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Galveston Daily News (Newspaper) - November 16, 1921, Galveston, Texas 80TH 220 TEXAS OLDEST NEWSPAPER GALVESTON TEXAS WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 16 1921 TEXAS NEWSPAPER ESTABLISHED 1842 QUESTION OF TWENTY YEARS STANDING STILL REMAINS TO BE ANSWERED ITS DEFECTS HE Plans That May Be Agreed Upon Batting Record of Legislature on Amendments BY TOM JIU In November 1919 only two years ago the people of Texas voted down a proposal to hold a constitutional convention in that a con- might be made for this state Nevertheless agitation for a new constitution is heard There is marvelous in tMs nor liar Mr Jefferson said that every ought to write its own constitution Two generations have passed since the constitution of as was written recent years a number of tho states have adopted new constitutions or have revised the old constitutions through con- Constitutional tions arc now sitting In Illinois and Louisiana In many other states agitation for constitutional tions is in progress Responsive to these movements the National Civic Federation a year ago set up a committee to draft a state constitution This com- is lo make a tentative report at the annual meeting of the In Chicago this week This model constitution as It now stands is almost wholly confined to netting up the framework of the government and la devoid of legislation Aside from the reservations contained in the of rights it contains only one limitation and but one direction Notwithstanding the vote of 1519 there seems to bo warrant for serting that the need of a new con- in Texas is universally felt and that the proposal was rejected because of the manner in which the legislature went at the Of this more anon Efforts have been made to patch up the existing constitution through the amendment process but most of these have proven futile Criticism of the constitution much of it ranted has brought about a con- tempt for the constitution that is ncf warranted Why the The clamor for a new constitution In Texas began at a special session of ths legislature In It waa said then and It is yet said that the constitution is archaic that does not fit conditions as It did tho conditions of the year of Its adoption Students who have looked deeper aver that It did not well fit the conditions of 1876 for evidence of what they point to the fact that many of its limitations were not sound in the earlier con- When the convention of Texas had just emerged from tion and carpetbag when er had been and ran riot The delegates ful that the government might again be wrested from the people loaded the new constitution with tions lo the should they regain Governor in his inaugural ad- dress shortly following the IN FAR EAST PROBLEM TO BE TAKEN BY U S AT PARLEY STATE COMMISSIONER NEARLY IS THEY FORGET IN REDUCTIONS ENCES AWHILE OF HATT PAY Continued on Page 2 Column 1 Inspectors Find That All Is Not Rosy in Some Factories They Visit Special to The News Austin Tex Nov II PER CENT Notices Sent Out by Mail by 75 Lines Big Five Plans Opposition ONE FRIEND AT LEAST By the United News Chicago 111 Nov S Myers commissioner of labor j road East and West today made public an appeal to all Texas employers and employes to forego all labor disputes between Thanksgiving and Christmas to the end that there be no strikes no lockouts and no trouble and that on the morning of the festival of the Nativity there be in fact peace on earth good will toward men Mr Myers shapes his appeal in the form of a resolution that he asks all neutral organizations to adopt well as the employers and the employes asking for this industrial armistice Also in the end he thinks there will be a much better feeling between tal and labor in Texas that the hiatus in labor disputes will en- able both sides to better under- stand the problems of the other Mr Myers does not ask that his exact resolution be adopted but that its substance be approved He also asks that the press and the ministers lend their aid in ara sending out notices of posed wage cuts totaling mately These notices were put in the mails today by seventy-five class A lines including all the big transcontinental and sectional tems The notices call for a flat 10 per cent cut on current wages of all train service big five tions of from 15 to 40 per cent on other classes of labor which it is planned are to be paid at the prevailing rate of like trades in outside The executives plan to cut com- mon labor now paid from to an hour to from to per on current rates for labor in various parts of the country Bis Five Pinna War While the executives were this action executives and general chairmen of two were In session big brotherhoods here evolving a method of combating this latest move of their employers Details of a resolution notifying the the proposed era of statements of SHERIFF FEARS LYNCHING AND RACE RIOT AFTER MAN IS KILLED Is Austin Tox Nov a race riot will result from the murder of a white man iy a negro who is still at large the sheriff of Smith County today wired the adjutant general's