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Winnipeg Free Press Newspaper Archive: August 18, 1945 - Page 1

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   Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - August 18, 1945, Winnipeg, Manitoba                             FINAL EDITION g ss VOL. PAGES. rises 6.21. sets 20.42. Moon rises 1732. sets 1.09. WINNIPEG, AUGUST is, 1945 rises 6.12. acts Moon rises 18.32. tcU 1.51. WARM KEEPS DETAILS SECRET Jap Kwantung Army Surrender mmn No Let- in Burma Up Yet Fight London, Aug. 18. Japanese surrender envoy was on tlie way to the Red army headquarters in Siberia today and the capitulation of Japan's defiant Kwantung army appeared imminent. The official Russian Khabarovsk radio announced the Kwantung army's peace move this morning, 10 days after tl.s Soviets sent their three Far Eastern armies crash- ing across the Siberian frontier into Manchuria and Korea. Marshal Alexander M. Vassi- levsky, Soviet army commander in the Far East, was revealed to have sent Russian planes to Har- bin, Manchuria, to bring back the Japanese army's chief ot staff for a personal interview at his head- quarters. The Khabarovsk announcement said Vasilevsky's envoys landed on the Harbin.airfield at 7.30 p.m. to- day (5.30 a.m., Ordered at Headquarters It said Vasilflvsky had ordered the Japanese to have their chief of staff. Lieutenant General Hata, at Soviet headquarters "not later than the morning of Aug. 19." "I have given orders to Soviet forces to cease military operations immediately on all sectors of the front after all operations have stopped on your Vasilevsky informed the Japanese. The announcement came on the heels of the Russian disclosure that Soviet amphibious forces were storming ashore at a number of new points on the Korean coast in a drive to envelop the Kwantung army. Seize Coastal Ports Russian amphibious units already had seized the Korean coastal ports of Yuki, Rashin and Seishm, 90, 100 and 140 miles south of Vladivostok. The new seaborne drives apparently were aimed at expanding that foot- hold and thrusting inland to seal off the base of the Korean peninsula. Almost 500 miles to the other Soviet forces struck hard toward the Yellow sea coast in a bid to complete the envelopment from that direction. The southern wing of Marshal Rodion Y Malinovsky's-trans-Baikal army captured the Jehor province city of Chihfeng, 150 miles west of the seacoast. after a lightning, 120- RUSSIANS Continued on Page 8, Column 4 Rangoon, Aug. 18. ese troops in Burma are unlikely to surrender until the Japanese envoys meet with Gen. MacArthur in Manila, official sources said today. It was reported that British forces have received no orders concerning their procedure when the enemy surrenders, and presumably these orders were dependent upon details of MacArthur's conference with the Japanese. The British 4th corps, covering the Sittang river front, is dropping surrender leaflets. High officers re- ported their surrender appeal to the Japs was so touching thai Japanese translators wept while transcribing There have been no casualties since the emperor's acceptance of Allied terms, and at present there is no contact with the Japanese United Kingdom and Indian troops wre under orders to undertake only defensive measures. During the three weeks following Jap attempts to break out to the east, which began July 20. British regulars and Burmese troops, of the newly formed 12th army killed Japanese troops while guer- rillas eliminated During the 11 weeks existence of the 12th army its troops killed a total of more than 20.000, and took prisoners. The guerrillas ac- counted for of the total killed while patriotic Burmese forces killed Third Anniversary Of Dieppe Battle (By The Canadian Press) Three year? ago tomorrow the beaches of Dieppe ran red with the blood of Canadian soldiers. Sunday, Aug. 10, is the third anni- versary of the furious, nine-hout battle in which men of the 2ru. Canadian division tested the strength of the German defences at French Channel port. The "reconnaissance in force was, costly for the men of the divi- sion who participated. In all killed, 608 were wounded and were listed as .missing or taken MANCHURIA MAKSHAU, IS Halifax Rioting Probe Puts Blame On Navy Manila, Aug. 18. (AP) Japan officially informed General MacArthur tonight that surrender emissaries would leave Japan on Sunday morning weather a headquarters spokesman said they would be flown straight from le island, off Okinawa, to Manila. The, official Japanese mossasy. said the emissaries would ar- rive at le about 1.20 p.m. Sun- day (11.20 p.m., Saturday, C.D.T.) Meantime, preparations con- tinued under unusual secrecy for holding the momentous preliminary peace conference in ;his army city. Headquarters con- tinued to decline to reveal where Gen. MacArthur would meet the emissaries or give any other ad- vance details. An American plane will pick up the emissaries from two green- crossed white Japanese transports at le and is expected