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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - September 1, 1948, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION Winnipeg Free PRICE 5 GENTS; WITH COMICS IQc SEPTEMER 1, 1948 Winnipeg: Briefly cloudy Thursday afternoon otherwise clear today and Thursday. Continuing warm. Wind south at 15 mph during the day and light at night. Low tonight and high. Thursday 45 and 82. Sun Rises 6.43 a.m. Rises 3.37 a.m. Sets 8.12 p.m. Moon Sets 7.56 p.m. VOL 5J5__N 288 30 PAGES PRICE 5 CENTS- WITH COMICS luc p..... BERLIN BLOCKADE MAY END SUNDAY Benes In Coma; Doctors Gloomy PRAGUE, Sept. 1 president Eduard Benes of Czechoslovakia is in "very bad" condition and is not expected to live through the night, an official spokesman at his Sezimovo Usti. RED LEADER ZHDANOV DIES home, said Wednesday. Benes, has been in a coma since early Wednesday, nearly death from arterial sclerosis. The 64-year-old statesman had been reported in ill health when he resigned from office shortly after the Communists seized con- trol of his country last February. He took a turn for the worse Tuesday and his doctors said he had lost consciousness. Benes has been at his home in Sezimovo Usti south of Prague, since last February when, with tears in his eyes, he walked out. of the Prague presidential palace after swearing in a new Communist cabinet. Friends said he preferred re- tirement public life to bowing to the wishes of the Red cabinet ministers who surrounded him following the coup. Benes had been reported in good ealth by his friends in recenj lonths. But when he formally re- red "''om the presidency on Jun eef up 28 per cent, and potatoes up 20 per cent. In asking for support fechuman said the freedom of France was at stake. In grave tones he told the assembly Trance "consumes more than she produces, abandons her money, lets speculation set the national living standard and gambles, through repeated crises, the existence of her political in- stitutions." Schuman now faces the more 'dif- ficult-task of getting, the various parties to agree on details of a programme and men for the var- ious cabinet posts. ______ LOSS ESTIMATED WJLC. Gas R ate Increases Winnipeg Electric company gas utility will lace a loss of about in 1948 unless requested increased rates on gas in all services are permitted by the municipal and public utility board, company officials, said Wednesday. _______ Hearing of an application by the company for an increase in private, indutsrial and commercial gas rates was conducted the public utility board in. the law courts. Following testimony by Allan H. Harris, manager of the gas .utility, the board chairman D. L.. Mellish said decision in the case would be reserved. Increased operating costs in both materials and- wage increases was given by Mr. Harris as the reason for the. gas. utility's application. Mr. Harris said a recent 11-cent- New Labor Code Goes Into Force Amidst Criticisms Of C.C.L. OTTAWA Sept. 1 in a large group of key Canadian industries moved in Wed- nesday under the shelter of a federal labor code that has been described variously as a model labor charter and as a flabby makeshift. One of the most controversial acts to move through parliament in re- cent years, the code sets up ma U.S. OFFICIALS STUNNED' German Court Acquits Ex Financier Schacht STUTTGART, Sept. 1 (AP) German appeals court Wednesday acquitted Hjalmar Schacht, former German financial wizard, of charges that he was a major Nazi offender. He was ordered freed. He had been serving an eight- term after conviction on the charge by a Stuttgart denazifica- tion court last year. Schacht also went free from the courtroom at Nuernberg two years ago, when Hermann Goering, Joa- chim Von Ribbentrop and other close associates of Adolf Hitler were condemned to die for war crimes. The court held that Schacht's participation in the Nazi opposi- tion movement from 1936 onward more than outweighed his earlier support of Hitler. Spectators Cheer Schacht will be released immed- iately from the internment camp here. German spectators in the courtroom cheered the verdict Some handed flowers to the aged former president of the reichsbank American officials were, stunned when told the verdict. Charles M. Friedrr.ann. denazi licatibn officer for the United States military government in called i "incomprehensible." Bound Tor Tyrol Schacht said he wants to go t< the Italian Tyrol with his family He said he intended to avoid poh tics. Some German leaders are re ported to have wanted to see hirr back in politics so his financia could be used in coping post-war economic problems The appeals court criticizec