Friday, May 18, 1945

Winnipeg Free Press

Location: Winnipeg, Manitoba

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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - May 18, 1945, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION VOL. PAGES. Sun rises, 5.38; sun sets. 21.10. Moon 12.16; moon sets, 2.50. WINNIPEG, FRIDAY, MAY 18, 1945 HIMMLER'S HATCHET MAN IS CAPTURED Wearing their distinctive robes, the learned company of faculty members and graduating students walked, in procession to the civic auditorium Friday, to attend the annual convocation of the Univer- sity of Manitoba. Top inset, a group of dignitaries, left to right, Mr. Justice H. A. Bergman, chairman of the university's board of governors- Hon. J. C. Dryden, minister of education; Hon. R. F. McWilHams lieutenant-governor, who received an honorary degree, and Mr. Justice A. K. Dysart. chancellor of the university. Lower inset. Two of the recipients of honorary degrees are shown in this group which includes, left to right. Dr. Thorbergur Thorvaldson, professor of chemistry at. the University of Saskatchewan: Dean H. -4.U n .n-fc. n Ti r3 TJr S'iHnpv professor of chemistry at. trie university 01 oasKaicniiwau; .ueau .ra. H Saunderson of the faculty of arts and science; Dr. Sidney E. Smith, president-elect of the University of Toronto and formerly for 10 years president of Manitoba university, and Dr. W. J. Snence. registrar of the "university. Dr. Smith became Doctor of J. Spence, registrar of the university, ur. amnn oecame of Laws; Dr. Thorvaldson, Doctor of Science. Groups of graduates are shown in the surrounding pictures, with arts at top left; education, top right; engineering, lower left; and commerce, lower right. Mary Sank Escort 338 Casualties f London, Mav IS of naval disasters of the war was revealed last sinking of the British cruiser Curacao by the liner Queen Mary Oct. 2, 1942, when she was carrying Unit- ed States troops to Britain. In thick fog the Queen Mary collided at right angles with the cruiser which was acting as escort. The cruiser was cut through, being carried a considerable distance with one halt on each side of the giant liner. In five minutes the Curacao had sunk. Rescue measures were switt, but "5TR nadlnl tiPS Of! ____ _ Responsible custodians of the democratic tradition, the 1945 graduates of the University of at convocation in auditorium, Friday, there were 338 casualties of. whom 25 were 'officers. The disaster took place in the afternoon nearly 20 miles northwesl of the Bloody Foreland off the coast of Donegal in Eire. According to the Daily Express yesterday dependents of the men who Manitoba the civic were challenged by Hon. R. F. Mc- 'Williams, lieutenant-governor, to svoid the mistake of thinking that the role ahead of them -would be easy. He urged them to go for- ward. manfully resolved to help in reconstructing the world, deter- mined to defend all that was bes, in the past, ambitious to make Canada worthy of its great in- (about nase will come up in high cour June 12. It will, the paper said be an outstanding case in maritime history and may last several months as witnesses will have to come from fill over the world. The newspaper added that the Queen Mary suffered only slight damage and had no casualties. The Curacao was a cruiser of 700 tons. She was included in a long list of British naval vessels lost durin Canada worthy of its great the war up to May 8 issued by the heritance and worthy of the sacri- These losses are in ad- fices made to defend it. dition to others announced from Many factors combined to make to timo durjng the war, but the convocation ceremony pom tfa were not Disclosed at the time colorful and memorable, faunugnt believed the enemy were played on the procession taries as it moved along Memorial taries as it of In addition to tne uuracao, uue boulevard, outlined the figures 01 inciudes 10 destroyers, eight the chancellor, the president the one escort carrier, two uric members, of e 4 Via Trm tnFPSS wiJ-iicw i- presentetives of the armed iorces. three allxiliary boardmg wgomen, vessels, two.-minelayers. 13 mine- macy and other resplendent uiju vjwu-j. bols of the world of learnina. The great assembly in the audi- torium was proud to honor four out- standing Canadians: a statesman a champion of the cause of education, a poet and a scientist. A warm welcome was accorded to a former president, whose endeavors had been largely responsible for bring- ing the institution safely through one of the most difficult periods in its history. Still In Training Students in Canadian universi- ties will continue to regard them- selves as in training for active ser- vice until the final end of the war with victory in the Far East, said President H P Armes. who- pre- sided In co-operation with the af- filiated colleges, the university will do its full part