department for rangers to aid la keeping down nny disorder that may occur The is pursued hy a posse of armed citizens and the sheriff fears that the Mack will be lynched should lie taken by a mob In that event may ho an ing by the negroes the sheriff tears Rangers have heon to the scene and good will What Dispute Would Do In tho situation Mr Myers Our Inspectors have been going into a aumber of pi in Texas and we find that all Is not that the present depression is being felt In industry to such an ex- tent that some the factories are barely running Regardless of and grievances of the past the employer and the employes should know any jar today might close the doors of the tion and thereby deny meat and bread to all Involved irom the floor sweeper to the general manager We cannot consider the past now It Is tho present and the future that concerns us most and that Is what I am endeavoring to impress j upon nil those who will aid us in bringing about a better feeling It Is true continued Mr Myers that most of the factories did make big money during the war but the war is over and they have not been making money since It Is also true that some branches of labor were of being exacting and and suspicious of their ers but that time has passed to a large extent and the men are more and more realizing the change in commercial conditions But some on both sides have not appreciated the fact that the war is at an end and have kept up the erings and accusations That tion should stop in fact should nave been stopped some time ago every mail brings to my office showing that in numbers of places the employers and the employes arc still suspicious of the other and stand ready to wage nn Industrial fight that could only Injure both and mean suffering to all concerned It is a most un- fortunate situation during this period when business is not what It and my in pealing is to bring those people to a sense of the actual conditions so they may compose their j and find a common ground to live and work together I The form of resolution suggested by Mr Myers for general adoption in Texas is as j We hold that strikes between bor and capital are like wars be- they both bring and privation to the parties often injury to the in- public Wo view with alarm the growing unrest and bitterness In our trial Charges and counter of wrongdoing nro bring hurled back and forth between em- and employes causing in- distrust and hatred and ing agitators and extremists greater opportunity to harm to peaceful and efficient industrial conditions We respectfully and earnestly that fcr the period ning Thanksgiving Day and ending Christmas Day that there be no strikes lockouts or labor dis- in Texas That efforts be put forth by individual employers and employes to have friendly meetings nnd thereby bring the minimum that will b6 Acceptable to the men as well as working rules being worked out emphasis is laid by the ex- on In the notices mailed employes are also asked to meet with the rail chiefs on working rules Xo immediate application of the wage scales contained in the notices of is intended The em- ployes are given formal thirty-day notice that the railroads intend to put the reductions into effect The employes will appeal to the railroad labor and the question will then be a controversy and within the jurisdiction of the board Hearings will have to bo held and a decision rendered but the quick action the roads are taking in pushing their demands makes it obvious that they expect action at a comparatively early date Cut Reaches If the roads had asked a flat 10 per cent cut on all classes of labor it would total annually But to railroad experts the added reductions to be asked In the shop maintenance of way and common labor classes will easily add another hundred million to the total This sum does not take into con- sideration the hundreds of millions of dollars the roads hope to escape paying through the medium of ing rules governing overtime and other questions If the roads were successful on ail points in tions before the labor board within the next six months the sum they are seeking to slice from operating expenses would easily total half a billion It is for this reason that the are already starting their machinery to plans of the carriers lint Tex Nov Forecast till 7 p m For and Cloudy and somewhat Wednesday ly continued warm Thursday unsettled In north portion un- cloudy continued Thursday colder in the Interior part cloudy in dlo Thursday partly cloudy colder COME I've often I In night Havo noon of mimy many Boon nr black or I brutish ones nut nnmc hod my troubles hut Tho worm imos never V Riish CHARGES MADE AGAINST AT- TORNEY GENERAL AND SUPREME JUSTICE By Associated Press Boston Mass Nov 15 Attorney General J Weston Allen a justice of the state supreme court whose name has not been officially an- and W Edin Ulmer an at- torney of this city were named in secret indictments returned today by the Suffolk County grand jury about more harmonious Wo furthermore inquest the press and ministers to lend their influence general Is larceny of and is The