chacht's early support of Hitler ut noted that 'he became an op- of the Nazi regime alter the nirge of June, 1934, and later op- posed re-armament in several sharp memoranda. His criticism' of the bnduct the war in 1943 result- d in his dismissal as minister vithout portfolio, the court said dding that there was proof to how Schacht was to have been killed in amp. a Nazi concentration HJALMAR SCHACHT hinery for collective bargaining nd settlement of industrial dis- utes in a wide, range of enter- rises now under federal. jurisdic- ion. These include railways, ocean .nd inland shipping, communica- ions, aviation, 'xtending beyond the limits ol a Angle province and any activity hat parliament may declare for the- general advantage, of Can- ada." As the code went into ef- fect, the Canadian Congress of Labor issued a statement find-, ing- fault with many aspects of it. Outstanding provision the code, is its provision for a "coolmg-off" period before a strike or lockout may be staged in the industries under its scope. Orders Talks Definite procedure is laid down for negotiation and conciliation o" a: dispute, and no stoppage is al lowed until the formula has heen completed. The time limit is no specified, but it has been estimated to run as long as 80 days from thr outbreak of a dispute. No stoppage whatever is per- mitted during the actual life of a collective-bargaining contract. They are allowed only before an agree ment has been negotiated, or aftei it has expired. Penalties are provided, for union or employer, in the event Hon. Another major feature of the code is ;that a 'onion must have the vote of more tJhan SO per cent, of the personnel in a bar- gaining1 unit before it can get certification as the recognized bargaining: organization. Under the old wartime legislatio: which the code supplants, a unio needed only a 51-per-cent. vote o those ballotting in an election fo certification. Labor Critical This stiffer provision has bee criticized by labor, whose spokes men contend it would tend t old back a .union in its tormative tage in a plant. Some workers' groups notably he Canadian Congress Labor also have contended hat the scope of the code is top mited They would have included sucr ndertakings as coal and steel and le meat-packing industry. _ A ountry-wide strike, in these in ustries, the contend, is difficult to ettle now because the union in- ing __-hour .wage boost had cost the utility annually, while pur- chase, of fuel oil was .'up and propane liquid gas up annually. In its application, the com- pany revealed that it had oper- ated at a loss over many years until 1047 when it had a net revenue of In February, 1947, the public utility board had granted an increased rate, but, Mr. Harris submitted, tbis was insufficient to keep the gas utility from its expected IG.SS tbis year. The company's application asked for a cent per thousand cubic feet increase in all classifications except pre-payme'nt' meter service, with an additional five cents per thousand cubic' feet for various high consumption mestic, commercial and industrial. As meters in service are in the pre-payment class, only consumers will be affected by in- creased rates. Increased rates, Mr. Harris esti- mated, would bring in an additional See W.E.C. Page 9 province of Macedonia. _ Earlier ,Tuesday, the Belgrade Communist newspaper, Borba, charged Albanians were carrying on an unruly campaign against Yugoslavia. Last Wednesday, Yugo- slavia formally accused high Ro- manian officials of trying to pro- voke a revolution against Premier Tito. Similar charges were made Friday .against Hungary. All four Bul- garia, Hungary and TLomaiiia- sided with the Communist.informa- tion its denunciation of Tito and other Yugoslav leaders two months ago'. observers see Tito's cabinet shake-up Tuesday as es- tablishing a solid -pro-Tito front against the Cominform. His govern- ment is now all-Communist and all- Tito. The shake-up was interpreted as a consequence of the pledge of the recent Communist, congress that.the party's first! task is to. close its ranks and tighten the control ovei the government. Six Arrested. SOFIA, Sept. of the nin opposition Social Democratic dep uties in the Communist-domina.te Bulgarian parliament have bee arrested for "anti-national activ a parliamentary spokesma announced Wednesday. See Page 9 HAVANA, Cuba, Sept. 1 112 Big George (a) 12.