

Location: Dublin, Dublin

Pages available: 807

Years available: 1763 - 1765

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All text in the Dublin Public Register Or Freemans Journal July 9, 1765, Page 1.

Public Register Or Freemans Journal, The (Newspaper) - July 9, 1765, Dublin, Dublin VOL. II. Freeman's U R Numb. 88 t Or _ v- Journal From SATURDAY JULY the 6th, to TUESDAY JULY the 9th, !765. Of Freedom of Speech: That the fame is infeparable Iroin Publick Liberty. S I R, WITHOUT Freedom of Thought, there can be no fuch Thing as Wifdoin j and no fuch Thing as publick Liberty, without Fieedom at Speech: Which is the Bight of every Man, as far as by it he does not hurt and control the Right of another; and this is the only Check it ought to furftr, the only Bounds tyhich. it ought to know. This facred Privilege is fo eflential to fiee Government, that the Security of Property, and the Fre2dom of Speech, always go together; and in thofe xvretched Countries where a Man cannot call his Tongue his own, he can irarcc call any Thing elfe his own. Whoever would overthrow the Libeity the Nation, niuft begin fay fuli- dtiins; the Fieedom of Speech j a Thing terrible to pub- lick Traitors, This Secret was fo well known to the Courl of King C.harlas I. that Ins wicked Mmiftiy procured a Pioclaiua- tion to forbid the People to talk of" Parliaments, which thofe Traitors had laid afiile To aflTeri the undoubted Right of the Subject, anddtefend his Mnjefty's legal gajtive, was called Difaffection, and purjiihed as Sedition. Nay, People were forbid to talk of Kelijjion in their Fa- milies For the Prielh had combined the Mjnifters to cook up Tyranny, and fupprefs Truth and the Law While the late King Jam-cs, when Duke of Tirk, went avowedly to Mnfs; Men were fined, imprifoned, and un- done for faying lint he was a Papili: And, i hat King Chntlet H. might live more fecurely a Papift, there was an Aft of Parliament made, declaring it Treaion to fay that he was one. That Men ought to fpeak well of their Governors, is true, while theii Governors deferve to be well fpoken of} but to do publick Mifchief, without bearing of it, is only the Picrogative and Felicity of Tyranny A free People will be ihewing that they aie lo, by their Freedom of Speech The Adminifmtion of Government is nothing elfe, but the Attendance of the Tuiftees of the People, upon the Inteicit and Affairs of the People And as it is the Part and Bufrnels of the People, for whofe Sake alone all pub- lick Matters aie, or ought to be, to fee whe- ther they be well or ill tranfafted; fo it is the Interell, "nd ought to be the AmbHon, of all honeft Magistrates, have their Deeds openly and publickly fcan- ned: Only the wicked Governors of Men dread what is laid of them; Audivit TIBERIUS frolra queh lacerabi- tur, atquti pet cfl. '1 he public Cenlure was true, elfe he had not felt it bitter. Freedom of Speech is ever the Symptom, as we'll as the Kfteiit, of good Government. In old Rome, was left to the judgment and Plcafuie of the People, who exa- mined I IK publick Proceedings with liich Difcretion, and ccnfurcd thofe who oduiuiiftered them with fuch Equity arid Mildncfs, that in the Space of three hundred Yeais, not five publick Mintllers faftcred unjuilly. Indeed, when- ever Commons proceeded to Great Ones had been i he Guilt only dreads Liberty of which drags it of its linking Holes, and expofea its Defoimity and Horror to Day-light. Valerius., Cittinnatus, and other virtuous and undefigning Magiftnates or the Re- train Commonwealth, had nothing to fear from Liberty of Speech. Their virtuous Adminiftration, the more it was examined, the moic it brightened and gained by Enquiry. When in particular, waj acculi'dv upon fome flight Grounds, of aifeding the Diadfcui} he, who was tUc firll Minifter of ftome, did not accufe the People for examining his Conduct, but approved his innocence in a Speech to them he gave fuch Satiafadtiou to them, and ffiuiKrd fuch Popularity to himfelf, that they him a new Name iniii (agnomen ftiQum Publicola tjl f to de- iiolt- that he was their Favouiitc and thoir Prieul. But Things afterwards took another Turn with the Lofa of its Liberty, lofl alCo its Freedom of Speech then Men's Words began to be tVaied a'nd watclt- j then firft began the poiibnous Race of Infounm, ba-, triflied indeed undei the righteous Adminiftration of Titus, Trajan, Aurtltut, but encouraged and en- inched under the vile Mimftry ofSejanus, Pallas and Cleander. The belt Princes have ever encouraged and freedom of Speech; they knew that upright Meafures would defend themfelves, and that ait upright Men would defend them. Tacitus, fpeaking of the Reigns of fome of the Pnnces above-mentioned, fays with Extafy, Rara temporum felicitate, ubi fentire velis, et qua fentias dtcere Iheat: A blefled Time, when you might think as you would, and fpeak what you thought The fame was the Opinion and Practice of the wife and virtuous Timoleon, the Deliverer of the great Citv of Syraruft fro'm Slavery. He being accufed by Dementtus, a popular Orator, in a full