in helping to give training to those whb have served Canada so well, he pledged President Armes expressed the university's appreciation of the work done by the graduates who. he observed, had carried through their courses despite the-stress of war years, which had added to their duties and curtailed their pleasures. While strictly fulfilling all its war- time responsibilities, the university has witnessed an increase in the number of students and has con- tinued activities in the fields of advanced studies and research. He expressed gratitude to the organ- izations anfl-individual citizens who established endowments at the uni- versity during the past academic Presenting Hon. R. F. McWilliams, Dean T. W. Laidlaw of the Manitoba law school, observed, in part, that; he has "performed his duties as lieutenant-governor with dignity and a sense of responsibility which has earned for him the whole- hearted respect of the people of this province." Dr Sidney E. Smith will take over .the post of president of the Univers- CONVOCATION Continued .on Page 3. Column 8 British Election Blackburn, Lanes., Eng.. May IS. (Reuters) Emanuel Shmwell, member of the Labor party, de- clared here last night there was little doubt that Britain's general election would be deferred until autumn. .lawiuE of the facts. In addition to the Curacao, the su, armed merchnat cruisers, one sloop. Id 4V fc-J-UAl.. At the time Curacao was rammed, more than American troops were on board the Queen Mary, were on o which was travelling all-out for the Clyde with an escort of two cruis- ers The look-out man raised the alarm that a suspected U-boat had been sighted on the port bow ahead Immediately the great liner wheeled round to starboard to take avoid- ing action and at the same moment Curacao was racing towards the submarine. Travelling at nearly 30 knots the liner crashed full tilt into the cruiser. Nothing could have withstood such a shock. The Queen Marv could not stop to pick up survivors but tore on al accident did not interrupt the Queen Mary's regular sailings. Tem- porary repairs were carried out at Greenock and a new bow was fitted on to the liner when she went back to New York. n r< r Part For France o Washincton May 18 (BUP) mountain area to the southwest, President Truman today reaffirmed i to French Foreign Minister Georges cupation in Germany.' Carrier Disaster Revealed In U.S. of the "men Washington, May 18. Ben has come back lost their lives nave made from the most terrible U.S. ship disaster in this war and will 5 against the Cunard company, f.gfat Behind her jn the pacific she left more than The casualties. It was the heaviest price thus far paid by an American fighting ship in Arch Dale Book Pleases Readers Many Canadian public men have enjoyed the cartoons of themselves drawn by Arch Dale. So has the public. Mr. Dale's third book of se- lected cartoons, featuring John Bracken, leader' of the Pro- gressive Conservative party and candidate for Neepawa in the dominion election and M. J. Coldwell, leader of the Co operative Commonwealth Federation, is now on sale for 25 cents. It may be purchased in the stationery departments of the Hudson's Bay company and the T Eaton company, limited: at trie circulation department of the Free Press, and most news- stands. Orders can be filled by phoning the circulation de- partment of this 906643. In the the book will be delivered by carrier. People living .outside Winnipeg may order the book by mail, postpaid, at the same price. Indian Troops Clearing Jap Pockets In Burma Calcutta, May 18 (BUP) Troops of the Indian 5th division are making good progress in clearing last pockets of Japanese resistance from the west banks of the Sittang river in lower Burma, a communi- que said today. A general Jap witharawal south coward Moulmein on the east side of 'the river was indicated. The communique said large numbers-of the enemy troops appeared to be in poor physical condition. Japanese troops in Pegu Yomas, World War II. It was twice the cost of the entire battle of- the coral sea. Big Ben is the U.S.S. Franklin. carrier. An hour after dawn. March 18, she stood 60 miles off Japan, poised to strike with other units of Vice-Admiral Marc A few. minutes later she was a volcanic chaos of burstine bombs, flaming gasoline and exploding rockets and gun ammunition. By nightfall she counted her heroes high in the hundreds, her dead at 341. her missine at 431. and her wounded at more than 300. After steaming 12.000 miles un- der her own power. Big Ben is at the Brooklyn navv vard. A Japanese bomber caught the .1 10 were full and flowing, and its bomb and rocket stores exposed .Complement of Of the ship's complement of more than 2.500 sailors and men of air group 13, at least 700 survived to sail the carrier from the scene of disaster, and hundreds were re- moved and kept in the Pacific. 