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Civilian And Gazette (Newspaper) - January 26, 1858, Galveston, Texas ob yearly wy or Mt wtt Weekly will be 4w�uAon; liberal discount made on ' at a nay I oar JANUARY 19, 1858. The steamer P. J. lest from Houston with the following Messrs. Stanley Miss Boltin and 1 on deck and 2 pfT the steamship Charles H. Place arrived last in 84 boon from New with the United States Texas first cambers of this Sew organ of the Baptist Church In Texas have some to The editor is W. Assistant B. H. Taliaferro and W. E. The Baptist is a and finely printed and reflects credit upon and the Church to whose interest it is receipts from at week ending December 81, were only 367, and for the half month 1,609. Texas hides were quoted at Boston at 18@14ota. on aix months We sales at New York of 600 Texas and Western 88fta'.,iSo. 6 rejecting bad also 2,076 18Ji@14c., 6 rejecting bad Cotton Is now 8&cts. per leas than it was a year at New bnt three fourths of a cent more than it was two yean Boon and total from Boston for Galveston in all was bnt 60 and for New Orleans 12. 1 We some specimens of and We append the from an individual to whom we have furnished the Civilian for three years and who has never paid a cent of He of high charges 11 Moscow January 6 1888 Messrs Editors Sirs your need not send your paper to me any longer for I am not a going to stand your way of charging so you need not send me any more copies if you do I will not take them ont of the JOHN ty The barque Golden arrived at New the 18th and the brig Empire the 12th inst. i i - Adopted hy the Demoeratie State Convention of That the Democratic party of the State of Texas heartily concur and unanimously reaffirm the principles of the Democratic party of the Union and the as embodied in the platform of the National Democratic held In tn 1866, and the State Convention of on the 4th of 1867, as a true expression of their political faith and believing to embrace the only doctrines which can preserve the integrity of the Union and the equal rights of the That recent events in the United Senate create in our minds a serious apprehension that the great doctrine of as set forth in that is in danger of being repudiated by Congress the instrumentality of members of the National distinguished alike for their Influence over tbe public sentiment of the and their past declarations in favor of said and that we now it our duty to set forth to the country the Course that we shall be compelled to take in serious and deplorable That we request tbe representatives of the people of in Legislature to at the present for the Executive of the State appointing suitable Delegates to a Convention of Southern may be hereafter assembled for the purpose of consultation and advice for the general welfare of tbe institutions of the Tbe Brownsville This esse came up in New before tbe Supreme on 6th We extract the the and Simon vs. Charles Samuel A- Melden and was a Bait to test the title to a large tract of laud in on which the town of Brownsville is now It appears that in 1846 the United States army encamped on the left bank of the Bio sear Port is now called Tbe plaintiffs purchased a deeming it to be likely to prove one that wonld at a future They subsequently formed a copartnership with the The parties then set up a called tbe American on the plaintiffs expended a great deal of in order to keep it in and by it to interests of tbe embryo city of The agreements were In and It 1t alleged that two of the lawyers in named Basse and together with another named induced a | named and his to contest the title in the United States Court of By some sharp 1h the Conrt of as it is a J efault was taken and plaintiffs were out of the which is said to be worth The plaintiffs suit in Louisiana the Judge before whom the case had been in Teias Issued an attachment against them for j It was said if that was a case ef this notion was still more so. plaintiff did not fear in New York a writ from The be now seek a restitution of their property and an of the sales and the profits of tbe copartnerships and also damages for the frauds put-upon by the For the defense it is set op that this Court can not jurisdiction of s question of title to real estate which of our own State; nor review decision made by a Judge Court In is still before the A wat to Collect a Sunday daring divine an honest appearing man arose and asked permission to say a The gentleman in tbe desk gave him permission to when he said that wished to inform he bad worked for a member of his his and naming the for three months at thirteen dollars per and that he had refused to pay Tbs gentleman then informed him that it was no plane for entering such but said he wonld see what could be Many were impressed with the belief that was a better plan than before a Justice to collect ago Hayti was noted for its extensive plantations of and but they have now almost entirely except those of which are much At present tbe principal wealth of the island Ib derived from the forests cover the greatest part of tbe timber consisting chiefly of mahogany trees ana the different kinds of two errors are in net cooking it long and second in losing a proportion of its real We it prepared as in just long enough to take out all v Then cover it so that the steam the under side of the cover and This will prevent boiling and also the nutriment which goes off the Boil the meat several hours or unU it is so done that it will not bold with a If there be any since if enough the cleave from them Pack the meat by mixing well together the lean tbe it wi the and larL beef and tlon of the leahi esMi Next skim the fat and boil Iowa so that when poured over the meat fill tie spaces between the Then ie whole a flat cover which will fit into ut oo a dozen or twenty pounds 1 and until Several flat or a will answer for the or if set under a die poorest piece of tough corned -ade tender and Boiling down saves the miott nutritious thrown Tbe gelatine ised when cold forms a solid which may then be cat up in the If the tat and when cut op the beautiful marbled pared in this way will not only be but will not on swallowed half in the and or its substance as there is only the donal boiling and pressing which by the saving of while * beef will be rendered this mode and you will to the hard boiled of tbe President tat to the In submitting to the Senate tbe papers for have 1 deem it proper to make a few In capturing Gen. Walker and his after had landed on the soil of Com modore Paulding in my committed i grave It is quite from the communications herewith that this was done from pure and patriotic and in the sincere conviction that be was promoting the interests and vindicating the honor of his In regard to has sustained no injury by tbe acts of Commodore This has enured to her and relieved ber from a dreaded She alone would have any right to complain of the violation of ber and it is quite certain she will never exercise this It unquestionably does not lie in the mouth of her invaders to complain ib her name that she has been Com. Paulding from their The error of this gallant officer consists