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Decatur Review (Newspaper) - December 5, 1918, Decatur, Illinois 40th Year No THURSDAY EVENING December 5 1918 DECATUR R EVI EW DAILY AND BT REVIEW CARRIERS Itc A IN DECATUR AND DECATUR ILLINOIS IN TEAR BRITAIN WILL ACCEPT NO LIMITATIONS ON SEA POWERS London Wednesday Dec British naval authorities have decided that it will be necessary to demand the return of Helgoland to Great Britain from Germany Winston Spencer Churchill the minister of munitions announced in a speech at Dundee tonight WILL TAKE NO LIMITATIONS We enter the peace Eaid Mr Churchill during the course of his address with the absolute de- termination that no limitation shall be imposed on to maintain our naval defense We do not intend no matter what arguments and peals are addressed to us to lend ourselves in any way to any Ing restrictions will prevent p the British navy maintaining its and well-deserved acy ISLAND HISTORY The island of Helgoland Banish was ceded to Great Britain in In Great ceded it to Germany who began ing- it into an extremely important naval base It lies in the North sea off the mouths of Elbe and Weser and of the entrance to the Kiel canal it dominates The Island was a German naval stronghold throughout the great war its occupation by the allies was un- der consideration shortly after the signing of the armistice when the German naval revolution made it pear doubtful if Germany would com- ply with the naval terms of the ar- These however seem since to have been fulfilled nearly in their entirety Atlantic City X J Dec in- creed for the four parties to management labor and the out- lined by John D Rockefeller Jr in an address today before the war emergency and reconstruction con- ference in session here INDUSTRIAL CREED Asserting that capital and labor are partners with common interests and not enemies Mr Rockefeller stated ten tenets of his industrial creed These included advancement by in- dustry of social as well material well-being of employes opportunity by to earn a living under conditions of fair wages reasonable proper industrial ment reward for initiative and ciency machinery for uncovering and promptly adequate representation of all the industrial parties with annual joint conferences to assure industrial mony and prosperity in each plant this system extended to in- clude all plants in the same Industry all industries in a community in a nation and in the various nations Xew York Dec 5 trades professions are represented in first 350 applications received by the Zionist organization of America from persons who are prepared to for Palestine at once for ice in the establishment there of the Jewish homeland A special ment has been established by the to collect the information contained in these applications eral have been at- to this department including ono on investment and another in charge of the Zionist society of en- gineer to study that physical aspect of the Jewish of estine The most pressing cording to the organization Is for Hebrew teachers since the school system of Palestine is to be CHINESE PEACE DELEGATES LEAVE Peking Monday Dec foreign minister who will head China's delegation at the peace conference at Versailles left last night He was accompanied by a party of fifteen which included M a Belgian who will act in an advisory capacity After a short stay in Japan the party proceed to Paris by way of America BOYCOTT STILL ON CHILEAN SHIPS Lima Peru Wednesday Dec 4 The Chilean consul general left day for Santiago stating that his had advised him to take the archives with him The boycott against Chilean vessels continues forcing those which have brought cargoes to Peruvian ports to return tn ballast New York Dec ciency in public administration would save the people of this try a year United States Senator Charles S Thomas of rado told the Association of Life In- surance Presidents in a thrift con- which began here today ator Thomas is a member of the senate committee on finance The war leaves us a legacy of n stupendous declared Senator Thomas It will reach if It floes not exceed or twice as much as the combined debt of the allied nations Including Russia when the war began The annual In- terest upon this stupendous sum will be nearly twice the net total of the nation's annual expenditure This means a vastly in- creased rate and radius of taxation The people must bear the burden for Germany can not make indemnity They will bear it willingly if omy in public administration and the application of every dollar to the public needs shall become the policy of the government They vv ill not and should not be content If the gross extravagances of the past con- E SUPPLY Chicago Dec 5 house figures submitted to Assistant United States District Attorney Dickinson will be made the basis of an inquiry into their possible relation to ing prices of food products This announcement was made today and some of the statistics placed before the federal officer were given It was stated that mately 91.4 per cent of all the cold storage butter supply of Illinois and 83 S per cent of the egg supply is held by eight big storage houses of Chicago