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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - November 3, 1949, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION VOL. 31 Sunny and milder. west- erly 20 mph during the day decreasing to light at night. Low tonight and high Friday, 35 and 55. PRICE 5 CENTS; WITH COMICS lOc WINNIPEG, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1949 Sun Rlw 7.21 Moon p.m. Sun Set 5.03 p.m. Moon Set 4.59 p.m. FORECAST: FAIR AND MILD Acheson Pledges U.S. Battle To Revive Trade 6 Ways To Boost Imports BY MAX FREEDMAX NEW YORK, Nov. 3 Launching a new campaign for the revival oE world trade, U.S. sec- retary of state, Dean Acheson, pledged the United States admin- istration Wednesday night to use -all its powers to stimulate a great- er flow of imports "from Great Britain and Europe into this coun- try. He urged congress and the American business community to take similar action to help cure the dollar shortage. Moreover, he issued an emphatic warning that the administration would not consent to tariff in- creases or administrative barriers In order to shut out goods now entering the country under the ipur of devaluation. "Instead, be sketched a six- point programme to increase American purchases from abroad still further. This pro- gramme related to tariff re- ductions, reform of customs procedures, simplification of various administrative- rules, the problem of agricultural amendment of the protectionist devices embodied In the "Buy American" and changes in the shipping laws to let other countries carry American goods in their own vessels. If the United States, he said spent only five or six per cent, of Its national income on imports, that would mean imports of about annually. This would be "almost a doubling of pur present imports and a solu- tion oE our problems." (The actual figures for last year as given by the Associated Press are as follows: U.S. imports S13, exports The gap .was In 1937, he continued, the Mar- shall Plan countries and their de- pendencies sold the United States goods and services amounting to two per cent, of the U.S. gross na- tional product. In 1948 they sold only 1.2 per cent. The difference In that eight-tenths of one point Is about It is this gap which ha's to be closed im- mediately. Refused Discussion Throughout his speech to the convention of the national foreign trade council at the Waldorf- Asforia hotel, Mr: Acheson refused to discuss the trading problem in terms of Europe's balance oC pay- ments difficulties. He said the United States had its own balance ot payments problem, that it could rot make loans to Europe in- and that American pur- CONTRACT CUTS ALARM OTTAWA What a day to be out of Indian "summer in' full control! These St.-James boys certainly.know how-to pjck their holidays. Their were at a convention, so .the. lads and their dogs were free 'to imaginary to be avoided. The opening of chases from abroad had to be greatly increased if a sharp con- traction .in American, exports was this campaign for more imports was .regarded by foreign diplomats as comparable in Importance to the educational campaign which persuaded the American people to support the Marshall Plan and the North At- lantic Pact. Mr. Acheson said: "As you read the hearings before con- gress on the trade-agreements legislation; ns you read the which come to the gov- ernment about the ndministra-' tion of the trade agreements programme, the motif that runs consistently through a large part of them is fear. "Fear that Sol Smiles City Simmers Snow Stymied No denying it and who would want Summer arrived in Manitoba, Thursday. There was no doubt of its identity after the seven new record high tempera- tures for Nov. 2 it had left as souvenirs further west. Its arrival here grave the weatherman such a lift that predicted a high of 55 de- grees in Winnipeg for Friday. That 'wouldn't beat- the''.city's record for Nov..4.of 56..degrees in 1899 and 1904.but would be balmy local rejoicing. The this time is expected Indians and shoot' imaginary big game along the banks of Sturgeon creek. There was ice on the creek to remind them ..of .cold-., weather past and future but they couldn't care less." REPLIES TO MP'S FURIOUS ATTACK Eight Testify In Sadova Case Eight witnesses took the stand in city police court Thursday morning as the preliminary hearing opened into a charge of murder against a 21-year-old printing house employee, William Lusanko. Lusanko appeared before Magistrate