charge against tho attorney to the movement Wo earnestly hope that it bo said on tho morning of that sacred day n few weeks hence that thoro Is peace on earth good will to TWO Special The Tex Nov Petroleum Company has chased two moro tank farms One farm of acroa joins tho Wells tank farm just to tho south of on which tho Magnolia already completed a number of tanks Tho other tract of 150 Joins Its tank farm near B5 AT VALUED AT to Tho Tex Nov C man and Roy tonkins have boon of- for a half In loase located at tho by tlm Texas Company said to bo based on a case in which he as counsel several years ago Tho indictments wore on distinct from that the attorney They resulted from a grand jury investigation of charges of bribery nnd graft in con- with tho of the Wa- bnn Rose conservatories tho Honry Woods Sons Company paint manufacturers in Tho wore presented to the grand through the office of District Attorney C who was himself in court day as a defendant In disbarment proceedings brought by tho now general Tho disbarment action s petition also filed by Attorney Allon for ro- for use of his official position nro now ing tho court The district attorney asked for postponement of both actions until after tho municipal elections nn Doc 13 on tho ground Ire would bo occupied until that timo by his activities ns a candidate for mayor of Boston UP I'M YOUR FRIEND AMERICAN PLAN i FUNDAMENTAL IS MADE DISCUSSION OF PROBLEM BE- POnCY I GINS DELEGATES THIS MORNING WITH RESERVATIONS Japs Want Bigger Navy English Desire Fewer Snips Far East Is Looming By Associated Press Washington Nov 15 The sleeping American proposal for reduction of naval armament be- came the accepted fundamental policy of the ence today by the unanimous sent of the five great Seconding the bold lead of the United States the accredited spokesmen of Great Britain pan Italy and France rose in places at today's plenary session of the conference and one after an- other declared the readiness of their governments to the American proposal in spirit and in principle but with the reservation Japan Declines to Take Initiative Because It Might Wreck Conference BY J United News Staff Correspondent Washington Nov right by the United News will take the initiative in setting forth principles for lution of Far Eastern questions even as in the matter of armament limitation Secretary Hughes procedure will be different in that the advance at least toward this intricate lem will be made behind doors Discussion begins morning among the gates of all nine powers interested of a right to i in the Pacific of detail I Expectancy over a Far Eastern Then the problem of these de- tails which everyone realizes may yet occupy the prolonged tion of the conference and involve the success or the failure of the formula aroused from Hughes bold stroke of Saturday was lowed by disappointment and un- certainty in some quarters Says Dispenser Of Beer to By the United pily she said was simply immense Mrs owns a drug store and it was there Tuesday that the first line formed at the right for medicinal beer Jack Scheiderer an invalid of gular cheeriness was the first tient in the United States to re a case of real beer The price was Behind Scheiderer was a lint of ailing who despite their ties showed considerable alacrity in PARTIAL COMMITTEE REPORTS MADE WORK ORGANIZED pushing forward with their pre- the supply ran out five persons holding prescriptions and who had been partially until Informed that that's all there is there isn't any seemed on the verge of complete col- lapse BATTLE ox WILL BE STAGED BY Washington Nov new battle over prohibition Is in prospect This time it will be about beer Big brewers are preparing to contest the legality of the passage of which is expected in congress on Friday They will argue that nothing in the eighteenth amendment confers on congress the authority to of beer as medicine any more than wine or whisky may be prohibited by statute for similar use The treasury meantime is pre- paring a new set of beer tions forbidding Its use as cine These will trke the place of those recently issued telling under ons beer r WOMEN ARK Official Red Cross headquarters in the Tremont ha ye enrolled to date 500 members in the fifth annual roll call of Red Cross Ordinarily this would a small number to register their faith greatest little mother in the in view of the and the desired goal but committees are working steadily toward 100 per cent reports and but few partial re- ports have been received According to Robert Tevis in charge of the home office the ber tabulated at headquarters does not mean that only that number of Galvestonians have affiliated with the Red Cross but it shows that there is lots of work ahead of the Red Cross volunteers and that there are many who could answer call who have not yet done so Committees are anxious to dite the local appeal as much as sible and to that end urge a response yesterday to the names of the 100 per cent tions enrolled was that of Scaly making the fourth 100 per cent organization in the city Many of the women's organizations are working