The remainder is held by twenty-five smaller storage houses scattered throughout the city On Nov 1 it was said the country as a whole had pounds of butter in cold storage and cases of eggs HOTELS FIE Paris Tues Dec Is filled to overflowing Prices all hotel rooms following the requisitioning of 25 hotels for peace conference poses have doubled and tripled and are still going ur Food in and prices generally are similarly mounting A breakfast of coffee bread and butter continues to cost between SI and at hotels It is virtually impossible to lunch or dine for less than or four dollars for a ple meal People arriving at the city frequently go to fifteen or ty hotels before they secure rooms for which the owners demand large sums and refuse to lower their rates saying they can get the price The city is becoming more crowded daily with the bulk of the ence officials and others interested in getting rooms such as several dred of the world's newspaper cor- respondents not yet here persons of the latter class are ing to find accommodations nobody in Paris knows In addition to ail the other arrivals officers and men of all the armies are coming to Pill if on leave in considerable numbers Sometimes as many as twenty officers stand for an hour in front of hotel offices waiting for somebody to leave when they all demand tions NO STATEMENT FROM WILLIAM IBy Associated I Tuesday Dec 3 am a private citizen and while tn Holland will not make statement for publication whatever This was the former German em- message to the Associated Press correspondent when he called at Count von castle again yesterday The German general acting as derly formerly governor of Metz brought the message direct from liam Hohenzollern who was Inclined to make a public declaration but er changed his mind The message You must fully realize my tion I am threatened on all sides with criminal charges which If brought I must face Therefore I must reserve any statement until charges are actually brought Also I owe a certain loyalty to the present German government and cannot make a declaration which might others TO DEB 20 Per Cent of War Time Strength to Be Dis- charged at Once Washington Dec of 20 per cent of the navy's personnel about men has been authorized Secretary Daniels said today the men would be re- leased as quickly as possible with clue regard to the convenience of the serv ice The release of enlisted men Is not because the navy is but to permit the re- turn to civil pursuits of youths who loined for the war and who do not intend to follow the sea PRIVATE BOATS GIVEN BACK Private jachts motor boats and other craft taken over by the navy for the ar already are being turned back to their owners Mr Daniels said by February 700 craft will have been stricken from the navy list Members of naval units in schools and colleges will complete their training and then stand discharged In the cases of special student bodies such as the paymasters school at Princeton and the ensigns schools at Annapolis students In the present classes upon graduation will be com- missioned in the reserve LAND AND WORK FOR HUN WARRIORS Amsterdam Dec 5 The Berlin Tages of Monday saya that Field Marshal von Hindenburg ad- dressed the following proclamation to his troops The preliminary work for a land settlement on a big scale is In gress and will be pushed forward as rapidly as the shortage of coal and of building materials will permit The returning warriors will first re- the thanks of the country for more than four years work in a thousand battles in which they were unbeaten Hundreds of thousands of ings will be erected on cheaply quired land with public money loaned at low rates to farmers gardeners and country artisans Houses will be built for workers employes and of- belonging to sedentary and transferred to them on the payment of a moderate portion of the actual costs Only have a little while Help the wounded fatherland through its est time Save it again by German manly discipline and order and thus make your own future and your own happiness TERS OF Ul DELEGATES Paris Tuesday Dec 3 for Secretary of State Lansing and the other American delegates to the peace conference have been assigned at the Crillon hotel on the Place de La Concorde This large hotel has been divided up Into suites of rooms for the delegates Each suite will comprise living quarters and a ness office for each delegate and his immediate secretaries The ments overlook the Esplanade of Place De La Concorde which Is now filled with war trophies and where stand the great statues of bourg and Mete each covered with floral offerings and flags Each suite is handsomely furnished and lias paintings and tapestries Thero are commodious baths and sleeping chambers The delegates will probably dine together in what was formerly the hotel restaurant All accessories including the bar have been removed Most of the conferences between the American delegates will be held In the large salon at the Hotel lon The business offices of the gation where several hundred ex- perts on international law geo- graphical boundaries intelligence etc will work will be in a large building adjoining