in exceeding his and landing his sailors and marines in whether with or without her for the purpose of making war upon any military force which be might find in the no matter from whence This power certainly did not belong to Obedience to law and conformity to instructions are tbe best and safest guides for all civil and and when they transcend these limits and act upon their own personal evil oon sequences almost inevitably Under these when Marshal ders presented himself at the State Department on tbe with General Walker in the Secretary informed him that the Executive Department of Government did not General Walter as a that it had no directions to give concerning and that it is only through the action of the Judiciary that he be lawfully held in custody to answer any charges that might be brought against In thus far disapproving the of Commodore no inference must be drawn that I am less determined than I have ever been to the neutrality laws of the United This is my imperative and I shall continue to perform it by all the means the Constitution and the laws have in my My Opinion of the value and importance of these laws corresponds entirely with that expressed by Mr. Monroe in his Message to Congress of December 7,1819. That prudent and statesman says is of the highest importance to our national and indispensable to the morality of our that all violations of our neutrality should be door should be left open for the evasion of our laws no opportunity afforded to who may be disposed to take age of it to compromise the interest or the honor of tbe Tbe crime of setting on or providing the means for a military expedition within the United to make war against a foreign State witb which we are at is one of an aggravated and dangerous and early engaged the attention of Whether the Executive government possesses or what the independently of to prevent or this and similar offenses against the law of was a subject engaged tbe attention of our most eminent statesmen ia tbe time of tbe Administration of General and on the occasion of the Tbe act of Congress of the 6th of 1794, fortunately removed all tbe difficulties on this question which bad heretofore Tbe 6th and 7th sections of which relate to the present are tbe same in substance with tbe 6th and 8th sections of the aot of April 20, 1818, and have now been in force for a period of more than sixty The military expedition rendered criminal by tbe act mnst have its must begin or be set on in the United States but the great of the law was tb save foreign States with whom we were at peace from tbe ravages of these lawless expeditions proceeding from our The 7th section which simply defines the crime and its would have been inadequate to accomplish this purpose and enforce our international In order to render the law it was necessary to prevent the of such expeditions to their after they had succeeded in our This has been done and in clear and explicit by the authority given to the President under tbe 8th section of the act to employ the land and naval forces of the United States for the purpose of preventing tbe carrying on of any such expedition or enterprise from tbe territories or jurisdiction of the United States against tbe territories or domain of any foreign prince or or of any district or people with whom the United States are at For these had Commodore Paulding steamer with Gen. Walker and bis men on at any period before entered the port of San Juan and conducted baok to this would have prevented them from tbe and have been not only a justifiable but a praise worthy The crime deserves the severe punishment inflated upon it by our It violates the principles of morality and held sacred by all civilized and by none more than by the people of the United Disguise it as such a military expedition is an invitation to reckless and lawless men to enlist under the banner of any adventurer to plunder and murder the unoffending of neighboring States who have never done It is a usurpation of the which belongs alone to and the Government at leat in tbe estimation of the becomes an accomplice in the commission of unless it adopts all the means necessary to prevent and punish it. It wonld be far ana more in accordance with the bold character of our for the Government itself to get op such than to allow them to proceed under tbe command of irresponsible We could at exercise some control over our own and prevent them from burning down and committing other acts of enormity of which we have Tbe avowed principle which lies at tbe foundation of the law of nations is in tbo Divine that all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to do ye even so to Tried by this we should be severely condemned if we shall Dot use our best exertions to arrest such expeditions against our feeble of One thing is very that people never existed who would call any other nation to a stricter than we should for tolerating lawless expeditions from their shores to make war upon any portion of our By tolerating such we shall soon loee the high character which we have enjoyed ever since the days of for the faithful performance of our international obligations and and inspire distrust against us among tbe members of the great family of civilized But if motives of duty were not sufficient to restrain us from engaging in lawless our evident interest ought to this These expeditions are the most effectual mode of retarding American progress j although to promote thiB is tbe avowed object of the leaders and contri outers in such It is beyond question the destiny of our race to spread themselves over the continent of North and this at no distant should events be permitted to take their natural Tbe tide of emigrants will flow to the and nothing oan eventually Arrest its If permitted to go Central America will soon contain an American which will confer blessings and benefit as well upon tbe natives as their respective under the restraint of will preserve domestic peace while tbe different transit routes across tbe in which we are so deeply interested will have assured Nothing has retarded this happy of affairs so much as tbe unlawful expeditions which have been fitted out in the United States to make war upon the Central Had one-half of the number of citizens wbo have miserably perished in the first disastrous expedition of General Walker settled in Nicaragua as tbe object which we all desire would ere this have io a great | These expeditions have the people of the Central American States to regard us with dread and It is our true policy to remove this i and to convince them that we intend to do them and not We as the lead ing power on this to and if need to every transit route across the not only for onr own but that of the and thus open a free to Central and through it to our Pacific The under favorable the under the General Walker escaped from our territories ano proceeded to Punta Should another expedition of a similar character again evade the of our and proceed to ibis would be at least for a to tbe peaceful settlement of these and to the policy of A merican The truth is that no Administration can successfully conduct tbe foreign affairs of the country in Central or if it is to be interfered with at every step by lawless military on in the United J mug Jan. 7th 1858. 