M. H. Carton charged with the murder of Mrs. Dora Sadova, whose body was found Sept. 13 in her back lane shack at 266 Dufrerin avenue. Dressed in a white shirt, open at the throat, and grey trousers, Lusanko appeared unconcerned as the first eight of 30 witnesses took the stand. First witnesses, eight-year- old Donald Kelly of 264 Duf- ferin avenue, and his chum, Henry Brandt, 11, of 268 Duf- ferin avenue, testified that they discovered the body of Mrs. Sadova lying on the floor of her home. She was spotted through the open door of her shack by the boys as they were carrying in woo'd. Both boys notified their mothers, they said. Third witness, Constable A. P. Ives, on duty in the Dufferin street area at-the time, said he reached Mrs. Sadova's shack about 4.10 p.m. the afternoon of the discovery. "She was lying on her bedroom floor on her right side with her hands- taped behind he de- clared. Constable "Ives reported he re- mained there until the arrival of the provincial coroner, Dr. I. O. Fryer. Mrs. Susan Brandt, mother who identified the body at an autopsy performed that eve- ning at Kerr's funeral home, testi- fied she had seen no one enter or leave Mrs. Sadova's from Sunday till the time the body was dis covered. last'time I saw Mrs. Sadova alive was Sunday afternoon (Sept. Garson E mpha si z e s Need To Strengthen Combines Act enough for warm spell to last for several days. Out in Saskatchewan and. Al- berta, Tuesday, winter woollies were relegaled to the cedar chest again as warm Pacific air set new to bring into temperature highs. British Colum- See FREEDMAX Page 10 See WEATHER Page 10 NEW RATES READY All WEC Workers To Get Retroactive Bodst In Pay All employees of the Winnipe0 Electric company, except the ex ecutives oC the firm, will receiv the five per cent, increase in pa> retroactive to April 1, 1949, ac cording to a company 'official. The payroll of the company in eludes about employees, o which about are organized in the Winnipeg Electric Employee Tederated council, O.B.U. Total retroactive pay for all em ployees up to the end of Octobei to about Union officials of the Win- nipeg; Electric Employees Fed- erated council, O.B.TJ. received Jap Atomic Expert Wins Nobel Prize STOCKHOLM, Sweden, Nov.. 3 Hideki Yukawa, f Japanese atomic scientist who now Is on the staff' of. Columbia uni- versity, in New York, Thursday won the 1949 Nobel prize for physics. He was the first Japanese and the first. Oriental to be named a Nobel winner. The prize amounts to Yukawa, 47, who has been in the United States for about a year, gained world-wide scientific fame lor his -prediction that a particle known as a meson was a ent of the elements and that it was a contributing factor to the binding forces of nature. Science long has attempted to determine what is the force that holds the nucleus of the atom the -protons and 'the together. a letter Thursday from C. H. Dnhl, manager of transporta- tion, stating the company bus accepted the recommendations of the Dysart hoard of con- ciliation, involving a five pe.r cent, increase in pay plus a contributory pension plan. Mr. Dahl's letter to. Ed Arm- strong, .secretary of the union says: "The arrangements have been made with the accounting depart' ment to try to get -cheques for back pay, as recommended by the board oE conciliation, in the hands of the employees by. Nov. 15. "The new rates of pay in the various departments covered by the agreements have been worked out and statements of them will be forwarded to the union in the next day or so. They are effective from April 1, 1949, and include special adjustments in a few cases as agreed to." "As to the pension Mr. Dahl's letter to the union further said, "this is a matter which will require quite a bit of study and actuarial as- sistance. It should be 'worked out by a Joint of representatives of the union and the Mr. Dahl further informed the union that as soon as. it has ap- pointed its committee joint committee can get busy on this subject." A-copy. of this letter was also 'orwarded to Hon. C. E. Greenlay, minister of labor. x company has already set up committee to act in conjunction vith a similar committee repre- ienting the employees "to work mt the details and costs of a suit- able pension if that is .pps- an official of the company the BY CHESTER BLOOM OTTAWA, Nov. 3 (Special) An imminent government proposal :p amend the combines investiga- :ion act to give it more "teeth" took a new turn Wednesday .after- icon when Fred