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Western World, The (Newspaper) - November 27, 1919, Des Moines, Iowa XVI UES MOINES IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 271019 No 7 POPES SERVICE TO WORLD DURING WAR Relief of Suffering Exchange of Prisoners Care for Sick and and a Just Peace Tho of the Vatican during tho entire period the war tins been a peculiarly trying OCR there wore some papers HXe tho London Times which loudly asserted that tho Papacy bad forever lost its prestige because it did not forthwith espouse Uio cause of tho the Catholic with a saner outlook upon the situation faithfully instructed Uio on the popes splendid efforts to alleviate the horrors of war In fact tho persistent and In moat cases successful work of tho Vatican officials to do nil in their power to brlas hops and to tbo victims of the catastrophe will form one ol tlie inspiring chapters of tho future of tho great war Varied of Assistance Rendered It would require loo much space to out in detail tho various tines of service a freely offered by tbo agencies established by tlie Holy Father to assist tho victims of war Thera were arrangements in a do to exchange disabled prisoners of war end lo and exchange civil prisoners Efforts wero made lo es by letter with tho occupied districts The popo in securing Sunday as a day visit for war prisoners Ar rangements wore concluded for cos of hostilities In order to bury tho dead on tho battlefields In nu merous In stance a the Holy Father instrumental in securing a re versal of sentence passed upon Individuals Ho materially In supplying civilian population of districts with food Tho spiritual welfare of all the armies of special concern to him nnd lio made many concessions to army chaplains Help for Belgium As the world Is most impressed by aid given to those In af let ua begin with an item of this kind On December 10 tho holy father sent Ills first contri bution of 10000 to Belgium Tho of cardinals added On April 6 1915 holy father mode a further contribution of 25000 lira to that on Juno 7 ho for warded 10000 lire for the of worship On October 31 1915 collections were taken up la Spain for the victims of war and the amount collected waa donated o the pope who eel aside 30000 lire of the enUre sum for Belgium For Uie of Iho university li brary the pope promised his assist ance and offered as a gift all the pub lications ol the Vatican library as as works the Vat ican library could spare Sent to German Prisoners In Russia People of East Prussia France and Luxembourg On tho ol December 191 i collections wero taken up In tho Ger man dioceses tho holy father Bent 215000 marks of amount real to tbo German prisoners Ii On the 21st of July 1315 tho pope sent to tho bishop of Wars a through thn papal nuncio in the sum of 11000 marks for K Prussia On Iho IHli of September of that year pope wrote lo the bishop to order Iho pence which was to bo sent lo Home io bo distributed amonK tunalo people nf Hast Prussia On the of April 1915 the pop to tho of Paris 40000 lire for tho suffering civilians of France Tho sum of 150000 lio received from tbo French bishops was distributed In pied districts of 1917 thoro lo tlie Union dca 20000 lire and 5000 lire were forwarded to Tho bishop of bourg received on April 12 1915 11 taim of 10000 for tho Buffering people of tho Help for Poland Many wore tho contribution acn by tho Father ot Christendom to af Poland On tiro 12th March 1915 ho forwarded 10000 the college of cardinals s 3000 On April of the ea year he another sum 25000 lire anil to the Central Com mitto or Aid ho root 2000 lire Ho warmly a teller of thn bishops and In nil bishops of Iho world ti take up collections for tbo am to exhort faithful to in Ihla matter This fin I collec tion waa taken up Oft SI 1015 nnd amounted a sum of nearly four million franca nn elo of the generosity of tho Catholic Papal Institutions and Colleges Giv en Over to the Welfare of the Sick and Wounded In Rome Itself the holy father gave for tills purpose the Infirm ary of S Maria to the Order of Mal ta Other buildings liko tho college of St Leo tlie German college Iho technical Ite and tho Massimo alle Terme were also used Tor tho same service Outside Rome tho Papal Provincial Sem inary of St Louis in of Cal abria in Catanzaro and tho Papal college of St Thomas ot In Cuneo wero opened