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Frederick Town Herald (Newspaper) - January 29, 1831, Frederick, Maryland I WISH NO NO No. 58 OK MY LIVING TO MINK HONOR JANUARY 1 AND PUBLISHED BY AT THE OLD On near Patrick TERMS OF The HERALD is published every Saturday at two lars per payable half yearly in or if not paid within the year Two and fifty will be No subscription will received for a shorter period than six nor will the per be discontinued until all arrearages arc unless sit the discretion the Advertisements not will be inserted four times for one ami twenty-five cents for every subsequent ones in the same by mail must be otherwise they will not be ded From ike London Evangelical THE WIDOWS hath the Lord With bounteous hand thy And while thy neighbor's wealth hath ceased Doth thine augment the Then let the the wretched share A portion of thy But give in and give with Else all thy gifts are 'Tis writ that once the Saviour While crowds the temple And with unerring glance The varied gifts they The the swept proudly And cast their offerings But oft the haughty step and eve Defiled the act At length a poor and Comes bent with years and Two mites are all she culls her And in those mites she Ill can that weak and hand The scanty pittance But faith and love the gift And the gift is And doubtless some that gift With wonder and with And some the act had fain repelled With ill concealed But Christ the holy motive And heard the contrite And taught that deeds by men May have their widow whose head Has long with anguish the noblest he has been The the whose means A fraction here let But from home of want and Comes and Twenty-first HOUSE OF January 14, 1831. REPORT ON Mr. from the Committee on to which was referred so much of the President's Message as relates to the tariff of duties on imports and so much thereof as respects made the following report The Committee on Manufactures to whom it was referred so much of the President's Messag Tariff of on and so much thereof as respects that they have taken this delicate subject into full This was alike to the source from whence a review was and to the importance of the sub- lect They feel confident that they have done it without mingling with would be It was ed have come from the and dictated by them to their was expressed by the most decisive majorities in on re- Its so far as they have been have answered the hopes of its most ardent Capital flows widely and freely through our extended The genius of our people IMS stimulated to greater and diversified The useful arts are improving iu form that necessity or elegant taste may committee most con- cur Resident in the animated view which he has taken of the tion of our They adopt his language in describing that a population its and possessing a character which the hardihood of en- with the considerateness of we see in every section of our happy country a steady improvement in the means of social intercourse and respondent upon the and laws of our extended the language of truth and This It form s the operation of their reasoning unreasonable and either to the system of protecting or to the views sed by the Chief It is not the intention of the com- to present to the House a mass of or labored in favor of the protecting In the recent discussions of the all that could illustrate or be ed by in our own and er has been Our Government has and vored to by repeated legislative a policy which has had the sanction of and It has been sanctioned by continued cence of the and the general un- of the dence in its permanent duration is Warmly It is this alone which Can give it vigorous and successful A system of protection may pear perfect in our statute and yet be useless to the country if ed to perpetual Skill already will not venture upon The power of invention will never be if it has no confidence m the and repeated promise of Capital will never come the aid of skill and if it has no security for It must have it must find solid in as well as firmness or it will not be During the last session of the declaration was of protection should and of and deep congratulation to While other nations aie ing under oppressive or con- with bloody we ness among in a calm arid confident We see over- all portions of our broad and happiness equally and evenly Such is the prospect before It is the of our fortunate and the wise policy which has been adopted of cultivating our own by the and and enterprise of our own In considering lhat must be on the highest and best of man it is matter of surprise that the apparent exceptions to the harmony of the are so They seem to arise rather from the ex- of fervid than from evils which really It be expected that any code of or any form of ment ran dispense precisely the same benefits to every individual under their wherever he may and whatever may be his genius or Nature herself has failed to do when we see a great nation moving on with stately to the In ight of and when every portion how ever ute partakes am ply of general prosperity it would seem that the apparent ex- ceptions to the harmony of be permitted to melt down in warm thai the of our whole country is so nobly It is to this wide and prospect that we may safely look for substantial reasons to preserve that which it devoutly hoped may prove The are much gratified to have the opinion of the President and fully that the tariff for protecting domestic is They think it proper to quote language so clear cal. He that the lo im- pose duties on imports originally be- longed to the several The right to adjust those duties with a view to the encouragement of domestic branches of is so completely incidental lo that power lhat it difficult to pose the existence of one without the 