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Huron Reflector (Newspaper) - December 18, 1838, Norwalk, Ohio WHATSOEVER ARE IX GOOD Paul ed and Published BY A K JE S T O Two Dollars per Two Dollars and Fifty until all arrearages are tlie option of ilie editors limes for one re and twenty-five cry A liberal discount made by the year ids of Country received commerce INT's it- 1C people of Senate ntsc of you on the in the try under juu or he performance of duties Though the an- if an abundant harvest ry where been realized whole the labors of are rewarded wilh a industry prospers s channels of business general health a- 1s throughout our vast O nothing road the continuance of ace nor has any thing he strength of and domestic ties lute he only guaranty ss and permanency of which formed f peril have hitherto My ude in onr national which c- re and beneficence of for our devout and ude not less reason to be Iher bounties bestowed munificent hand and cly our own it year closes he first of our federal our in he acknowledged J unlimited operation or so long a period of the people sen fully by ex- devised by our thp ana t system then untried a settled form of ily preserving and great principles upon founded but ing individual happiness Though sub- e and entire revocation emed inadequate to all yet such is the and so stable 2 public that except in mal- I comparatively has proved amply j various emergencies in- r as a nation e foreign war agitating domestic and in rival sovereignties to interfere in the ions influences that of excessive the anti-republican lials not less formidable 211 encountered and thus ully resisted served for American st the advantages of a t entirely dependent or al exercise of the our experience it is as beneficent in s just in theory Eacl change made in our locn to extend n suffrage has increased influence of Ihc mass of unity given greater exertion and re- iore and more the yet Ihc dence and patriotism of have kept pace wilh this 1 responsibility In no s education been so Domestic peace has no reigned The close intercourse have in 2 prevailed with such r a space so All have united for to diffuse charily and for the first time in the all have been and absolutely 2 deepest recesses of have been penetrated: d of the rudeness in the consequent upon elsewhere have sprung up in prosperity internal c wisdom of their political improvement pr new confederation and fresh provident industry Doubtful uons of domestic policy have been by mutual forbe and agriculture manufactures other Taxation and public burd upon all cd wilh comparative lightness Without one entangling our friendship is prized by ery nation and he rights of our are respected be- cause they are known to be guarded bear so heavily or countries have upon and own as information has been in confirmed by a hostile invasion Actually made by citizens of he U- mlcd Slates in conjunction i 1 DECEMBER 18 G for i article are J b JVC 47 r and thereof to on the to procure coi two and ar o ibis Government fron the Confederation An exposition of the fiscal affairs 01 Hie Government and of their dilion for he so evident and s ful we owe that to hpm which most cheering exhi increased H i lime 6 u assault J Ins review of the ap nr of military operations the authorities and people of Canada J he results of these criminal the peace ami order of a neighboring country have been -is was to be expected fatally O to the nr sons in or deluded them and those in whose arc professed o have beer un- The authorities in ume to come against foreign or at of movements result of ou ns for half a century will Ceiling a spirit of vain should serve to impress upo us the great principles whid Hiey sprung constant and di rect by Ulc measure strict forbear doubtful or dis- 1 cautious which from powers 1 from all concerns and are best left and individual enter nse o TI i j i o J Kt cently on belong ite regulations n i uh information our foreign a flairs slate of been mitted o Congress I S sary now to bring to only such have sul ly occurred or are of ancc as to require intended our citizens have felt themselves obliged o take Against them have actually embodied the militia and attitude o repel the invasion Inch hey believed he Colonir exposed the A slate of feeling on both sides frontier has bus been produced called for prompt and QMS interference Jfan insur m Canada the bv the A- o positions of the United Slates o well as heir duty towards themselves would o maintain a strict neutrality restrain heir citizens from of the laws which have ccn passed for its enforce obligation to recognizes a ci i2c lion The most amicable continue to be nations will whom the Cove and of lie failed have an Ihc date of ny ust tempts on the part of iu the pLe of u he e order or hag J The will show the grounds upon which we contend hat the zons of the United Stales have in- dependent Of he provisions of the convention of a right o radc with the natives upon flc itl question at unoccupied places however it is admitted to be t any mie by the creadon of establishments U such points This right is denied he Russian Government which that by operation of ol 1821 each party agreed o the general right to land on tne vacant on the respective sides of he degree of latitude to and in lieu con- past year will be made o you by the the Treasury The available Secretary of in the on the first of January s estimated at Ihc receipts of HIP r oms receipts of he year from ns and lands will prob to These cs of revenue have been increased by an issue of Treasury Of which less than eight millions of lars including interest and pal will be outstanding at the end of the year and by hc sale of one of the bonds of the of the Uni- ted Slates for The Aggregate of means from these and other sources with the bah anee on 111 IKS mutual privileges mentioned he fourth article The capital 1 tonnage employed by our zens m their hade wilh he west coast of America will perhaps on adverting to the official ments of he commerce and ll on of the United Slates for the last ew years be deemed too erable in amount to attract much at- yet the subject may in er respects deserve the careful con- of Congress 7 regret to state that the of Ihc principal ports on the hand on the 1st of January last has been applied to the payment of by Congress The whole expenditure for the year on account including the lion of more than eight millions of Treasury notes constitutes an gregate of about forty millions of dollars and will still leave in the Treasury the balance before staled