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Council Bluffs Iowa Nonpareil (Newspaper) - May 1, 1945, Council Bluffs, Iowa we COUNCIL ESTABLISHED IN VOL 121 COUNCIL BLUFFS lOWAi TUESDAY EVENING MAY I 1945 PRICE 3 CENTS New Quarrels Again Menace Frisco Parley Fight Looming Oxer Control of Groups of Security Body HAN FRANCISCO Word that Foreign Molotov noon may this United Nations conference be- of war Tuesday with new lour efforts to draft ment details of this world meeting By John M SAN FRANCISCO M The sting of a whiplash fight over Argentina and Poland drove the United Nations toward a new con- Tuesday over who should control the critical commissions ant committees of tho world TOW organizational problem might have gone With unity and good feelings on all sided It likely ever to Intensify tho struggle for between tho United ami Russia which Monday the soviet union ft on to both Argentina and Poland Delegated generally scorned feel that would not pull out of the mice for this or lar constant culation on her future comae The it wus learned iro of the weeks There was speculation by several of the elgn heading their go home around tho 10th to 18th of tills month whon the real conference work should be well way and may bo left to leaser officials Molotov's name figured In this speculation but usually without garil to the att nation Molotov The situation dramatically late Monday Foreign Molotov marched sternly to tjho speakers at a public of the full ence to demand a delay In Inviting Argentina fleet otary to thf a time later to Insist on date favorable action on tho Argentine bid won for the United on two The ence voted 28 to 7 against delaying action on Inviting Argentina and SI to 4 that the Invitation bo tended immediately On the first question Norway New Zealand Belgium Slovakia and With for On the second only nnd with extend ng the Invitation The nations having position previously Wildly for Argentina and Jo gloomy the for the here It appeared that the first outlines of blocs weio clearly hie New M After the executive anil ob to Inciting Argentina a similar bid lo promptly called a now Me pleaded his cause It to forget the sins committed by Argentina but why Should we forget tlie HIM vices by tho Prom meeting with Molotov wont to tho war house and under the glare of massed spot made his formal As score of the pulling and hauling utood to date hern ix what Foreign Commissar Molotov has won and 1 has won sents for the White Russian and Ukrainian In the conference and later In the o the world He won his fight for four of the conference rathor so that Foreign Secre Kden of Britain Foreign of China himself take turns in inf ovtr conference he haa his fight to have But tho anil committee split four ways 9 He lost fight cither to keep Argentina out of the ence or to have the present saw government of Poland invited along with Argentina On the credit side of hla fight for the present Polish however he built up that many here con- sider a powerful case for arguing to the people of Poland that sia wanted them represented here thn United States und Britain kept them away 5 He lost a proposal lo have the International trade union con- represented at the ence by an observer He told a news conference that to this proposal in a committee mealing lit de- not to the point Approve Boost in Wages for Miners WASHINGTON Stabilizer William H Davis day approved John L Lewis con- tract with the bituminous coal op- and granted producers price increases averaging 16 cents a ton to offset the coats Tho war labor board approved the agreement a week ago saying It would give the average miner 81 cents a day more in pay by requiring full payment The wage contract will add slightly more than 21 cents a ton on tho average to tho coats of ducing bituminous coal the said However tho Industry will absorb approximately 5 cents of this Increase More Tightening of Belts Coming Decent Diet Is Promised Americans By Brack Curry WASHINGTON cans were told Tuesday a decent diet will be maintained despite a 25 per cent slash In sugar rations and tho of higher point values for other foodstuffs Further civilian belt tightening was foreshadowed 1 Samuel I Rosenman food scout recommended that tho United should ply a substantial shuro of ian needs in northwest Europe He acknowledged this probably would cut into food supplies 2 The committee on foreign shipments said We shall have to some ments In foods and hinted at higher points for fats and oils At the some time mounting was In con- gress for one-man control of all food mutters now divided among tho OPA tho war food tration and other agencies Predicting a to 10 per cent slump this year In the nation's food production tho committee headed by Foreign Eco- nomic Administrator Leo T loy termed the cut in sugar tions a real but The will be small in comparison with tho contribution It will make to tho undernourished If not actually starving peoples