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Bay City Press, The (Newspaper) - December 15, 1860, Green Bay, Wisconsin INDEPENDENT IN ALL NEUTRAL IN NOTHING VOL I BAY WIS DECEMBER 15 IS BY JOHN D LA WE Tf rms por Your In Advance Twine Urns or square one wock two throe every ono 8 00 Business curds pei Yearly column 2500 Legal ut by luw BUSINESS DIRECTORY D ami Attorney and at Law on St Counsellors at taw cor- ner of Doty mid Washington Streets TIM 0 HOWK BBS M BUCK WITH J II HOWE and Attorneys at Law and Solicitors in Chancery Office on Washington Struct in tho patent brick block ut the old bridge II WM II Jii JOHN C NEVILLE and Counsellor at Law and Solicitor in on Washington Struct In new ELLIS and In Brick Block Washington Street Groon Buy Wisconsin K H B J ATTORNEY at Law nnd Notary Public Oconto Oconto Co Wisconsin J J McCLELLAN mid Co Wisconsin anil at Law and tors in Chancery County Wis Messrs J A 11 will pay prompt tion to the collecting of chums examination of titles and payment of taxes T K and Surgeon in new building Adams St Green Hay Wis JOHN B A of Circuit Court Notary and eral Conveyancer Will attend to the Ing of moneys and the payment of In Brown Door Kewaunee and Oconto Counties in Baird's new building ou Street B In Hooks and Stationery School Hooks Blank Books Window Blanks Cards itc Store opposite the Block Washington Street D II MILLS CO and retail dealers in Dry Goods Notions Guns Jewelry Middle store in Block Green Bay Wis II U JOHN A EASTMAN at Law 101 Washington Street Court House Chicago III will attend to any business entrusted to him from Green Buy or the lumbering districts OKLO 13 OKA YES ATTORNEY and Counsellor at Law and Solicitor in Chancery Office in Gothic Block Washington struct Bay Wis is heavy and Shelf Hardware Store on Washington Street opposite Northern Bunk Green Buy Wig J T REEVE M D Office on Wasnington Street corner youth of the Court Kouso Adams Street Green Bay Wis K Wholesale and Retail dealer in heavy and Shelf Stoves Nails Mill New Song of the Hosken JUY JOHN C Heap high the farmer's wintry hoard Heap high the golden No richer gift lias autumn poured From out her lavish Let other hinds exulting gleam The apple from the pine The orange from the glossy green Tho cluster from the vine Wo better love the hardy gift Our rugged vales bestow To cheer us when the storm shall drift Our harvest fields with snow Through of grass and meads of flowers Our plows their furrows made While o'er the hills tho sun and showers Of changeful April played We dropped the seed o'er hill and plain Beneath the siin of Way And frightened from our sprouting grain The robber crows All through the long bright clays of June Its leaves grew strong and fair And waved in hot Its soft and yellow hair And now with Autumn's moon it eyes Its harvest time has come We pluck its frosted leaves And the treasure home There richer than the fabled gifts Apollo showered of old Fair hands tho broken grain shall sift And meal of gold Lot vapid idlers loll in silk Around their costly board Give us the bowl of sump and milk By homespun beauty poured the wide old kitchen hearth Sends up its smoky curls Who will not thank the kindly earth And bless the farmer Then on all tho proud and vain Whoso folly laughs to scorn The blessings of our hardy grain Our wealth of golden corn And lot the good old crop adorn The hills our fathers trod Still lot us for his golden corn Send up our thanks to God west side of Washington street near Fisk's warehouse SHERWOOD and retail dealers in Groceries and visions Boots and Shoes Domestics Ac in Em- pire Block opposite U S Hotel T A 1 TL O H S K A P 33 S on hand as elect Stock of Broad Cloths Cus and Bendy made Clothing Furnishing Goods itc Store on ton Street in new block Green Bay Wisconsin M.P and Counsellor at Law and Solicitor in Chancery in new building Street Green Bay Wisconsin J I LOY and Solicitor Empire Block ton St opposite the U.S Hotul Legal ments of every description executed and col- lections made in every part of Wisconsin Office hours 8 to 12 A M and H to 5 p M JACOBI and Counsellor at Law Green Bay Wisconsin Office in Advocate Block JOSEPH HARRIS OK Deputy County Treasurer of Door County arid Notary Public nnd Land Agent Bay Door Co Wis Prompt attention will be given to the Payment of Drawing up of Deeds Bonds Mortgages and Redemption of Lands sold for Taxes Pre- promptly Goy Lands in Door County in to at per Graduation Land Claims in Door Co proved up at my office WILLIAM ROWBOTHAM is prepared to furnish to order in all the various nnd of the latest fushion A select stock of and Testings Ready Made Clothing Furnishing Goods constantly on hand and for mile ut the lowest cash prices on Washington street one Cobr north of V S Grcon Bay Wis PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE Citizens Senate and House of the year since otu last the hus been eminently prosperous in its material interests general luis been excellent our harvests been abundant and plenty smiles the land Our and with energy and industry and have yielded fair and ample returns In short no nation in the tide of time pre- sented a spectacle of greater material prosperity than we have done until a ry recent period is it then that discontent now extensively prevails the Union of the States which is the source of all these blessing's is threatened with destruction The long continued and in- temperate interference of the