Sunday, September 6, 1970

European Stars And Stripes

Location: Darmstadt, Hesse

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European Stars and Stripes (Newspaper) - September 6, 1970, Darmstadt, Hesse Page 8 THE STARS AND STRIPES Suntkiy, September 6, 1970Logistics Review BoardLITTLE PUBLICITY has as yetbeen given the recently releasedreport of the Joint Logistics Re-view Board (JLRB). On the otherhand, the Fitz-hugh Report,the findings ofa blue ribbonpanelpointedPresidentem-byNix-Ira C.Eakeron to study the whole Depart-ment of Defense, has receivedwide publicity.The JLRB, also authorized bythe President, had a chartersomewhat more restrictive. Itwas directed to review our lo-gistic policies and procedures inthe Vietnamese war to seewhether any lessons learnedthere might increase effective-ness and reduce cost in the sup-port of combat forces in the fu-ture.Since the defense dollarbreaks down roughly into 36cents for personnel, 40 cents forlogistics and 24 cents for allother expenditures, includingnew weapons, the charter of theJLRB gave it review jurisdictionover the largest single item ofmilitary cost.After reading the reports ofboth these committees, I believethat the JLRB has made a muchmore realistic and significantcontribution.JAMES J. KILPATRICKThe reason for this may lie Inthe relative qualifications andexperience of the members ofthe respective groups. The Rtz-hugh Commission contained onlyone member who had served Inthe Pentagon or who had pro-fessional military experience,Wilfred J. McNeil, and he sub-mitted a minority report.The eight members of theJLRB were evidently selected be-cause of their long-time ex-perience in the military logisticsfield. They had a military careertotal of 163 years of logisticservice.Let no one jump to the con-clusion, however, that the JLRBwas a self-serving or whitewashgroup.The JLRB submitted 18 vo-lumes of supporting data tovalidate Its findings, whereasthe Rtzhugh Report containedaccusations and assertions com-pletely unsupported by professio-nal testimony or validatingdata.The JLRB report contains afactual review of the logisticsystems of each of the armedservices as they supported ourfighting men in Vietnam.For example, it points outthat although half-a-mttlionitems were on the supply listsfor Vietnam, the average timefrom requisition to receipt of therequested stock wd$ as little asfive days for high-priority, air-delivered Items and reasonablyadequate for all stocks, includ-ing ammunition and POL (petro-leum, oil and lubricants).Logistics were not bad JnVietnam. Our fighting men werebetter fed, better equipped andsupplied than in World War IIor Korea, but It could have beendone more economically, and theJLRB report points the way.All military leaders and thecivilian Pentagon managementwill be well-advised to study allthese proposals and Initiate the15 major recommendations at anearly date,The JLRB discussions on suchsubjects as transportation, con-tainerization, computerizationand construction are not neces-sarily restrictive to the militarybut can enhance the overall civi-lian economy.The United States has neverbeen superior to prospectiveenemies In manpower totals. Itis now losing its technologicalleadership to the Soviet Union.But we have always had supe-rior military logistics over anyadversary supported by our un-matched Industrial economy.The report of the JLRB, if Im-plemented, can assure the vitalcontinuation of that superiority,(c) 1970» General Feature Corp.The Plastic Jungle BillONE OF THE bills that will bewaiting for the House, when itsmembers troop back from vaca-tion, is known as the "plasticjungle bill." Its purpose is toban the unsolicited mailing ofcredit cards. The Senate alreadyhas passed such a measure; theHouse is likely to add its appro-val.Now, this is one of the sea-son's less important bills. Passor fail, it will bring the NewJerusalem no closer. Yet the lu-xurious growth of the plasticjungle, which impels this bil!belatedly into law, is a phe-nomenon that merits reflection.It is'one more measure of ourchanging times that Congressshould be acting to prohibit apractice that five years ago didnor exist.As recently as three yearsago, only 197 banks offeree cre-dit card plans. At the end of1967, they had $600 million incharges outstanding. By the endof 1969, more than 1,200 bankswere offering such plans; theirbillings