to tbo sick and wounded soldiers list however is In all Italian ilia semina ries were used as Infirmaries and so too wero many private ecclesiastical Institutions The Pope and the Establishment of Different Bureaus for Benefit of Prisoners of War Aft e r the firs t grea t b a ttl 03 Ji ad been ought In August and Septem ber 1911 upon the fields of Belgium and Northern Franco numerous let ters were sent to Rome from bish ops priests and families They con concern soldiers whose whereabouts could not bo de termined Some of the petitions for in this matter were sent to car dinals but the largest part camo to tho holy father himself especially those from Franco and Belgium The holy father read them al and took care to make inquiries tho secretary oE state Towards Iho end of this correspondence had be come GO extensive that the holy fa ll er established a special office In rder to secure a rapid nnd business iko Investigation of all Mr the former dor of trie United States In Vienna van ted to take part in this work of Charity He took measures to work tho plans ot tho holy father Twice a he wont to the Vati can took over tho whole correspond men from the cardinal secretary of itato and strove to meet all demands or Information with the help of a ot secretaries Thus began reg ilar communications In the name of he holy father with bishops private political nnd military au end Ilia if various nations Mr RC In this lasted from Janu y 12 to April 15 1915 The Pope for a Jist and Permanent The popes attitude throughout tho far and also during tho negotiations for has been characterised by qualities Im partiality charily and an earnest de for peace They are tho guiding principles which ils peace note of August I 1317 lad been present to dur ing lh WE There arc things we always liad In view a real Impartiality wards all warring nations as Is be coming In I tie falher of all who must lovo all bla children nn driving lo ho of the servico 0 all regard to creed or race 1 duty Imposed upon ua by of the high office to which Christ has called us Finally wo havo been ani mated a constant care as o our mission of peace and good will to do all in our power lo put an end to those terrors and to arous more kindly feeling In nations nnd their rulers coupled with the Ii for a Just find permanent pence A More Complete Account of Popes Endeavors Finally It should ho In mind that all this waa dono without cost to the concerned Char OUR WEEKLY ROME LETTER Some Royal Tomos in Rome Numerous P o p e o and Kings In Old St Special Rome Correspondence Rome 23 the rich and tbe poor fortunate and the unlucky of all nations Homo has held her arms d years of her existence these But to none has she given a warmer welcome to those of kingly Ills younger brother Henry Duke of York the last of the unhappy Stu arts had entered tho state when ha was years of age In 1747 ho was and promoted lo the atby Benedict XIV He was creat ed Bishop in 1701 retain ed the See until when he was translated to that ot nnd Veil el rl His brother Charles death mado him the head the royal House of and ho at once assumed the arms nnd state of royalty wishing to bo addressed as Your Majesty and coining money with hli Imago and tho inscription Henricus IX Hex et Ho lived for a time In royal stato In the Episcopal which lie re stored at his own expense but in 1798 ho to poverty and bad to that in which tradition ogh OBrien King of Thomond was burled ity nd will to all irrespective reed color or nationality wero tho iu dins principles of tho splen lld efforts ot Iho holy falher for during Lho worlds History will Bomo to find us then make a short round of tombs of some of wn to vis viz that of King Don h King Bur head King Conrad Tho ONeill the Stu arts Prince OConnell king and Eomo ither leaders oE men who have our ove or our DUy The King of Cash el and Thomond On Iho Hill a hundred yards from Iho of the congregation S S GIu o Paolo stands tlie ancient church of S ID Rolando When Pope built It In the century it was rich in marbles bronze and mosaic a grand nnd Inns tempi a Today It is bare de spoiled of its marbles nnd outside tho busy part of tho Eternal City Yet it la visited by multitudes for ita association a and 39 they fire There is one chapel In this an cnl pile In Celtic mage takes no small Interest viz tells us Cashel and In tho year King OBrien son