Northern people with the question of slavery in the Southern States has at length produced its natural The different sections of tho Union are now arrayed against each other and the time lias arrived so much dreaded by of His when hostile geographical parties have been formed I have long foreseen and often my countrymen of the now danger This does not proceed solely from on the part of Congress or the Territorial Legislatures to exclude slavery from Territories nor from the efforts of different States to defeat the execution of the Law All or any of these evils might have been endured by the South without ger to the Union as others have the hope that time and reflection ply the remedy The immediate peril arrises not so much from the causes as from the fact that the violent of the slavery question throughout tho for the last quarter of a century has at length produced its malign influence on the slaves arid inspired vague notions of freedom hence a sense of curity no long'er exists around the family altar This feeling of peace at nome has given place to apprehensions of servile in- surrection Many a matron throughout tho South retires at night in dread of what herself and her children before the morning Should this apprehension of domestic danger whether real or inary extend and intensify itself until it should pervade the masses of tho ern people then be ble first law of nature and has been implanted in the heart of man by his creator for the wisest purposes and no political union however fraught with blessing's and benefits in all other respects can continue if the necessary consequences render the homes and firesides of nearly half the ties to it hopelessly cure Sooner or lator the bonds of such a union must be severed It is my conviction that this fatal od has not yet arrived and my prayer to God is that he would preserve the Con- and the Union throughout all generations But let us take warning in time and remove the cause of It cannot be denied that for and ty years the agitation at the North against Slavery in the South has in- cessant In and appeals were circulated ex- throughout of acter to excite the passions of the slaves in the language of General son to them to insurrection and produce all the horrors of a servile war This hasi con- by the public press by the ings of State and County Conventions and by and The time of been occupied oii subject and er forms endorsed b'y distinguished names have been sent forth from this central point broadcast over the Union How easy would it be for the American people to settle tlie slavery question for- ever and to restore peace and harmony in this distracted They alone can dit All that is necessary to lish this object and all which the slave States have ever contended for is to be let alone and permitted to manage their domestic institutions in their own way as Sovereign States They and they alone are responsible before God and the world for the slavery existing them For this the pie of the North are riot more responsible and have no more right to interfere than with similar institutions or zil Upon their good sense and patriotic forbearance I confess I still greatly rely Without their aid it the power of any President no matter what may be his own political proclivities to restore peace and harmony among the Wisely limited and restrained as is his power under our Constitution and laws he alone can accomplish but little for good or evil on such a momentous question and this brings me to that the of any one of our to the office of President does not of itself afford just cause for dissolving the Union This is more especially true election has been effected by a mere plurality and not a majority of the people and has re- from transient and temporary es which may probably never again cur In order to justify a resort to resistance the Federal ment must be guilty of a deliberate able and dangerous powers not granted by the Constitution The late Presidential election however has been held in strict conformity with its express provisions How then can the re- sult justify a revolution to destroy this very Constitution Reason justice and regard for the Constitution all require that we shall wait for some overt and dangerous act on the part of tho President Joefore resorting to such It- is said that the antecedents of the Presidentelect have been sufficient to justify the fears of the South that he will attempt to invade the Constitutional rights but are such apprehensions of con- tingent danger in the future sufficient to justify tho immediate destruction of the noblest system of Government ever de- vised by mortals From the very nature of his office and its high he must necessarily be The stern duty of administering the vast and complicated councils of this affords in itself a guarantee that he will not attempt any violation of a clear Constitutional right After all he is no more than the Chief Executive of tho Government His province is not to make but execute its laws ami it is a re- markable fact in our history that standing the reported efforts of the anti- slavery party no single act has ed Congress unless we may possibly ex- cept the Missouri Compromise impairing in tho slightest degree the rights of the South to their property in slaves And it may also be observed judging j from present indications that no exists of the passage of such an act by a majority of both Houses either in the the next Congress