Charleston Gazette (Newspaper) - March 22, 1943, Charleston, West Virginia Largest Circulation in West Virginia The Charleston Gazette Established 1887. OPA Freezes Cooking Oils Sale of Meats Exempt From Week's Suspension Period Spring U-Boat War Claims 8 Allied Vessels March sales of all edible fats and shortening and cooking and salad stopped today by the Office of Price 'The sales suspension total war's latest levy against the American housewife's comes effective throughout United States at Sales Resume March 29 Retail sales will be resumed a week on March 29, when actual rationing The sweeping freeze order does not apply to any of the cheeses or meats involved In the new ing and gales of these foods will continue as usual between now and March 29. Sales meat and ned which were frozen ruary 18. will continue to be suspended until rationing Senators Said Likely to End Salary Limits Got the To Increase Farm Bloc Boasts March measures on which the louse overrode the include farm labor costs n the parity formula and to re- r. Peal President Roosevelt's and the other three were 000 limit on the The State Press News and Wirephoto West Monday March 22, 1943.' By the Associated Press The Axis spring submarine offensive appeared underway as eight more cargo ships were announced last week as sunk in the western the highest weekly announced toll in those in two This raised to 634 Ihe ed Press tally of announced ern Atlantic Allied and neutral cargo losses since Pearl Twenty-four seamen were re- ported 87 missing and more than 200 rescued from the eight Five of the ships were U. S. i mi w c Norwegian and Honduran Sinking of the small Honduran merchant vessel in the Caribbean was said to be the first ed loss m those waters since Jan. Mayonnaise dressings are and other salad not rationed and therefore are not included in the sales Officials of the OPA explained that suspension of retail sales on fats and oils was because inventories of these vital foods are not large enough to support heavy public buying during the single week remaining before Green To Obtain Supplier Through the one-week freeze storekeepers will be enabled to ob- tain supplies so as to be in tion to make ration sales against red stamps from war ration book No. 2 when the fats and oils trade a resumed on March 29. necessities of total the food requirements of tary forces and the manpower on the our shortage of have combined to create a scarcity in the supply of all these foods for ians at methods by which retail stores of creameries selling direct to the and retailers doing their the OPA said the OPA revised COP Endorse World Police New Congressmen Seek Post-War Security March new Republican house members today pledged their wholehearted for a tion before the senate favoring of a world police force to keep the peace the They joined in sending a letter to the drafters of the Sens Ball Hatch Hill and Burton the Atlantic Charter and declaration of the United Nations are enough Clare Luce Signs The Republican representatives who signed the all elected to congress last S W James C. N. Ranulf tpn Clare Booth John D. Daniel Harris Lowell Robert Christian A. Hal senate floor this week with every indication that the senate will uphold the And controversy over the dent s nomination of former Gov. James V. of Texas to be a federal circuit pudge holds the possibility of a third tion The senate judiciary committee is expected to vote Farm Price BUI Pressed Expressing confidence that got the the senate farm bloc considered today a legislative short-cut to speed consideration of 10 Pages Slowly rising lures Americans Capture Push Churchill Reveals Drive on Hitler Avows Red Overcome Voronezh Belgorod KHARKOV j I I a which permits farm of in shall determine their maximum Burke Awaits on Coal Reply U. S. Conciliation Move Held NEW March ward R. president of thp Southern Coal Producers said today that the appearance of a erar conciliator at the southern Appalachian joint wage conference representatives the United Mine Workers and the op- tomorrow -is logical A UMW who declined to permit use of his said a had been that or two conciliators from the Department of Labor tion service might appear at southern conference but added that he did not consider the source of sub- Expected Burke's to a reporter concerning the possible appearance of conciliation experts followed a UMW refusal last night to accept a southern proposal that both parties submit jointly and immediately to the government their disputes over wages in the drafting of a contract to replace expiring March 31. Burke also said that a reply t a message he sent last night t President Roosevelt and other fed eral officials would b made by a messenger in V. S. Aid Sought He declined to disclose the tex of