of tho libei countries Of tho American outlook thin committee which allocates food and other supplies for overseas needs A decent diet will bo maintained Our food supply Is adequate to keep America healthy and even though wo shall have to make some adjustments In particular foods No for Year As the sharp slash In sugar tions wont into effect Tuesday the said no increase In tho total supply etui bo expected for more than a year As a result average ican who last your consumed 89 pounds of sugar will receive only 72 1 pounds this year Sugar stamp 36 which valid Tuesday for pounds must last until Sept 1 OPA also directed local boards to issue only up to 70 pc unit as much sugar for home ning us they did last year and reduced tho maximum per to 15 pounds Instead of 20 The limit to nny family for home ning was pared from 180 o 120 Tho office of war information said the i eductions wore sary because of a decline In world migni production nnd an Increase In military and export demands as a of Europe's liberation and Intensification of tho Pacific war said tho amount of sugar going fo liberated areas would be very modest Situation Serious in a report to dent Truman said the immediate and long-range economic tions of northwest Europe's countries are extremely sorlom Seven million displaced persons dragged into Germany from overrun countries as slave labor increase its seriousness said who haa made an survey nt the request of the late President Roosevelt With foreign needs thus ing target proposals that a front food czar be named were re- ported to have strong backing In the house food investigation com- now preparing dations on how to better the food supply situation And on thp senate side Senator Butler an agriculture committee member Senator Wheeler in urging quick action along this line The senate likewise received from house legislation viding fof U S membership In the United Nations food ture organization Proposed at n 44 nations at Hot meeting Springs M in 11143 the FAO raise world nutritive levels improve food production Reds Launch Final Attack Upon Berlin Make Surprise Bid for Complete Victory on This May Day LONDON Victory flushed soviet troops made a supreme bid to deal the death blow to flaming Berlin on its May day In the words of Marshal Stalin it was the final assault A red victory banner floated over tho smoking ruins of the Hitler rose to power from the ashes of thp fire of 1933 Helnrich ministry of the interior was in Russian hands Red army troops laid siege to the fuehrer's underground fortress in the garten The Russians were at the Brandenburg gate Berlin's tri- arch and across the Spree river fiom Berlin's cathedral Die hard German remnants compressed in the center of the blazing inferno that is Berlin keeping street ings under a murderous cross fire and killing In the process the civilian o a supplementary Moscow que declared As a German broadcast con- ceded that the battle for the gutted capital was as good as lost Marshal Stalin in a special order of tho day said the Russian people worn celebrating May day under conditions of the termination of the great otic war Victory Banner Hoisted His triumphant announcement declaring that soviet troops had hoisted the banner of victory over said the Germans had lost men killed and captured on the eastern front in the last three or four months Ho said the also lost planes tanks and cannon The last assault is Russian leader said as soviet troops ripping de- fenders of the capital into two isolated pockets each less than nine miles square Other victories were being scored south 4th Ukrainian army rf Gen Andrei I seized vital war center known as the Pittsburgh of Czechoslovakia Cavalry of 2nd Ukraine army plunged through the river valley toward a junction that would roll up the German salient in eastern Moravia Sweep Northern Plain North of Berlin Marshal K 2nd white Russian army and elements of Marshal Gregory K 1st White Russian army sped across tho north Gorman plain on a front shattered tho enemy line on tho Stralsund road and captured Greifswald and Wolgast cutting the last rail and highway connections to tho Island of upon which are located the Important Baltic naval base of and of a experimental station is 18 miles of the port of Stralsund Along the road the Russians also seized tho important communications centeri of Treptow Strelitz and Gransee At onp point troops had within 42 miles of Rostock Along the railroad they hnd tolled miles of Field Marshal British on the Elbe The Weather By the U S Weather Council Bluffs and Cloudy and showery Tuesday afternoon Tuesday night and Wednesday Thundershowers able tonight No decided change in temperature High Tuesday after- noon near 62 Low Tuesday night near 62 Iowa Temperatures will age normal Mild Tuesday night and Wednesday becoming much colder Wednesday night to day and rising again after Friday Precipitation will average less than of an inch ing