Joseph C Grew secretary of the peace delegation has established quarters there NEW PROCESS ON MAKING GLYCERIN Washington Dec synthetic process of making glycerin largely used In making explosives from the fermentation of sugar was a dis- covery made during the war and closely guarded until yesterday when the secret was divulged The process was tried out on a large scale at a chemical plant at Aurora 111 and found commercially able Against Be Making Weak IBs Associated Berlin Dec Karl knecht and his followers of the Spartacus group of Socialists are carrying on a vigorous campaign against Premier Ebeit and his col- leagues whom the Spartacus ists accuse of having induced the mortal enemy of the German tion namely International ism represented by President Wilson to make the delivery of food tional on the maintenance of der The Bolshevik organ the Red Flag Is treachery against the Any attempt to send food to Germany must be opposed as a cap- effort to beat Bolshevik aims The article demands the dismissal of officers and the choosing by diers of leaders It also de- mands the Immediate arming of tho revolutionary workmen and the dis- arming of other organizations The program Includes the tion of the annulment of war loans and the socialization of all business GOVERNMENT WEAK The government declares knecht has no followers outside lin and only a few here In interviews with the ent today leading men of Berlin showed pessimism over the situation taking the ground that tho ment was not displaying the vigor and determination required to cope with the danger LOOKS LIKE There Is a disquieting likeness be- tween the situation here and that ob- served by the corespondent in grad in 1017 Here as In the government seemingly Is in- spired by good motives The bers of the government make fair but the Bolshevik are those who act and whose followers re- from the classes possess arms while the and conservative socialists are un- armed PRIDE GONE The chief argument of tho ists Is that the Germans are not sians but they say that nothing can be safely predicted on the knowledge of German character before war Tho spirit and pride of a great bulk of the people are utterly gone they con- tend and the situation Is ably affected by the belief that the food supplies In the cities will not avail until the new year and that crushing peace terms will be Im- posed FOR TRIP Washington Dec 5 By mous vote the senate foreign tions committee today disapproved the resolution of Senator Cummins of Iowa Republican proposing to send a senate committee to Paris for the peace conference Various were assigned by members for opposition to the mins plan which provided that four Democratic and four Republican senators should go to Paris not as peace delegates but to keep the ate informed Some Re- publicans as well as Democrats thought such a step would be Cleveland O Dec IflO street car men who went on strike at j o'clock Tuesday morning because of the employment of women conductors and since which hour not a car has been operated probably will return to work at 4 30 o'clock this after- noon with cars in operation on all lines The stri era will assemble at 1 p m today to vote on terms that their union leaders have accepted for them FAVOR RETURN OF ROADS TO OWNERS New York Dec B of railroads comprising more than 90 per cent of the rail mileage of the country In conference here day adopted a resolution favoring a return of the roads to private and expressing the hope that the remaining period of federal con- trol would be such as to leave the properties In the highest state of efficiency Government ownership and tion of railroads was characterized as not conductive to the highest eco- nomic efficiency of the and it was suggested that private tive enterprise and responsibility In creation extension improvement and operation should as a matter of tional policy be fostered and pre- Representative From ginia is McAdoo's Successor Washington Dec 5 tive Carter Glass of Virginia was nominated today by President Wilson to be secretary of the treasury INTO OFFICE DEC 15 Mr Glass will go Into office on Dec 1C under an agreement with Secretary McAdoo whoso resignation was accepted by the to take effect upon the appointment and qualification of his successor Washington Dec Lewis of Illinois Democrat in the senate yesterday declared that appointment of a senator on the peace tion would have been comparable to appointing members of the supreme to sit in a lower court The public Senator Lewie Bald had been given the impression that the dent by falling to appoint a tor showed a lack of respect for the body he was sure the ident had no such Intention He suggested that if a senator had appointed Europe would have thought a prejudiced tribunal had been sent by the United States ind ashed 1C freedom of senators to op- pose the treaty when presented for would not have been A senator on the com- mission he added could not have kept the senate informed of all pre- liminary negotiations and pointed out that on all other the senate his only had the final draft I speak of my own know Illinois senator that it was the wish of the president to have