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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 30, 1975, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather Cloudy and cooler through Thursday Low tonight about 40 High Thursday In per 40s P CITY FINAL 15 CENTS 93 NUMBER 111 CEDAR RAPIDS IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 30 1975 ASSOCIATED PRESS UPI NEW YORK TIMES COMMUNISTS ROLL INTO New U.S Asian Focus on Economic Ties WASHINGTON AP A major task for the Ford ad- ministration following the ragged end to the American role in Vietnam is development of a new realistic Asian policy while warding off possible Communist adventurism U.S officials say The focus of a policy redevelopment ordered by tary of State Henry Kissinger will be on Japan South rea the Philippines and Indonesia Thailand which now faces a serious Communist threat is in a special category and will be treated separately Speaking privately in the hours after the U.S tion of Saigon and the subsequent surrender to the Viet Cong Tuesday night these officials said American cy in Asia has been staggering for the last two years Events in Indo-China in the last few weeks also have re- basic weaknesses in many old ties with other nations in the region the sources stated Economic Political Tics While many reasons are offered the consensus centers on Kissinger's view that congressional intrusion into the ex- of foreign policy particularly the removal of the military option eliminated the basis of U.S policy in east Asia The idea behind the reassessment therefore will be to strengthen old ties and develop new ones based on mutual economic and political concerns rather than military cords The argument goes that Japan the Philippines and the others will feel much more secure in such ties than in ises that their joint will lead to military aid In his Tuesday news conference following President Ford's announcement of the evacuation Kissinger talked in soft terms about a new Asia policy We will soon be in consultation with many other tries in that area including Indonesia and Singapore and Australia and New he said In those talks Kissinger went on We hope to ize an Asian policy that is suited to present circumstances Sustainable Policy Whatever the outcome of the policy review Kissinger said it must be realistic and lone range Surely another son we should draw from the experience is that foreign policy must be sustainable over decades if it is to be effective Kissinger said the experience in the war can make us more mature in the commitments we undertake and more determined to maintain those we have I would therefore think that with relation to other countries that no lessons should be drawn by the mies of our friends from the experiences in Vietnam Soviets Some Help The secretary defended his policy of seeking improved relations with China and the Soviet Union In fact he said Moscow was of some help in the evacuation effort Kissinger also made these points in his news Until last Sunday night the U.S thought the North would accept a solution But time Sunday night the North Vietnamese obviously changed signals to a military option The evacuation was ordered by President Ford when it was decided regular aircraft could no longer land safely at the Saigon airport All in all the evacuation brought out a total of South Vietnamese and Americans people including Americans were flown out in the last day Tornadoes Kill Six In Louisiana Texas By United Press International Killer tornadoes ripped through portions of Texas and Louisiana Tuesday ing six dead three in each state One of the victims was an girl wrenched from her mother's arms by the high winds The National Weather Service said 18 tornadoes were recorded late Tuesday and early Wednesday with 9 in Texas 5 in Louisiana 2 In Oklahoma and one each In Missouri and Illinois Winds clocked at 70 miles per hour tore down power Today's Index Comics Editorial Society State Want Today's Chuckle A clever wife found out how to remove cooking odors from the house she quit COOking lines and trees in Shreveport La One motorcyclist in the city was killed when he be- came entangled in fallen electrical lines Two others were killed in Vernon Parish one by a falling tree and a second trapped inside her mobile home It sounded like 30 motive freight said Harold Fraser 57 who on the floor and looked into the center of a raging tornado that unroofed his Yancey Texas farmhouse I couldn't see no funnel or nothing All I could see was gray but I guess I was ing right in the middle of it The tornado slashed through Fraser's pasture ward Yancey and killed three persons The body of the girl who was not identified was found in a field near Fraser's house The tornado struck with such fury it wrenched the girl from the grasp of her mother who was holding the tot and another child inside their house Ernest and Blanche Weimers were killed a mile east of Fraser's farm The tornado cut a swath eight miles long before rising back into the clouds Authorities said eight sons were injured by the twister which demolished 16 homes and damaged several mobile homes Damage was estimated at Mr and Mrs Henry Judge Marshalltown hold portraits of their two sons one of whom died Monday as one of the last American servicemen to lose his life in Vietnam The center and left photos show Marine win Judge 1 9 who was fatally injured in a rocket barrage Photo at right is Air Force Loren Judge Iowa Very Proud of That Boy MARSHALLTOWN AP He felt he had to be there to keep the Communists from coming said Mrs Henry Judge mother of one of America's last military men to die in Vietnam We're very proud of that boy Marine Cpls Darwin Judge 19 and Charles McMahon jr 22 Woburn Mass were killed