as light showers over western Iowa Tuesday night and day Little or no precipitation In eastern Iowa Nebraska Showers day Otherwise little or nq pre- Temperature will rise first of period continuing warm averaging above normal Hourly Hours a m a m n m a m a m Humidity Deg 84 a m a m 55 a m 55 p m SS 7.30 a m 12 30 p ta Wet Dry bulb 53 55 Wind velocity miles per hour Maximum temperature the last 24 67 degrees at p m Monday Minimum urc tht last 24 noun at a tn Tuesday Total and attribution methods and 881 inches Total Condition of rural populations mines Boys 40 Miles From Hitler's Nest Seventh Army Takes Munich and Presses on Toward Innsbruck By Austin Bealmear PARIS Gen Patton's 3rd army express drove 25 miles out of Its Isar bridgehead Tuesday and reached the Inn river in the of Braunau Adolf Hitler's birthplace on the ian border With armored columns rolling In every sector along a front Patton's troops converged on Linz Austrian industrial city 55 miles from last reported tions of Russian troops west of Vienna in the Danube valley Elements of the armored division drove to 18 miles northwest of Linz and other col- of the division entered bach and 21 and 24 miles northwest of the city The armored in the nau area was 30 miles from burg one of the chief cities in the reported nazi redoubt and was only a little over 40 miles from Hitler's mountain retreat Reports persisted at supreme headquarters that the Germans might be expected at any moment to accept the United Nations de- mand for unconditional surrender Nearer Hamburg The British in the north cap- tured Schwarzenbek and reached Sahms 17 miles due cast of burg and 24 miles south of beck at the eastern base of the Danish peninsula Sahms is 59 miles below Kiel and 72 from Rostock which Russian armies northwest of Berlin are ing The United States borne division has a three-mile deep bridgehead over the Elbe just up river from the British Gen Eisenhower hailed the cap- ture of Munich largest German city yet to fall in a terse order of the To every member of the allied expeditionary The whole AEF congratulates the 7th cradle of the beats His appellation of beast aiose from fresh of horror at the nearby Dachau prison camp freed just before Munich fell Lt Gen Alexander M Patch the hero of Guadalcanal was the conqueror of Munich third city of Germany with residents A few snipers were being mopped up and occasionally stray shells fell in the city The third Rainbow 42nd and divisions cleared the city after help from the Hellcat 12th armored and armored di- visions Brenner Within Sight men at last reports a day old were within a dozen miles of Innsbruck population and 20 miles of the Brenner pass Probably no more than 110 miles separated the 7th from Gen Clark's victorious command In Italy but those miles rated with snow capped Alps The French 1st aimy on the 7th army's right flank was inside Austria and the Alpine redoubt The polus captured the aircraft center of lation where the Germans once made Zeppelins The army's nearest proach to Berchtesgaden was at an otherwise unspecified point 12 miles south of the Isar river in the bridgehead from 11 miles northeast of Landou to a point nine miles southwest of that city of which the di- vision captured There Patton's troops were 53 miles from Salzburg population and only 20 odd miles from Braunau where Hitler was born Two armored and three Infantry divisions were across the Isar around Landau Another Isar bridgehead was seven miles deep from Landshut to While the armored division moved upon Linz population 423 in force one of its columns reached the Austrian border a mile southwest of Will 25 Per Cent Cut Ordered in Sugar WASHINGTON 25 per cent cut In sugar was an- Monday night by the of war information which de- clared United sugar re- serves to be at rock bottom The new sugar stamp number 36 good for five pounds and valid Tuesday must last four in- stead of three OWI announced In behalf of OPA and the war food administration WuU Catcher Cooper in Navy JEFFERSON BARRACKS Mo Cooper team captain and catcher for the world ion Louis for naval at in- Tuesday X HANGS BY HEELS IN MILAN r In Milan's Plaza Loretto the bodies of Mussolini left anil his mistress Clara hang by their heels as they were placed on public display At right of the body partisans hoist the body of Lt Gen former chief of staff of the Italian militia and former tary of the fascist party In Italy This was obtained by the New York Times and was sent by radio from Bern Switzerland to New Yoik on April 30 Mussolini Taken to Milan Morgue Body Is Awaiting Further Disposition MILAN beaten shapen corpse of Bonito lini lay in a rude wooden coffin in the Milan morgue Tuesday awaiting further disposition while conflicting reports spread over the fate of his military Marshal Rodolfo One report said the former chief of staff of the Italian army was at allied headquarters where he had been taken by an American officer