a member of the senate and some others on this tribunal and not until after deep consideration was the president convinced that this pointment would be Improper At no time was theie contumely or omission cast on the senate London Wednesday Dec will bo no surrender of man nil planes as was at ono time expected because it lias been found Impracticable to assemble planes at one pin and it is doubtful whether Germany has a sufficient number of reliable pilots for that purpose Hence the first surrender In of nn air fleet is being piecemeal The Germans are shedding their wings In the course of retreat and the advancing Allies lire picking them up Washington Dec men discharged from the army will be re- quired to return t- the government within four months the uniform In which they camp Army zone supply officers General March chief of staff has announced will receive this equipment and all troops will be supplied at the time of discharge with franked labels for the return of uni- forms by mall PERKINS TO FRANCE i As WORKER Dec W kins and Mortimer L Sell Iff the 1 M C A and the Jewish Welfare board engaged passage on the steamer Mauritania today for Europe where they will supervise the expenditure of the war work fund They will nate the work of the various First Leg of Journey on Ship Devoted to Work LBy Associated ON BOARD U S S WASHINGTON Dec President Wilson spent most of the first day of the trip on this steamship working n the part of his suite After acknowledging from the bridge the greetings that were given as the ship put to sea he turned to the pile of letters and telegrams awaiting him and spent several hours working with his stenographers HAS SLIGHT COLD In the afternoon on the advice of his physician Roar Admiral Cary T Grayson he lay down and rested for a time because of a slight cold that was affecting his voice Later the president received calls from officials on board including the Italian and French ambassadors lowing this he took a walk on deck Mrs ilson The presidential party dined ly in the evening being served by a waiter who claimed to have attended William and the empress In the same suite on the trial trip of the George Washington which was formerly a German liner SUITE NOT LUXURIOUS The reports that the suite had been fitted up In a luxurious manner are untrue In the dining hall music was ished by the ship's band and a of sailors The president Is keeping In touch with official business by wireless The escorting destroyers with the battleship Pennsylvania leading the column are keeping In close touch with tho steamship carrying the president Mine sweepers are running before I ho bow of his ship They arc loaded uith steel billets to Insure their deep draught COLD AND MISTY The weather is cold and misty but the sea calm In the evening Mrs Wilson released carrier pigeons bearing notes of to Vice Admiral Gleaves for the success of the arrangements made for the departure SCRIBES ABOARD SHIP Representatives of The Associated Press the United Press and the In- News Service are President Wilson and to Europe aboard the U S S George Washington Arrangements were made in advance to permit the cor- respondents to send brief Individual messages from the ship by wireless the first being released for simultaneous publication at a m eastern time today Washington Deo can colonel a captain and a been designated by President Wilson to receive the est military decoration given by the States for valor in the congressional medal of honor They have won the flm of tho medals awarded during the war with and their names Colonel Charles W Infantry G McNurtry Private Thomas C Colonel then major and McNurtry were at the heul of tho famous lost of tho which half Its men out against tho when surrounded In the forest un- til five days later Private distinguished self when the Rainbow division took In October by ping an enemy charge against a single-handed with his automatic after all others of his patrol ment had been killed or wounded In of wounds through both he completed tho exploit by bringing In eleven Germans at the point of pistol Implores British to Stop Demand for I Punishment London Ike P ji to jot fattier and mo from Holland We are donn and my father Is H man i that enough for mer crown In m Interview on the Inland of fen with a uf Daily Mirror William that h favored an agreement Germany and Great i nnd them A number of his best were in England and ho only h- live nw a private citizen I my father In to Great Britain I told M- i lie British be UK nover believed thin and would n tako Into account that possibility Washington Dec than a dollars has been cut from the navy's estimates of expenditures foi coming fiscal year Secretary Daniels disclosed today that the sent to congress Monday were based on the war program ami that the reduction process that ready has eliminated over of the total Is uing London Dtp I The interview with Frederick William tho forme German crown prince obtained by Associated has created widespread Interest In Great Britain tinder a New York date lino the In- Is ns the principal news of the day In the London and provincial Several with Die editorially at