17tan A correspondent of tbe St. Louis writing from Fort Utah on the 28d of gives the following interesting intelligence in regard to our troops en route for On the 86th Col. was at Fort at which place be bad established his head Col. with six companies Second arrived that having lost many of his and the remainder were unfit for From Laramie to Bait Lake there is no Mormons having burned it in of the consequently all the animals belonging to the expedition were very poor when winter set and it is reported that they are dying at tbe rate of some one hundred There can be no doubt that when spring opens Col. Johnston will be so much crippled that he will be to await tbe arrival pf fresh other before he will be able to commence active That tbe expedition is a failure far this cannot be and when we reflect upon the matter and see what an immense amount of public property must be as well as of the on short and living in tents in a country where the snow is usually deep during tbe entire November twe feet it would seem tbat your last were well That Mormons intended to there ean be no are fortifying the lead to the have released Jesse agent of & wbo was taken prisoner by some time and have sent bim to Col. Johnston's camp In to prevent him from obtaining any knowledge of their It Is reported tbat who is and of the and a notorious has been killed by a mountain man named I am to think it is his who was a prisoner in Cpl. Alexander's as report says be was released a short time Mr. of the Wagon has volunteered under Col. of his party who would not do so were So this expedition is broken up without accomplishing what has been dont by chief his having bad some difficulty with his as well as the Disbursing left and nave gone to the JAN. 80, 1868. The steamer Island Capt. arrived last night from with tbe ing Mrs. Jordan and Mrs. Miller and Mrs. Clark and Chappeli and Miss Miss and Johnson and and Bond and Tbe Russians and It has been in rews received by way of that difficulties bad arisen the and and that the former were ordered to evacuate territory they This report gives Interest to a which we find in a California made by a Mr. an American who had arrived in California from St. descending down the Amoor river to its He speaks of the excellent treatment from the Russian who seemed to entertain the highest regard for all During his Mr. Collins stopped time at and These are located Bide by The former is by the and the latter by the The boundary line of the two nations It ia marked only by a board are both walled in and At this point all the trade of the two countries Is carried To the Chinese convey from the interior their teas and other on bullocks and and to the bring their and in this way tbe exchange is made The trade centres at point is estimated to amount to over thirty millions of roubles per While at Mr. Collins essayed to enter tbe Chinese proceed to about 860 miles to the He joined an ambassador sent ont by tie government to treat witb the Emperor br the purchase of the country lying along the Amoor Tbe whole of this to a treaty made in the reign of the Empress belongs to the Chinese but tbe are now in pos session of several portions if it. They are willing to acquire it by purchase tut if an overture to that effect is they are prepared to take It. Neither the Bossian Ambassador nor Mr. could obtain permission to proceed to and they were both obliged to Tbe ave greater facilities correct views in relation to matters in than any other nation the There is ir Pekin is tbe Russian It of ten missionaries of the Greek These ten missionaries remain for ten and are than replaced by ten During tha decade of they are not permitted to fill any that may be caused by any other They are treated in tbe Chinese great and are allowed a guard of Through the of this the Government obtains reliable information of everything that transpires at the Court of Eis Celestial After his unsuccessful attempt to penetrate the Chinese territory to Mr. Collins proceeded to situated it the head waters of the Amoor The of which it is the ia rich is mineral It is about as large as It abounds in mines of Bilver and The goldis found in river beds and There are The annual yield is estimated at five of The silver mines ore very They are both worked by the convicts transported to Siberia by the Bussian under tha supervision of military Private parties ire not permitted to take out the precious metals it of the In other places they allowed to under certain aid are obliged to pay the Government a We hope our citizens will generally turn out this evening to attend tbe Library Association Ws understand that very important business will be brought We have received a letter from Mr. giving an account of the proceedings in the Democratic State Convention but it repeats substantially the same facts that we have already Of the Mr. Brown neither of whom ever bore the banner of The merchandize will be found on 8d page of our Thi visited Galveston last Friday morning appears to bave reached New Orleans the same or a similar but more severe gust struck that at that time causing great Injury to property and the destruction of a number of The True Delta says tbat several persons met sudden and awful and much property was destroyed were brown tiles and bricks came rattling to the and boards and shingles flew through the air like winged A number of houses were more or less injured entire walls being prostrated in some Tha steamer W. W. Farmer had both her blown falling over the steamer lying crushed to death a man by the name of employed on tbe former The Messenger likewise had both of her blown parted her lines and drifted out into the The steamer Hodge also went adrift and the Scott and St. Nicholas weTe a good deal and lost pilot The was most severe and the loss of life greatest among the Tbe second mate of tbe ship Battler was killed and tbe son of Capt. acting third mate of the waB blown overboard and was During the a man who was standing on the gangway of one was blown overboard and was Three men were in a opposite No. 27. and More than twenty large Ball vessels broke from the and drifted among causing great and a scene of confusion and peril seldom The damage is very large but we believe that no vessel was entirely The loss to property had not been summed up when the Chs Morgan left New Corked L. Frosh is from the packing establishment oi Messrs Williams & at High between Galveston and Sabine an article of Texas pickled which judges of the artiole pronounce equal to the best Fulton It is sold at below the New York after be Texas which has been on a circuitous journey of six thousand miles to reach the consumer were shown this morning a counterfeit gold dated 1847, and with the under the indicating the New Orleans It is well but of course lighter than the genuine Persons would do well to be on their guard against these as weil as paper certain par centage upon all take Thi of will never buy an article ii that store as long as I unless it is impossible