just before Graziana wak to go on trial before a group Other unofficial advices received at national liberation committee headquarters in Milan said lani had been sentenced to death and executed immediately Italian partisans revering own patriot dead attended funeral services and held throughout the city for their com- rades who fell to fascist and man bullets earlier in the week From all appearances leftist groups already had achieved organization in Milan Correspondents were escorted from tho airport to the city by partisans In automobiles manned by toting patriot guards Members of the communist brigades their strength estimated at proximately appeared to be In full control Placards proclaiming down with the were displayed The bodies of Mussolini his young mistress and fascist leaders executed with him were removed to the morgue reportedly at request of Cardinal Schuster Previously they had been displayed In a public square and later hung by the heels from the girder of a filling station Treasury Agents Hunt Income Tax Evaders WASHINGTON agents are on the trail of some income tax evasion cases growing out of black markets war contracts and money hoarding Millions of dollars in unpaid taxes and penalties are involved with individual cases running as high as A treasury spokesman asserting that 600 of department's best men have been assigned to the cases added the boys have more leads than they can handle Described as the and much broader of an drive against black the current campaign has been ex- to Include food jewelry clothing and other as well as liquor dealings War figure In eral large being the department's spokesman said Showers Probable in This Area Showery will prevail throughout Tuesday the weather bureau adding that thunder are probable Tuesday night and Wednesday will remain about with low naar 53 mark was after a high of 87 Monday Plane Production Due for Sharp Cut WASHINGTON one- front airplane production schedule which may cut monthly output by as many as planes by the end of this year has been drafted by the army ail About craft now are being turned out each month The revised schedule it was learned Tuesday has been ted to production ment committee for approval In effect the new schedule writes off the European war so fnr as plane production is It involves only estimated army needs in the pacific With exception of the two plant bombers the Boeing super- fortress and the Consolidated virtually all combat planes are affected Some of the however arc merely paper ones This means that original projected production peaks are lowered but that the effect will not be felt for many months Borneo Invaded by U S Forces Tokyo Reports Strike at Island Oil Fields Ry Leonard Associated Press War Editor Borneo is being invaded by assault bent on ing the oil producing islands of the Pacific Tokyo ladio reported day as Nipponese troops were beaten back on every fighting front Japanese broadcasts first to an- every recent invasion said assault waves engaged Japanese troops near the Dutch Borneo port of In fighting day night after making one un- successful landing attempt during daylight Such an assault perhaps by a combined American arid force under command of Gen Douglas MacArthur would sent a 200 mile jump from the southern into tho northernmost oil islands In the Dutch Indies Due west of the reported sion British naval task forces re- shelled and An- daman islands In the Indian oceans while armored columns pouring out of central oil field con- advancing toward Rangoon light opposition In the southern Philippines the U S 24th division brushed aside surprisingly light opposition as it advanced to within 17 miles of supposedly Davao Guerrillas captured Tallkud island guarding the approaches to Davao Tank supported Infantrymen on southern Okinawa 325 miles from Japan captured Machinate drome on the west coast began flanking Yonabaru airdrome on the east and pushed to within half a mile of Shurl strategically important town in the center of the line Fifty-nine Japanese planes were shot down In their continuing at- tack around Okinawa ning American aircraft wrecked 56 Nipponese in striken reaching from Japan Itself down the length of the Asiatic coait Adm Toyoda of what la left of combined fleet named overall commander the navy In a shake-up which be a forerunner to naval battle Thousands March Moscow Streets Stalin Cheered at May Day Celebration liy Eddie MOSCOW Premier shal Stalin dressed in a steel grey summer uniform nnd ing on Lenin's shining red marble tomb In the Kremlin square led Ihc soviel union Tuesday In one of Die greatest May day celebrations in the of Ihc soviet government Stalin was greeted with derous applause when he appeared and again as he left the lop of the tomb He joked wilh his as sedates and with members of Die who were out In to witness tho spectacle The celebration was one of thf greatest because the people ex- the war to end soon