Historical Events For Year 1945

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January 20, 1945

The inauguration for the fourth term of President Franklin D. Roosevelt occurs, being the only president that has held more than 2 terms.
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January 27, 1945

The prisoners of the Auschwitz and Birkenau concentration camps are rescued by the Soviet Red Army.
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January 30, 1945

The last personal speech given by Adolf Hitler where he expresses his thoughts on German victory is broadcasted over the radio.
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March 1, 1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt reports on the Yalta Conference at a joint session of the United States Congress, what will be his last address.
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April 4, 1945

The Nazi Ohrdruf extermination camp is freed by American troops. Read More

April 11, 1945

The United States Army frees the Buchenwald concentration camp. Read More

April 12, 1945

The sudden death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt occurs, leaving Vice President Harry S. Truman to take the position as President.
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April 15, 1945

British and Canadian troops free the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Read More

April 16, 1945

The start of the Battle of Berlin occurs. Read More

April 25, 1945

Germany is cut in two by the United States and Soviet Union at the Elbe River. Read More

April 26, 1945

Control of the border between Germany and Switzerland is taken over by the British and Canadians upon the surrender of the Nazis.
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April 27, 1945

Germany's offer to surrender is rejected by the Western Allies. Read More

April 28, 1945

The execution of Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, occurs at the hands of Italian partisans as the attempt to leave the country.
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April 29, 1945

Adolf Hitler and mistress Eva Braun are wed in a closed ceremony at the Berlin Führerbunker.
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April 30, 1945

Adolf Hitler and newly wed wife Eva Braun commit suicide upon the approach of the Red Army at the Führerbunker in Berlin.
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May 2, 1945

The fall of Berlin is declared by the Soviet Union as the Red Flag is hoisted over the Reich Chancellery.
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May 4, 1945

British and Canadian troops free Holland and Germany formally surrenders the next day. Read More

May 8, 1945

The end of World War II is official with the final surrender of Nazi Germany, a day referred to as Victory in Europe Day.
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May 14-15, 1945

The Battle of Poljana in Slovenia is the last battle fought in Europe during World War II.
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July 26, 1945

With the defeat of the Conservative Party by the Labour Party, Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister and is replaced by Clement Attlee.
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August 6, 1945

The atomic bomb "Little Boy" is dropped on Hiroshima, Japan by a United States B-29 Superfortres.
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October 21, 1945

The first allowance of women voters occurs in France. Read More

October 24, 1945

The founding of the United Nations occurs as its Charter is ratified by 29 nations. Read More

October 24, 1945

The United Nations Charter institutes the World Court. Read More