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Dublin News Letter Newspaper Archive: April 1, 1740 - Page 1

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   Dublin News-Letter (Newspaper) - April 1, 1840, Dublin, Dublin                                Vol. IV. .RIC HA RD  RE ILLT. _        NtfiiB. 33S e Dublin News - Letter. From Tuesday AprH the ift, to Saturday April the 5th, 1740. Vetterday Morning arrived on Tuefday another, with on ici n* Pacquet, and nth fvj.nl. The following is a Letter from a Gentleman On board . the Burfoid it Porta Bello to his Friend a: Newcastle; which, as i: contains a more particular Account ai Admiral Vernon's glorious Atchi. vement it that Place,, thin any yet'publiihed here, we thought wc ccu'd not, irt Jul!ice to the Bravery of our Engliin Office.-* and aaduis, refuie it a Fis.ce in our Paper. Dear Six, GrteabEe to ray Promif� at parting, I beg Leave io acquaint you that I . arrived die in Port Royal Harbour on tteajduf Oct. after an exceeding good Pailaga. Hostilities had b:eii committed againlt the Spaniards by oar Fleet under Commodore Brown five Weeks before we came to Jamaica, and fcveral Cap-tares had ben made ; id tiist the Anxiety we were under of being attacked by the Guarda Collas as we palled along tiie Coafts of Porto Rico ami Hitpaniola, being without a Convoy, was more than: made amends for by'the Pleafure we had of coming up with the Bia mond Man ol War leading in Tow a large Regiiier Ship bound /ram La Vera Cruz to the Havana, laden with Treafure to the Value of 40,0001. Sterling. The Diamond had alfo get another Prize in Company, Brigantine hdiU v.-itn "rovifions, but not near the Value of the Regiiier Ship. As we made thefs Sails firft about Point Moiant, we were under great Concern till we could diftinguifh the Englifh Colours; but you cannot eafily conceive the Joy we were flufh'd with on efpying the two Prizes w�h Spanilh Colours drooping under Englifli Enfigns. On coming up with them, dpt. Knowles gave ui a Relation of the manner of his taking them, and convoyed tt* that.Evening fafe to Port^ Royal; On my Arrival I>va� acquainted by the Admiral that te intended to go to- Sea with fuch Ships of the Squadmtv as could be gotready in a few Days; and acVtfrtiing-ly, on the aufpiciotU 5th of November, we weighed| Anchor, and failed for Porto Bello; theBurford, Ad-' miral Vernon; the Hampton Court, Commodore Brown j the Louifit, Capt.Waterhoufe; the Strafford, Capt. Trevor ; rise Worcefter, Capt. Mayne; and the Norwich, Capt. Herbert; being two of 70, three of 60, and one of 50 Guns. On'the 10th we made a Sail ac 10 in the Morning, in Lat. 1 2 Deg. N. which we gave-chafe to till four in the Evening, when we Ciune up with'her, and fhe ftruck her Spanilh Penant on the firft Gun. She proved to be a large Sloop with P.ovifions from Carthagena to Porto Belio; and as ail our Pilots we.e Strangers to the Coafts Weftward of Chaugre, the Spanilh Pilot was of good Service to us. On the i6;h we, made four Sail of Snips clofe in Shore a: a great Diftance ; fo that Night coming on we had no Hopes of reaching them, and next Morning they were out of'Sight. We rightly conjectured them to b$ Guarda Coftas from Porto Bello; for bearing away with all Speed for that Harbour they got in the Day before us, and alarmed.the Place, unfhipping all their Men to affilt in defending the Fortifications, which we found to be exceeding itrong both by Art and Nature  PORTO BELLO is fituate in the Cod of a Bay, above a Mile deep,: and near half a Mile broad at the Mouth-ofthe Harbour, where a ilrong Caftle and Fort flood on the Side of a fteep Rock, with 300 Men and iao great*&uas. On the different Side, but about a Mile farther .ap; flood Caftle Gloria, larger than the other, which was called the Iron Caftje, having 400 Men andi 20 Qutjs, mod of them the largeft ever ieen. Thil was-alfo fituate oiiithe Side of a very high Rock, apd under the Cannon of it and Fort St. Hieronymo, which.was a ftrojjg:Battery nearly oppolite, all the Ships rode at Anchojr belonging to the Harbour. But in order tp gire you a clearer Idea ol the whole, you have below a fmall Sketch of the dftle*. Fort Town and Harbour, together with the Station of the Spanilh Ships, and the Place where weengaged the Iron Caftle. On the Afternoon of the zi ft, about-Two o'clock, we came up with Porto Bello Harbour, where the Spaniards had hoifted upon the Ir�n Caftle the Flag of Defiance ; and, as.we were told by themfelves afterwards, they wifhed earnefliy for our attempting; to come in, a* believing they'could fink us all immediately; but find they feared we were only making a ffcond Baftimento Expedition, and would not give, the n the Pieafttre of engaging us. By they were fopn gratified in their Wilhes t far the Hanjipton Court made directly oppofite to the CaiOe, being in-the Van; and, as the Wind had die* awayv than a Cable's Length. She foon convinced them that Ihe was both willing and able to return it, for in about 25 Minutes fhe fired above 400 Shot againit the Caftle; fo that nothing was to be feen but Fi;e and Smoke 011 both Sides.   