In Die words of Marshal Stalin the army wilh Its American and British allies had smashed Ihc carried Die battle inlo the of Germany and won respect of the freedom loving peoples of world Gen chief of slaff who spoke during the cc bratlon declared lhat For the first time In this war our land is completely and forever cleared of the lUsd Square Thousands of men guns nnd military vehicles paraded through the red square Overhead Russian planes A band played Among the foreigners Ing the was former president of France who was recently ed Irom a German prison camp by the Russians Also viewing parade he Japanese lo Moscow and his slaff The May day celebration nt one after midnight when Moscow's blackout ed Street lights went on and lights In and residences blazed publicly for the first time since the stait or the war The tremendous red stars on top of the Kremlin wan lighted The spotlights across red square from the since the first dny of the turned on flooding Lenin's tomb The entire city Is brightly rated with bunting and slogans of Stalin and other ers of the soviet union are where issued a general order of the day proclaiming that the end of Hitler's Germany was nent and vowing the destruction of fascism by the United Nations i Sister Kenney Charges Boycott SPRINGFIELD Ill Elizabeth Kenny told a joint sion of the Illinois general bly Tuesday that for some un- known reason there seems to be an organized against her method of treating Infantile paralysis The organized Sister Kenny caid in an prepared for delivery to the on the part of of the Na Foundation for Infantile Paralysis and D Dr director of the Journal of the Medical WMU Author's Son Liberated WITH THE 14TH ARMORED DIVISION Hemingway aon of author Email at the Monday HU at HI Hit raptured at St Die in last Oct Jt Peace Moves Continue in Rumor Stage Churchill Tells Commons There Are No New Developments NEW YORK holm radio Mid the for- office announced hat Koike did not brine new to handed to hit through the The recorded by the FCC By LONDON Churchill hinted Tuesday that an- of peace in Europe might come before Saturday but told a packed of commons that he had no statement at tills time Ho answered in house Swedish Count Folke conferred in holm with Erik under- secretary of state in the foreign office after a quick flight from Copenhagen refuted to tell mcn whether had brought a new from There were no lint the Swedish Red Croat of- Imd made a contact with In holm but such contact likely would be established through the Swedish foreign office Churchill said that If tion of exceptional importance the government during the sittings of the week It might he would make a brief announcement With regard to the condition and which would If an announcement of decisive consequence celebration were lo br made this week or at any lime In the future and day was announced a number of have been prepared and will be night In a home office he said The house wai jammed with of the largest attendances of war In Churchill might clarify many concerning German peace on the were newspapers wilh big banner The Evening News declared mler Decides Surrender Papers Are All Ready for Count Koike Bernadotte ed again to Stockholm but was over advices that he was bringing new peace from Helnrich to the lici A highly responsible source in London said no word had been re- of the result of the Swedish Rod Cross ed second with or his Authorities Doubtful British authorities far optimistic than the London Press over the possibility that peace can come through negotiations rather than a piecemeal breakup of many guardedly considered the negotiations m the light of this single What lo Unofficial British reaction that the have served a useful in Germany's and hastening her downfall even If they produce no concrete results In authoritative In don it regarded only a 00 possibility that could deliver on a promise that pockets of resistance would surrender at or that he In surrender offer and not merely resorting to desperate last ditch to aid the flight of In- leaders refuted to say In Stockholm he had any an- swer from to allied ultimatum that Germany must surrender conditionally to all three major allied powers Air Rumors From free Danish underground In Malmoe on the southern coast of meanwhile came a report that German forces ready had begun moving out of Copenhagen with apparent In- tention of abandoning Denmark same said a con- ference between Swedes and held all Monday night at King Christian's castle In hagen pointing toward a possible German surrender of Denmark They believed an official an- from the king night be forthcoming soon had reported previously a German plan to evacuate Denmark permitting King to re- sume power Thr In story reporting had commented that the situation In Denmark to for peaceful of German occupation reported to mat Monday tarte a reply tai offer to e western
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