11..... had the original power of ing duties on It is now trans- ferred to the Government of the Union in the most ample Hud the States retained it they might cised it as lo accomplish any object they deemed It might have been for revenue It might have been employed solely to counteract the selfish policy of other stales or It could have been for any purpose which suited the pleasure of sovereign But the Stales their whole .er over the United It would indeed be a strange anomaly if it could not now be ed by the to which it has been trans- ferred as fully as it could have been by the States from which it was The President has object of duties should bd they may be so adjusted as to encourage It seems to tne committee that this remaik is in plain collision wilh the sentiments he has previously lie has observed that authority to impose duties on having parsed from the to exercise it for the purpose of protection does not exist in If it is u not by the General it must be political would present the anomaly a people stripped of a to foster their own and to counteract the selfish and destructive WHOLK No. 1494 policy most which could be adopted by If revenue alone is duties for that object should be If to domestic industry is let duties be imposed to foster Why should the object be by protection secondary hen the Treasury may be full apprehend that our revenue and will too But protection the most selfish and tive policy of foreign can be secured by duties on By them Then they should be adjured to This should be the primary The protecting once belonged to fhe and now transferred to the eral it may be used as the good of the nation for a not a secondary ft ought not to be attached to the skirts of Domestic industry is a even pre-eminent interest of the It has been entrusted to the guardian care of the It now demands the exercise of that which the States have and untiring Congress has for years and on repeated exercised its wisdom on Its best efforts have been If errors it would seem reasonable to ex- that the Chief ing abroad from his high station over all the interests of and ob- serving their mutual relations and de- should intimate to the of the what business of life has been ly too coldly adjusting the details of the Congress has done what it ed best for the general To reach the employments of it must go down to If the dent is still it might have been hoped that he would have the precise It will always be borne in by practical and they compose Ihe mass of the that abstract however does but little unless it conies to the aid of every of In what consists the defect of the exiting Individuals may dis- cover but the collected wisdom of the nation has repeatedly declared that material chance is not de- Nothing better under ting circumstances can be Then let doubt and uncertainty be evils next the of the whole The message advises Congress that of national importance alone ought to be protected of the productions of our our and our essential to national de- occupy the first It is to be presumed that Congress lias not been unmindful of productions lo national But ihe President present tariff taxes some of the comforts of life unnecessarily They are not In the minds of all branches of the Government may I in whatever quarter of our move on in unison and new em- try it may It appear lo be added to those already encountered by Congress in adjusting the detailed provisions of the It would seem to be the meaning of the lhat after a temporary protection has been ed to a manufacture for a reasonable if it then compete with foreign labor on equal it does not merit This doctrine has been repeatedly advanced in Con- and the Committee presume it to be Ihe doctrine of the will riot stand the test of Prior to the late the coarse lins consumed in the United weie imported from and cost the consumer about cents ihe By the the supply cut cotton mills began lo and a partial supply was At its when Ihe India cottons were again most of these ments weie By the tariff of IS 10', establishing what was called minimum duly on coarse the home market was effectually secured to our home Under try it may It may speak well and pleasantly to the public in vor of a national protecting and with a ing scatter such yet captivating at Ihe value ot its different that may be taught how jo form a to overthrow It. gives national an object or production of domestic industry Haw n te u 10 importance discovered Whence what principle decided it it place of in the United that it iho character of im- portance Must be found in ery narrow subdivision of the country Must of be not Should the answer be in the ihe wisdom of the nation would never what might be essential to for its promotion and The States have delegated their whole authority ever imposts to the General without tation or saving the verv in- considerable reservation relating to their inspection This authority having thus entirely passed from the the right to exercise it for the purpose of protection does not exist in them if it be not possessed by the General it must be Our political system would thus present the anomaly of a people stripped of the right to foster their own and to counteract the most selfish and destructive policy which might be adopted by foreign This surely cannot be the this in- dispensable thus surrendered bv the must be within the scope of the authority on the subject expressly delegated lo The com- would recommend this argument o the candid consideration of the RIost especially would they its calm consideration those of our fellow citizens who honestly believe bat a protecting tariff violates Ihe Con- If are any who have regardless of Ihe inter- and welfare of the great majority of the who are determined