the message he sent to thi President and to Economic Director James Bar oW L. coordinator of solid fuels for Secretary of Labor Frances and William H chairman of the War Labor Walter F. ry P. Ed. O. Leroy John Walter H. Charles M. A. L. vm E C. Frederick William I. Edward G. W Va Winifred C. N. and Ha ry N. J. The letter of the 28 GOP remt to the authors of resolution Collaboration Sought the newly elec ed members of congres join with you wholeheartedly i support of the S. Re 114, you have W do this first as American citizens who believe that the more prosecution of the war and th future peace and safety of the na tion require an early affirmation o national foreign and second as members of the Republica who believe reso Turn to Page Col. 3.) labor parity Donets Battle Rages 22 miles southeast of appeared the focal point of a grim struggle yesterday as the Germans hurled fresh reserves into the Donets Fuehrer Sees Soil of Reich As War Zone March The destruction wrought by American ind British air bombings wrung rom Adolf Hitler the admission oday that German soil had be- come a but he declared the crisis on the eastern front was overcome and that the German tion was moving in a gigantic toward I Forecaster Lowers Estimate on March points along thp message was to be of the same nature as that sent President Roosevelt by the northern and to have been in an im- plied request for government inter- vention in the wage contract dis- By Robert and Dad won't fight before but they treat one an- other so polite that anybody can tell they are Ohio river were relieved today with a revision of expected flood crests by U. S. J. Ceci revisions followed the unexpected cresting of of the river's tributaries instead of Cincinnati Crest Tuesday Portsmouth's crest was indicated at 58-59 feet to be reached row while Cincinnati's crest was estimated at 61- feet sometime day These revised crests are three to four feet lower than the original and barring unexpected threatened damage from the current situation is expected to be held to a felt that greatest age was inflicted Friday when flash floods of tributaries throughout the valley took a toll of three lives swept away some sheds and and forced some residents to evacuate River Stages Announced The expected crest of 81 feet for Cincinnati is just a few higher than the January flood crest which caused relatively little age other than slowing down war production in lowland areas for a day or Alter announced morning river stages 18.1, W. 33.3 Point W. 43.1 58.3, the would increase prices from to this Floods Feared In Gulf States Camp Shelby Soldiers Fight Rising Water March tween and 3.000 residents of lowlands north of were being evacuated tonight by the Red Cross while rivers reached dangerous crests in several areas in the Some streams already were over- the Atlanta weather bureau with Alabama and Georgia the Fears were held for heavy property Miss Pearl executive secretary of the Red Cross at prepared to house the to evacuees in public buildings there Sunday Fifty highway departments and as many soldiers from Camp Shelby the evee of the Bouie river in which threatened the The highway north of iurg to was being ept open through tne Bouie and Leaf river lowlands with sandbags long the At the weather warned residents to Turn to Page 3, Col. 1.) Wallace Calls Hunger Breeder of Tyranny March President Henry A. n his first speech to a an audience on his an said today that ural production was destined to the fate of liberty among copies of the people are oppressed that people are an easy ctim to the theft of its e tyrant needs no greater liance than an alliance with costs to be used in the The introduced by Rep Pace passed the house by a shouted vote Friday in the ab- sence of many congressmen from industrial Chairman Smith called a special meeting of the senate agriculture tee for tomorrow and We 11 have the ready to go Thomas Urges Action As a Sen. Thomas suggested that the tee adopt the favorable report of the house agriculture committee as its want to gel action on it just as soon as we he said have the votes in the senate as well as the house to send it to the There is no occasion lor extensive Under the Pace Ihe cost of including that of the and his family as well as lired would have to be in- cluded in computing the parity price of farm Parity is i price level calculated to give power ent to that in a past favorable 1B09-19H. Thomas asserted that the lew parity formula is perfected un- er this it will have no im- mediate effect on farm j Emerging his contend that i seclusion while his armies were reeling back in defeat in southern Hitler addressed a ing of high army Nazi functionaries and wounded veterans in Berlin's or army on the fourth time observance of German RAF