length GET Washington Dec 5 Members of the presidential party on the George Washington weie able this to lead practically complete news of Interesting events from all over the world A naval officer signed to the duty always makes up each night a synopsis of the late news for radio to all ships at tea It Is understood that while The George Washington Is the service Is I by additional matter prepared In the state ment and referring particularly to fairs of International importance U lias been unnecessary for tho naval radio service to make any special ar- rangement to keep In touch with the presidents ship during the trip Tho radio communication system developed during the war Is so com- plete and the of the American and Allied ships and shore stations so perfect that any vessel with proper equipment tan send and receive messages with almost so much ease and as telegrams are handled on land MILES ON BOARD S S GEORGE Dec Wireless to the Associated Wilson's ship this morning was 450 miles out steering a steady course at a speed of 17 knots an hour Tho weather today was clear and cold the pale sunlight rendering the escort observable from the decks of the decks of tho president's steamer The president late and took breakfast alone with Mrs Wilson Afterward the president worked with his stenographer and examined the official wireless messages which In- cluded several applications for ancy Official mail will be put off at the Azores on Sunday and be hurried back to the United States on board a destroyer Tho president has his own writer on board and is using It at Intervals In working upon the speeches he expects to deliver in France REQUISITION ORDER ON COAL CANCELLED Washington Dec tions of the fuel administration for the shipment of bituminous coal to Industrial plants have been cancelled The administration today announced that Its In tho future will to leave to the plants themselves tin work of obtaining fuel It is believed can be accomplished without Baker Leaves Topic Until After Peace Washington Dec question permanent organization of army has been deferred for after tho close of peace conference Secretary Baker in his annual report made public Ian night says this course Is determined upon since the military needs of the United States cannot be assessed until that conference have determined tho future tional relations of the Tor temporary purposes however Mr Baker announces that ho will lay before Congress ft plan of re- organization for the regular army which shall continue as tho nucleic if future military establishment Tlu also Indicates his in- tention to press for perpetuation bv nf tho strong general hullt up during the war Atlantic Dee of labor Mr raid in of of t lilted I am ono of tho men wl o the of American labor 1 one of tho men who that tho only foundation upon which run permanently fct Ih I nf lit be be or what not Any of or labor or KiMs must I I nm not opposed i labor 1 believe that organize plan's t amongst fnr the belt of tlon nf own out the 01 i ind nf labor In ir dividual nnd mv mind ought to made M of tli In thos who know tho unditions i Wo havn Kot to that I unjust demands will be made by In i lior have been by IIP GET ESTABLISHED IBy Vienna Tuesday Dec Franz Klein former minister of who will represent Austria at he peace said to the correspondent If we are permitted to attend the conference I presume It will be ly to receive Us mandates though wo trust we will be heard so far we no Information ns to when wo attend or the tions attached to our attend nice TO LIVE It to be hoped that tlie ence will arrive nt u factory to all tlie new of tho so that may to live peacefully in the futuro Wv tho Americans will b fair It would be advisable for Allies to send here groups nf men and business men to look Intn conditions before trying to ters Outsiders t Ind a tlon of the difficulties which we selves have been unable to find AMBITION You may soy that the Austrian re- public certainly wants no more wars and has no ambition other than to live The present of the ples of the empire in tlie last slate In the dissolution of what never really was an empire but groups of peoples demanding freedom In past That of taught trm ce ncy HIS OWN Mr Schwab that he had graphed the president a few ago to relieve him from his as director general of I folt that having 000 of my own nnd a roll of A month I couM be of service to this cation and this country by retiring from the work I had In Philadelphia to tho of Important that arise In connection with this period In In the PERU SEEKS BIG LOAN FROM U S Luna Is reported that Peru lias Iran bankers for R of REORGANIZATION PLANS IN EUROPE Paris Dec 5 of the Polish Rou- manian and national councils are In session here to study the reorganization of central Europe Statements Issued declare that only a permanent understanding between these four nations can ture The Weather Ins 1 i Iho in- fur f o r at 7 p m fair end light or Know In In runt and colder IK of m In j H 7 p m 28 7 m Noun Tli Nun rUw time Bun win Stl MAI r i n i i in n i n i- si I i I I Ohio VallA} U Hi JEWS PA PER I SPA PERI
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