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Freeman And Messenger (Newspaper) - January 9, 1840, Lodi, New York I FREEMAN HOUGH AND A a ft i c u t T r n L i T K n A T r n K N T H K r r B L D V VOL I LODI PERSIA JANUARY IS 10 WHOLE NO 53 I designated before the of dispute and I our j have arisen nut of that ration U OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNI- Government of ch it is one commercial intercourse all app j observe will no ITU STATUS boundaries takes u place in of ike i Union as a State and I rely upon the and Hotue of cordial jf the British l regret that 1 cannot on this occasion to effect that object congratulate you that the putt year has There is every to believe that been one of unalloyed prosperity The ravages of fire and disease have fully otherwise flourishing tions of our and yet derange the trade of many of our cities But notwithstanding these adverse circumstances that eral prosperity which has heen fore so bestowed upon us by the Author of all good still continues to call for have we reason to rejoice in the tea indu like those which lately the neighboring British Provinces will not again prove the sources of der or interpose obstacles in the continuance of that good under- standing it is the mutual interest of Great Britain ami the United States to preserve and maintain Within the Provinces themselves 13 restored and on our frontier that misguided what waa sympathy be in favor of recompensed well industry and given to it that sure reward which is vainly sought in speculations I cannot indeed view without peculiar satisfaction the evidences afforded by the past season of the benefits that spring from the steady devotion of the bandman to his honorable pursuit No means of individual comfort is more tain and no national ty is so sure Nothing can compensate n people for a dependence upon others for the bread they eat and that ful abundance on which the happiness of every one so much is to be looked for nowhere with such sure mice as in the industry of the ist and the bounties of the earth With foreign countries our relations exhibit the same favorable aspect which was presented in my last annual sage and aiford continual proof of the wisdom of the pacific just and ing policy adopted by the first tration of the Federal Government and pursued by its successors The extra- ordinary powers vested in me by an act of Congress for the defence of the country m an emergency considered so far probable as to require that tho should possess ample means to meet it have not been They have therefore been attended with no other result than to increase by the con- thus proposed in me my gations to maintain with religious ex- the cardinal principles that ern our intercourse with other nations in our questions with Great Britain out of which this unusual grant of authority arose nothing has occurred to require its exertion and as it is about to return to the Legislature I trust that no future necessity may call for its exercise by them or its lion to another department of thu For the settlement of our ern boundary the proposition promised by Great Britain for a commission of exploration and survey has been re- and a counter project including also a provision for the certain and final adjustment of the limits in dispute is now before tho British Government for its consideration delicate state of proper respect for the natural impatience of the State of Maine not less than a conviction that tho negotiation has been already protracted longer than is dent on the part of either Government have led me to believe that the present favorable moment should on no account be suffered to pass without putting the question forever at rest I feel confident that the Government of her Majesty will take the same view of this subject as 1 am persuaded it is ed by desires equally strong sincere for the amicable termination of tho con- To tho intrinsic difficulties of tions of boundary lines especially described in regions unoccupied and but partially known be added in our country the embarrassment arising out of our by which the General Government is the gan of negotiating and deciding upon the particular interests of the States on whose frontiers these lines are to be traced To avoid another controversy in which a State Government might rightfully claim to have her wishes con- previously to the conclusion of conventional arrangements concerning her rights of jurisdiction or territory I have thought it necessary lo call the at- tention of Government of Great Britain to another portion minous dominion of winch the division Mill to be adjusted I to the line from the entrance of ent A regard to the this question and n which in some instances misled a few of our more inexperienced citizens subsided into a rational conviction ly opposed to all intermeddling with the internal of our neighbors people of the U S feel as it is hoped they always will a warm solicitude for the success of all who are sincerely en- to improve the political tion of mankind This generous feel- ing they cherish towards the most dis- tant nations and it was natural fore that it should be awakened with more than common warmth in behalf of their immediate neighbors But it does not belong to their character as a com- munity to seek the gratification of those feelings in acts which