Historical Events For Year 1863

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January, 1863

The greenhouse effect is explained for the first time by John Tyndall. Read More

January 1, 1863

The Emancipation Proclamation, making abolishing slavery in the confederate states an official goal of the American Civil War, is signed by President Abraham Lincoln.
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January 1, 1863

A farm in Nebraska makes the first claim under the Homestead Act. Read More

February 1, 1863

The January Uprising gain radicals in Lithuania, Belarus, Latvia, part of Ukraine, and part of Russia.
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February 10, 1863

The fire extinguisher is patented by Alanson Crane. Read More

February 16, 1863

The first land grant college under the 1862 Morrill Act is established as the Kansas State Agricultural College.
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February 24, 1863

The organization of Arizona as a United States territory takes place. Read More

February 26, 1863

The National Banking Act is signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln of the United States.
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March 3, 1863

The United States Congress organizes the Idaho Territory. Read More

March 3, 1863

The signing of the United States National Conscription Act takes place, causing the draft riots in New York City draft in July.
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April 14, 1863

Vietnam and the French Empire sign the Treaty of Hue. Read More

May 8, 1863

The United States of Colombia is formed from the Granadine Confederation under President Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera.
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May 28, 1863

The first African-American regiment departs from Boston as the 54th Massachusetts to fight for the Union.
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June 20, 1863

The admittance of West Virginia as the 35th U.S. state takes place. Read More

July 1, 1863

The abolishment of slavery takes place in the Suriname and Curacao and Dependencies Dutch colonies.
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July 30, 1863

The signing of the Treaty of Box Elder takes place between United States Representatives and Indian tribal leaders.
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August 8, 1863

A letter of resignation is sent to President Jefferson Davis of the Confederate States by General Robert E. Lee upon his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, but President Jefferson refuses it.
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August 16, 1863

The Dominican flag is raised by rebels in Santiago after it was annexed by Spain, beginning the Dominican Restoration War.
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September, 1863

The completion of the Western Railroad from Fayetteville, North Carolina to Egypt, North Carolina takes place.
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September 16, 1863

The establishment of the first American educational institution outside the United States takes place as the Robert College of Istanbul–Turkey by Christopher Robert.
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October 3, 1863

A national Thanksgiving day is announced to be celebrated on the final Thursday in November by President Abraham Lincoln of the United States.
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October 23, 1863

The first steam locomotives to be used in general service are introduced by the Festiniog Railway in North Wales.
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October 26, 1863

The establishment of London's Football Association takes place.. Read More

October 26–29, 1863

An agreement to create the International Red Cross is made by sixteen countries as they sign the Resolutions of the Geneva International Conference at a meeting in Geneva.
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November 19, 1863

The Gettysburg Address is given by President Abraham Lincoln of the United States at the Gettysburg, Pennsylvania military cemetery dedication ceremony.
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