of Bom the Victor ot Uio Battle of camo as n pilgrim to Homo where he fell ill and died So runs tradition John Son Passing by Coliseum and away up to tbo Piazza tho Polo who loves hia glorious his tory will find his pulse beat high fla he enters tho Capuchins church ot S Maria Delia For here Bleeps a gallant youth of his race Prince Alexander eon ot the grant John Ills tomb may be seen on Iho left of tbo high alUir In this beautiful church Poles will doubtless admire painting ot the Archangel Michael and nos Ecstasy of S Francis Dut a true eon of the victor of the Battle of Vienna over Turka In 1673 paintings cannot wean Ills attention Irom tho of John III King of Poland Prince Alexan der died at Home In HH In tho house next the Temp let to head of the Via If our patriotic Pole carea to walk to retrace its steps sonia distance nnd enter S Giovanni In Iho popes own cathedral ho can see In the right transept of this pile one ot the taken by Job on that samo day when tbe Turka lost 25000 men an army 1 itself In epoch The Tomb of Stuarts Only with feeling of sland In St Ic before monument of the Stu arla Here lie III nnd Honry Cardinal Duke of York the IV of England There Is something id about iho of this g Catholic family and one feels U 10 gnes at the traced on the marble of Uio Old Prince Charles and tho Royal her walls j fly from Frascati at tho usurpation of the Papal States JIu at In tho Villa In 1807 aged 81 His loss mourned greatly by thn people Ho left hla to the FrascatI Seminary Tlie Uncrowned King of On May 18 clergy and people of Genoa In response to pastoral of the Cardinal Archbishop ot See were praying for his re very OConnell the Irish liberator uncrowned king of Ireland as he waa called died few hours after tbo great Tribunes demist tbo heart was embalmed and nt to Rome OConnell tho world knowp had heen traveling accompanied by big chaplain and his son After tho requiem ler in the cathedral in presence ot half the city tho embalmed body as dispatched to Ireland His fear 3 was already in heaven II for the Faith wero BU dent to It from here I may say with nil it received a hearty welcome from similar champions of chui such as Paul of Tarsus Thomas More Oliver Plunket Thomas of Can And KO stormy life ended without his having been able to fulfil the ol hla heart to EDO tbe City of tho Popes Today In an nrn which 3 turn en on pago 2 verify I Ms account of popes tli OHO most affected by tli more work rors of tho vrir will shortly bo pub In pamphlet form by Lho Central Bureau ot the Central Socle C D of tho C V TEACHING IN SCHOOL In Basfe Wilt Modified Favorably for Catholics The authorities ot tho Canon ot Switzerland propane to modify Ilio scholastic law on religious teach ing in a manner very favorable tr sot a num ber ol hours as for In n 3 lea they have th nt tho of The arrangements tor tlin will ho If ft to tbe This Is n K has birn nl nml lias by master Protestant a nn atheists Ild not Jar crow IE hla faith SISTERS OF JOAN OF ARC Jew Community Formed For Protection of Girls Away From Home Ottawa Canada Is of a new religions community to bs known as the Sisters ot tho Institute ot Joan of Arc Thn object of tho co mm unity id to protect and caro tor girls away from home Mother St Thomas is Lhu foundress mid Urst superior THE DUTIES TKe Splendid Example of the Late A J Labors Among the Greek Continued Irom last week have a special call to the work of Americanization its exercise is naught nore lhan exemplification oi one of the spiritual works of Iho task of counseling and directing Iho HO In eed of Id a ause of the excellent opportunity provided for keeping countless Cath Immigrants within tho fold of tho church It is evident that the church will have a much stronger claim offer a much stronger appeal to Catholic immigrants have been introduced Into American than she would have lo such as are by during their Regard Catholics In 1911 Shipman prepared and published for tho dedica tion services his translation of The Holy Mass According to tho Greek RUe a little book ot pages in double columns tho original one side and his English version on It was tho first time an English translation had been matte In 1913 when tho United Ca was established In the of New York yas chiefly Instrumental in tho various Greek Catholic charitable or into tho movement Other Efforts A Practical Conclusion