Surely un- der those circumstances to be present action by the pre- cept of Him who spake as never man spoke sufficient unto the evil thereof day of evil may er come unless we shall rashly bring it upon ourselves It is alleged as ono cause for immediate secession that the Southern States arc denied equal rights with the other States in the common But by what authority are these Not by Congress which has never passed and I believe never will pass any act to exclude those territories arid by the Supreme Court which solemnly decided that slaves are erty and like all other property their owners have a right them into the there under- the protection of Constitution So far Congress is the objection is riot to have ready done but to they may do hereafter It will surely be admitted that of no good dissolution Union It is true that the Territorial ture of Kansas on the of February 1860 passed in great haste an act over of the that slavery and shall be forever prohibited in the territory act ly rights of property ed by the Constitution will surely be by Judiciary whenever it shall be presented in a form Only three days after my inauguration the Court of the United States ly adjudged that this power did not exist in a Territorial Yet such has temper of the times that the been extensively impugned before has given angry political conflict Those who have appealed from this our would if they could invest tures annul sacred rights Congress is expressly forbidden by Constitution Union is Constitution to It cannot be except j people in State fa like manner only i Territory represented in a delegates to a State into Then and not until Uien are they invested with power to decide the very shall or shall not exist within their au act authority and not of subordinate territorial Were it wise then indeed would the equality of the States in the Territories nnd the rights of property iiv not upon the guarantees of the Constitution but the shifting majorities of an legislature its intrinsic unsoundness cannot long influence any portion of our people less can it afford a good son for a- dissolution of the Union The most palpable constitutional duty which have yet been consist in the acts of Slate legislatures to defeat thu the law It ought to however for these acts nor any President can be justly held having been passed in violation of the Federal Constitution they are therefore null and void AH the Courts both State and National before whom the tion lias arisen hare from the beginning de- clared the Fugitive Slave law to be constitutional The single is that of a State Court in Wisconsin find not only been reversed by the appellate tribunal but has met with such universal reprobation that there can be no danger from it tis a precedent The validity law and over again by the Supremo Court of the United States with perfect It is founded upon an express provision the requiring that fugitive slaves who escape from service in one State to another shall bo delivered up to their masters the a known historical fact thai the Constitution itself could not have been adopted by the Convention In one form or another under tho acts of 1793 or 1850 being substantially the gitive Slave law has been law of the land from the days of Wishington until the present moment Here their is a clear case presented in which it will be the duty of the ns it lias been my to act with vigor in cuting supreme hw against the conflicting enactments of State Legislatures Should be fail in tho performance of titis duty he will have manifested a disregard of the Constitution and the laws to the great injury of the people of nearly one half of the Sates of the Union But are we to presume in adrance he thus violate his this be at war with every principle of Christian charity Let us wait for The Fugitive Slave Law lias been carried into execution in every contested case since the com- of the present administration though often it is regretted with great loss and in- convenience and with considerable expense to the government Let us trust that will their unconstitutional and obnoxious enactments unless this shall be done without unnecessary delay it is impossible for any human power to save the Union The era States standing on the basis of the tion have a right to demand this act of injustice from the States of the North Should it be re- fused them the Constitution to which all the Slates are parties will liave been wilfully lated by one portion of them in a provision to the domestic security and happiness of the remainder In that injured States after having first all tional means to redress would be justified in revolutionary resistance to tlie government of the I have confined my remarks to resistance because it has been calmed within the last few that any State ever it shall be her sovereign will and pleasure may secede the Union in accordance with the Constitution and without any of the constitutional other members of the as each became parties to the Union by the vote of its con- vention so any one of them may retire in a ilar manner by the vote of such a In order to justify secession as a constitutional remedy it must be on the principle that the is a mere voluntary association of States to be pleasure by one of tlie con- parties If this be so the confederacy is A rope of sand and to be penetrated and dis- solved by the wave of public ion in the States In our thirty-three States may themselves into as many