Nearly eight millions of dollars of Treasury notes arc to be paid during the coming year in addition to Ihc is or receive of all banks which refused to re wilh specie by these aided by the favorable action of some of the banks and by he support and co-operation of a of the community we have witnessed an early resumption of payments in our great com- capital promptly followed almost every part of the 1 his result has been alike to the true interests of commerce and to public morals respect for confidence be- man and man which is so in our social relations The contrast between the of of most king The short duration of t latter ns citizens upon nations at United Slates or combinations for committing them have been at all times regarded by the abhorrence Military Stern coast of Mexico which of differences between Republic and Fr in M mce was in- a could noi ue in so ing a our foreign am happy he now able to in- orm you lhat advance has been nade adjustment of our 11 flic ul lies Republic and i the customary good ecling the two This has been by negotiations lhat have resud in the conclusion by our citizens into frics so the commission HI order to a change it iU under any pre- text whatever have from the com- of held equally on part of engaged in them and as much of punishment as would be disturbance of the public peace of a boeen the two when ratified will refer to the ofa ly power all of growing out of in- juries to There is at present also ison to believe that an equitable of all ted points wile attained without further or unnecessary de- lay and free re- sumption of intercourse with our With to the northeastern boundary ofe no official between this Government d hat of Great Brit- ain has that to towards the close of Ihc last seon The offer o a for a of survey and 1 am however sured will bnel by Her a conciliatory and friendly and instructions to enable the ilish Minister hereto conclude siran wi by the perpetration of similar acts nations tent French naval force and is embarrassing o our own trade in the gulf in common with on the pait of the French to render this measure as tle onerous at practicable to Uic andlo those of neutral com- merce and it is lo be hoped that an early settlement of the difficulties between Fiance and Mexico will soon re-establish the harmonious re- lations formerly subsisting between the ports Republic to the all friendly ordinary appropriations for he port of government For both these purposes the resources of the ury will undoubtedly be if the charges upon it arc not ed beyond he annual No excess however is likely to ex- nor can the postponed ment of the any con- within our own territory By no country or persons blc of strict observance nf u Inch is so ble preservation of social in more earnestly ly than by groat and good men first and finally established of our own They and maintained them at an curly and critical period in our history they were embodied in legislative enactments ofa highly penal character the faithful enforcement of which has hitherto been and will i trust ways continue to be regarded as a duty ably associated wtih maintenance of our tional honor That the people of lho II should feel an interest in the spread political as free as they their own to be is natural nor can a for A convention for marking that part of hc boundary between the United Stales and the Republic of Texas which extends from the mouth of to the Red er was concluded and signed at this city on the of April last It has since been ratified by bolh and seasonable measures will be taken o carry it into on the part of The application Republic for admission into ibis Union made in August 1837 and which was thu of all those -ire m nny time in for reasons already made known to you has been formally withdrawn as will appear Horn the accompanying copy of the note of the Minister Plenipotentiary of as which was presented to the of Stale on the occasion of Ihc exchange of the ratifications of conventions above named Copies of Ihc convention with Texas ofa commercial con- wilh he King of Greece good their be im- to our as a With the en- tire freedom of opinion an ex- pression thereof on their the Government has the right nor I trust the tion to But whether the interest or the honor of V Suites requires lhat they should hc made a party to any and inevitable consequence to the i- in its I support is a question u Inch by our constitution is wisely left to Congress alone I decide bj the laws already mad in our to or anticipate thai derision by Military operations on their i of this character in addition to j their as of the laws of our country have a direct tendency to drav a Similar treaty UlC 1 n our at large the multiplied evils of the n and to i i t t lion ood and honor of the I UonS of which have been ed that will be of 1 liberal dueler and this prove to be an slep towards the satisfactory d final adjustment of the J had that the respect for the laws for peace and honor own country the citizens of I would have any portion of them means to promote territory ofa are at peace Stales are maintaining the most friendly reions I regret deeply however be obliged lo inform you thai nol been case been given me derived and es that ma citizens of the Stales together to make hoie incursions from our territory o Canada and to aid exchanged accompany i for the information of Congress and legislative enactments as As such they eleven e be put down unh promptitude and dee I cannot lie mistaken 1 am in on the be 10 him without general concurrence for S A the I i less delay is hoped and lt mv 0 ls com- j j hut the m relation to either of them the the j and foster the ami of their country i may be found necessary or felt it mv duty in is itli com- I J J J d or m- in the power we and with fich the the hus winch they have I of a gradually increasing and or their oun and if order extended Commerce to for of our have been so j J long so justly u icli r the j guard he few who are in I of si In mean time the laws have been and v ill continue to he ex- anil every uill he mule I carry cxicTt V are or not to meet the sinio the frontier is lor Congress lo de- cide It will appear from the correspondence wnh submitted that the Government of a of the fourth article of the Convention of April ISO I between the whom business or pleasure or dis lanl climes and at same lime lo cultivate of and good will which ence has proved so beneficial in in- The of the United States ed it expedient from lime to time appropriations beyond Ihc estimates be made without causing a