Mr Pallet relates many Instances of helpful life showing the variety and success of his efforts in bringing about a better Ing between Catholics of both rit ECHOES FROM THE CAPITAL Bishops First Pastoral Letter in Fifty Years Cardinal Rewards American Mass By Stan ton Tim rodding of oC lie National Catholic Welfare council will take at Catholic University ot America Washington on or about December 8th the Feast ot tho j Concept able cb air In assisting Syrians to acquire proj j manship Archbishop lianna ot San erly for their church In acting na their counselor In caring for the period ol COMING CANONIZATIONS Blessed Margaret Mary and Joan Arc Ceremonies To Be Held Next May Tae of ho Visitation have received n official cable Home dale of Iho c fin on nation of Blessed Mary which will be May 13 1029 A few daya later Joan of Arc will be raised to the supremo honors of tho altar TO RESTORE MONUMENT Gene Holy Father Gives to Restor rous Sub if Monu Ing the from shores into our country there ueed bo no Immigration from and countries will ever bo largely Catholic and hence appeal to action will over be present A Fine Exemplar A fine example full of Inspiration to all who will but hear the call to engage In this field of labor In of the immigrant 19 offered In tho life of the lato Andrew J S til p man born October at Pa died October 7 1915 In New York City This excellent layman a graduate of Georgetown university assistant manager aad later super intendent ot a group ot coal mines iu Ohio attorney at law regent of the University of the Stale ot New one delegate Co tho Now York Convention a man rioted as a public speaker and writer man found time to labor most zealously and effectively among Cath immigrants of tho most neglect ed class Slavs and Syrians Ship man early in life evinced an Interest In tho people ot these races learned tho Czech tongue from an tance and while employed by tho W Rend Co in Flocking Valley O the languages of tho Slavs work ing Under him In order lie bolter to his duty to bis employers nnd alao to safeguard Hie Interests nt tho men thus both purposes were served by him by tho settling of a strike which had arisen through a ot tongues nut man evinced a live interest not only in the language of peoples but also in their history rites and cus toms and likewise In their religious belief practices Ills sympa thy was wider and deeper than a Interest in KIVS Ills eds of Catholics In nnd bringing out in pub lie concert the Ukrainian choir of St George and In other undertakings In behalf or these Immigrant for their spiritual and temporal welfare and for tho making of Rood citizens But tho given above should to wellintentioned Catholics Francisco California This meeting one of tha most important epochs in the history of the for It is tho first tirao In nearly fitly years that tho ops of tho country are Issuing a Joint pastoral letter concerned with tho great Issues of the day So farreaching will bo tho deliber ations ami decisions arrived at by committee at its conference that movement is way to have all to follow as far as possible the good I In men worn shown by Mr Shipman Ac1 ei1 aml lioly Com for tbo intention of tho bish ops our Holy Father Pop Benedict XV and the Catholic church through i on Sunday when t Hip the leller of Una 111 tie read cording la means and ability all Catholics especially in tho cities should give attention and support to Americanization work to com nd In particular lo work Ibo settlement ooe of tho best agencies which to In making tho Immigrant feel at home in his strange surround ings and In leading Into the full noss of citizenship should be a Ills Holiness Is with n generous subscription leading Iho wny towards the restoration of tho monument to the on tKo iho bay of Gaeta and the whole to Cape is one of tho twenty monuments to tbo at tho of the nnd It wna in biographer n Pall found nn alien people In a strange land bewildered and perplexed Hi their now sur ran nil ings often impos ed upon Isolated by their Ignorance clinging tenaciously lo unwise lions naturally suspicions and aloof j how glad I yet very human nnd with all those substantial virtues that make for good fn a wny they were a flock without a determined to help nnd went his task In a thorough manner For tho last years of his life says Pa 11 en lio nearly n11 his vacations This movement