to get a similar article anywhere said a why she are so they lose patience if one hesitates a minute they seem to expect everybody to buy without Nor u this the only occasion oo which we have heard made of incivility in It is astonishing how many dealers are blind to the advantages of being obliging themselves aDd having obliging No there is to try tbe temper of the and much of the Too many come to look and not to buy and too miny buyers are indifferent how much trouble nay But it will not do to be rude to every ane because a few happen to impose on your you may offend the very person if would bave been your test People of Bense will not make a purchase till they have examined various articles o' the kind desire to buy and your unwillingness to wait on them will drive them away without if they have the least sense of per sonal If the secret of tbe success of some and tbe falure of were it would be tbat the former owe much of their prosperity to a reputation for being We could name nore than one eminent in several departments of that has achieved a fortune ii consequence of its celebrity in this Oi the other not a few bave failed to obtain tbs wholly because of their rudeness 3r to A lady asks for and as the profit is but sbe is waited on with if not with positive She A few days she wishes to buy a costly an expensive or some other article that any dealer be glad to il in bis line; but she remembers the incident tbat happened a few days and studiously avoids the store where she was It is the little things in after tbat do tbe most A werm bores a whole in a aod sbe a Louis Napoleon is stubbed by and the Crimean war So fortunes are or very often from the presence or absence of tbat little aspirant for political honors knows how invaluable Is. An eminent physician Baid that was more for in the medical than perhaps even in any constantly makes as incivility prevents it. One of the largest fortunes in this had its it is rn in tbe courtesy with which a manufacturer of locomotives some one visited his for those strangers happened to be Bassian who had beeD sent to America to inspect tbe machine and who the affable manufacturer to be invited to St. where he rapidly became a Tbe history of tbe world is full of which would never have been celebrated if the courtesy of owners had not laid the foundations of fame and Disguise it as we we all like best those who are most civil to us and if we like like them in spite of their If men wish either to be or push their practice Be civil and whether you Bell a paper of or aim at the Considerable quantities of goods are now brought down by steamers from for shipment up the Taa Slavs Charleston Courier says tbat reason why slaves are not into this country from is not because such importation is prohibited by an aot oi but because the planters of the South do not demand iu A cargo of slaves could not be sold in Charleston if they were brought But it tbe people of the should offer tbe money for the the Northern ship owners would take the risk and bring in spite of tbe just as in defiance of the cruisers and of the laws of her most Christian and Catholic are landed on the coast of In other it is the public sentiment oi the and not the philanthropy of the which forbids the introduction of foreign slave It is sotion - ion that Suspension or Providence Journal publishes t tabular statement of tbe number of sub pensions of cotton and woolen mills in the manufacturing regions of which Providence ib tbe From these figures the conclusion is reached tbat more than three-quarters of the cotton machinery is Tbe suspension of the woolen machinery ie col so but Ib very large and constantly Tbe reduced production of cotton goods is 77,000 pieces and 2,644,000 yards per of tbe value of and that the reduced cf woolen goods is equal to 1127,915 per a total reduction in these two departments of of per Alabama Methodist Protestant Annual Conference has adopted the following resolution any parents or guardians belonging to our shall patronise that school of the dandle by sending their children to trial and or k Vm Ja Galveston aa a Wholesale A writer in the Banger proposes to give tbe reasons why retail merchants in the interior wbo go North for their stocks of should make their in instead of the of the At the outset he remarks as follows and State should at induce us to give the of Galveston a If they will do as well by us as the Northern I do not see why they should not have an opportunity extended to them to show them what they can I have been told that some of the wholesale of will duplicate any from any of tbe regular houses of New or If they can and will do this we should think every inducement of interest and patriotism would be combined to us to give them a Let try and if we find we can do as well there as in the Northern after counting all tbe then let us continue to trade and let us build np a great commercial emporium for all If we hayo any pride of section or any spirit of independence we should cease to be tributary to the have been taxing ourselves long enough for the benefit of tbe in order that she might grow strong and trample upon Let us reverse our policy awhile and endeavor lo grow strong that we may be independent at and respected abroad Galveston has also been to blame in tbe matter tbat sbe has not let ber advantages be Men do in these a and put it under a She baa no drummers through tbe State seeking has no advertisements abroad showing what she could do if called If she would seize upon the opportunity now held out to her to secure the trade of the whole she must awake and bestir is a fast aDd old and slow stand no of Whilst they stand the passes them with tbe velocity ef tide that leads to if we would keep pace witb we must jump upon it at a moment's and be off witb railroad We assure the retail that if they will go to Galveston to buy the goods will certainly come to Galveston to be And we further hazard the to be verified by eur that goods can be brought there and sold on as good terms as we oan get at New York or Now let na see whether we are and to prove that let us all give Galveston a fair Tbe aama the The late Democratic convention adapted a which we published requesting the Legislature at the present session the Executive of the State appointing suitable to a Convention of Southern which may be hereafter assembled for the purpose consultation and advice for the general welfare of the institutions of the The reason given in the preceding for this Js that events in tbe United States Senate have tbe minds of the members of the convention a serious apprehension that the doctrine of as set forth in the Cincinnati in danger of being by Congress through the instrumentality of of the National Democratic die alike for their influence over publio sentiment of tbe and their past in favor of said With the censure implied towards Senator we are not disposed to take it would perhaps be more than many suppose to point out a direct between his recent course and his past If he has not been Sovereignty all along we are yet at a loss for a definition of tha He still professes only to be in favor of allowing the people