to reach Manila at or 8 o'clock that night (6 or 7 a.m. C.D.TJ. A spokesman said the Japanese credentials would be examined that but that the conference with Gen-. MacArthur would not start until Monday. The flight to Manila will require 5% to six hours after whatever de- lay is involved in the le transfer and takeoff. Two Planes Tokyo said the envoys would de- part in two planes from Kisarazu airdrome, southeast of Toyko, at 7 a.m. (5 p.m. Saturday, C.D.T.) Gen. MacArthur had specified that one plane be used, and. that it should depart from Sata Misaki on the southern tip of Kyushu island. The new Japanese message said the two planes unarmed, twin engined, single winged land attack aircraft would fly over Sata Misaki and gave a detailed schedule for the flight from that point to le Shima. It said the planes would bear "markings designated by you" crosses on a white back- ground. Permission For Chance The Japanese apparently also were using different type planes than the one Gen. MacArlhur de- signated: "Zero type, i.iodel 22- L2D3." The general however had said they could make such a change. By CHESTER BLOOM Ottawa, Aug. 18. rioting and looting of liquor stores, warehouses and- retail stores in Halifax- during the V-B day celebrations of Mav 7 and 8, in'the opinion of Mr. Justice L. Kellock, royal commissioner, it the Allied high com- mand" learned valuable lessons, which were applied in subsequent landings on the coasts of Europe. May Be Liberated Manila, Aug. 18. Jonathan Wainwright who suc- ceeded Gen. Douglas MacArthur on Corregidor in 1942 and negotiated the American surrender, may be liberated by the .Russian armies driving into Manchuria, it was re- vealed today.__________________ Special Group to Arrange Canadians' Repatriation headquarters liaison group lisht tnat a and 15 N.C.O.'s is leaving here immediately by air for to arrange to repatriate Canadian pnsoners_ofjvar_nei_ which fought the "lostJE defence of Hong Kong before the crown col- ony surrendered to the Japanese Christmas Day, 1941. The repatriation liaison group leaving here will be commanded by Lt-Col M. W. MacNault, of defence headquarters, who has per- sonal knowledge of the Winnipeg Grenadiers and the Royal Rifles of Canada and is a former command- ing officer of the Sherbrooke Fus ilier Regiment. Canadian prisoners of war have been scattered throughout camps in Japan. There are said to be 376 in or near Hong Kong, while in Japan proper there are by the Japanese. A statement said Canadian of- ficers will visit the Japanese ae- tention camps when it is possible and wit! send full details to Ot- tawa Next-of-kin in Canada will be provided with all information available by the speediest route. As soon as possible, the men will be moved to camps in or near Manila and given food, medical care where required and comforts and other amenities essentially Canadian, such as cigarettes books and papers. They will be brought up to date on -news developments from Canada. Most of the Canadians held pris- oner by the Japanese are men of Winnipeg Grenadiers and the _ i i-k f t n IinitQ Roval Rifles of Canada, the units mostly in camps PRISONERS Jb UKUOK3. ContinuedIon were due to these principal factors: l_Failure on the part of the naval j command in Halifax to plan ade- quate programmes to occupy the minds and time of the service per- sonnel; to keep them off the streets instead of wandering about aim- lessly. and continuance of the disorders were due to failure of the naval command to put down the initial disorders on May 7 and B. insufficiency of the police forces; service and civ- ilian employed. Likewise, their faulty direction on both days "and the passive conduct" of the nava] command in allowing naval per- sonnel to continue unchecked on the afternoon of May 8, without taking any steps." said Judge Kel- lock "to deal with the situation unti] a very late hour when the disorders had begun to play themselves out. explain the length of time during which the disturbance continued. REPORT EXHAUSTIVE AND DETAILED The royal commissioner's report is most exhaustive and detailed, occupying 61 printed pages with extracts from evidence taicen from various witnesses. Judge Kellock dismisses as quite insufficient reason suggestions that the rioting was due to discontent of service personnel with Halifax conditions; or that the damage was premeditated and in the nature 01 vengeance. Evidence produced on this point was: "Evidence was tendered as U what had been done in Halifax in the way of entertainment, recrea tion and welfare of service per sonnel stationed in the city, mainly by voluntary work which reacnea large proportions." says the roya' commissioner who then fidds: "As no satisfactory evidence of the existence of anv state of dis on the part of service per onnel toward the citizens of Hall Government Will Pay Riot And Blast Damages Ottawa, Aug. 18. government has released findings of official investigations into two major blows that befell the Halifax-Dartmouth area within 10 