in a Communist shelling of Saigon's Tan Son Nhut airport Monday during the evacuation of cans Only hours before Henry Judge 55 joined his wife on the front steps of their home here Tuesday the Penta- gon had announced the death of their son Judge was graduated from Marshalltown high school in 1974 and enlisted In the rine corps in June After boot training at San Diego and embassy guard school at Ar- lington Va he was assigned to Vietnam last month and was at the airport helping evacuate refugees The Judges hadn't heard whether their son's body had been flown out of Tan Son Nhut We have no idea when he'll get said Mrs Judge Judge remained mostly silent as his wife talked about Darwin and their other son Air Force Loren Judge 25 an year military veteran stationed at Colorado Springs Colo Mrs Judge is a hospital represent alive for the American Legion auxiliary at the Iowa Soldiers Home here Judge is a mail carrier In DCS Gov Robert Ray day said the Vietnam war was an nate chapter in the history of our country but from unfortunate experiences like this can come lessons from which we can all learn and profit Americans are relieved that the nam war is over It was costly in human life and misery and money We didn't start it and we didn't end it I think the dent is right that this is no time for nations Our country has to know that we cannot control the affairs of the world our role in world leadership has limitations We have stood there as a mighty power and with the ability to use it regardless of what it might do to others and to the people of our own country Ray said all of this will bring about a change in our foreign policy and a different view of our place in the world Autumn of 1 978 Seen For Westdale Mall Opening By Mike Deupree A proposed shopping center in southwest Cedar Rapids is still very much alive and well and will open in the autumn of 1978 ty officials and community leaders were told Wednesday Ernest Hahn chairman of the board and chief executive officer of Ernest W Hahn Inc said the two-level enclosed Westdale Mall will open with two major department stores and numerous specialty shops and will add a third department store the lowing spring Fourth Store A fourth major store and additional mall shops will be added when the trade area indicates a need for increased retail area He said recent research indicates this will be prior to 1980 One of the first two stores to open in the center will be Montgomery Ward he said and the other has not yet been named It will feature merchandise Hahn said A store will open in the spring of 1979 a few months after the first two major stores and the shops open The 1978 opening date reflects a delay of about a year from the original plans Hahn said the change is due to the department stores total re-evaluation of their capital expenditures The date hinged on a decision by ney's on its opening date He said the com- pany which is associated with Hahn in 22 locations told developers from all over the country last year that any unsigned leases would be restudied in light of the economic turndown Reaffirmed Last week Hahn met with Penney's in New York he said and the ment to the Cedar Rapids development was reaffirmed along with the 1979 opening date We were able to keep Cedar Rapids on a high Hahn said Cedar Rapids is a firm 1979 opening The Wards commitment has also been firmed he said They've just been waiting for Hahn explained He stressed that the delayed opening of the Penney's store does not mean a Page 4 Col 1 Some Cheering Greets Triumphant Invaders SAIGON AP The Saigon ment surrendered unconditionally day and Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops occupied the capital At first the South Vietnamese stood in doorways and watched the troops pour into the city then some began cheering Radio Hanoi announced that the city has been completely liberated Many former government soldiers turned in their arms and tried to lose selves amid the civilian population But there were periodic outbursts of gunfire some from pockets of resistance and others from celebrating Viet Cong and North firing into the air A police colonel shot himself in front of the national assembly building after ing up to an army memorial statue and luting He died later in a hospital Explosion of Joy People in Hanoi raced into the streets and embraced each other in a general ex- plosion of the Yugoslav news agency reported Flags were raised and the North Vietnamese capital became the iest and happiest city in the world At on April 30 1975 the flag of the Provisional Revolutionary PRO of the Republic of South Vietnam fluttered above the palace of the puppet president and on other buildings in the declared Hanoi's Vietnam News Agency in a broadcast monitored in Tokyo The broadcast reiterated that Saigon has been renamed Ho Chi Minn City in honor of the late North Vietnamese leader Two Hong Kong telecommunications companies said they lost contact with gon at 7 p.m Wednesday 6 day Iowa President Duong Van Minh announced his government's unconditional surrender in a broadcast at midmorning and ordered the South Vietnamese armed forces to turn in their arms He was then picked up by Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops and taken to an unknown Four hours later a of North soldiers brought the retired general back to a microphone and be appealed again 10 the government forces to give up Some Role To Play Mrs Nguyen Thi Binh the foreign minis- ter of the PRG said in an interview in Da Nang on Tuesday that Minh might still have some role to play in the future of nam She did not rule out relations between the Viet Cong government of South nam and the U.S Loud explosions heard in the Lite afternoon in Saigon They were reported