of Kansas to regulate their own domestic tions in own as contemplated by tbe establishing tbe He objected to tbe recent constitution now appears to bave been voted that it did not appear to be tbe or have the of a majority of the people and was therefore His present object professes only to be to enable the people to determine on their own When California applied for admission into tbe Mason and Hunter of Virginia Butler and Barnwell of S. Carolina of Tenn. La. Jefferson Davis of. Atchison of and Morton and Yulee of a which was entered upon tbe journals of the to tbe passage of tbe admitting her as a state into the for the following reasons Tbat it gave tbe sanction of and thus imparted validity to an unauthorized action by a of the inhabitants of Without any legal or other evidence of their possessing the number of citizens ne to authorize tbe representation they may Without any of thou safeguards about the which ean only be provided by law abb to tbs ot a As having evidence of its having the assent of a majority of the people for whom it was Tbe Little Giant is wary enough to keep within similar limits in bis and professes still to stand on tbe old ground where tbe South stood by although a great gulf has since opened between him and many of bis Southern Kansas if it is any to know is to be lost to tbe under the same arguments which were used to retain it. the word of promise to the break it to the In the mean do we propose by a Con vention of Southern under legislative 1 Consultation and advice for the general welfare of the institutions of the South 1 Thug no further shalt thou Tbe Constitution of tbe United States declares that State shall enter into any agreement or compact with any other any more than with a foreign The members of tbe Legislature are required to take an or to support tbe of tbe United It is to be that tbe convention does not contemplate any movement beyond tbat specifically declared in the resolutions yet it is not to be doubted tbat many will and many others tbat Southern convention of the kind would be to recommend ulterior looking beyond tbe peaceful remedies of the Constitution for the redress of Southern Tbe time may but we that we do not yet see any imminent for such a It is well to be prepared for the on the other the anticipation of an often it. For we mnst confess tbat we regard the rights of the and the of the aa more secure than were two years and quite as safe as they have been at any within the past fifteen Crown Hanover was severed from tbe united kingdom by the accession of Queen Victoria to the a claim was made by the late of formerly the Duke of to nearly tbe whole of tbe jewels usually on state occasions by the English on tbe ground that part of had been over to England by George belonged inalienably to tbe Crown of Hanover and tnat tbe remainder bad been purchased by George out of his privy and had been left by him and his Queen Charlotte to the Boyal Family of As tbe jewels thus claimed are supposed to be worth considerably more than a single stone having cost nearly they were not to be relinquished without a in tbe of the late tbe importunity of the Hanoverian Minister in London drove the English Ministry of the day to consent tbat tbe rights of the two Sovereigns be submitted to a commission com posed of three English but the proceedings of the Commission were so ingeniously protracted that all the Commissioners died without arriving at any decision and until Lord Clarendon received the seals of tbo British Foreign Office all tbe efforts of the Court of Hanover to obtain a fresh Commission were Lord seems to have perceived tbat such attempts to inquiry were unworthy of his for he consented that a fresh Commission should be issued to three English Judges of the highest who after found tbe claim to be indisputably and reported in its is Louisville Courier says the Artesian well of the Messrs. of that has now reached tbe depth of 1900 feet It This is the deepest well now known to us in the The next in depth is the well st near which is 1800 Louisville the deepest well in the and the tallest steeple in tbe United cross on the St. Louis Cathedral being 286 feet while the summit of New is only 264 feet Tbe same paper thinks tbat Messrs. Dupont bave now tbe means of deciding a moat interesting scientific We allude to tbe Plutonic theory of tbe There are many wise men who contend that the external portion of the earth is a mere crust about fifty miles and tbat all beyond this crust is an incandescent red hot mass of melted By a number ol experiments the explorers have ascertained that after descending into tbe earth 100 feet of the temperature that a depths 6962 feet would a depth of 48 miles would attain a ' to Matt all known urged Sn for every creases oi boil wi are pleased to learn that the to provide for a Geological Survey of the State of Texas is likely to become a An amount of useful information oan hardly fail to be derived from such a more than equal to the labor and expense which will be incurred in obtaining it. Thus but little is known of the Geology of tbe save suah information as has been accidentally picked and casually given to tbe The only man that we know of in who has turned his attention mainly to tbe subject is our old friend Dr. Francis formerly of the Houston We recollect to have seen specimens in his and his descriptions of tbe twenty years and from that time until tbe present he has been greatly in teres ted in the not only making all the examination in but visiting tbe most learned and cabinets at tbe He we believe now thoroughly versed in tbe practical as well as theore tical departments of this modern and from his long residence in and bis knowledge of the geography and geology of the lie would doubtless be better prepared to prosecute promptly researches under the patronage of the than any however well qualified in other who might now come first into The Doctor as the Mexicans deserves well of his on many other accounts and we believe that his appointment to the post of State Geologist would be highly satisfactory and tke New York or has tha of tbe United and other fital have bean in tha habit of finance to the usages existing Bven does appear to have been tbe influence of and the great has herself learned or pi to done aoj from the salutary teachings of late Annual of tha of the banking department of that State some of tbe facts and lessons taught by the tary from it appears ia some defect in the banking system of for there k urgent necessity or an mentioning the suspension of the on the 18th and 14th of the most truly remarks This suspension with overflowing exemption from neither internal or foreign our country at every nation of the earth without a in and 1387] of the banks 8tat�>or I may say it standa without and without apparent derived from Upon reviewing tbe banking 6t the city and State as it at the of the conoid sion that the great error of tbe day in considering that a specie basis of one to or nine of immediate sufficient to attain specie unless entire confidence maintained between the debtor and contradicting tbe experience of former which appeared to prove