McGregor, com- bines act commissioner, resigned. A lengthy statement was made wa, in the house by .Hon. Stuart Garson, the minister of justice, explaining the government had. not proceeded further with prosecutions of al- leged dental and optical combines, nor initiated a probe of oil and gasoline price 'rises. Mr. Garson replied to a furious attack on the govern- ment by R. R. Knight of Sask- atoon for these alleged failures. He implied that Mr. McGregor had quit because of the gov- ernment refusal to probe ihe oil price situation. Mr. Garson said he would make a statement Thursday on Mr. Mc- Gregor's resignation. On the subject of oil price in- creases, Mr.' Garson made these points: J_ Devaluation of the dollar has affected oil -prices since 871 per cent, of Canada's oil require- ments are still imported, for the most part, from countries. 2. The import price establishes the market price for Alberta i.l. 3. Recent Alberta legislation authorized the Alberta con- servation board to restrict oil pro- duction to the amount for which there is demand to make' certain the price of Alberta oil .is affected, if in their files had not been provei .to have been authorized to'be writ ten by someone having authority ti deal in the matter. Mr. Garson said if this judgmen stood, it would be almost impos sible to administer the combines investigation act. The government was preparing a new section to ct to deal with the situation. After this adverse decision, lega: counsel had advised against going further with the optical goods case, beyond the cancellation, of- for much the same reasons. In the optical foods case it was necessary, respecting ac- cusations of conspiracy, to prove the boards of directors sat together and authorized the alleged actions, said Mr. Garson. To acquire proof "or Resignation Of McGregor Is Accepted OTTAWA, Nov. 3 (CP) Hon Stuart Garson, justice minister confirmed Thursday in the com- mons that F. A. McGregor, 61 combines commissioner, has re- signed. Mr. Carson said that a deputj cpmmissioner, I.. M. MacKeigan also- had resigned.. He did no1 indicate when the resignations .will become effective. not established, By the import price of crude. Dental Probe The prosecution of the alleged dental 'combine was knocked out in the Ontario court of appeal by a judgment chiefly holding that alleged incriminating documents seized on company premises or that Mr. McGregor's resignation will become effective Jan. 1, He gave no reasons' for the resignations said he will table Friday, an exchange of correspondence with Mr. McGregor and the deputy commissioner. A report on alleged combine would be tabled Monday. HOARDING Dealers See Boost In Winnipeg's- coffee-drjnkers are laying 10 cents a pound more for heir beverage now than they were nvo weeks ago and it looks as though, they will soon be paying still more. Local wholesalers said Thursday they could not even guess when or where the present price rise would end. Some housewives are revert -ing- to the wartime dodge of hoarding, retailers report. So far, however, the women have not done- enough! purchuUnr to have much effect on coffee in Still Higher Coffee Prices happens on the New York green coffee market.. Exchange rules there limit 'daily price advances to 1% cents a pound..- The market's futures prices have been snapping up the full cent arid a half limit every day report. A world shortage of coffee is the main reason, they say. In Brazil in particular, two years of partial drouth have wiped out coffee reserves. Worst of all, the dealers say, the shortage made itself felt just when North America's heaviest. teuon of 'the year WM t--'i. evidence of thiti was very, diffi- cult. It is underftpod -there has been considerable' discussion back and forth over legal technicalities in the oil price situation but in the back- ID walking by my she stated. Under cross-examination by the See HEARING Page 9 ero. tu re J Unions Hit Truck-Train Overlapping OTTAWA, Nov. 3 lines that parallel "adequate" rail- way service should be removed from the highways, the royal com- mission on transportation was tolc Thursday. A. ,T. Kelly of Ottawa, spokesman for 20 rail unions, advanced this contention as ho continued evidence in the commission's general inquiry into Canada's transportation prob- lems.' Mr. Kelly ciime under sharp cross-examination from Alberta counsel J. J. Frawley, who sug- gested sthat unions' proposal amounted ,to "socialization" as opposed to free enterprise. Mr. Kelly said he would advo- cate wiping out "for hire" truck services altogether where operate between points where a Temperature readings durlng-the 24 hour period ending at 6.30 a.m. Thursday wore: Mln. Vancouver 37 Calgary........... 