The Norwich then cine up next, who met with the fame Reception ; and altho' fhe d:d not fire quite fo quick as the Hampton Court, yet we could obferve that her Shot was fo well aimed as to put the 5piniards a good deal off their Mettle, hardly icturn-ing her one Can for three.   In 28 Minutes the Worcefter got up alfo, who anchoring dole by the other two, did no (mail Execution againlt the Cattle, in a little Time knocking down the higher Part of it, and driving many of the Spaniards from their Guns.   We made all the Sail poffible, and came before the Caftle, with the Blue Flag at our Fore-top-malt Head, and the Bloody Flag at the Main-topmaft Head, in 20 Minutes after the Worcefter. The Admiral, whole Con-daft and Courage is hardly to be parallelled, ordered our Anchor to be dropped within half a Cable's Length of the Caftle, as being refolved to convince them -we were no way afraid of all they could do.   Notwith-ftanding they had difcharged very lew Guns for fome Minutes before we came up, yet, as if they had re-folved to fummon up aii their Courage againft the Flag, they wellcomed us with a terrible Volley, which being at fo fhort a Diftance, took Place with almoft every Shot.  One ftruck away the Stem of our Barge, another broke a large Gon upon our upper Deck, a third went thro' our Fore-top-maft, and a fourth, paf-fing thro' the Arning within two Inches of our Main-malt, broke down the Barricado of our Quarter-deck, very near the Admiral, and killed three Men hi a Moment, wounding live others which flood by them. This looked as if we fhould have bloody Work, but was far from difcouraging our brave Fellows (who m thefe Coafts , as alfo the Engliin Factors and Effect* of the South-Sea Company delivered up to us. They reaJily comply'd, and we took Poffeilion of the Ships and Fcris accordingly, In the Gloria we found 1 20 Guns, 200 Small-aims and Biunderbuffes, as many Swordi, 2Cp Barrels of Powder, lour large Mo/ tars, thouiands of Iron and Copper Balls, with the Gucs and Ammunition in the Iron Caftle, of which about 87 in all are ofBrafs, together with two Men of War of 24 Guns, one Snow of 14, four, good Sloops, a Pettiaguay, and Half-galley. We have alfo had the good Luck to find about ro,ooo Dollars be* longing to the King of Spain, which I bad the Pleafure of being prefent at the fearching for, when we found it in the Cuftom-houfe, hid, moll cf it, in a Clofe ftool- We have broke the Trunnions of all the Iron Guns, which will render them ufelefs, and blafted all the Foundations, and burnt the Superltruflures of the Caftles, fo that fome Millions will hardly compenfate the Damage. It is abfolutely impoflible ever to teftore them to the Condition in which we found them, be-caufe the Foundations are fo much fhatter'd and fplit by mining, as to render it impracticable to attempt rebuilding them on the fame Sp.t. Porto Bello is no large Town, confifting only of a-bout 500 Houfes, twoChurches, a Treafury, a Cuftom-houfe, and Exchange. The Inhabitants depend entirely upon the Fair which is held here about fix Weeks ' every two or three YeaVs in the Time of Peace, accordingly as the Galleons happen to arrive from Carthagena, where they always firft difpofe of Part of their Goods, and then come down here, where they are met by all the Merchants from the great Cities of Lima and Ponama, with Millions of Money to purchaie their Merchandize. I am told by the Inhabitants, what it almoft incredible, that the Town can hardly find roeni. every Ship we/e fo zealous as hardly to be reftrained . enough for the Chefts of Money during the Time ;of the t.- r.:__v      ....------j        c.