has met with tml versal approval by the ol the the priests and tho various religious orders of tho j church and an effort will be made to antl reach all Catholics throughout tho extension or work adapted to tho them lo pledge in which one finds himself themselves to take part In this gen era It Is pointed out that the effect this message from the bishops of tho United States will be rendered so much greater by tlie outpouring ot spiritual forco consequent upon this general communion of our Catholic people and tho event Mill bo very impressive to whole world n of the one underlying unity which holds Catholics of all together s Ad m Ini stra t Ivo Committee which will meet at the Cat nolle uni versity Is In addition lo Its chairman Archbishop Kanna of San Francisco compos of the Archbishop Dougherty of Philadel phia Archbishop Dowling of St Paul Bishop of Pittsburgh Bishop Muldoon of 111 of S C and ol Toledo O H was organized for the of con ducting the business of tho National Catholic Welfare council in the In j terval between Lls meetings which I are annually Tn its wurk every lm j Interest of a public or nature is provided for find all Catholic activities are assured ot fho and asslst am of tlie on ire episcopate The story of the National Catholic will tic of Inter 1 fur no had the United B of the C V THE FORTHCOMING CONSISTORY An American Cardinal and Successor to Cardinal Von to be Named TIQ forthcoming consistory in Rome is expected to uame a now American cardinal according to a dispatch to the Post A successor to tlie lato Cardinal Von Hartmann who died recently al Col also will bo name J tbo dla MESSAGE OF SYMPATHY Is Sent by Cardinal o the Irish Nation Which Has Been Loyal to in the Pi HI Jn In on 31 1001 Carrier pigeons took tho news to Homo and Iho warships at On eta played their on the climbing Tope had ted to exiled del Ap nest door lo great of Iho Conventual Franciscan a bo had not hla claims by ono jot For live days Iho body of Old lay In Hits church In royal slate crowned nnd under a canopy Inscribed Magnac Anno And horo also lay tho body of hla queen Maria in with tho crown on her head In January 1735 beloro tic ing buried In St death nt tbe dar ling of ilia Rents nt ft from where bis hoily lay In aiato In his nn tata the royal arms nf Mm Ilix Ily Honry of Tun coy nl was Him aa HID Inst of I Sni aris lcl sum up Ills tho Thero worn four allars ftt the baso of monument nnd Popo Leo hlm fielt placed at tho fool of Il was cn by lightning but a Unman la restoring it and tho of Popo XV will be nn tbo new monument HIGH MASS IN CZECH Mas 9 Fir Sunn at the At Pn lime n Parch nil 11 r Tbe In the old lln tun oT tbe ird bv d if ami Ihn now prln thn Slavic people in Europe Ho studied their their and history at first hand Into clergy fn acquainted them with the nerds of people In the Interest and co operation and a voluminous with IIo also took up tho matter with tho ot tho States anI and Card 1111 follow ing of sympathy io the nation Many of my pupils in came from Ireland Some of rny moft distinguished pupils are profes sors In Ireland one of them the Rev Dr of seminary vias a at Louvain I was a student I had nn friend tlie Rev James Ryan now Canon Ryan of toll Iho Catholics nf Ire to send this 1 nslt to I havo tir nation which has always so steadfast to our war In April 1917 fur tbo of lie country than tbo pA of tlie United dtv THE NEW CARDINALS Missing from U S Papal Envoy May Get Red Hat Among Greek Catholics I the taken tiy In tho cause of people which also a moro concrete form Ac cording lo Mr Fallen out Blilp of his cil to Mio of Mie Slavs In the States This work vras to him a constant pursuit anil one Riy n Ho logal ami if iho of thn lea In Niw York nnd In I SM he in ho tli Iy Ills an antl liy his ond a lini k AUK of St on illn Fat Now York j tin wna lator MC in v Tt WIM stated In Vat kan lust wock iho papal lc Statra will iir from Washing in to to tli mite Three nt the It l Mint Pipo H will create or sis iifv rials but il is stalf iv 111 be no Amor I cans Wo priests and consecrated and all the flock committed to our kooplnp to coop in every way wir mill our national Onr will rise as fine to Forve tho ifon triumph of our beloved In 1017 a war convention was liy iris Cardinal Fnr nnd William Cardinal O irans nn Mr At Iho of iho
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