aboard an ammunition barge burning in the Saigon river but no damage was reported in the city except at the U.S embassy and other American buildings which the gonese cleaned out after their former pants were evacuated Otherwise life returned to a semblance of normality People strolled the streets and greeted the Viet Cong and North ese with smiles and handshakes Motorbike traffic picked up Viet Cong flags appeared on many buildings Hundreds of South Vietnamese ed as scores of North Vietnamese tanks ar- mored vehicles and camouflaged Chinese trucks drove down Unity boulevard to the presidential palace shortly after noon The six-story U.S embassy which stood a determined Viet Cong commando attack in 1968 was no match Wednesday for thousands of Saigonese getting their last American handout They took everything including the kitchen sinks and a machine to shred secret documents Bronze Plaque A bronze plaque with names of the five American servicemen who died in the 1968 attack was torn from the lobby wall An Press correspondent retrieved it It is our embassy said a laughing young Vietnamese soldier A curfew was ordered from 6 p.m to 6 Government employes were urged to return to work and students and other youths were urged to participate in a at a time to be announced later U.S Ambassador Graham Martin who left Saigon Tuesday in a helicopter airlift thai carried some 900 Americans and about South Vietnamese from the city ed on the USS Blue Ridge in the South China sea Non-Communist Asian countries reacted to the surrender with a shrug of resignation and a sigh of relief The long agony of nam has come to an said Thailand's foreign ministry Prime Minister Kukrit Pramoj said his government is ready to whatever government emerges Foreign Minister Carlos Romulo of the Philippines welcomed the surrender so that more lives will be spared And sian Foreign Minister Adam Malik said his country should not find any difficulty in adjusting itself with whoever is in power in Vietnam Sweden and Laos were the first to recog nize the new South Vietnamese ment Finland and Italy may soon follow suit Avoid Recriminations In Washington President Ford said Tuesday afternoon that the end of the American evacuation closed a chapter in the American experience and he urged the country to avoid recriminations Secretary of State Henry Kissinger said the experience in the war can make us more mature in the commitments we under- take and more determined to maintain those we have Former South Vietnamese President Thieu remained in seclusion in Taipei The noontime march of the Viet Cong in- to Saigon was led by eight cheering men in a jeep flying the Viet Cong Hag None wore uniforms but they carried an assortment of weapons including AK-47 rifles One man sitting on a fender told an American men in English Go home go home They were followed half an hour later by the first truckload of about 45 North soldiers dressed in their green uni- Page 3 Col 6 Ford Proud of Saving Refugees WASHINGTON UPI President Ford said Wednesday that he was proud he had ordered the evacuation from Saigon of sands of South Vietnamese who otherwise would have been killed in the Communist takeover Ford's remarks were offered to reporters by Press Secretary Ron Nessen who mated that somewhat over persons roughly Vietnamese and Americans were evacuated from Saigon Tuesday He said Ford still wants congress to pass the million for Vietnamese aid so that he can repay the money he has rowed from other foreign aid projects to spend on the refugees and possibly send some aid through humanitarian tions to the people left behind With the evacuation of U.S citizens from South Vietnam complete and Vietnam rendered congress may scrap a lion aid and start over on an Indo- Chinese refugee aid measure that could cost even more Nessen quoted Ford as telling his I took them the Vietnamese out because otherwise they would have been killed I am proud of it Asked what legal authority the President used in evacuating South Vietnamese along with the Americans he replied I'll say it again He took the people out because they otherwise would have been killed and he is proud of it The new funding the care of Cambo- dians South Vietnamese and other and their evacuation to the U.S was proposed Tuesday by House Inter- national Relations Chairman Thomas gan and backed by House Speaker Carl Albert Albert said he believed controversial congressional authority for Ford's use of military forces for the evacuation should be knocked out of the new as moot Morgan had issued a statement harshly criticizing Albert for pulling the original off the house floor at the last minute Tuesday Morgan said congress should have voted on authorizing the U.S forces before the evacuation was over Morgan said congress has been trying Page 3 Col 6 Steel Companies Prosper GM Sinks to Low United Press International The nation's two largest steel companies Tuesday reported sharply higher profits in the first three months of the year despite the deepening recession But the profits of the largest automaker hit a low U.S Steel Corp and Bethlehem Steel Corp said their first quarter earnings were more than or nearly double profits in the same period last year General Motors Corp said its first ter earnings fell 51 percent to million or 20 cents a share the lowest since losing million in a 1964 strike In the first three months of 1974 GM earned million or 41 cents a share U.S Steel's first quarter profits wore million or per share com- pared to million or per share during the same period last year hem's profits rose to million or a share compared to million or 99 cents a share Despite the bleak first quarter GM Page 3 Col 6
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