the proportion named was smple for any contingency other than for a demand for coin The cause which have led to are said to be the following diversion industry of the 8tate from agriculture to trade and extravagance in personal the great extension of both by individuals and corporations the increase in the number ofc banks speculation in Western by the interior banks sustained a steady reduction of their and the payment of interest on deposits by the Tbe Superintendent Tbe idea tbat deposits were a dangerous element to tbe banker six months would have stamped its promulgator as a tyro in The lesson that suspension has and will not be lost upon tbe bank officers and directors wbo feel tbe responsibility of the trust committed to The test of successful banking hereafter will be as it not in large of dividends but in the ultimate safety of the capital invested in tbe Witb like that issued by tbe free banks of no suspension of specie payment from an excess of paper ever will or oac take Tbe element of weakness in banking lies in what has heretofore been considered its its This baa been cherished and concentrated by tbe pernicious system before referred of paying interest upon individual as well as for balance between tbe banks particularly in individual has in basis of or rather tbe liabilities of tbs banker too in so quiet a way that however vigilant he may have bis experience furnished no warning of bis Tbe measures which tbo Superintendent deems for tbe stability of the bank and the security of the both as debtors and creditors of the are as follows Tbe of i country in the city of New York or by the interior 81, 1858. To amend tbe baok Jaws so tbat bonds and mortgages shall be no longer received as security for tbe issue of circulating To compel all bankt to maintain a specie reserve in vaults of twenty per cent upon tbe amount due Tbe great evil of tbe times in tbe banking system in his view is tbe payment of interest on and tbe is to make that unprofitable by compelling the banks to keep a large reserve of specie on amount to be regulated by tbat of the Without returning to tbe peculiar causes that produced such a in October it appears to tbe that a categorical answer to the plain Why did the banks suspend specie will teach what is necessary to prevent its Tbat answer they did not bave coin enough to pay the demands made upon If truth of the answer be tbe remedy for tbe future is dearly In other it is not safe for bank capital or the to permit the banks of this state to Bay eight or nine dollars of demand loans to one dollar of specie in ST The Cape arrived with 896 bales tke following Woo lady and four f The steamer Capt. P. arrived last night from Houston with the following Messrs. Harm Look Mrs. Stavana and Mrs. Done and Miss Mrs. Miss Mrs. and Miss ' haa been eet apart by Mr. Manager of tbe for the Benefit of Island City Engine Company No 8. The pieces selected are Faxio and and The service rendered by this company of Firemen m times of past danger and manifest Im- portance of sustaining and this are alone bring oat all good who and wbo have no insuperable lee against an presents a first-rate excuse for church members to indulge their love of the stage under cover of a benevolent and we anticipate a brimming where both manager and players may golden opinions from all sorts of to we the Ions learn from the that the receipts Of at Matagorda from Sept. 1 to Dec. 1 were 600 Owing to the very bad state of tbe roads since tbe commencement of the late hauling has to a great The folio are tbe officers elect of Matagorda for the present A. John S. W. Galen ' W. M. E. A. E. W. L. D. J Marshall J. H. Secretary and Treasurer D. J. Clerk of The office of the of the ia offered for i ' ai i la 1 Houston Telegraph intake of State ha ia a man of ability ai Mr. John's moat terms affable in his an i withal a good sound party Of Wheeler it la useless i He ia too well known tQ need any 1 Judge C. W. tha laat of tha ia wellknown to be a good and a good The Intelligencer that there is no of advantage boat continuing to discuss tha question of calling It says that it merely wishes to plant itself right tha no that a Convention will be ft v proposed that the should calt a oon allowing every three or four hundred voters to send om In this way we bow a just could be to transfer tha power from the small now have the to the populous now have no relative to us impossible through any we more than three would cost Nor ban it ever be as it will be made to depend vary much legislative log The still falls to inform ua why tha would be governed by different in appointing members of a from those which would control it in providing for the election of Tbe same causes it seems to produce similar in both Thank too roa Eastern in acknowledging the receipt of publio from members and of the and thanks to its attentive friends only regret is that so far we find nothing accomplished by tbat Honorable of sufficiently general importance to merit a Some important measures are before but nothing has passed as save bills of a private If there was less gas and more we fanoy more business would be The Corpus paper says persons wishing names to appear in the as candidates for fork over the dinero with their A good which every paper in the State should The Herald states that the railroad now transports goods some three miles from tbat towards thus avoiding a very bad portion of the road for The Herald During tbe present year tbe will be completed from Lavaca to thereby delivering goods in two or three hours instead of a week as and passengers will be enabled to go from town to town between instead of remaining in a wet and boggy prairie uil The Ib in excellent notwithstanding the heavy and continued rains for By the Be vised Statutes of will take effect from and after the 1st day of January all marriages solemnized out of tbe with intent to evade the new will be void in tbat if the parties return and reside a ancient Spartans paid as much attention to the of men as tbe in modern England do to the breeding of took charge of the firmness and looseness of and regulated tbe degree of fatness to it was in a free for any citizen to extend his Those who dared to grow too fat or too soft for military exercise and the service of were Boundly In one particular tbat of son of the offender was brought before the and a meeting of tbe whole people of at bis unlawful fatness was publicly and be was threatened with perpetual banishment if be did not bring his body within tbe regular Spartan give up his culpable mode of which was declared to be worthier of an Ionian han a aon of Salt ok order to produce the largest and best the bed mnst be so heavily Baited as to kill all other The gardners around tbe of New York made it a practice of covering asparagus witb salt every Salt is also recommended to be placed around tbe roots of quince half pint to Take off a few inches of the apply the salt and replace tbe of tbe City Jan. 18th, 1S58. Mayor L. A. Aldermen League and Menard and Tbe Minutes of tbe last Meeting and of the the 14th were read and Tbe Petition of Messrs. Wilms and wis read and referred to