potty jarring and hostile republics each one retiring from the Union without ty whenever any sudden excitement might impel them to such a by this process a Union might broken lato fragments in which cost our years of toil privation and blood to establish Such a principle is wholly inconsistent with the history as it was with tho general deliberation and was submitted to the Its opponents contended that it conferred er federal the tho States whilst its advocates fair construction of the in- strument there was no foundation for such In that mighty struggle between the intellects of this or tiny other it never occurred to any individual either among its advocates to assort -or even intimate that their efforts were labor be- cause the moment that any State felt herself grieved she might secede from What a crushing argument this have proved against those who dreaded endangered by the The truth is that it until many origin of the Government that such a proposition was first advanced It was then met duel refuted by arguments of General Jackson who in his message of the of January transmitting the ing South Carolina to Congress em- ploys the following The right of a people of a single State to at out the consent of the other States from must solemn the and happiness of millions ing be Utterly repugnant both up oh which the General Go isi was expressly formed It is not pretended that any in the Con- gives countenance to such a ory it is altogether founded upon not from any language contained in itself but of the which it Svas beyond power of a to yield a portion of its sovereign rights to In tiie language palled the Father of the formed by the States that is by the people of the capacity and by which formed ment qf the United States created the in the sphere of its created by the Constitution ofthe States are within their several sphere's It them organized tiye Executive and Judiciary ments It operates like them directly ion persons arid things and like them it bas at a physical force for executing the powers committed to was intended to and not to be annulled at the pleasure of any one of the ing parties and by article declared that the articles of shall be inevitably observed State arid the shall be perpetuated The to the Constitution of the United States having express reference to the pf Confederation which was established in order to form perfect Union does riot tial attribute of perpetuity but that the Union was designed to be perpetual pears conclusively from ths nature and ex- tent of the powers conferred by the con- on the federal These powers embrace the very highest j attributes of national They place both the sword and the purse under its control Congress has power j to make war and make peace to raise and j support armies and navies and to conclude treaties with governments It is invested with the power to coin money and to regulate the value thereof and to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the several States It is to enumerate the other high ers which have been conferred upon the Federal Government In order to carry the enumerated powers into effect Con- gress proposes the exclusive right to lay and collect duties on imports and in com- mon with the States to lay and collect all other taxes But the Constitution has not only con- ferred these high powers Congress but it has adapted effectual means to re- strain the States from interfering with their exercise for that purpose It has ill a strong prohibitory language expressly declared that no State shall enter into any treaty alliance or confederation grant ters of marque and reprisal coin money emit bills of credit make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts pass any of attainder ex post facto law or laws impairing the gations of contracts Moreover without the consent of Congress no State shall lay any imposts or duties or any imports or exports except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws and if they exceed this amount the to the United arid shall without the consent of j Congress lay on keep troops on ships of war in time of peace enter into any agreement or compact with a foreign power or engage in war unless j actually invaded or in such imminent ger as will not admit of further delay In order still further to secure the of these high powers against State interposition it is provided that the Court and the laws of the United States which shall be made in thereof and all treaties made or which shall be made under the authority of the United States shall be the supreme law of and the judges in every state Shall be bound thereby anything- in the Constitution or laws of any state to the contrary riot withstanding The solemn sanction of religion has been to the obligation of official duty and all Senators and Representatives of the Uni- all members of State tures and all Executive and Judical cers the United States and the several States shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support the Constitution In order to carry into effect these laws the Constitution has established a perfect government in all its forms Legislative Executive and Judicial ment to the extent of its powers acts upon the individual citizens State and its own decrees by the of its own In this respect entirely from the ment under the old Confederation which was make requisitions their soverign This left it in the discretion of to obey and they often declined such