'The Japanese reported Big Ben sunk, and the navy admits that "she should by all accounts have cone to the bottom." Big Ben shook off the tow lines of friendly ships, she had drifted within 38 miles of the Jap- anese home island of Shikoku. At U.S.S. FRANKLIN Continued on Page 4. Column 5 Navy Losses AH Known ni J fu spokesman said here yesterday that with announcement Wednesday of the loss of the destroyer Skeena all Canadian naval losses to date now have been' disclosed. The navy also rere being mflictea oy sea as Mitsui and Mitsu- Allied Supreme Headquarters, Paris, May 18. winter plot to assassinate Gen. Eisenhower, one of the top military secrets for months, was disclosed yesterday Avith the capture of a giant pro- fessional political kidnapper, Lieut.-Col. Otto Skorzeny. The fact that Skorzeny, 35-year-old Austrian hatchetman for Gestapo Chief Heinrich Eimmler, had been taken prisoner by the U.S. 7th army was confirmed by Allied supreme headquarters. Skorzeny, six feet four inches tall, leader of the raiding party which freed Mussolini from Allied custody in Italy in Sep- tember, 1943, was captured in the Arl valley by American troops. He had been picked up once before in a surrender and then turned loose by a soldier who failed to recognize his importance. His picked gang of assassin., kept the whole western front in a sta'e of alert for months last winter during and after the Ardennes_ bat- tle, for the group had the mission of 'assassinating Gen. Eisenhower He also was credited -with kid- napping Admiral Horthy during the Hungarian crisis. Until yesterday. Skorzeny was 'he top secret of the headquarters security list. Most of this story except his capture was submitted to censorship last February and was'held by authorities until this release. Special School Set Up In preparation for the Ardennes offensive, the Nazis set up a special school near Berlin last September, .hree months before the attack was scheduled. They then sent a call out through the army for all German soldiers of adventurous character who spoke English, either with an Am- erican or British accent. At the same time they ordered all captured American equipment and uniforms to be sent to the school. After weeks of training by the S.S.. the men selected from the army were weeded down to a bat talidn. All those discarded were threatened with death if they ever revealed a word of what went on. The selected battalion was head- ed by Skorzeny on personal orders of Hitler and Himmler. The battalion was broken up into :ask forces. The missions of these iorces were varied. But special small groups of desperate men were sent deep into rear areas with mis- sions to commit major sabotage and assassinate key American generals. Learned General Plan Skorzeny himself .was believed to have .the mission of killing the supreme Allied commander. Luck- ily, early in the Ardennes battle, American troops captured a small party of these men and in rigid questioning learned the genera] plan and took steps to thwart it. The captured Germans said it was Skorzeny's plan to have a mixed party of .Germans dressed in Amer- can and German uniforms and when stopped, those in American uniforms would say they were tak- ng high German officers to head- quarters for questioning. In this Tories Will Back 30 Independents quarters for questioning, in this Montreal, May IS. (Special) way they hoped to get close enough progressive Conservative party, to_Gen. Eisenhower to kill him. nominated .27 party t was ed that the plan was I WclS, Dlcdullmu 11101 JJltlll vvcaa discarded because Skorzeny found out that it was not succeeding. Ley Asks To Be Shot Sixth U.S. Army Group Head- quarters, Germany, May 18. (BUP) other units of Vice-Admiral Marc quarters, Germany, May 18. (BUP) Mitscher's task force 58 at remnants Hobert Ley. former German c of .the Japanese fleet in the inland labor front leader, told his Am- c erican captors today to shoot him J, Liicli. lllult; would be said 'the one-time A tJ Arrested Moscow, May 18. _..... Hacha. puppet president of Bo- A Japanese bomber oauenr tne Hacha puppet president of Bo- "-yu carrier at the moment of greatest hernia-Moravia who signed over p J A clrdin vulnerability when its planes were Czechosiovakia to Hitler in 1939. Camillien Houde P. J I. ara being launched, its gasoline lines been arrested in a round-up L, accused of collaboration destroyed. Still Daylight Saving Ottawa, May 18 ment officials said yesterday there appeared little likelihood of an early lifting- of daylight saving time Joe Munn of Hialeah, Florida, is shown at top left with one of the bull pit terriers which nttaCKed. and killed Mn, DorenaZinke SassSatataIc1kIbyahis bottom picture shows the dogs m the Miami city pound, where they arc to be Woman Dies After Attack By Nine Bull Pit Terriers Miami, FJa., May 13. state and county investigations