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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - August 25, 1948, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION VOL. 282 26 PAGES eg Free Press Winnipeg: Clear, becoming cloudy tonight, clearing again by morning. Little change in tem- perature. Winds light. Low tonight and high to- morrow 50 and 75. PRICE 5 CENTS: WITH COMICS lOc WINNIPEG, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 25, 1948 Sun Hises 6.33 a.m. Moon Kises 10.34 p.m. Sun Sets S.2S p.m. Moon Sets 12.4S p.m. Forecast: Clear and Cooler BABY NEAR DEATH, MOTHER ARRESTEB Mackenzie King Plans To Retire lifter London Trip OTTAWA, Aug. 25. Prime Minister Mac- kenzie King announced Wednesday he will head Canada's delegation to the October imperial confer- ence in London, and retire from office as soon after- .Avard as suits Rt. Hon. L. S. St. Laurent, external affairs minister, his successor. Mr. King said in a statement he also will lead the Canadian delegation at early sessions of the assembly of the United Nations at Paris in September. "It is my intention to seek retirement .from office as soon alter my return from London as .may serve to meet my successor's he said. This means Canada's new prim minister will not take office tint. at least early November. Capital Speculation Capital speculation has set pos sible retirement dates as Dec. 17 his 74th birthday, or Dec. 29, th 27th anniversary of his accessio to the prime ministry. The prime minister said his retention of office up to now specifically at the request of Mr. St. Laurent, who was chosen to succeed him as lib- eral party leader early this month. "Mr. St. Laurent feels that hi should have a little more time t< make the necessary preparation before assuming the duties of thi head of a new administration, Mr. King declared. "He also feels it would bi unfortunate were obliged, al most immediately after assuming New Red War On Faiths Seen WASHINGTON, Aug. 25 (BUP) officials saw evi- dence Wednesday that Soviet lead- ers may be about ready to resume the Communist war against reli- gion in Russia. If so, it would mark1 another phase in Russia's gradual return 1-o orthodox Communist ideology from which she departed in some Instances during the war. Officials noted several signs that this "truce" may be ended: 1. Articles criticizing religious faith have been appearing recently in Soviet youth publications. 2. An outright attack on reli- gious faiths was delivered over Moscow radio for home consump- tion during the week-end. The speaker, Prof. F. N. Olesch- chuk, declared that materialistic science was triumphing over re- ligion, that the "deep social roots of religion" already were destroyed Jn Russia, and that the socialist order will lead "to the complete overcoming of religious remnants." for a possible absence overseas of some weeks, and this at a time when so many matters require con- sideration at home, a great num- ber of which are related to the See PRIME MINISTER Page 8 The. sign on the front door oJE the Soviet consulate in New York city says "Open" "but" developments today indicate it will soon be. changed or removed. Moscow has announced it is closing the consulates in New York and in San Francisco because of the U. S. expulsion of Consul-General Jacob M. Lomakin. Central figure in the dispute, Lomakin is shown here sur- rounded by reporters as he enters the consulate. Doctors Battle To Save Winnipeg Child's Life A young Winnipeg mother was in a police cell Yu'dm-sday while doctors sought to save her infant son from death. At noon, the child was reported to bo "not yet out of danger" The woman. 2-1-year-old Mrs. Isabel M'aiy Barbel, was arrested at 10.15 p.m. Tuesday. She is held for investigation in connect ion with mysterious injuries to the baby. No .charges have yet been .laid. Her ll-week-'old son, Randall, is in Children's hospital, suffer- ing: from a fractured skull, fraclured leg-, fracture of the left upper arm, possible fractured ribs, severe bruises to the heacj, back nnd chest, and sliock.---------------------------------------- Her husband, Michael Darbel, of Of Index Due For New Boost Albert Faulkner Body Recovered The body of Albert Faulkner. 