- - r,l . Fair, and that feveral Rooms are let for coo Dollars; from firing) for we returned their Salute in fuch a Manner, ihat-altho' they nretf a Shot now and then, yet they never did us the lea ft Damage af teiwards. We drove them from all their lower Guns the firft Broad-fide, and by a Spring upon our Cable, bringing about oar Starboard Guns, we gave them another in three Minutes, and fo on for fix or feven Rounds, which made them quite fick of the Affair, and we could obferve them flying for Refuge into the Ambufcasles. The Admiral, talcing Advantage of this Remiifion, ordered out the Boars with our third Lieutenant Mr. Broderick, and about 40 Sailors, as alfo a Company ofAfarines and their Officers, whom he commanded to land under the Fire of our Guns in the very Front of the lower Battery; and making a Signal for two o a Week, and very poor ones for. 150 or 200 � fa that lome People make 10,000 Dollars by t|e Ctn-i venience of their Houfes wbilft the Fair kfis. As itisjy impoflible for. Lima and Panama to be fupplied thro*"; any other Channel than that of Porto Belb, and* as the -Galleons dare not cow prefome to come there, the Fortifications being jem'olifbed, a fine Opportunity isa& forded the Dutch at Curaco, who always ftoIeaTxad*; in a pedling way, but now may deal without Inter*-, ruption.   As the Diamond, Windfor, andAnglelia have now joined us here, we intend to beat ap to Carthagena, to try if we can tempt Don Bkfe, who lies there with four Men of War and the Galleons, to come out and engage us, efpetially, as we hear he is to be ther Ships to Jcllow the Example, they all landed fafe joined by feveral French Men of War from Martinico. but two Soldiers, who were killed by the Small-arms from the C3lUe. One Man let himfelf clofe under an Embafficr, whiift another climbed upon his Shoulders and entered under the Mouth of a great Gun. This fo difmayed the Spaniards, that they threw down their Arms, and fled to the Top of the Calile ; from whence fcaling backwards, we could fee them run into the Woods by hundreds and fly for their Lives. All the Boats Crews were on the Platform in three We wait now only for the South-Sea Factors and the Company's Effects, fo that we ftall fail in a Day or two at fartheft.    '- I have the Pleafure to acquaint you that I have got" over two or three fmall Fevers, which every onemuli expect to be attacked with as a Seafoningtp this wadset Climate; tho', what is very {urprizing, wehavemuchi cooler Weathcr'here in the Latitude of 9 deg. N. tbanv at Jamaica in 18. The Gentlemen on board with me nam's firing a Gun or two through the Door, they quickly open'd it and bdfe'dQuarter. Thus this" Iron Caftle was taken by four firtglrfli Ships (for theLouifa and Strafford were hot come up) in two Hours, which in the Hands of fo many Engfifhmen, might havr been defended againft all the Naval Force of Spain. The Gloria and Hieronymo Forts kept firing towards us ail the Time of Action, bat rnoft of their Shot fell fhort, or flew over our Rigging. After we had got Pbf-feflion of the Iron Caftle, we tried to re^ch them with our lower Deck Guns, and couid obferve that in a few Minutes we were fo fortunate as to have ftruck down their Flag ftaff at Gloria Caftle, and beat down feve ral Houfes in the Town ; wc alfo funk a Sloop near Fort St. Hieronymo and the Gloria. The Cornell lading till Night put an End to the Engagement, when it was refolved in full Council, that as there was no Wind, -every Ship fhould warp up tothe Fortifica-cations and come 10 Action asToona*:poffible in the Morning: But juft as we beg^o tp ft^e:.ateut"Break of Day, we obferved a Boaf CfMfrtjfir,^ar|fe us v^ih a Fbg of Truce and Terms or^^h^o^y^ That the Government4 woold deliver.^3^^ifal?cat&j man provided they might be alIov^;3^^t^ia�r with the Honours of War-; have ah j�^rjtif themfelves^ the Town, and the-.Inhaomm^l permitted to enjoy all the Ships in the Ha; ..    , _____________^______,.Mhft.aiofcfe was Tejecl�dj-iW"die Admiral te$&*-i* fcedropt her.A.nchor before it, teceiving a .very brijfcj have aU- the Ships, being the very Ships which' had �11$ from the Spaniards at the DlfoRce of liiti^mftt^t^ in Minutes after landing, and ftruck the Spanifh Flag of deferve a Character much fuperior to that generally Defiance, hoifting the Englifli Colours. The Capitano ' given to bailors in Point of Civility, no Men and Officers which were taken in tbeCaftlc, flmt them- behaving with greaterFriendihip, Candour, andGotd] felves up in a ftrorg Lodgment; but upon our Lieute-| Nature.  I am, Dear Sir,      ' ' Your allured Friend, And faithful humble Servant, William Ridart^otf'. A 'tia Iron Caftle on the North Side of the Mouth of the  , Harbour, wHn 100 Guns-  , B The Caftle Gloria, with no Cuds, on theSaiitkSideot thsj ; .  -   HarBeiur, and � Mile from the^ Iron Caftle ;i>-*ElieTo��i of Porto Bello, Iyiog alont; the Extrenutjr �f E. TbeS(arUn;�f the Spanitti Skips F f he Ilaiwptoj* Coott's! Race ofAflion jG The Norwich'* ditto, Capt. Herbert H The Woreeffet's &to; Cagt, Mayoe-1 The Adajinl'i Shsp, JhtfJarfirt .   

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