the Street The Sport of the City Marshal was read and referred to the Finance The Keport of the Street Inspector was read and and accompanying bills passed tor The Petition of Oscar S. Herman and others was read and referred to the Street Tbi election of M. as 2d Assistant Engineer of the Fire was unanimously approved by the The of tbe Committee on Finance was recoiled and On motion of it was 600, or as much thereof as may be be and the same is hereby appropriated to fill np boles on Market street between 16th and to repair and curb the ditches on 14tb, 15th and 1 streets from Mechanic street to the On motion of it was That the City Marshal ba Instructed to notify all persons wbo bave erected wooden buildings within the fire in violation of the Ordinance in relation that they abate the by their thirty days subject to tbe penalty provided in the The Marshal made tbe follow of sale of Lots heretofore bought in at Tax Sales for the use and benefit of this viz Thi AntiCAN Slave te the Government of Great Britain from the south coast of 17,1857, Bays trade is assuming a new Tbe French Government has gone boldly Into and the British ordered not to verify the colors of whether legal trader or on the and in a manner violative of onr doctrine of the right of The subject has been laid before tbe Washington The or tbe recent term of the Circuit Court of a fellow was arraigned for stealing a He alleged tbat be had purchased it from s The attorney for the commonwealth admitted bis aud be was but was immediately indicted for trading with a Thereupon the accused introduced two witnesses to prove that be bad stolen the when he was of course and having already been tried for ha could not be tried a second time for the same offense and was turned loose Such is tbe perfection of human sailor being about to sail for a where his father ship where grandfather die he was fishing a storm and be witb his companions perished by if I were I would never go to my where did father and great died in if I were I would never go to 50 00 Jas 00 J 00 00 00 S. W. % out 00 Chas E 00 E P 00 E T 00 G W 00 J L 00 00 W and J J 00 F S % out lot C 48 48 B M Elkes 88 on it was resolved tbat tbe said sales be approved and and tbat the Marshal such aots of sale and transfer as will convey to tbe purchasers all tbe claim and demand of the city in and to the said The following bills were audited and passed for Fire Department F. Dink & On Council adjourned till next Meeting E. 20 50 8 60 25 in Texas correspondent of tbe Savannah Georgian writes that the sea island does well it tbat 8tate, yielding not less than a bale to the acre in good Some of it sold last year brought forty-five cents per I wish to speak to you privately me to take you apart for a few isn't in the least promise to pot me together the New French Metal cording to a communication from eminent scientific in the of it appears that tbe valuable properties of aluminum are injured by the presence even of small quantities of other of iron or make it almost impossible to work tbe while of copper render aluminum as brittle as An alloy of five parts of silver with one hundred of aluminum works like but is harder and takes a finer The of bismuth renders aluminum so brittle that it cracks under tbe hammer even after being repeatedly Tbe presence of in other metals often communicate valuable properties when tbe quantity ia not too Thus one twentieth part of aluminium gives copper a beautiful gold and hardness enough to scratch tbe standard alloy of gold employed for witb out at the same time injuring the malleability of tbe of aluminum witb a pale alloy of great hardness and and capable of taking a polish like tbat of Five parts of aluminum with one-hundred parts of silver gives ao alloy almost as hard as silver in. containing of and thus the hardening of without introducing a The results of these experiments ow an increased variety of uses in the id aria to which may Senator Austin Intelligencer learns that Senator J. Pinkney Henderson is still confined to bis residence in Painful accounts of his condition have been received In this and it is seriously feared that he will not be able to take his seat in Congress The Western Texan says that a letter has been received by Gen. from Gov. calling for aid in protecting the inhabitants on the especially in Bosque and Erath where several persons are reported to have been killed and wounded aud property The Texian adds Gen. Twiggs would give relief if he bad tbe men or We say as we have said out Indian plan to the those who do not oome in their let them be chastised by way of an expedition against by two or three companies of Texas Democrat says that the Magnolia left Columbia for Galveston on Thursday with 41 75 of molasses and 201 bales Tbe sloop recently took a load of freight from Galveston for Having arrived in her freight lor Columbia was on board a smaller vessel which capsized on tbe night of the 9th and everything on board was Gazette says that the Trinity ia now higher at Liberty tban tbe editor ever Baw It Tbe water iB over tbe banks and deep at the lower corner of Lund's At Walnut Hills tbe water is running over the banks and coming up in the South of tbe Mr. wbo arrived from vis Liv Bays the country above is Tbe stage was to leave Livingston for Liberty Saturday but the rains of Thursday and Friday made the road impassable for it. The Tyler says that the Small Pox baa appeared in that town tbe disease is yet confined to one la strictly and no one allowed to enter or Size or extends over an area of 79,029 or 122 square miles and the number of its inhabitants rapidly increasing was 2,862,-286 on tbe day of the last A conception of vast mass of people may be formed by the fact tbat were tbe metropolis surrounded by a wall having a north a south an east and a west gate each of the four gates was of sufficient width to allow a column of people to pass out freely four and a necessity required the immediate of tbe it not be accomplished under twenty-four hours by tbe expiration of time tbe bead of each of each of tbe four columns would bave advanced no less than seventy-five miles from respective gates being in close four Results of the The greatest enemy the farmers have to contend witb Is the Wheat or All attempts to exterminate bave been Dr. of New a good has been employed by tbe New York State Agricultural Society to investigate tbe of insects injurious to and recommends a novel mode of destroying the He has discovered that our Midge and the English or European ia the same species in every But in tbat country it does but very little mischief to the wheat while with us it is very destructive because in Europe another a little comes along at the same time tha Midge and kills aud eats it. In this country tbat little bee ia not Dr. Fitch proposes to have it and set it to fighting the Midge and killing it off as it does in If the Doctor should prove to be right in bis plan and the introduction of this bee should neutralize tbe operations of tbe Weevil or it cannot be too soon should it be left to individual Our national government should and tbe public fund be employed in tbe Our