24, of S51 Somerset avenue, who was drowned early Sunday while canoeing at Grand Beach, was re- covered at 6.15 R.C.M.P. report. Miss Emerald a.m. Wednesday Dodds, 27, 478 Jessie avenue, was drowned in the same accident. Her body was re- covered at 10.45 a.m. Sunda MOSCOW, Aug. 25 Russian government, reacting sharply to the expulsion of the Soviet consul-general from New York, Wednesday chopped off all consular ties with the United States. The action entails the closing of Russian consulates in New York and Sjan Francisco, the closing of a Jnited States consulate in Vladivos- tok and the voiding of an agreement granting the United States the right to open a consulate in Leningrad. It grew out of what has be- come known as the Kasenkina affair, the case of a Russian, school teacher, now in a New York hospital, who hus been, the subject of an international tug-of-war on the hig-hest dip- lomatic levels. The United States state depart- ment Aug. 19 asked the Russian government to .recall Jakob M. Lomakin, Soviet consul-general in New York, because of his activities in the Kasenkina case. Lomakin is scheduled to start home Saturday. The United States note informed the Russian govern- ment that Mrs. Oksana Kasenkina RED ORDER ACCEPTED U.S. Agrees To Close Consulate In Russia WASHINGTON, Aug. 25 (AP) George C. Marshall, state ecretary, said Wednesday that the United States will accept '.ussia's. order for closing the American consulate in Vladivostok. Marshall told a press conference :iat the Russian action, announcec "uesday night as a climax to a dis ute over runaway Russian schoo eachers, is regrettable but not i erious matter. The American consulate in 3acific port was so circumscribec n his activities that he was able o accomplish little, Marshall said Moscow also cancelled a 1947 greemen.t to permit reopening o. FUTURE UNCERTAIN City Wholesale Beef Prices Hold Steady Wholesale beef prices 'remained steady in Winnipeg Wednes- day following a one to three-cent price slash in the opening days of the week, a packing house spokesman announced. At the pres- ent time, he said, the beef trade is in the doldrums and it is very difficult to determine -which way prices will swing in the future. Representative prices of whole sale beef in Winnipeg were given as follows: first grade beef tree grade) 46 cents a pound; seconc grade Cblue grade) 42 cents a pound and third grade (commer- cial) 33% to 35 cents a pound. The spokesman said retail prices on the basis of the above price schedule would vary with different cuts of meat. As a roujrh jruidp however, he said, a retail mnrk-up of 20 per cent. could be expected. This murk- tip would he increased in choice cuts of beef, he added, and would he reduced in cheaper cuts of beef. Independent butchers in Winni- peg are buying little red or blue grade beef and are concentrating instead on the cheaper commercial cuts in the face of growing buyer resistance, local butchers told the "Free Press Wednesday. Business Down They said business had sufferer! n marked falling-off over the last three or .-four weeks. Customers no longer'buying red grade meat, which retailed as high as n pound, but were shopping instead for commercial grade steaks which could be had for as low as 63 cents a pound, the survey indicated. Sirloin prices were quoted at 63 to SO cents a pound for commercial grade steaks. Commercial front- quarter cuts averaged 50 cents a pound while stewing beef, trim- mings and brisket ranged from 29 1o 39 cents a pound. Boneless stew- ing beef was selling at about 50 cents a pound. Porterhouse and club steaks fell into the same price range as the sirloin. The lowest figure quoted for See BEEF Page 8 Cheer, Gardeners: No Frost Tonight Gardeners who glumly look- ed forward to spending Wed- nesday evening ''covering their tomato plants can call off their plans: The weatherman says there will be no frost.. Mini- mum will be 50 tonight. However, 63 years ago today, the gardens totSk a beating. Temperature readings went down to 30.5 and a year later, in 1888, zoomed to a high of 103 degrees. the former American consulate in Leningrad. Marshall told reporters that no progress had been made to- ward opening the consulate there. Along with this action, the Rus- sians ordered the closing down of their consulates in New York and San Francisco. That move speeded up. a steady recall of Soviet citizens from the United States. Marshall noted that the Russians will have the Amtorg organiza- tion with headquarters in New York for conduct of business