were up to $2.6 billion.No one seems to know howmany Americans actually oreusing bank credit cards, but thenumber is well into the millions.This astonishing growth hasresulted largely from mass mail-ings by the banks of unsolicitedcredit cards. These plastic ticketsto instant indebtedness haveturned up in remarkable places.Tony Benitez of Tampa, age 5,received a Master Charge cardwith an invitation to take a tripto Europe: Buy now, pay later,in Chicago, one affluent citirenreceived no fewer than 18 creditcards from the same bonk; histhree sons, 9, 11 and 13, sharedin the jackpot.The cards have created a hea-dache for postal inspectors.Thousands of cards are stolenannually from the mails, beforethe prospective recipients evenknow of their existence. In theunderworld, hot cards sell for$25 to $100. They travel acrosscountry at jet speed; it is com-monplace for a resident of LosAngeles to find himself billedfor goods purchased in his namein Florida or New York.The illegal use of credit cardsis a serious and growing prob-lem,- of greater concern to HouseTLThe anEUROPEAN EDITIONCO1_, DAVID B. O'HARA, USAF .................................... Editor-in-ChiefUT. COL. GARY L. WERNER, USA ......... . .............. Deputy Editor-in-ChiefMERT PROCTOR ......................... ....................... Managino EditorELMER D. FRANK ............................................ Production ManaoerHENRY S. EPSTEIN ................................. .. ...... Circulation ManaaerThis newspaper is an authorized unofficial publication for U.S. Armed Force*overseas. The Stars nnd Stripes it published by the Commander In Chief, U.S.European Command In support of the command internal intcrmation prt>sr«mOf the Department of Defense, Contents of the Star* and Stripe* ar* flot flee**-aarily the official view* of the U.S. Government or the Department Of D«f«nte.The appearance of displays in this newspaper concerning commercial publicationsdoes not constitute an endorsement by the Department of Defence or any of it*components. Military address: Tha Star* and Stripes, APO 09175. Internationalmail: The Stars and Stripes, Postfach 1034, 61-Darnistadt, Germany. TeU Qrie»-heim (C) (prefix 06155) 811; (M) Darmstadt Airstrip (prefix 2376) 741, Telex0419-332. New York office: 641 Washlnoton St., New York, 10014, Tel: (Area Cod«212) 620 5771. Second class poitaae paid at New York, N.Y.NEWS BUREAUSLondon, Mary Ann Reese, 3rd AF Hq, South Ruisiip, South Rulsflp Military 206? orVlKino 2428; Mediterranean, Bob Hoyer, U.S. NavaJ Support Activity, Naples, ItaJy.Naples 302047 ext. 476; Augsburg, Germany, Bruce Bunch, Building 33, ReewCasern, Auo«buro Military S738; Nuernbwg, Germany, Clint Swift, U.S. ArmyHotel, Nuernberg Military B123 or £409.CIRCULATION OFFICESGermany: Berlin, civ 739368; Bremerhaven, civ 45341, Mil 7664; Frankfurt, Civ691665 or 691660: Kaiserslautern. Civ 57617, Mil Voaelweh 7050; Munich, Civ 165923Or 165924, Mi! 6556; Nuernberg, Cic 776647, Mil 6513; North German Reojon, Rhein-Main Mil 6426 and 6026; Stuttgart. Civ 854225, Mil 7250. Gre#ce: Athen*, Civ 98M89,Italy: Leghorn, Mil Camp Darby, 7172. Spain: Madrid, Civ 2057011, Ext. 7118 or 7011.United Kingdom: London, West Ru/slip, Civ 73198, Rui&lip AFB, Mil 322*4, Ext. 44.and Senate committees is therole of the credit card in perso-nal finance and in monetarypolicy.The number of Individualbankruptcies, which had beendropping, increased perceptiblylast year. An informal poll ofU.S. District Courts indicated thatthe temptations of the plasticjungle have proved sadly allur-i n g . Of 682 bankruptciesanalyzed in Knoxville, 114showed credit card debts. InCincinnati, a study of 72 bank-rupts disclosed that 21 had runup bills on unsolicited cards.One debtor in Los Angeles listed17 creditors — eight of themcredit card companies. InWichita, more than half thebankruptcy petitions list creditcard liabilities.In Lexington, Ky., a referee inbankruptcy was startled to seethat a nurse had run up a$1,500 bill on a BankAmericard.Among her purchases were sixtransistor radios, one with awhite carrying case for work,one for her blue outfits, one forher red outfits, and so on. Hercard had a $300 limit, but ap-parently no one noticed.It is the virtually unlimitedpotential of bank card creditthat troubles both Congress andthe Federal Reserve Board. Interms of total consumer creditfor