that all shall yield to their opinions who insist that they are and every one else is absolutely on reason and argument can have no the cause which enables our Chief Magistrate to give us such a glowing view of Ihe of our country as ho has find will The iii sovereign as in and cannot be The in his ther in the adjustment of protecting ihe Government should be guided by the general good As an abstract this may be general interest is the interest of each and it is only sary that that interest should be under- stood to ensure the cordial of think encourages abuses which ought to be and otes injustice which ought to be He also advises Congress that objects of national importance ought alone to be Of the of our our and 4'essential to national occupy the first ever other species of domestic having the importance to which I have may be after temporary to compete with foreign labor on equal merit the same attention in a subordinate de- Suppose the opinion be cor- objects of national tance ought alone to be what then The President has by this general afforded the least aid in adjusting the details of a protecting If the action of could be confined to abstract rules and little difference of opinion would probably exist in the The great embarrassment is found in making an application of ex- theory lo and useful The protecting the tariff is composed of humble make up the great mass of national Had the dent been pleased to designate a items which he supposed lo sess or had he pointed out what comforts of life are taxed unnecessarily are tional might also promote the comforts of If Ihe message meant only powder and ence of even might as to the extent of which ought to be afforded to the various de- merits of which they are Its practical meaning ob- would be considered essential lo de- being of should be But that protection which would produce Ihe material for a would also nish it for axes and A duly lhat would give us domestic is all that might be required In supply Ihe country with domestic lead for every lint arc and powder and bullets nil that may be essential to tional defence An army might be most abundantly provided with and yet be totally inefficient in the field if it wanted hats and coats and shirts and shoes and The tion of our dining the last a well fined illustration of this were considered of national im- which the doctrines of free trade now erase from But a duty imposed for promoting the domestic manufacture of these for military purposes would be an anomaly in the annals of any which could supply the wants of an army in be allowed lo operate in Ihe difficulty of any classification of while all are distinctly and equally governed by the same great constitutional power derived from the It is aUo to be remembered lhat peace wilh the world is the natural condition of this It is not Ihe foreign bayonet that we have the most reason to apprehend it is Ihe and destructive policy which might be adopted by foreign To guard against this is an object of For peace or protecting policy is equally adopted and it is believed by the that the best preparation for national defence may be found in Ihe rigorous its fostering influence they have ished and multiplied and such have been our improvements in and and that the instead of paying twenty-five now purchases at home a much belter article for eight cents Ihe Largo exportation of them are made to foreign They are carried to China and South where ore sold lo But suppose the protecting duly and the American manufacturer Jell lo with foreign labour on equal Admit the cottons of England and and what would be Ihe effect Within two ars not a single cotton null in the United Stales would be in The immense invested in amounting lo runny would be sunk to the and their owners And why be- cause ive cannot make goods ns cheap as in and but be- cause a war would be waged by British capital against American war of extermination Such a war has been upon every article of erican w the ing duly has been or the extruding the duty so thai mercantile cupidity and the cunning of foreign manufacturers could it. There is another lule laid down by Ihe the Committee have thought proper to It contained in Ihe expression of national importance alone ought be protected The Committee u ill riol here enter into a discussion of the question whether may riot protect objects local in The in independence before adoption of the have used the power of imposing duties on imports for ihe express pose of protecting local ding lo doctrine entertained by the jn which Ihe Committee fully The several no possess lhat Where is it Where it On what is il laid The Government of the Union possesses or it has become If an object did present purely local in its and its protection was demanded by the prosperity and happiness of a single and Ibis could be best or done by the delegated power from fhe States to im- pose duties on it should be well considered before Congress re- interests too local and minute to fy a general which it under- takes to and what kinds of manufactures for which the country is not it attempts .to we should then have light and benefit of il- General theory may be adopted wilh perfect Its application to real its coming down to every day exertion of our fanners and is a different Under general any one can make a retreat pnd maintain lhat it has been done with consistency and Theory is best explained by ils Application to the Ihe Ihe and Ihr The chief magistrate presides over a are engaged in unceasing cultivation of the arts of Our people ought not to be perpetually de- pendent on orders in council or of Our country ought not to wait until invasion surrounds and then beg blankets from lo warm a shivering engaged in The President