affairs in the United States. He also said con- sular sections presumably will con- tinue to be maintained in the Rus- sian embassy in Washington. The secretary left open the ques- tion of the next step by the Uni- ted States in the dispute with Rus- sia over the school teachers who refused to return to their home- land. He said the Soviet note is still being translated. Moscow enclosed, in response to a state department request, photo- static copies of letters written by one of the teachers. Mrs. Oksana Kasenkina. Marshall said the script difficult to read and that he told Charles E. Bohlen, state department counselor and Russian expert, has not been able thus far :o decipher it. Asked whether the letters will be made public, he said the decision ,vill not be made until he had a :hance to read them. There was no question of break- ng oft formal diplomatic relations. Consulates are concerned with corn- would not be turned over to Russian authorities against her will and rejected contentions that she had been kidnapped. In the hospital she has ie- fused to see Soviet authorities. She scheduled ft press confer- ence Tuesday hut it was can- celled when she became ex- hausted by the preparations. Text Of Note "The Soviet government con- siders the the sharply- worded Russian note declared, "that during the most recent period in the United States circum- stances have been created under which normal fulfilment by Soviet consulates in the United States of their functions has become impos- sible. "In the note of the state depart- ment of Aug. 19; it is apparent that the government of the United States not only does not intend to stop those actions of American administrative authorities by whom such circumstances, to the degree that American police in- vaded the Soviet consulate in New York as this took place Aug. 12, are being created, but in fact justifies such clear, violations. "In view of. these circumstances the Soviet government has taken the decision: "A. To close immediately both Soviet consulates in the United New York and San Francisco. "B. In correspondence with the principle of reciprocity, to considei as immediately to be closed the American consulate at Vladivostok. "On the same basis, the earlier- arrived-at agreement between the governments of the United States and the Soviet Union on the establishment of a consulate at Leningrad is to be considered as having lost its-force." The Soviet note, as published by Tass, categorically rejected the United States contention that1 Lomakin and other Soviet officials had exceeded their legal rights in the cases of Mrs. Kasenkina and Mikhail I. Samarine, another Rus- sian teacher who refused to return to his homeland. The note declared: "The actions and statements of the Soviet government and its official representatives in the United States in the affair, of Kasenkina and Samarine fully cor- respond to the lawful interests of the Soviet Union in defence of its citizens from criminal infringe- ments on. their freedom and civil rights." 641 Dufferin avenue, told detec- tives he found his son bruised and apparently asleep when he return-! ed home from wort at 6.15 p.m. Tuesday. He rushed the child to a nearby doctor's office, then to t he- hospital. In his statement, Darbel said, "when I saw there was a bruise on the baby's face. 1 asked my wife about it. She said he hari scratched himself. Then I saw there were other bruises. My wife said the baby had fallen out of bed." Police were called to the hospi- tal at 7.45 p.m. Tuesday. After in- terviewing the father, they arrested Mrs. Darbel at: her home. Darbel said Randall was born June 10 in St. Joseph's hospital. The baby was vaccinated last Fri- day, and had been fretful ei since because of the soreness his arm. he said. Base In England LONDON, Aug. (AP) The British air ministry said Tuesday night the United States air force las opened a large central repair and maintenance base in England. The base, at Burtonwood in Lan- cashire, will service the B-29 Sup- erfortresses and C-5-1 Skymasters the United States now has in Bri- tain, the announcement; said. Berlin Currency Conference Reported Stalin Proposal LONDON, Aug. 25 informed diplomatic source said -Wednesday Prime Minister Stalin has proposed a Berlin conference of Big-Four financial experts to work out agreement on Who's nercial affairs while political re- ations of