35 Edition I pn ,34 Swift Current Saskatoon Regina Brandon WINNIPEG 'o'rt Churchill Port. Arthur Toronto Max. 68 71. 62 38 4O 30 14 31 Prec. See RAIL UNTONS Page 9 City Merchants Expect Jump In Butter Price An increase one cent a pound in the retail price of butter will go into effect in Winnipeg Monday, city wholesale dealers predicted Thursday. The prediction followed an- nouncement in.Ottawa by the de- partment of agriculture of new ceilings on hulter, with the new ceiling for Manitoba set at, 58 cents a pound. The celling varies in the provinces according to transporta- tion costs. Announce Increase OTTAWA, Nov. 3 (HUP) The government set a new wholesale ceiling price on butler Wednesday and wholesalers estimated the re- tail price soon will jump by two cents per pound. The department of agriculture See TRADE CRISIS Page 9 Gloom Gathers In Capital OTTAWA, Nov. 3 ish proposals to slash food pur- chases from Canada on a even greater than recent warn- ings from London had indicated was the subject of discussion by the federal cabinet Thursday. Graham Towers, governor of the Bank of Canada, Max MacKenzie, deputy minister of trade and com- merce, and Gordon Taggart, deputy minister of agriculture, re- turned recently from the United Kingdom, and the gist of their re- port to the cabinet presented a grim picture. The three men, who went to England on a combined fin- ancial-trade-agricultural policy mission, have told the cabinet that Britain is planning her food purchases in terms of the funds she hus available, rather than in terms of the units 'of food which she con- siders desirable, it was learn- ed. British policy, the three men learned while in London, is to se- cure the maximum amount of food for the minimum expenditure of money. With western European cur- rencies devalued proportionately to the British the ex- tent of about 30 per the Canadian dollar was devalued only 10 per this situation is said to exclude purchases of food- stuffs in Canada where compar- able goods can be secured from western European countries. Products Hit The countries from which pur- chases might be made include Denmark, Holland, Norway and Sweden. The products chiefly af- fected would be Canadian news- print, certain lumber products, bacon and eggs, the cabinet was told.. Informed sources here said that cheese was virtually the only com- rr.odily that Britain was willing to contract for during 1950 with- out some cut in quantity. Wheat was unaffected, since next year's crop was governed by the inter- national wheat agreement, to vhich the United Kingdom was a party. Federal agricultural circles here w e r o deeply concerned nhoiit the merely from the standpoint of a- re- duced flow of food exports, which was almost a, certainty, but because (he U.K. con- tracts havo served as a floor Waste Amid Want Shortages And Crime Widespread in U.S.S.R. This is the second of a series of'unccnsored reports on the Soviet Union.-They. are writ.- .ten by Joseph Newman, who .for .months has kept Free Press readers up-to-date .on happenings in Russia. Mr. Newman, New York Herald Tribune correspondent, has .been prevented from staying in the U.S.S.R. BY JOSEPH NEWMAN PARIS In July, 1947, the Moscow Peoples Court sen- tenced citizen S. Burlakov, a tvorker to ten years prison at hard la.bor for stealing eighteen babies' diapers. The same court sentenced citizen M. Etikyanova to eight years for running off with citizen Solodovinkova's dress .vhile she was taking a public nath.' A man and a woman >vho stole vegetables from a garden were condemned to six and eight years, respectively. Most of these and numerous imilar stories all matters of public record in Moscow, were not allowed to be transmitted abroad to foreign readers. The official censor, by his harp'reaction, revealed that we ad touched one of the most ensitive.spots in the Soviet sys- em. Reports about de- ective goods, shortages, bureau- .cracy, maladministration and crime a'so were taboo. But over a period of time we had press reports from all over the Soviet Union that these were more widespread than we had gen- erally believed. It was clear why these reports had to be suppressed and why the foreigner could not be permitted to wander freely about the country to run into these conditions. M. Molotov, then