government has spent millions of dollars in enterprises which bear n comparison to tbe benefits which would result from the destruction of smitten Vessels In Sevastopol November 80,1857. It is generally known that Mr. John E. Gowen of Boston many obtaining from the Bussian Government a for raising the sunken fleet In this ing of one hundred forty of which are ships of from 80 to 120 and tbe balance war steamers and This you will admit is a nice little and if successfully will yield a nice little If yon by some sort of be brought over to 8e-bastopol, so that you could look upon yon would behold the richest that you have ever seen or read of. Near the Admiralty and stretching along nearly a fourth of a mile on the west side of South you would see a range of low wooden with several others somewhat some of are by our and others for blacksmith snd machine A little farther the caissons ready for a little to the left at the end of the a caisson receiving her engine and near a gang of a heavy loaded scow containing the heavy timbers of the ship which we are tearing to pieces with in fourteen fathoms of you would perceive in this little spot a of activity really delight Then about two hundred yards out upon the water yon wonld see three prepared with hoisting for lifting the broken timbers into tbe they would remind you of three enormous condors over a dead would like to know bow the ship is broken up under a depth Yon see tbat boat a short distance from the that is the powder containing usually a ton of in gutta each holding two hundred One or two of these bags are previously prepared with a then taken down and placed under the ship by an experienced and when all ia ready it is and a terrible ensues if you just oast your eye around upon the magnificent ruins on every Yonder is the broken site of the once Malakoff encompassed by one vast where more tban two hundred poor fellows lie beyond the reach of human m Pass down into that deep durL .no was called the Valloy of the next hill and you are in the where fourteen thousand bodies lay the morning after the I I have never seen a that afforded a richer scene for views than the ruined of Sebastopol There are wbo from have read of tbe customs and social society of tbe would be far from agreeable to an but such Is not the for in no country that I have ever have I seen more politeness and than exists in tbe respectable circles of Although there are many points where etiquette differs from rather tban It adds to the sociability of tbe For instance it might possibly shook the sensibilities of an lady to be told during the recess of a tbe ladies retire to their no gentleman dares to light their paper smoke and most at tbe dinner table after the as well as smoke and take glass of and while the is their beautiful black eyes shine with additional Of there are many little we bave been used to at oan not be i during the wo have most every species of tbe finest and in the winter plenty of game and most excellent The Crimean climate is lovely during the entire We have no money panics suspending All we require Is a few roubles and a handful of and we are far happier than many of the upper tens of Boston or New the author of the recent investigations with reference to the central has long been known to tbe astronomical world as tbe successor of Strove in the direction of the observatory at His computations of tbe orbital movements of tbe double stars have given to him a deservedly high celebrity and tbe great theory he has propounded is only given to the world after a long and patient extending through many Assuming Alcyone as the great centre of the millions of stars composing our astral system and the direction of tbo as determined by Argelander and he investigates these consequent movements of all tbe stars in every quarter of the Just swiftest motions should be there they actually which demonstrates either the truth of the or most remarkable and incredible After a profound examination Maedler reaches tbe tbat tbe principal star in the group now occupies tbe centre of and is at the sun about the universe of composing our astral system are all The ordinary circulation of which its retail tbe from hand to Ib composed of coin tbe ooin of tbe country and of tbe adjoining States of But commerce is carried on with the marc silver standard of that which Is not coined but consists of an amount of Bilver of given weight and is deposited in the Bank of Hamburg as silver It is not and the bank issues no notes upon it. Tbe silver is held in and is transferred by from one depositor to may be withdrawn in bullion but it never goes into tbe common either aa coin or in bank as the representative of A merchant pays bis bills snd makes bis purchases by a transfer of bis right to bo which the Bank of Hamburg has in deposited by himself or by some previous from whom the transfer has come to young man should remember tbat tbe world bas and always will honor The vulgar and useless whose energies of mind snd body are rusting for want of mistaken being who pursues amusement as a relief to his enervated or engages in exercises produce no useful may look witb scorn on tbe smutty laborer engaged in bis But his scorn is His Is an Honest industry will secure tbe respect of the wise and good among and yield the rich fruit of an easy and give that heart self-respect which ia above all prom the oss or of N the indefatigable 1�-Horer in the cause practical ban been tbe New York papers witb some very collected from the records of the past He mentions that fifty-nine persons were killed and seventy-five persons wounded In the United States by fire resulting from the use of I and other burning fluida of a kindred Tbe loee of property from conflagrations resulting from fire from and ita kindred are stated in tha various published to amount to and these was the loss of the at Cuban Slavers abe correspondent of tbe Mexican Extraordinary there were four slave trading vessels in the port of the 1st refitting after having successfully landed cargoes of slaves on the Island of The writer It is now a common practice in Cuba to order tbe slave vessel to fit out at Cam New Goods to a statement of tbe of the total imports of dry goods at New York for the past year is being less than tor the year 1856; but more tban for 1S56, and more than tbe total for 1854. Take a job toob says an tells us a story in to one of our subscribers which contains a good moral for and furnishes sn example for wives which is not unworthy of imitation under similar I subscriber referred to said it had been his Intention to call at tbe pay his arrears and discontinue his His wife very promptly asked Why do yon intend to discontinue said the am tso much sway from home on and bave so little time to there seems to be little use in my taking the replied may be but little use to bnt it ia of great use to me. I remain at while yon discontinue the I will go straight to town and subscribe for it Thi Norfolk Ai informs na that orders have been front to set at liberty the hft home on the The Herald that refuse to ba front ' they the and era 1
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