sovereign countries are carried on with embassies and lega- :ions. The new Russian note made no mention the Russian embassy here or the United States embassy n Moscow. Diplomatic officials took the posi- ion that the Russian action was not unexpected and does not materially Jter the troubled relations between toscow and Washington. DOUBLE TROUBLE MONTREAL, Aug. 25 (CP) Three gunmen Wednesday held up he Boyce and Monte Sabre'streets Branch of La Banque Canadienne Rationale, the same bank that was leld up last Friday, and escaped .'ith about Lying? Spy Hunters Wondering WASHINGTON, Aug. 25 (BUP) Accused and accuser faced each other in a jammed and tense hear- ing room Wednesday, and calmly contradicted each other before house Red hunters seeking to find out which was lying. Before they testified, Chairman J. Parnell Thomas of the un-Ameri- can activities committee publicly told Alger Hiss and Whittaker Chambers that one of thenx "cer- tainly" will be "tried for perjury." Their contradiction was on the question of when they last saw each other. Hiss said 1935. Chambers said 1938. Chambers, ex-Communist, has ac- cused Hiss, former high-ranking state department official, of being a cell leader in a pre-war Com- munist underground here. Hiss has sworn Chambers lied. Publicly confronting each other for the .first ,time, they were not asked in the 'first hours about the the control of the city's currency. Britain, the United States an France, the source said, were con sidering the suggestion in talk this weejc and their envoys in Mos cow have recommended acceptance Such :i proposal could mean Russia has agreed in principle to western demands for a share in administering the German capital's economy. It also could mean Russia rec ognizes the western powers' righ to continue occupying Berlin a right Moscow has challenged sine the decision to set up a West Ger man government was taken. Stalin made the proposal at Mon day night's long Kremlin confer ence, the source said. Expert agreement on Berlii currency control would eliminate the main stumbling block in the way of an east-west settlement DJ. their Berlin quarrels. For the west- ern powers, the main objective stil is the ending of: the Russian block- ade over Berlin. Not Obstacle MOSCOW, Aug. 25 Russia's severance of consular relations with the United States will not prejudice the present Kremlin talks on the Berlin crisis and the future of Germany, reliable sources here indicated Wednesday. Some sources were inclined to view the Russian action as a fur- ther step toward a return to the Soviet government's policy of al- most: complete isolation, a policy which was altered during the war Israeli Government Accused Of Violating Palestine Truce LAKE SUCCESS, N.Y., Aug. 25 Folke Bernadotte's top aide formally accused the Isra- eli government today, of violating the-United Nations Palestine truce. The charge was contained in a note which United Nations med- iator's chief of staff. Gen. Page Lundstrom, sent to Moshe Sher- tok. Israeli foreign minister, con- cerning the Red Cross zone in Gen. Lundstrom conducted an Investigation nfter Israeli and Arab troops entered the Red Cross zone the night of Aug. 16-17. Since then, controversy has been carried on between the Arabs and Jews about evacuating the zone. The 'United Nations was told Lundstrom had informed Shertok that Israeli troops, by entering the zone, had committed "a flag- rant violation of the truce." Lundstrom said he was sending a copy of his charges to Berna- dotte, now in Sto'ckholrh attending a- meeting of the International Red Cross. Arab "Ultimatum" N CAIRO. Aug. 25 (AP) The commander of Arab Legion forces .n Jerusalem has. notified the Uni- ted Nations that his army will not brook further alleged violations of the truce by the Jews. The commander, Lt.