alludes to another cies of industry having the importance to which he before had and which may be after rary to compete wilh for- eign labor on equal This cies of in his merits same in a subordinate while in speaking of objects to national he pre- scribes no either as to the extent of protection or ils The class he considers entitled to the yet qualified by the expression in subordinate de- This qualification seems to render it if not to ascertain Iho extent of Ihe rule winch ho has adopted for own and the of of opening aluminous in which a proposition for lhat The discussion of this at this is not It be that it is the duty of the General Government to protect ery and Town in Ihe from The ment of the Union is bound to protect every inch of our soil from a hostile It has equal power protect every finger of domestic industry a- gainst foreign Let it be firmly It matters but little lo real national whether foreign guns or foreign labor conquers However this may be it is fully believed by that ihe present taken or in the minutest is national in ils although the language of the President may seem lo in this it is He has also told in his is an infirmity of our nature to mingle our interests and our with the operation of our reasoning and attribute to the of our likes and dislikes qualities they do not and effects they cannot our deliberations on this interesting subject should be uninfluenced partizan and should not be made subservient the short-sighted views of The Committee have a due regard both to the tion and the sentiments expressed by the President and also entertain a most ardent our fellow will keep a searching eye on every of political ambi- various our our of would present an impassable rier against the adoption of any of The farmer who grows wheat the Did of to protect that He knows that the Larbary Slates and may at wheat cheaper on the Ihan it. When he an objection is Some portions union do not produce Its production is not It must he and cheese arc presented for Our farmers can produce them in The Irish who subsists on the humblest fare that unfeeling sion deals may furnish them cheaper than the cultivators it is vered thut portions of our extended country are unable to produce butter and They cannot be They are ami not is It is peace and It be for a time furnished by boors and laboring under the command of and Swedish u little cheaper than the nia New Jersey can produce and live as independent citizens ought to live in a free But iron ix a not It must be Hemp is article so valuable to the independence of all branches of the of our The strong arm of protection holds foreign navigation away from our domestic It should unfurl can canvass wilh It should alao he well kept in that the great body of American consumers of foreign productions sustain navigation engaged in foreign com- The splendid ship that carries and brings in still subordinate to the interests of those who and and pay for the The on our seaboard may heap up build command nil the luxuries of but they must well keep in mind that they all owe their prosperity to the strong arm of They owe it to the ly toil of our whether engaged in subduing the summits of the Green or the glens of the the hemp of be people of those have a share in the advantages of the policy which they are willing to If it so happened that navigation engaged in trade is fering from it is All it asked for protection was freely it hud gained such an us it supposed would enable it to challenge foreign it ly told the government that wiis no longer xx treaty after treaty has been concluded for reciprocal This was urged by the advocates of tree it a little if other supply us with is it a greater evil than if foreigners supplied us with a little more or or or or Must the great tem of protection be abandoned because bus been indulged in its and has been The ad- of free trade ought rather lo rejoice that one is free from the fetter of If foreign nations can build ships cheaper than the people of the United xx hy not cheerfully employ them According to the doctrines of free so much would be Hut if navigation wants there is every reason to believe that the power which protected its if de- will come cheerfully again to its sup in every way and by all means tent with other great interests of the Rut hemp is not a and be Sugar is It is article of and It cannot be produced in Maine in Its duction must be confined to the warm region of our where the great staples of other ports arc But it rejected according to the Its tion is not The same maybe said of cotton and of every article named in the The greatest and most valuable productions of domestic industry are more or less local in their if the rule that every portion of the country must alike contribute to the production of an which the constitution will to be there never can be a protecting riff at human wisdom could not devise one which would confer the least benefit on the The rule that any particular object of must possess to entitle it to may be ly if properly understood and ed. A broad view must be taken of the con- dition of our of its of iu various of its perpetually blending and mingling We must see the mutual relations which between the sections our and ascertain how widely and generally the various tions of domestic industry arc distributed amongst the We should for the practical purpose of what articles of domestic great or maybe for general what cles the people what their comfort and convenience what articles are ered up and distributed by the and commerce of the The names of the articles may be may be broad or Hie fabrics of ever the right of protection considered with reference to great before
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