Raid Feared In his 15-minute cast from Berlin and recorded Hitler said only German soldiers had been killed in the war so and he declared the front was being strengthened by millions of youths and the wounded who have while older men and boys manned home defense Mindful of the long-arm of the which on Jan. 30 disrupted celebration of the 10th Nazi parly by bombing Berlin and delaying the speeches of Turn to Page 3. Col. 2.) Japs Says Gen. Wang March Clarence E. U. S. dor Dr. Wellington Koo Chinese ambassador to Great Brit and Gen. P. H. Chinese military air attache to Washington returned to the United States in a special army plane Dr. Koo and Gen. Wang are re turning to their posts after con ferences in enroute to Washington for conferences with State Department Says Japs Desperate Gen. Wang said Japan was ing desperate over the continued Chinese and was now en- gaged in an effort to bring about a Soviet Army Gains Toward Smolensk Foe Attacking in Donets Claims March The Germans heralded the ad- vent of spring by hurling fresh reserves of armor and men against Red army defenses on the northern Donets and the Russian communique said that Soviet were engaged there in defense but the Russian offensive on the central front retained its mentum with the capture of only 60 miles east of Earlier es said the Russians were in 40 milss of There apparently is no conflict with the as four separate Russian armies are reported converging on this main citadel and one group may be closer than the The Russians tonight d that their forces had evacuated he town of 50 miles lorth of Kharkov on the upper Donets front where the German of- has been smashing ahead or German Losses Heavy The town was evacuated today after violent on the rder of the Soviet it announced in the Russian mid- ight German command broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated declared that troops in the area hnd reached the upper Donets river on a broad It said that all Soviet attacks were army S S forces were 5nid to have destroyed or disabled Soviet tanks from March 11 to 30.) Disregarding quagmires of I ALGERIA Chott Yankee Troops Surge Toward After capturing American troops yesterday surged toward as both Prime Minister Churchill and Gen Montgomery hailed the start of 8th army's long-awaited drive to crack the Mareth line May Need Two Years To Conquer Says Prime Minister March Prime Minister Churchill warned hi eople in a but speech that it might take wo more years to crush Hitler his powers of evil into death ust and and then in a dramatic closing announced tha he British 8th army had opened its awaited offensive in Tunisia Churchill did not expand on Tunisian ing from his prepared he said simply that he had just received a message from Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery that the 8th army was the and that icy gomery was with the Post-War Council Advised In a war report by turns grave Churchill asserted after Hitler is beaten the Allies would turn immediately to the cruel empire waler and mud resulting from a i of proposed post-war thaw that much earlier than cils of the United Nations to en- a year the Germans were j sure and sketched a exerting great pressure of Kharkov for the third straight day the cost of large Turn to Page 3. Col. 5.) Jap Convoy Hit Off New Guinea Cargo Destroyer Bombed ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN collapse of that nation before the stream of U. S. supplies need big and above Gen. Wang Dr. Koo said he hoped to pay his respects to President Roosevelt and confer with the foreign Dr. T. V. who is in before going to Spring Arrives With Snow Floods Some Roads Closed The first day of spring brought a snow storm to the Kanawha valley o plague an already There has been an ge of one snow storm a week since along with much old weather and The severity of the winter had hopes of compensation in n early and open By the calendar and spring at a. m. and five hours later the freak that usually accompanies he vernal equinox took the form f a and a wet The snow in some places in West Virginia to a depth f three inches on ground already odden from the hard rains rf and These rains had caused a medium flood throughout the for the southwest the Ohio was at ft. Pleasant and but was still well below the flood No danger was On the the flood was more annoying than but small flashing stalled traffic with water and and forced the suspension of schools at some points The Elk and Kanawha rivers wece falling They had never attained a dangerous Creeks were running but many rural roads up the creeks were still reported State road commission quarters at Charleston said U. S. route 35 and Slate route 17, closed for a time by high were open at Point Pleasant and roads to Pomeroy and were