deficiency in the Treasury The great caution advisable at all times r i necessary at present by the prospective and rapid reduction of while the people by the occurrences of the lasl few years assures us thai they ex- from their representatives and will sustain them in the exercise of the most rigid economy Much can be effected by postponing ations not immediately required for ordinary public service or for any pressing emergency and much bv reducing Ihc expenditures where Ihc entire and immediate of the objects in view is not indispensable When we call to mind the and extreme embarrassments by excessive issues of bank paper aggravated by seen withdrawal of much foreign and the inevitable ment arising the distribution of the surplus revenue among the slates as required by Congress and con- sider the heavy expenses incurred by the removal of tribes by the military operations in Florida and on account of Ihc unusually large appropriations made at he last two annual sessions of Congress for other objects we have striking evidence in the present efficient stale of our finances of the abundant resources of the country to fulfil all its obligations Nor is it less to find thai the general community deeply as il has been is reviving with ad- ditional vigor chastened by the sons of past and animated by the hopes of the future the of paper issues by curbing the sanguine and adventurous spirit of speculation and by the honorable application of all available means to the fulfilment of obligations dence has been restored bolh at and abroad and ease and secured to all the operations of trade The agency of Government results has been ration of the tlie prompt restoration of siness the evident benefits ing from an adherence by he to the constitutional dard value instead of sanctioning the suspension by the receipt of u- paper and the tages derived from the large amount of specie introduced into the Iry previous to 1837 afford a ble illustration of the true policy of Government in such a Nor can the comparison fail move the impression that a national bank is necessary in cies Not only were specie resumed without its aid but have also been more idly restored than when it thereby showing that private al enterprise and prudence are fully adequate to these ends Ou til these points experience seems lo lave confirmed Ihc views jeen saved Ihc mortification of ing distresses of the community for the third time seized on to upon the country BO an rious effects of continued disturbing subject The Stiles and His Imperial by the third in producing these as efficient its powers and means permitted By withholding from Ihc States of the fourth instalment and leaving several ions at long credits with the banks principally in one section of the of which it is agreed tint there shall not be formed by the of the Slates or under the authority of the snid Stales any establishment on the northwest coast of A- menca nor on any of the Islands to the north I degrees -10 minutes of north tude and that in the samo manner there shall be none formed by subjects or under the authority south of the same and by the fourth article that during the term often years counting from the the present Corn ion the ships of bolh powers or which to the citizens or sub- respectively may reciprocally frequent without any hindrance whatever interior seas gulfs harbors and creeks upon the coast mentioned in the article for the to establish diplomatic connections country and more immediately of individual enterprise and abet there in poic of fishing and trading with the natives of with different foreign States by the appointment of representatives o reside within their respective tories 1 am gratified to be enabled to announce to you lhat since the close of your hist session these re- lations have been opened under the happiest with Austria and the two hat new tions have been made in the to it and at the same aiding the banks and commercial communities in other sections by postponing the payment of bonds for duties lo the amount of between four and five millions of dollars by an issue of Treasury notes as a means to enable the Government to meet the consequences of their in- affording althe same in Ihc changes of Ihc or in com- resumption ments is now nol less Is lo increase speculation by sudden expansions and contractions its disposition lo create panic and embarrassment for tlie promotion of its own designs its interference wilh politics and its far greater power for evil than for jood cither in regard to the local institutions or the operations itself What was in these respects but apprehension or ion when a national bank was first established now stands confirmed by humiliating experience The scenes through which wo have passed con- prove how little our com- merce agriculture manufactures or finances require such an institution and what dangers are attendant on its power 1 trust never to be conferred by tlie American people upon their Government and still less upon individuals nol re- sponsible lo for Us unavoidable abuses My conviction of of further legislative provisions for Ihc safe keeping and disbursement of public moneys and my opinion in regard lo the measures best ted lo the accomplishment of those objects have been already ted lo you These have been strengthened by recent events and in the full conviction that time and experience must still further their propriety I feel it my duly wilh respectful deference to the conflicting views of others again to invite your attention lo Wilh the exception of limited sums deposited in the few banks still em- ployed under Ihc act of 1835 amounts received for duties and with very inconsiderable exceptions those accruing from lands also have since the general suspension of sper cie payments by the deposit banks been kepi and disbursed by the Treasurer under his general legal powers subject to the ance of Secretary of ury The of defining more especially and of regulating ive missions of Russia Brazil time facilities for remittance and ox and Sweden and Norway in and by steadily declining to by law the exercise of tin's scope of Executive discretion has been already submitted to Congress A change in the office of collector at one of our principal ports has brought to light a defalcation of the gravest character the particulars of which will be laid before you in a special report from the Secretary of the Treasury By his report and the accompanying documents it will be seen that the weekly returns of
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