hard to this end and are expected to report soon Mr Tevis also declares that it is surprising how many families are enrolling 100 per cent being he said a forceful recollection of war time days when each member considered it an obligation to be a Red Cross member J A Boddeker county chairman M C St John and Tom B stone visited mainland points day armed with Red Cross literature supplies and instructions and in the various county towns The campaign has been somewhat conditions beer might be made delayed because of the lack of nd sold on prescription supplies An -S O S call v has been sent to Southwestern quarters for additional literature and buttons it is expected that those will arrive within a few days Pawnbrokers Say Prohibition Has ss delegates re- tee of five technical naval j mained silent on this ers one from each of the big five I conference at Tuesday's open powers Within this committee j sion J It develops however Hughes understands this and that there is a strong belief among the three powers mainly concerned the not be made in a public gathering Upset Conference Reports that japan would take the initiative on this question met with i reply that Japan could not ford to put forth her offer before Hughes because however tory be on the distressing there would be the chance that It might create a ask the limit proposed on submarine nage Japan will endeavor to prove her right to a greater ratio of val strength has been and that their naval along witH those of the stronger naval ers the American plan First Thus the diplomacy of the lean delegation has won its first victory in the conference but still finds itself confronted with people of of admitted importance and furore of opposition and wreck the OX PATTY JURY By Associated San Francisco end of the second in slaughter trial of Roscoe C Fatty saw eleven temporary jurors In the box and the general interest in the jury selection dling Five of those selected were women Them was nothing in the sessions to give them more interest j than the ordinary criminal action Arbuckle's attitude was of such i apparent dejection that he almost aloof Ho did not consult with counsel and at the re- cess periods remained by himself I Tho supplies received Monday ready have been exhausted Becoming as a result of if statements made by pawnbrokers may taken as indicative of the general condition out Since July 1 when the Volstead regime of posed went into loan business conducted in shown a decided decrease and some of the pawnbrokers say that unless more people drift into hard luck very soon the loan ness will become a shadow on the dim horizon of the past In Galveston today there are seven shops displaying the three balls which in addition to making advances on jewelry and other goods carry a stock of new goods in order that by their sale they may i tain an existence Formerly there were more than a dozen ers here engaged exclusively in loans But the world moves continually especially under the im- petus of prohibition and ers nowadays declare themselves ex- lucky if they can make as many loans in one week as they did during a day two or three years ago Small loans still are sought from Galveston pawnbrokers and though business conditions are con- to be at a low ebb at the present time due to unemployment very few people are pawning their jewels Most of those who loan shops in the past year have sold their articles outright pawnbrokers say If the latter statement of tha pawnbrokers is to be considered as consistent with the other statement that prohibition has affected their business it would soem to show that the amount that one formerly received when he pawned his jewels is not sufficient to pay the cost of liquid ments today rather it takes the en- tire value of the articles to purchase the bootlegger's product I delicacy whose solution Is Continued on Page 2 Column 2 REDUCTION IN LAND FORCES WOULD LEFT HEAVY DEN OF TAXES TO STOP By Press Washington Nov tion directing the secretary of the navy to stop all work and tures on nine battleships and six battle cruisers now in various singes of construction at private shipyards was introduced today by Representative Il- linois ranking republican on the house naval committee DEED OF TRANSFER TO BABY IS ANNULLED BY MOTHERS AGREEMENT Special to The News Houston Tex Nov deed filed yesterday through which nil rights and interests in a baby wore transferred from its mother for and other considerations was today canceled The adopted mother and the boy's renl mother called on Judge Walter K Monteith this morning and requested that tho order of the court papers of adoption and the hill of sale used to triply the transfer of the care anO custody of the baby be sivins their renaons the trans- action had received HO much publicity that they feared tho child's future would suffer ho would go through life with tho of having boon sold for Judge tho request nml now the Is back in his mother's arms TRADES OVERCOAT AT MEXTA FOR OIL LEASE Special to The News Mexia Tex Nov leases are paid for with money or with oil but here is a deal In which the