no longer State route 2 Jiear the Turn to 3, Col. 3.) spent the last few months in China in conferences with ment he are impatient to see the United accomplish com- plete Big Troopship Slides Down Ways at Kearny N. March The largest troopship of its type to be launched at the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co. yards in 25 years slid down the ways in Kearny It was christened the John Allied announced The comprising three medium ships and a was attacked twice during the Medium bombers smashed at the which were leaving Ka with unobserved results dur ing the Later in the da heavy bombers returned to the as fault and straddled one of th cargo vessels with Hits Scored On Destroyer Two direct hits were scored the destroyer in the Solomon sea the night one of ou medium reconnaissance units at tacked a large enemy proceeding east at high th communique direct hit crippled the which wa last seen limping towards its base at greatly reduced trailing picture of social and economic advancements for Britons in the years of The prime minister called on his people Tor greater effort for and in Ihe theme of his speech central steps immediately by the United tions towards a post-war world embracing council of Europe and a cil of could vent renewed aggression and preparation of future Warning against at the recent favorable turn of lied Churchill under every reserve not attempting 10 propHesy 1 March can imagine that sometime next airmen on S u n d a y it may well be the year bombed a Japanese convoy of three I might beat by ships off Dutch New Guinea and a which I mean beat him and his Japanese destroyer in the Solomon powers of evil into dust and Vows Punishing of Japan Britain's war leader it was unlikely that Japan would collapse before but he promised that after the Nazis are beaten the Allies punish the greedy cruel empire of Japan to rescue China from her long to free our own and that of our Dutch and to drive the Turn to Page 3, Col. 4.) High Explosive Bomb Rocks Goering Wing March Marshal Goering's gray stone air ministry building in lin suffered a direct hit in the big raid on the German tal March 1, and throughout the city were left trustworthy sources reported A high explosive bomb struck a wing of the air ministry and de- at least 200 it was Valuable records arc ed to have been These same some of witnessed the Berlin raid others passed through the capital soon estimated he number killed at closer to han the 500 officially acknowledged by Propaganda Minister Goebbels Solons Approve Churchill Plan Mrs. Pope by Charles P. wife of Mni Gen. chief of the army transport Beef Ceiling Coming Says La Guardia NEW March Mayor F. H. La Guardia said in his weekly broadcast today he learned in Washington that government would announce form very had the uni- ceiling on beef in a few days and that similar ceilings would be placed on lamb and veal shortly a large slick of Another convoy of three ras bombed off the coast of Cape and the same planes strafed barges near the shore In a night harassing med um bombers bombed and strafed he airdrome and ground ions at New Guinea explosions resulted and fires started still were burning an hour ater when the planes left the target An enemy cargo ship was hit In lorgen bay and the ship was left and in a sinking Medium bombers also attacked and New starting fires at the and in the town of Results of the Finschhafen aid not U. S. Training Night Bombers to Hit Reich March Gen. Ira C. Eaker said in a ment today that some United States AAF crews were being trained for night bombing of German targets to supplement the nocturnal work of the but most of the can raids would continue to be made by New and belter more heavily armed and capable of bigger cargoes of tion are the commander of U. S. air forces in the European theater said in the in the Sunday will be put into combat as fast as they Eaker His Post-War Control Please Congressmen March ex pressed approval of Prime Minister Churchill's plans for post-war con- over Europe and Asia but doubled that plans should be ed the war is Sen. McKellar termed it a interesting and he said that it was that the prime minister is considering such plans at the ent we must never he the first purpose is to win the must win the war and plan on that over and above all other Sen. Brewster a ber of the senate naval affairs com- while questioning that the court should be formed in said he was that some form of international council would be set up after the is the only means of Turn to Page 3, Col. 5.) Navy Bombs 3 Jap Bases in Pacific March The navy today reported two dive jomber attacks on Vila in the tral Solomon islands and a 97th raid at Munda Fires were started at both places Flying Fortresses and Liberator rombers also attacked