for- eign minister, announced in Novem- ber, 1947, that the Soviet Union had recovered the pre-war level of industrial pro- duction. The Sov- press and radio began pro- th'e the lost Of Living Index rriday May Show if feet Of- Devaluation OTTAWA, Nov. 3 The. cost f living index for September will e issued Friday. Since devaluation swept almost 11 parts of the world "in the sec- ndxlast week of September, its rst effects on living costs may be eflected in the index. The index is calculated on the asia that 1935-39 equals 100, and ow stands at 162.3'after a half- >oint drop in August; first decline n .a 'continuoui half-year upward climb. j claiming to world that Russian worker was not only much better off than before the Bolshevik revolu- tion' but he was Newman better off than the exploited worker in capitalist countries, That being the case, press reports, even they were Soviet, could not be allowed to con- tradict this picture. The Soviet Union frequently an- nounces that workers in the World Federation of 'Trade Unions support its policies. It can- not wittingly permit any reports, especially if they are of Soviet origin, to disrupt their faith and that of millions of more foreign workers it seeks to draw to its side. Free, normal communications between the Soviet Union and the outside world might sweep away the dream of the worker's heaven on which a great deal of the strength of Soviet foreign policj rests. But the flaws, no matter how hard they are suppressed, remain. There are countless reports waste of Soviet labor and materials Their cumulative impact and signi- ficance suggest that the waste in the planned Soviet system may be greater than in the unplanned cap- italist country. Cqmrade N. Tikhomirov, chief of the Moscow trade department publicly announced (but not for transmission abroad) that "one would bp ashamed to show a cus- tomer much of what the Moscow city light industry produces." Comrade A. Sukhanov, director of the Moscow central'department store, announced that rubles worth of goods he had just received were unfit for public sale. Only- eighty out of an order for 200 ladies' coats met specifications. At Sverdlovsk, the heavy ind'tu- See NEWMAN Page 9 POLICE HOLD HUSBAND Woman, 56, Near Death After Fracas In Home A 56-year-old woman lay near death in Winnipeg General hos- pital, Thursday following a fracas n. her home late Wednesday. Po- .ice are holding her 62-year-old lusband on a charge of assault oc- casioning bodily harm. Unconscious and in poor condi- :ion is Mrs. Eva Murzak, 307 Jar- avenue. Hospital authorities she has brain lacerations, vis? say severe shock, possible' fracture of the skull and lacerations to the ace and scalp. 'Early Thursday they believed it doubtful that she would survive. William Murzak, husband of the injured woman, appeared in city police court Thursday and was remanded without plea until Friday. Nick Mokawel, an elderly roomer In the same. house, 1% 'being held a material witness. appeared In court Thursday and was remanded 2t hours by Magistrate M. H. Garton. Police were first called to in- vestigate at the Murzak Home at about 10.45 p.m. Shortly Rybak, afterward, 598 Sellcirk Wednesday. Dr. F. A. ave., called police 'to report having treated See INJURED WOMAN Page 9 WittJin d. Radio news, page 4. Movies, pane 5. Bridge column, page 8. Women's news, pages 16, IT Sports, panes 20, 21, 22. Crossword puzzle, page 14. Oomici, page 27. Editorials, page 19. Finance, page 28. Canasta Series, 24. ADVERTISING COPY New Deadlines Due to the increasing vol- of advertising necessi- tating larger newspapers and to facilitate our obligation to render the best possible service to subscribers and advertisers alike, we find it imperative to advance the "Deadline" for acceptance of all advertising. Commencing M o n da y, Nov. 7. all DISPLAY AD- VERTISING must be in our office at least 24 hours be- fore publication date and no changes from original copy will be allowed after 5 p.m., the day preceding insertion date, except correction of typographical errors. The closing time for CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING will be advanced every day to 10 p.m., the night'pre- vious to publication, except Death Notices which will remain as formerly. The management appeals to advertisers for their full- est possible co-operation so that late delivery of your newspaper may be avoided. The Winnipeg Free Press Co. Ltd.
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