violate their duty as citizens endanger the peace of their and tend to bring upon it the stain of a violated faith towards foreign nations If zealous to confer benefits on others they appear for a moment to lose sight of the permanent obligations imposed upon thorn as citizens they are seldom long misled From all the information I receive confirmed extent by personal observation I am satisfied that no one can now hope to en- gage in such enterprises without en- countering public indignation in tion to the several penalties of the law Recent information also leads me to hope that the emigrants from her ty's Provinces who have sought refuge within our boundaries are disposed to become peaceable residents and to ab- stain from all attempts to endanger the of that country which has offered them an asylum On a review of the occurrences on both sides of the line it is satisfactory to reflect that in almost every complaint against our country the may be traced to emigrants from the Provinces who have sought refuge here In the few instances in which they were aided by citizens of the U IS the acts of these misguided men were not only in direct contravention of the Kws and well known wishes of their own Government but mot with the decided disapprobation of the people of the U S I regret to state the appearance of a different spirit among her Majesty's sub- in the Tho sentiments of hostility to our people and institutions which have been so frequently ed there and the disregard of our rights which have been manifested on some occasions have I arn sorry to say been applauded and encouraged by the ple and even by somo of tho nate local authorities of the The chief officers in Canada fortunately have not entertained the and have probably prevented excesses that must have been fatal to the peace of the countries I look forward anxiously to a period when all the transactions which have grown out nf this condition of our n and which have been made the subjects of complaint and remonstrance bv two Governments respectively shall bo fully examined and the proper tion given where it is due from Nothing has occurred to disturb harmony of our witli tria Belgium Denmark France ples Portugal Prussia or den The internal stile nf Spain has sensibly improved nnd a well grounded hope exists that the return of peace will restore to the people of that country e the nil its obligations The Government the to their former prosperity and Government to fulfil at home and abroad of Portugal I have state has paid in full the and to for the claims embraced in the settlement mado with it on the Hd of March 1 lay before you treaties negotiated wuh the Kings of Sardinia to the most northwestern point of nnd nf th Netherlands the ratifications the Luke of the stipulations for of which have exchanged since the settlement of which nre to b- found j adjournment of liberal in the article of the treaty of treaties will Th commissioners appointed lo vour approbation That under tint article bv two with ii the first treaty of com- ments hiving in by that kingdom and it made reports to its will 1 answer the expectations of stipulations upon the of present sovereign by aiding the nnd are now of the resources of his jo be to arbitration of j try nnd stimulating the enterprise of or Thu the points should b scaled and a long existing of embarrassment The King of the Ins so in further illustration of his ter for justice and of hts soon it is tint no indisposition winch it contracted with S I the nun lit 1 tn thou o i j it- in the l.i g move every t The Jin of the made compensation an American j eminent Ii captured in bv a French I am hippy tn say iery privateer and carried into j ful where the proceeds appropriated t HIT ii nn i ion in 11 ut i n kit nn e M ground in t h ii n i r pr i i only s e i iu -y I n i i etc f n c rt en n r t ih mi ul tins mones tv in the I time after under the dominion of i live to the heeding of the The death of thn Sultan has no alteration in relations with Turkey Our newly ter has Constantinople i vt e evidence rn t returns In ty to h they ai il Inle 1 c nl nvi s to in rh specie of holding s or indt t public officers lor notes received in p n of public dues have i- I t u i nf 1 o mi- in i I it t CM I i 1 eii 1 lit i 11 cr t t 11 c present current treaty and those friendship will h met nml the faith bv himself in the sumu spirit that the in iis j has I'll n n of Treasure his illustrious fither I regret to bo obliged to inform you that no convention for the settlement of the claims of our citizens upon Mexico has yet been ratified bv the ment of that country The first tion formed for that purpose was not presented by the President of Mexico for the approbation of Congress from a belief that the King of Prussia the ar- in case ol disagreement in the joint commission tn be appointed by the United States and Mexico would not consent to take upon himself that ly office Although not entirely eJ with the course pursued by Mexico I felt no hesitation in receiving in the most conciliatory spirit tho explanation odd red and alto cheerfully consented to a new convention m order to arrange the payments proposed to bo made to our in a manner which while e- qually just to them less on- erous and inconvenient to the Mexican Government Helving confidently on the intentions of that Government