-Col. Abdul- lah Tel, sent a memorandum to UN' observers Tuesday saying that if the 'Jews continue their present course ihe Arab Legion will repel them.. Meanwhile informants said the creation of a unified command for all the Arab armies in Palestine now is being discussed by the Egyptian and Iraqi premiers and Abdel Rahman Azzam Pash, sec- retary-general, of the Arab league. Communist charges. The committee was trying to pin down just ho'w well they knew each just past years. Both the 43-year-old Hiss, slim and boyish-looking, and the pudgy, 47-year-old Chambers appeared outwardly calm. Meanwhile congressional spy probers expect to subpoena a long- sought prize witness next Monday Peters, pictured by a witness as chief of a pre-war Red- under- ground in the United States. Informed that Peters is due Mon- day at deportation proceedings in New York, acting chairman Karl Mundt of the house un-American activities committee said, "We are going to have our man there." Defending Ghamp Wins In Round 2 RIVERSIDE GOLF CLUB, Saint Tito Regime Overthrow Predicted BUCHAREST, Aug. 25 Gen. Pero Popivoda, who fled Yugoslavia 10 days ago, asserted Wednesday that Marshal Tito's re- gime will be overthrown if Jt con- tinues to oppose direction from John, N.B.. Aug. 25 Grace Lenzcyk of Moscow. Safe in Romania, Popivoda at- tacked Tito and other top Yugoslav leaders for their nationalistic view- point and asserted they had. turn- ed the secret police against "honest Communists" in Yugoslavia. "If the present leaders of the party continue their nationalist line, which can lead only to the death of our party." Popivoda said, "forces jn our people and party will arise which will bring a new management to power." Newington, Conn., defending champion, Wed- nesday defeated Mrs. T. M. Lock- wood of Montreal 4 and 3 in the second IS-hole round of the Cana- dian ladies' open golf championship, The survivors of Tuesday's .IS- hole match play include i twelve Canadians and four Americans. All Winnipeggers have been elimin- ated. Condemn Tito ROME, Aug. 25 (APj- -Italian newspapers said the Trieste Com- munist party congress approved Tuesday a resolution condemning Marshal Tito and his Yugoslav Communist followers for opposing the Cominform. The final resolution of the con- gress also branded Tito and Ms followers as traitors. Beauty Queen Is Man MODENA, Italy, Aug. 25 (CP) unanimous- ly by the judges of a beauty contest held near here, the winner doffed a dazzling red wig, wiped off the enhancing lipstick and rouge and revealed a. 19-year-old male student. Jackpot LONG BEACH, Au'g-. 25 Frederick .11- Isley and his brother Eugene, 4, won't have to eat oiiite so much breakfast food anymore to get the comic ring in each package. They hit the jackpot box contained 120 rings and about a cupful of cereal. KIDNAPPINGS MAY END Two More Shootings o At German Frontiers BERLIN, Aug. more shooting affrays at zonal frontiers have punctuated the east-west tug- of-war in. Germany, police reported Wednesday. Both victims were Ger- mans. German police headquarters for western Berlin said persons in Rus- sian uniform shot and wounded a German woman Tuesday night at a boundary dividing the western zones of Berlin from the surround- ing Soviet occupation zone. The cause was not known. Bavarian border authorities said German police from the Russian ione Monday shot and killed a Ger- man agent of the United States army. They said the incident oc- curred at; Fuerth Amsberg, a Bavarian town in the American zone. Meantime, In Berlin, the Soviet news agency said ]Maj.- Gen. Alexander Kotikov, com- mandant, fired at new blast :it the. city council, charging it "No Butter Pinch Before February" REGINA, Aug. 25 (CP) People should not be concern- ed about butter supplies be- tween now and February be- cause there cannot possibly be .a shortage before that time, Rt. Hon. J. G-. Gardiner, federal agriculture minister, said here Wednesday. Mr. Gardlriiir was in the .city visiting Prairie Farm Rehabili- tation Administration and Prai- rie Farm Assistance act offices. with making decisions which disrupted' the "normal activities of the policu force" and con- tributed to the operations of black-market The curb-side black market on the Russian side of the Potsdamer Platx has disappeared for the after a series of raids See BERLIN Page 8 OTTAWA. Aug. 25 (Special) While ihe prices commission con- tinued its patient probe inlo in- dustries supplying Hie public with consumer goods, and Ihe Canadian Congress or Labor announced officers were seeding n. personal interview with Prime Minister Kinj.', to discuss the effect of soar- ing prices on workers and their families, signs were apparent Hint the cost of living index is due for another boost, when the position ns nt the beginning of August is tabulated. Higher food prices wore con- tributing to ilie expected higher cost of living index figure
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