-) Tyro lib Yaks Senior 109 Broad Bend Casino's Pride 112 (9) Ruklle entry. SIXTH BACK Sl.DOO AllmvBncen (The Yosemite) Three-year_old5 and up -1 MHe ,0 reached Tuesday between the two- unions "whereby the C.L.S.U. be- comes a part of the Canadian dis- trict of the Seafarers' Interna- tional union embracing deep'sea as well as Great Lakes operations." Agreement Signed The agreement was signed by representatives ol both organiza- tions. D. Joyce, secretary-treasurer of the Canadian district signed for the S.I.U. Jack Chapman of Mont- real, new president of the C.L.S.U., signed for his organization. Hall said the C.S.L.U. docs not retain its identity and now comes simply into the Canadian district. He said that with the elimina- tion of Sullivan, Chapman signed as president of the C.S.L.U. to give full effect to the merger. The announcement said: "Pat Sullivan, erstwhile presi- dent of the C.L.S.U., has been 're- ired from the scene. The Sea- arers' approach to the discussions which led up to the agreement conditional upon the climinatiorv-ol of a blonde starlet. "This is the bitter end of every- my career, my home, my said Mitchum as he was Booked. He surrendered calmly, shrug- his broad shoulders as he was taken into cus-fg tody who by said they caught him smoking a mari- juana cigarette. Arrested with him were L i 1 a Leeds, 20, golden- haired actress whose home :was raided, dancer Vickie Evans, and P.obin Ford, 31, a friend of Mitchum's. Mitchum, Ford and Miss Leeds Mitehnm were booked on suspicion of vio lating the narcotics act. If con- icted, their sentences could range rom 90 days to 10 years. There an be no probation, police said. Aiss Evans, who lives with Miss was booked on a technical harge of visiting a house where is used. Mitchum joked with officers who ingerprinted him in central jail. 3ut he was concerned about his career and his family. "My wife left me a few months ago, but she and the two kids are on their way out here he Lovely VVa> My Memory faj Bella Airlano Worthy Gal Last Sun 112 Stop Press xllO Double Dot 10T Dale Light 105 122 Dorsey K (10) 118 154 X104 116 119 114 117 11 Hair Do Miss Finch Caisa Boy Dustbane Speck's Case 1 122 Cute Helen Sir Mortimer 122 SUB. Claim Three-year-old., and UP 6% Furlong. (10) Also Pepper Pot Conexia Cetoma Noxarun Money Hill (5) 117 117 117 122 Keconoiliation Gono "The stage was all set for a big, Cat reconciliation. With that tem- per of hers she'll turn the cai right around and head hack east. I can just see her face When she Rears the news on the or reads it in the paper." "Who's gonna bail you out, asked the policeman who See JMHTCHCM Page 9 Jetf Himself Ala Be Markwell Beaming Son Lady Stick Ty-Raker Memphis Lad Wlngaway Market Song Herman ..Jr. 122 114' XlOB 152 X10S 122 (10) Also Joan P Beau Brummel 122 Count T-...... 11" Doris Y Meadolan 11' 122 Thomas L 11' .114 Victory Loan 11' 114 winshlre Girl, 114 122 (8) 20 excluded Three-year-olds and up Furlong Sun Forever 119 115 Rockwood Jean (a; Nimolefoot 122 Breezy Somers 11 Bragabout Sweet Carol 10 Minltonas 103 Yours Only 11 Brown's Line (a) (9) Jackson and W. G. Trevcnen onto allowance. See SCIAIVAN Page 8 SCRATCHES All eligiblcs. 2. Spmo Yank, Nodsboy, Bven Trade, Squeezit, Slay Do. 3. Wee Elegance, Swift Ard, Ehor, VaJIy Band, Sky Mea- dows, I-ady Amber. 4. Kanuki. 5. Brocan, Karakus. 6. Divulge. 7. Coordinator, Noxarun, James J.I., Carlante, Cassa Boy, Toy Broom, Jrivcr Fox, Sister Bolus. TRACK: FAST. IAT A''NUTSHELL.. 1. Bulu Pirate, Braeg Creek, Sagelyn. 2. Flying Aster, Warrito, Green Turban. 3. Boss Meadows, Fair Golden Iris. 4. China Jack, Lust Sun, Coral Rose. 5. Fort Garry, Lady, Am- sterson. 6. Fair Shake, Wrack, O My 7. Hi Meattowiand, MorninK Mammy1; Genie's Boy. Mate, Lee, Miss Merit Mcadowland. Doyle Six Up At Windsor Johnny Doyle, defending cipal champion, was six holtis up on Bon Casl.elane the end the first 18 holes of match play in Windsor course golf Wednesday. Doyle went out in 32 and came in with 37. lor a total of 69. Cas- telane posted 37 and 39. The second 18 was to be played Wednesday afternoon. Winner of the 35 holes will meet Jim Brown oC KUdonan for the municipal golf championship Fri- day. New York Stores Feel Effects Of Truck Strike NEW -YORK; Sept. i Truck drivers struck in the New York metropolitan area Wednes- day and major grocery chains were he first to feel the effects of the walkout which left them with no means of supplying- their retail stores. J. E. Strong, president of local 807 of the International Brother- hood of Teamsters (AFL) said the strike by his driver members would hamper the flow of food, newsprint, freight and merchan- dise to and from the metropolitan area; Strong announced the action after his men voted to 1.425 to re- ject a ;15-cent hourly wage increase which, employers had offered in. a last minute attempt to renew a- union contract that expired at mid- night.
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