Alterably of the People, of fe- veral Mifdemeanors, committed by him white he was Ge- neial, gave no other Anfwer, than t4iat, He was hyhly obliged to the Gods for granting him a Requejl ihfit he had often to them namely, That hs might live to fee the Syiacufiaiis enjoy the Liberty of Speech, which they avu> Jeemedto he Mafters of. And that gieat Commander, M. Marcellus, who won more Battles than any Raman Captain of his Age, being ac- cufed by the while he was now a fourth Time Conlul, of having done them Indignities and hoftile Wrongs, contrary to the League, role from his Seat in the bcnate, as1 foon as the Charge againfl: him was opened, and paffing (as a private Man) into the Place where the Acculed were wont to make their Defence, gave free Liber- ty to the Syracuftans to impeach him: Which when they had-done, he and they went out of the Court together to attend the Iffue of theCaufe: Nor did he expiefs the Jeaft Ill-will or Refentment towards his Accufers; but beinn- acquitted, received their City into his Protection. Had he been guilty, he would neither have ihewn fuch Temper nor Courage. 1 doubt not but old Spencer and his Son, who were the chief Minifters and Betrayers of Edward II would have been very glad to have flopped the Mouths of all the ho- ned Men in Erglind. They dreaded lo be called Trai- tors, becaufe they were Traitors. And I dare fiy, Queen Elizabeth's Walftngham, who dcferved no Reproaches, feared none. Mifrepiefentationof public Meafures is eifily overthrown, by reprefenting public Meafures truly: When they are honeft, they ought to be publickly known that may be publickly commended; but if they be kiKUrifli or pernicious, they ought to be publickly ex- pofed, in order to be publickly deteflod, To that King Jaihes was a Papift pnd a Tyrant, was only fo far huitiul to him, as it vas true or him and if the Earl of Slragord had not c'efervcd to be im- peached, he need not have feared a Bill of If our Directors and rheir Confederates be not fuch Knaves as the Woild thinb let them prove to all the World that the World thinks Wrtfng, and rhat they aie guilty of none of thofe Villages all the World lays to their Charge. Others too, who would be thought to Have no Part of their Guilt, rniSft, before they are thought inno- cent ftew that they did all in their to prevent that Guilt, and to check their Proceedings'. Freedom of Speech' is the great Bulwark of they prolper and the togethci. And it is the Terror of Traitors and Oppreflbrs, and a Banier agamft them. Jt' pioduces excellent Wiiter and encourages Men of fine Genius. Tacitus tqlls us, that the Roman Commonwealth bretl great and numerous Authors, who, wiit with rqual Itoldnefs -and Eloqwence. But whci it was enflaved thofe great Wirs were no more. Tyrinny had ufurped the Place of Equality, which is the Soul of Liberty, and de- ftrpyed public Courage. '1 he Minds of terrified by unjuft Power, degenerated into all the Vilenefs arid Me- thodt of Abject Sycophancy and blind Submif- fion grew the only Mea ia ot PreterniCBt and indeed of Men dui-ft not open their Mouths but to ft-mer Pliny fhe YoHngerobfervea, that'this Dread of Tyran- ny had inch Effect, that the Senate, the great Raman Se- rrate; latt ftupKi and dumb: Hence, fyys our Spirit1 and Genuls are (Uipified, broken anU funk for And in'one of his fpeaking; d' the Works at his Uncli1 he makes an Apology lor eight of them, not Written with the fome Vigour which wns to be found in the tor that ttiute eight were written hi the Heign. Neio, When the Spin't ot writing was crumped by Fear. All the Minilters, iherefoie, who'were Oppteffora, or One intended t) be Oppreffors, have been loud in n, plants agamft Freedom of Speech, and the of much they were at Enmity with Truth There is a famous Inftance of ,thh w He tells us, hat tewtim Cordui, having in big Annals praifed Pve0ftnce to V-w, firft Miniftet and to interior Sycophants in Court of TAtriut befto ,2 US tookihe'Fniii on every, worthy Roman, to be fo many Re- proaches panted at themfelves They therefore complain ol the Book to the Senate, which, W now only the Machine o( lyranny, condemned it to le But his did not prevent its fprfrading, being ceufu.ed, it was more fought after. at the of thofe SMefa, who hope to eZ 'b Terror of their (he fliLry of' iw, lorquueotherwife, the Punijbment of Jj, Rmn Credit to their did ever any Government who iinpollrick get anJ treedomor Speech, therefore, being of fuch infinite' Impouyice to the Preservation of Libeil r7i, every one who ov Liberty ought to encourage of Speech S I R, To the PRINTER. THOUGH the human heart by being long inured to' imquitj, may in a great meafure become callous to the impreffions ot confcience yet the worft of men can- not altogether ftifle the voice of that, faithful monitor. With all their artifices to footh the anxiety arifmp their guilty dqings, they are perpetually haunted wiill gloomy te-rors; and whilft furrounded with external pomr feflwity, are inwardly tormenred with the gnawing of that worm,

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