requisitions It thus became for the purpose of re- and in perfect union to establish a which could act directly upon and execute its out the intermediate agency of the States This has-been accomplished by the of States In short the Government created by the Constitution arid drawing its authority from the sovereign people of each of the several States has precisely the same over the States in the One delegates the United to the to the people To extent of powers the Constitution States part the Constitution is as ing people as though been inserted therein ment therefore and invested with all of that special subjects to which its authority extends to iil its seed of its at its guilty of absurdity of was its farmers to be thel the enchanter substantial and sloy decay defying the ages Indeed well may jealous patriots of that day have indulged fears that of such high powers might violate reserved rights of the States and wisely did they adopt the rule of a strict construction of those powers to prevent the danger but they did not fear they any reason to imagine that the Con- would ever be so as to State by her own without the consent of her sister to discharge her people from all or any of their Federal It may be asked then are the people of without redress against the and of the Federal By no means of resistance pri the part of the governed ag t the oppression of cannot be denied it exists of all at all periods of the world's history Under it ail governments have been destroyed and under it new ones have been replaced It is embodied in strong and impressive language in our of but the tion must ever be observed that this is revolution against an established ment and not a voluntary secession from it by virtue of an inherent constitutional right In short let us look the danger fairly in the face Secession is nothing nor less than revolution It may or it may not ba justifiable revolution but still it is revolution What in the meantime is the responsibility and true position of bound by solemn oath before God and the country to take care that the laws be faithfully executed From this tion he cannot be absolved by any human power But what if the performance of this duty in whole or in part has been rendered by events over which he could have exerted no Such at the present moment is the case throughout the State of South So far as the laws of the United States to secure the administration of means of the Federal Judiciary are con- cerned all the Federal officers within its limits through agency aione those laws can be carried into execution have already have no longer a District or District Attorney in South Carolina In fact the whole chinery of the Federal Government sary for the distribution of remedial tice among the people has been ed and it would be if not sible to replace it The only acts of Con- gress on the statute book bearing upon this subject are those of the ry 1705 and 3d March These authorize the President after he shall have ascertained that the Marshall with his posse comitatus is unable to ex- ecute civil or criminal process in any case to call forth the militia and employ the army and navy to aid him in performing the service by proclamation commanded the insurgents to disperse and return peaceably to their respective abodes within a time This duty cannot by any possibility be performed in a State Judicial exists to issue process there is no Marshall to execute and where even if there were such an officer the eu- tire population would combine in one solid to resist him The mere these proves how inadequate they arc without further legislation to overcome a united opposition in a single State of other States who may place themselves in a similar attitude has power to decide whether the present laws cannot bo amended so as to carry out more effectually the objects of the Constitution Tho same insuperable do not lie in the way of executing the collection of customs The revenue still continues to be collected as the Custom House in should the Collector unfortunately a successor may be appointed to perform this duty Then in regard to the ty of the United States in Carolina this has been a fair lent by the consent of the Legislature of the State for the erection of forts zinos arsenals and over these the to exercises exclusive legislation has expressly gran ted by Congress It is not believed that tempt will be made to expel the United States from this property by force but if in this I should prove to bo mistaken the officer in command of the forts haa re- orders to act strictly oti the sive In such a contingency the for consequences would rightfully rest upon the heads of the Apart frond the execution of the laws so far as this may be the tive has authority to decide what shall be the relations between the Federal and South Carolina He hag been invested with no cr tipri no power the relations them less to acknowledge of the State This would a mere Exec of recognizing of the confederacy among our thirty-three sovereign States It has no resemblance to the of a government involving no any attempt to do his part he a of usurpation is therefore my whole ings course of events rapidly hastening for that emergency arrive when you may be called to decide the er you possess the power by arms to compel a to remain Union I should feel my were I to express fairly stated the to Congress the power to force a
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