Fair-Trade (Newspaper) - October 16, 1885, London, Middlesex A Weekly Devoted to Industry and No. OCTOBER 16, 18S5. One TO THE ELECTORS OF THE UNITED a few weeks you will be called many of you for the first to exercise your right of voting for Parliamentary under circumstances of great national The conflict is already and many topics claim your above the din of the cry of Bad is heard on every and nothing more nearly concerns electors than the depressed condition of our industries and It is one of. of our time and that economical questions have been forced into ' the arena of political This cannot be laid to the charge of the Fair-Trade as are neutral in They comprise in their ranks both liberals arid who regard this special question of Fair-Trade as of far higher importance than any other which can engage public At no time has the for this neutrality been greater than The question of Fair-Trade versus One-sided Free-Trade is a distinct before the The lies between professional theorists and practical business and the ranks of the dissatisfied of every who call for a reconsideration of our fiscal are increasing It is that on the eve of a for and the aims of should be dis- formulated and placed before the urge that the which the taxation of the country is levied is anomalous and that whilst it affords direct encouragement to it presses unduly on home and that in end its only be injurious both to consumers and They say in. 1. That under pretence of removing restrictions on foreign imports are freed at the expense of native 2.--That Customs Duties are levied on the singular and destructive that import competes with home it pay but that when it does not so it shall be 3. That this renders native industry unprofitable and uncertain continuous and that much capital is thereby attracted instead of being employed at 4.......That the longer this the stronger will become the hold of the foreign producers on our and that as a direct result the country is becoming more and more dependent on foreign supplies of 5.-That this system was devised in the belief that other nations would join in a Free-Trade but every country has refused to follow our 6. That therefore bounty-fed and free imports are gradually supplanting home and foreign tariffs are cutting off markets for British 7.-That so long as we publicly announce that we will * never alter our fiscal it is idle to hope that foreign States will or even their protective 8. the only increasing markets for British products are those of mix Colonies and 9,--That the British if need is capable of easily and cheaply supplying the Mother Country with all her 10. That in these last two facts lie the elements of political and against any danger to ourselves as were our present supplies from foreign countries even partially 11.--That the Federation of the Empire can only be substantially accomplished by means of the closer commercial union of the Mother Country and her 12.-That this can only be secured by our imposing moderate Customs Duties on foreign manufactures and food products which compete with home and giving at the same time free admittance to the products of our Colonies and Hence the four points of the policy advocated by the National Fair-Trade League are as 1.-That Commercial Treaties with Foreign Nations affecting Fiscal arrangements shall be terminable at a year's notice and shall not hinder us from dealing with our Colonies and dependencies as Our interests 2.-That of Raw Materials * for Home Industries be admitted from every 3.-That Duties be levied the Manufactures of 4.-That A Moderate Duty ' be levied on Articles of Food from Foreign the same being admitted Free from all parts of Our own You are told that would carry you back to days when our foreign trade was of what it is and to times when there were great fluctuations in the prices of producing distress in various parts of the But you are not told that neither nor any others if they carry you back to days before railways and ships You are not told that it is owing to science and inventions I that foreign trading has j Neither are that the prosperity which has resulted from i these causes has been and not confined to that countries have equally shared in the material progress of the and that it is therefore absurd to claim it as of i the remission of import - j Nor ' are you told since the exceptional causes which gave j England a first in the earlier years of this prosperity have and a policy of free without free has to the normal action of the increase of our external commerce I with foreign countries has been chiefly maintained at the I internal i. is dangled before your eyes like a I are told that Fair-Trade means high But you are not told that the chief danger of high prices of j. days of rapid intercourse throughout the lies continually increasing dependence of the United Kingdom on foreign i I Still less are the Fair-Trade policy is designed j. against that very provide against of famine in case of to divert our Custom by gradual steps from i countries which will not take our goods in fair to our own j Colonies and Dependencies which will do and while rendering j the British Empire independent of external and of the action of hostile to constant and practically j for the products of home I in the face of the constant distortion of the real issues at I would at this juncture say if you are in favour Of promoting Flome Of increasing the production of our staple Of diminishing the ill effects of foreign bounties and hostile Of ensuring a constant supply of food from our OF promoting the more active employment of our Return Candidates to Parliament who are in favour of S. Cunliffe ' ' Sampson S. Chairman of the Executive National Fair-Trade October 14th, 18S5.