Japanese on Kahili in the Shortland sland Navy Department No. 319 U. S. Says Montgomery Yank Troops Press On Toward ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH March S. tanks and In- fantry from the command of Lt. Gen. George S. have routed Italian forces from strategic heights overlooking occupied that railroad station 25 miles beyond Gafsa and pushed on toward another 20 miles to the field dispatches said This advance was by the most of two columns striking from Gafsa toward the Axis supply cor- ridor and the Gulf of It came as Allied air forces opened the most intensive offensive of the African campaign against Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's army in southern Big Push Starts The mounting U. S. push on the central front inspired Gen. Sir nard commander of the British 8th army facing mel's Mareth to send Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower this all look forward to joining up with V. S. forces very and after that we will finish off this business very quickly be- tween Montgomery's statement was made in reply to an order of the day March 13 by the Allied com- who expressed pleasure that British forces had been placed under his direction in a unified command and said that the Allies would inexorably push the enemy uback to the sea and de- The roads of the American ment from which was tured form a One southeastward to the port of the other lies about K Mahares Sened Pacific dates are east On March 19: dive and Wildcat fighters attacked Vila in Fires were started Fortresses Rake Kahili On March 20: Dauntless dive bombers and Vila t again attacked Dauntless dive bombers and Wildcat fighters attacked Munda on New Georgia A fire On the evening of March 20 Flying Fortresses and Liberators attacked Japanese positions on Kahili in the Shortland island British Indian Troops Holding Own Against Japanese Attack in Burma NEW March Indian troops appeared be holding their own today gainst a Japanese onslaught in the district of where eavy fighting was reported and a British communique aid important had aken place It was the only mention of ground Silting planes were but Allied reported active over wide areas of the No my planes were communique the The village of above five miles north of was bombed from a low it was Last night bombs were dropped on Bhamo in northeastern near the Chinese Another night attack was carried out on Toungoo southern but were not All Allied planes the com- March Chinese forces continued a slow conditions south 0} the Yangtze river in the border the mgh command communique said but it failed to confirm a Central news agency ment yesterday that the key nese defense center of Hwajung had been the communique ed that forces is 73 miles from El Turn to Page 3, Col. 6.) Turk Sees Tunisia Arrival at Front Hailed Churchill Triumph By Pierre J. Huss INS Staff Correspondent ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN ORTH March startling new factor was in- into the war situation in the tonight with the un- arrival of a Turkish ry mission at Allied headquarters North The arrival of the 12-man on seemed an obvious outgrowth Prime Minister Winston ills visit to Turkey after the blanca It was a bold step on the part of Turkey and a happy omen for the Allies at a moment when critical events point toward an early down as a preliminary to an sion of the the Turkish gates laid stress on the fact that they came here at their own re- it was pointed all the visitors were military men and not a singla civilian wai communique wasted no in getting under They left their quarters early Ibis evening attired in neat blue and red corted by high British and can the group probably paid its initial formal respects at Allied This Turkish move undoubtedly came as a surprise to Adolf Hitler who perforce will galvanize Franz von Papen into action and reorder him to spare no efforts to sway Turkey away from any tendency to draw closer to tlie which event would be a major setback for the Reich in juggling for positions before the spring The bland faces were cloaked with enigmatic smiles in Turn to Page Col. 8.) Shells Startle Towns As Munitions Explode FOREST N. March 21. truck loaded with tions smashed into a creek bridge near here caught on fire and the explosion of many tiles startled residents in towns for miles The J. E. of S. was but another Frank Simpson of W. who was in sleeping escaped in- The accident occurred at a m. The highway was closed to traffic and occupants of houses in the area were ordered to evacuate until danger was entered than once re- suggesting a Chinese mated reinforcements had boosted Turn to Page 3, Col. British Lose Destroyer March The British admiralty tonight an- the loss of the destroyer a 1.920-ton vessel which was built in 1940.