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Edinburgh Chronicle, The (Newspaper) - November 21, 1759, Edinburgh, Midlothian E VOL 11 EDINBURGH CHRONICLE From WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 21 to SATURDAY NOVEMBER 24 1759 fort of the origin tf that tart of tbt art military which i EXERCISE tbo utility of and the on which it it T is nniverfally allowed that the Greeks and tne Romans carried the art of war to a greater of perfection than any fier people in their days and indeed the ft judges feem to be agreed that they ve equalled by the derns By what appears from the who have treated of their t cannot find that they had u hat we manual The Grecian order of 5 phalanx whole being united and in perfect order mired that they be in eir marching and evolutions and tints were what they chiefly attended to id in their as may be en in chap who has alfo ns their words command from it appears that the clofing opening nd doubling their ranks and files together te changing tHeir front p aim oil the of it The of the Roman col- lively to have chiefly in the evolutions of the legion xlvii ib lib ii chap ix lib iii chap and in marching r 24 ooo geometrical paces in ve hours for that was their military pace f: ns they performed loaded with their rmour weapons and other military im- which all together made UP a very eavy burden and at the fame time kept Marechal in his Reveries chap i art very ingenious and on the manner of the marching of the an- whom he to have marched in exact cadence to the found of their in- and rives good for the that method which is he fays prattled by the He was Mich has led him into a grofs about the of the word j but he might have his opinion with regard to their ngm cadence by many of the ancients the following one of Thucydides in the of the battle between the Lacedaemonians md book v After this the fight began he Argives and their allies moving on with vio and fury but the Lacedaemonians deliberately id to the found of pipers who were pointed by law j not on account of any religious but that the marching together night make their attack uniformly and not break ranks Whoever has a mind to form a marc perfect idea of the of the ancients militaires printed m Holland in 410 1758 t At the rate of four or five miles in an hour their ranks They excreted in running jumping and ruing over rivers completely armed i and above all the erf kill and dexterity in the throwing of the the and hield lib L chap ix ib lib iii chap iv ib lib i chap xviii For they had called Campi it was to tench the youth and the arid the Campus Martins at Rome was fee apart for iuch where all the molt nent citizens whole age or infirmities did not them from took a fur c and pride in publicly endeavouring to excel in military accomplishments Be- fides they were enured to and labour by a continual of fortifying their camps making and carrying on at the fieges they fuch works as appear to us By methods they formed wha were hardy and well killed in the ufe of their weapons but they do not feem to have had that ed Indeed the lance the pike the and fhield and the other weapons that were before the invention of gunpowder do not require that and uniformity in the ufe of them which do neither indeed do they admit Of it for with weapons every thing chiefly depend on the valour dexterity and of the individuals and every man muft exert in proportion to his natural and quired abilities which are very unequal in different whereas have re- mankind more to a level and in faft in the ancient we read continually of the brave actions and feats of arms of particular excelling in valour and on the contrary in the modern private valour feldom but by great chance is remarked or recorded j though we find frequent relations of whole bodies of men which have felves and are there for their nefs and After the downfall of the Roman empire we not expect to find the barbarous nations that it any great traces of military art de la guerre premiere partie chap ii art In general it appears that they out much method or order though they certainly were not unacquainted with the of keeping in a body and afting together and muft have fame fort of of ranks and files Here Daniel de la mil vol i p 175 5 but they had not reduced their motions and evolutions to any regular or uniform method ib p Every individual in the ufe of uch weapons be pointed to fight withal and that every people bad f in which they particularly excelled That of the Franks or ancient French was the hatchet which they as a pon throwing it in manner at the North Indians do theirs which they call de bello lib ii chap The and Genoese were excellent men hilt de la mil F anc vol i 109 The Swift the which they gamed over the A u ft nans and and the great reputation they were in as td and in the ufe of the pike and or two-handed Guil du mil chap iv And the victories of Crefly and court will the valour and kill of the Englith archers to be transmitted down with glory to the Among the nobility and gentry there any that could as a to men ta arms but made the practice of their pons and all forts of martial their whole and the only of their lives and what they of all others the and were imitations of battles the tilts and tournaments though often attended with fatal accidents and hift dela mil Franc vol i p However for the I have before there could be little or no uniformity in their troops but every man was left to perform according to his abilities luc memoires I i p 8 Engl tome eloge de le Mar de Strozzi et duD edit delaHaye 1740 torn 4 4 ct com 10 The invention of gunpowder totally ged the manner of fighting and ly the military of all Europe The Spaniards were the who armed part of their foot with and and mixed them with the they were imitated by other tions the had not entirely j laid their favourite weapon the bow and generally taken to the ufe of during the reign of Queen fabeth certain written by Sir John Smith Kt concerning the forms and effects of divers forts of weapons ed at London The were very beavy and could not be fired without a reft they The old writers call thole large j the a lighter
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