non-durable goods, the creditcard liabilities are not yet large— about 2.6 per cent of the$100 billion outstanding. But ifail the credit card holders sud-denly decided to charge to theirpermissible limits, or beyond,the finest tuned monetary policycould be thrown Into confusion.The bill that passed the Se-nate In April, sponsored byProxmira of Wisconsin, woulciflatly prohibit the mailing of un-solicited cards; It would limit aconsumer's liability for unautho-rized use to $50; and it wouldcreate a new Federal crime, pu-nishable by a year In prison, forfraudulent use of a credit card.The pending House bill followsgenerally the same lines. Neithermeasure would exactly tidy upthe plastic jungle, but the re-gulations would provide a littlesafer path for the wary.(c> Washington Star Syndic at*Few BrandingEntire RaceRoyWilkinsTHE FIRST SPEECH on a blockofficeholder level against someof the methods used by extremeblack militants has been madeby JulianBond, theGeorgia statelegislator.It is longpast time fort h e Negrocommunity to take such a stand.Young Mr. Bond, the personable,knowledgeable and highly ar-ticulate thinker on public issues,deserves full credit for his wordsagainst a danger that threatensall Negro and liberal citizens inthe nation. Favorably regardedby Negroes, although not whollyacceptable to the black, ex-tremists, Julian Bond was nollengthy in his warning to theColumbia University Journalismgraduates, but his reservationswere clearly indicated.He gave the back of his handto black separatism, as does anyobserver of the lack of power inany one (or in oil combined)black separatist groups. The jobof "slaying the dragon for all ofus" will not be done, he said,"by blacks who insist on work-ing alone," because the powerof blacks is too limited andtheir numbers too few. It willnot be done by those who de-bate the "revisionism" existingin a foreign land while blackproblems are neglected at home.The speaker declared:"It Is precisely this pre-occupation with the revolutionarymovements of the rice, farmersof Southeast Asia and the tinminers and cane cutters of SouthAmerica that has taken our con-cern away from the moreserious threat from within."These remarks may be fairlyclassified as allusions to the ex-treme extremism among blacksthat has alarmed the NegroThe opinion* expressed tn the columac•ntf cartoon* «A thl» p*e« representth * considered at r«pt«s*nting Uioviews of th« Start and Stripe* itself oref th« United State* government. Thematerial it ^elected to provide a ero»§**cticn of tdoooal opinions frcm th»cut**.community, AH opponents c?fascism and oil believers in t? ckind of law arvd order wdhc,?which no society — whir*'.black, yellow, brown or mixt;;— can exist, share this oleum.A racial population corv.c*dodge its public branding whe-some of its members take g.--.into a courtroom, kidnap tru>judge and kill him.A racial population cannot e^cape its public imoge wf-tsome of its members kill a pcliceman in Chicago, tnipe at po-licemen in other cities and shoe'two policemen in New York.The threats to an orderedsociety have gone far beyorrihot rhetoric. It is entirely reaso-nable to picture the impolitic"of martial law upon whc-'estates or groups of states, in-dividuals would lose their free-doms. Negroes who mind theirown affairs would be lumpedwith blacks who use guns roshow they are "men." The ent^t?Negro population would be $_-.pect. Liberals who support vari-ous causes would be treated liK'the University of Wisconsin bom-bers. Under martial taw therewould be no resort to the cour'sPeremptory and sweeping ofde-iwould be the law. Troops arctanks would be the enforcers.This is some part of what Ju-lian Bond meant when he ob-served that his listeners "maywrite an obituary" for ojfcountry. The Negro populationthat thus far has either re-mained silent or has allowed nssympathy to lead it to mumblingrepetitious sociological excusesfor black extreme acts mustchoose between survival and therestrictions that meon destruc-tion.More rapidly than appears <?••the surface, the whole race isbeing branded by the fanatids'rof the few. It is time for mil-lions of Negro Americans to ac:upon the preachment of Paul tothe Thessalonians: "... with-draw yourselves from everybrother that walketh dis-orderly . . . Yet count htm netos an enemy, but admonish himas a brother."(e) Th« Rf«ifter »«4 Tribuft* Syndicate