weeks._________ 1. Mr. Justice R. L. Kellock had reported his belief that the "dis- orders" that accompanied V-E cele- brations May 7-8 originated in the "failure on the part of the naval command at Halifax" to plnn for keeping their personnel off the streets of the cit.y. A naval board of inquiry found it was impossible to determine the exact cause of the initial fire and explosion at the naval magazine in Dartmouth July 18-19. and that it was "unable to attribute direct riots, and those under his com- mand in the war. The navy minister, in releasing the explosion report, announced: 1. He and Hon. C. D. Howe, munitions minister, have appointed an independent committee of ex- plosive experts to examine the his- tory of the magazine in Dartmouth its design, the suitability of build- ings and facilities, the safety pre- cautions and methods of disposal blame to any person or P ersons. Hsley. fax has been given. I onsider it necessary to did hear not the UIIHIU.C-1 t j I nroferred evidence (of the citizens voluntary It woulrt merely go one step further ir establishing lack of basis for dis- rontent. i "I have no doubt that individual? nave had trying experiences in Crowded continued Kellock's report, "as other people lave experienced discomfort during the war in othe" crowded centre? of population. If there were in fact I any underlying feeling of resent- ment on the part of service per- sonnel in Halifax. May 7th or 8th he evidence failed to establish it. or that it had anything to do with finance minister, announced that the government had decided .to pay compensation on an ex gratia basis tor the damage to property directly resulting from either and said "looting of stock in trade will be regarded as damage to property." The explosion, or actually ex- plosions, rocked the twin citie? time after time and forced thous- ands to flee their homes in fear of a repetition of the disastrous blast of 1917. In a 61-page report on the dis- orders, Mr. Justice Kellock of the supreme rourt appointed a royal commissioner, blamed their devel- opment and oonfimiBnre on the "failure of the nnyal command to put down initial disorders on each of the two days." Hon. Douglas Abbott, navy min- ister, in a statement said discipli- nary action has been taken within the navy. He urged that the dis- orders not be allowed to obscure the "truly great services" of Rear Admiral L- W. Murray, naval chief in northwest Atlantic until the of ammunition. 2. Rear-Admiral V. C.B.E., commanding he Lays Blame on Naval Ratings The report lays the blame for thF mostlv on naval ratines and "ome force army participants.. The air personnel is given a clean HALIFAX PROBE Continued on Page 11. Column U.S. Casualties Hit j Washington, Aug. 18. (AP) Icombat casualties reported by the i1 United Slates army and navy reach -d 1.070.138 yesterday, a rise of last week's report. The navy casualty report ac for 1.304 of the increase nd the army for the remainder The war department, said the 1 army casualties, as received Washington through Aug. 14, totalled The navy total is G. Brodeur. officer on the Pacific coast, has been ap- pointed acting inspector-general of naval ordnance charged with in- quiring further into the condition at the magazine and to review the condition of all naval magazines in Canada. Japs Surrendering In Bougainville Melbourne, Aug. 18. tralian army reports said that Japanese officers, carrying white flags, waded the' Mivo river in southern Bougainville at noon, today, to meet Australian officers who had been waiting there for several days. The Jjipanese officers were ex- pected to recross the river later today, returning to their head- quarters with surrender instruc- tions from Lt.-Gen. Stanley G Savidge, Australian commender. U.S. Meat Plans Worrying Ottawa By CHESTER BLOOM Ottawa, Aug. 18. Associated Press despatch from Washington crediting U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Assocjatea r-tcss Anderson with having said he believed it might be possible mura as saying his forces were to terminate meat rationing in the_United_States in September, that part of the has caused deep misgivings in to the United Ottawa government circles. Kingdom up to last spring, when Tch asked also that the Japanese Though the government nas no intention at the moment of aban- doning its plans to go ahead witb rationing neat, to householders in September, the abandonment ot meat rationing simultaneonslv by the United States would make the black market situation in Canada Hmost uncontrollable. There is a great difference be- tween the rr.ea'. situation in the United States and Canada at the moment for readily explainable reasons, according to officials of the federal meat board. In the first place, the United States had almost fifteen million men in the armed forces and an- cillary forces associated with the army, navy and air forces. The main export of meat from was me case wmi jn addition, the ae- _______ meat commitments Gen. Chiang release the abroad were made direct to the ..young