consideration was an overcoat ultimate Delicate questions more or less embarrassing to all the powers con- cerned clutter up the whole Pacific phase of the conference and such is the extreme gratification among the delegates at the warm reception and assurance of co-operation given in connection with the Hughes naval proposal that all are concerned lest I unnecessary be created in Par Eastern As one authority expressed self to the writer There exists day as good a chance for a tory solution of Pacific problems as for a successful out of the naval proposal if cussion is to quiet ex- change of views and there is not too much fireworks All interested parties to this troublesome phase of the conference are ready with i concessions to Insure Its success providing there is no outside ference BY MARK 1 GOODWIST Staff Correspondent of The Washington Nov of congress who contended for a standing army in the United States following the war no larger than see possibilities in the arms In conference resulting in reductions desire of the delegates to keep In other countries to the point of proach at least to the Far Eastern meeting their national police rims questions in star chamber sessions only I Once there Is an understanding and It is pointed out that this would j agreement on principles these lift no small load off the people j ably will be openly announced by which with the naval re- Hughes in plenary session Star Chamber Sessions a word this will explain the would reduce the world's war materially One of the chief arguments however of the small army in congress has been that co long as the nation has a navy of sufficient size to guarantee protection from the outside there was no need a large land force It is realized that the of some of the European countries France for instance can not be applied to the United States and as pointed out today these The American delegation it be said had just as concrete an idea of its solution of the phase of the conference as it has In proaching armament limitation Its i framework is said to comprise a sett of principles providing for the j tical integrity of Russia and the open door or equal commercial rights and opportunities for all tions in the Orient Once this of principles is agreed to in spirit as the American naval program r countries will probably require some has now been agreed to by all the new This would throw a large number of people back into the world's avenues added to which would result the thoughts of peace place of war This idea was brought forward by Representative Marvin Jones of Texas one of the chief contenders of the army appropriation and of a resolution directing the to reduce the land forces Anything that will take the minds of the people off of war is of material aid to the general peace movement said Mr Jones In other words if we can get the shooter once unloaded the people I plication of these principles Because such application ever would involve relaxation Japan of certain political and com- i holds she now has upon China and Russia the problem Is one of extreme international cacy and can not be approached with the abruptness it is being very cool f Karstetter an oil operator from the moral force of the world made ry Ok walked into the lobby of a local hotel an overcoat and with the natural disposition of an oil man to trade when a bargain is offered L C Turman who is drilling I the lease and who also owns some leases located near the Meador well Turman In the need of an I coat for the evening pointed out on his map a lease where prices are ranging about nn acre and of- a lease for the over- coat The deal promptly con- summated and both operators went on their way to abandon the ulterior purpose A nation does not need an over- whelming force on its frontier if the other nation will fast in an international ment Witness the situation along the Canadian line where there has not been pointed a gun in our di- rection for more n century That Is the outgrowth of a treaty between tho United States nnd land and is a practical Illustration of the policy hoped for through the arms conference On the other hand tho Mexican cient to say of that if tho United States to withdraw its force knows what would happen The difference in the iwo tions is tho people of Canada want enduring and the I pic of Mexico apparently do not ed that instituted the naval gram which was relatively free from any such delicate matters To Reassure Japan The principles themselves would have to be studied by Japan If they were suddenly launched she might be placed in the embarrassing position of witnessing acceptance by and the er powers while she was unable to respond so readily because of her vastly greater vital Interests This would make her hesitant on such a program at the outset and might it is contended wreck all chance of solution So the producer in discussion Pacific problems will be established with an eye to reassuring of the full co-operation of all the ers in meeting questions which feels place hor very as a power at atake
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