Mr Ellis was directed to repair to ico and diplomatic intercourse has heen resumed between the two The new convention he informs us been recently submitted by the dent of that Republic to its Congress under circumstances which a speedy ratification a result which 1 cannot allow myself to doubt Instructions have been given to the of der our Convention with Texas for demarcation of the lino which separates us from that Republic Tho of both in New Orleans in August The joint com- mission was and adjourned to convene at the s imc place on 12th of October It is presumed to he now iu tho performance of its duties Tho new Goverment of Texas Iris shown its desire to cultivate re- lations with by a prompt reparation for injuries complained of m the case of two easels of U With Central America a convention has been concluded for the renewal ol its former with the U S not ratified before the departure ol our late Chargo from that country nnd the ropy of it brought him was not received before thu of the Senate nt the last sion In the mean while the period limited for the of ratifications having expired I deemed it in of of the Charge to send u special a- gent lo Central to affairs of our there ami to ar- range with Government nn sion of tho time for cf Th's ion nv which of Columbia tor tii claims a- by a very unexpected the under it acts di th no fur uf of the S which from turcH and in the i his will the S tlie united for notes bv the act of of and the to th nf nits on their duty nnd of in thu of public held them have been so tually n deemed as to less than the original ten millions MI any OIKS time and tho whole unredeemed now falls short of throe Of these the chief portion is not due till next ami the wholo would haio been iilre.idy il could the Treasury lune tho due to it tho If those due from them during tho shall In: illy made and if Con- gress shall the v III the there is n to tint nil the Hiding sury notes can he redeemed and defrayed w mi- on thf people any additional den cither of lo or taxes To this and to Keep the reasonable bounds N n ty second only in important to the our national diameter and the protection m their civil and political rights The in time of peace of a debt to come permanent is an e- il for which there is no equivalent rapidity with which mm v of the States are to us of our own dunes m a manner too impressive to h- ed One not the least important ii In Keep the Federal in a condition to discharge case anil its highest should their In by my of public a to which wo are alway i i which oci ur it i- e peeled To this end it i- lint its audit as far practicable No inre could greater than tho ui national debt own and also of other the with winch a public lit i- in- creased the once snrr If to the ruinous practice ol supplying its by new struggle on bs M m ist bo at To our mv n This is for c and at trie best s v ui i v n he tii of i in ml tti i li ctt r Ji i 11 i f r tlie i1 n r in cm r i e 1 ii i -I of tr t c n ua i Ii 11 n K ul li in lire pn ion to l tn r 1 thirty thre to i I i i e cf i in for the i it lo tins Mini in wil tu uU or n i than it i i nn 1 in MI I 1C I il the i it r toll etl to the ti si i in v to il o the i n i mi the j 1 They v ill lie -s IMC 1 tlie of t i ie c c I i Ii ei ni tl alti On iion i iMi mill cs iu a c MI MI- tu in i i r inv lot lion ul 1 i i- i i 11 i l i on public I u i a r lands long been in the t in IT Tiie e i1 iu t on r h it tho j i IIM i in mil a is also to a t t MonU n t fi n n II Ins ul i eil ilie KI th in s- d I II nv ore n 11 1 inn il nl i HUM to tho r prove in r r i i n 1 i n ire o r i c a our i nti 1 1 l e e e r -y of v MI lit u li J Ct 1 r t IC our c 1 t dull tr u l I S il M1 L iu U iin it I i.e i i ir mi me nu ie il irt to lirin ii n lie ioi t I l -i t Inn to in- in the rl i iv i elil u n li t na IP r -in r i In I tr of principle on our i tri ir mv in of filled lo ch n principles have bei n Miin I r i or loitered MI ion b e n u r been in itii policy upon t'i T for ress all Granada and n perfectly good exi N Our trenty with is faithfully carried into tint in the en- of is -j ifi M r on a tn i decre rev fire given of j l to the il r in the np i il tr icle nil e OIH I at in Hi nl liy tlie y n n eg in li u ir ri i nil t c 1 it Is d -n r from the h t ii c il t ot f rl ie iii s in h v ir the ion s to p r cent th n I Ic rcn nne then d ri commercial Iris CM 1 Iv been concluded which be trans- rru n nf nn.il'c n re to the Senate at Iv nc vo a to v t nee irv of Brazil our Tiase cd friendly with i irL lint the neje s- thc other of i y nl r il in- vul n quire its prompt the i f tin s- r -t the duty of BT nl Chili The ot tii temporary inconvenience to in tnat i- tions oil the s the mis of V III rq ion o ei iic I J I Inv n 1 i I i i in i......n i uci i nets ol er MII I i nf in it i I s'n ri to your i IM which trill It VUM Iv tlie of ir in D r t i mMi it to 111 t l I r C s in li in of Iv iu i a mti m of th during it to to the of In er in ns the nature of the I lint nnd li ed the hy tiie Si cretary of War the tlinr nml I-M eilent police the to service from of verr nnd I r tint the Tlie heen nn i b'y i d m t tin fie nnd of of r d M its With tho wh arc I Ir on of the H in to li ne I In i t it IP so On ini act of I i to i nu 1 in t j na i t of c jne iti r rh en thf
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