marshal" Chang Hsueh- United Kingdom, and out of those Jjans under detention since he and shinments. our army forces abroad 1t, Communists held Gen. Chinng the for "United States to the millions of Europe was U.S. armed 1UI LUC men there and in Europe. What- ever surplus was available, above the U.S. shipments under lend- ii_c v .kj. sun ciiuci biic Ji. f lease were cut down sharply. to the Communists. The reverse was the case with Jn addition, the Canada. Our abroad were shipments, our army were supplied. The American army in the Paci- fic had been complaining bitterly that the U.S. forces there short of meat, that the meat line" to the were suit that the "acific supply "pine-line" is now presumed tojje from the U.S. to the Pacific MEAT RATIONING Continued on Page 8, Column 2 Japs To Reach Sunday While Gen. MacArthur, flanked by newly arrived British, American, 4-Australi'an and Chinese military leaders, had awaited Japan's reply to his "without further delay" ulti- matum for the envoy schedule, the Japanese many hours earlier had reported that its representatives would leave Sunday, without de- signating any hour for departure. Then the official channel fell mark- edly silent for a long period. The Japanese said the envoy planes, after passing over Sata Misaki, would proceed via Nakano, Takara and Tori islands to le. They will fly at to feet alti- tude. The message also gave their planes' call signs and radio fre- quency and asked for le's call sign and frequency. The Japanese message giving the envoy schedule was interpreted by some as indicating the Japanese had abandoned hope of further stalling peace negotiations. Pamphlet Campaign From Okinawa today Associated Press correspondent Richard Cush ing disclosed a campaign with pamphlets, quoting the emperor is anderway to induce Japanese on "ther Ryukyu islands to surrender Pamphlets were dropped by plane yesterday for 250 Japanese garrisoned on Aka Shima in the Kerama group due west of southern MACARTHUR Continued on Page 8, Column 4 Communists Defying Chiang Chungking, Aug. 18. munist defiance of Gen. Chiang Kai-shek continued yesterday, bul ;t was believed here that his troops i-oon would regain control of Nan king and Shanghai, despite the re- ported Communist bid for those vital Japanese-occupied oities. Communist Gen. Chu Teh issued to Lt.-Gen. Yasuji Okamura. Commander-in-chief of the Japan- ese expeditionary forces in China. General Douglas MacArthur is shown with his favorite cob pipe The general is facing a busy week-end in prcparaUon for the formal conference with the Japanese surrender mission. Declares Jap Surrender Caught Big 4 Unprepared London, Aug. 18. official utterances clearly indicated that the suddenness of the Japanese surrender caught the Big Four nations only partially prepared to cope with the innumerable complex problem.s concerning the future pattern of Asia, which officials agreed would be more important than Europe in maintaining Mercury Hits 96 on Friday TEMPERATURE READINGS Low during the night 130 a.m., Aug. 18th 9.30 ajn., Aug. I8th 11.30 a.m., Aug. 18th This day last year Temperature comparisons may not be any consolation after a sweltering, sizzling day like Fri- day. But at least, Winnipeggers can have the satisfaction of know- ng that they have lived through Jie second of the hottest days in over nine years and the hottest :ity in Canada for the day. The thermometer climbed up to a 96-degree maximum on the same climax that it reached in July of this year at one point. Pavements had that soft squashy feeling on sun had that same burning citizens will remember from the hot July days of 1936. In that summer, the maximum officially was over 100 degrees between July fifth and seventeenth. It is not often that August sets the record for the did happen in 1942 and away back in 1931. For three hours on Friday, from 3 o'clock till well after 6. the ther- mometer quivered at the 96 degree maximum. And the forecast does not bode much cooler weather for Saturday. Fair and decidedly warm, with probably a few scat- tered thundershowers, is the weatherman's verdict. Sunday it will be slightly cooler. ChunEikngr, Aug. 18. (AP) The Chinese 1st army, veterans, of the Burma campaign, entered Canton today and will accept formal surrender of Japanese forces in south China tomorrow, and plans were under way for overall surrender of Japanese troops in China.________________ lequesting the surrender to the Communists of all Japanese forces except those troops of your com mand surrounded by the K'lomin- tang (central governmentl armies." This was in conflict with the in- tructions issued by Gen. Chiang's war zone commanders to Japanese iroops to cease military activities immediately and to await further instructions. (A Tokyo broadcast recorded by Assocjated Press quoted Oka- ces were "nl- cessation of pan of the 1 Ul I surrender their planes and warships Jn addition, the de- the Communists hostage 
                            

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