were launched yesterday into the death of Mrs. Doretta Zinke, 39, who died within SO minutes after a mass attack by nine bull pit tcrricrs._________________________. Joe Munn, 43, of Hialeah, owner _, Might Have Quelled Riot regulations. candidates in Quebec for the federal election, has announced that it will support, in addition, 30 independent candidates. In making public the party de- :ision to support independent :andidates, Paul Lafontaine, pro- of the dogs, was held on a charge of manslaughter. Leon 'Shaffer of the state at- torneys' office said he had found "several discrepancies" m Munns story of the strange episode. Mutilated from head to foot but still conscious, Mrs. Zinke was found at 9 o'clock last night by two SliVlill v party candidates and the rest will NAZI PLOT party candidates ana me rest win Continued on Page 2. Column 4 be independents. In five counties certain candi- will not oppose certain candi- who will run there. For we have received CAPI F-nil delegations from all counties and that" nonular discovered that popular p J amillien Houde P. J I. Roy ind Frederic Dorion. The party Prp- will Unofficial Jap Peace Feelers Meet No Success San Francisco, May 18. Japanese peace offer Britain and the United States has been received through a .Britain nnu tins -4. Soviet diplomatic channel, it was reported on good authority last night, but it was undersood the Allies will not take cog- izance of the offer as it _fails to negotiatjons for cessation of the war, with the possibility of over- throw- of the Japanese militarist 11 jSiallL-c ui. Ljiii ulfil unconditional surrender con- Ottawa, May 18. navy ditions. The offer was understood to have taken to Moscow in a memor- by a number of Japanese apparently nationals. The memorandum government. The memorandum is understood to have suggested Japan would be willing to give up her conquest, but the offer was based on main- tenance of the Emperor in the Con- stitution. It offered a complete re- versal of Japanese policy, including free elections for a democratic, gov- ernment. SllJWfJCU tjj lonely field outside Miami Springs i pcred when the soldiers asked what happened. Mrs Zinke retained consciousness long enough to dictate a will, leav- ing everything to her son, Sgt. H. M. Zinke. County solicitor Robert Taylor "aid he would prosecute the cose "to the full extent of the law" but acknowledged that final disposition of the charges against Munn were in doubt. Taylor said the crux of the legal situation surrounding the manslaughter charge against Munn hinged on the word "wilfully, writeen into the Florida state law. Taylor said the state probably would have to prove that the dogs were "wilfully" allowed to run at Ja j-rrg Questioned about the dogs today, Munn was quoted by police as say- ing: "They are a bad strain. They must be destroyed." Candidate List On Pages 12-13 A complete list of the 964 candidates nominated for the riominion ceneral election of June 11 will be found on paces 12 and 13. They are tabulated by provinces and parties for convenient reference. Clip out the rjaees for use on election day. ____________ TEMPERATURE READINGS Low during the niffht...... 7.30 a.m., May 18..... 10.30 a.m., May 18..... l-.Stt p.m., May 18..... This day last year..... 56 -t-59 "The U.S.S: Franklin lies dead in the water, listing slightly to the portside, as flame and smoke the fore part of its fligrit deck, after the aircraft.. carrier was 'hit .by two V: 500-pound armor-piercing bombs from a Jap part in an attack against the Jap fleet in Inland sea 1S45. Crew- members of the stricken ship line the sides V The Franklin is approximately three city blocks long. Halifax, May 18. force of between 300 and 350 service and civilian police might have control- led situation during the the day rjots here jast week if they "had been prepared to go the full limit of the law, that would mean the use of force." So said Assistant Commissioner A. M. Eames of the R.C.M.P. in Nova Scotia yesterday at the open- ing session of the judicial commis- sion investigating the cause and re- sponsibility for the disorders that caused damage estimated unoffic- ially as high as Commis- sioner Eames was on the stand un- til the end of yesterday's hearing before Mr. Justice Roy Kcllock. Carl Bethune, sol.citor for Hali- fax started cross-examination yes- terday afternoon. Later Commis- sioner Eames will be cross-examin- ed by Hugh O'Donnel of Montreal, counsel for the national defence de- partment. Commissioner Eames snid that or the 60 R.C.M.P. personnel in the Halifax nrea, 43 were on requisition loan to the Halifax city police on Monday night and Tuesday. City police had asked for all available men Monday night. The witness said he had had no experience quelling riots in which civilians and service personnel wero intermixed, but he thought 300 to 350 men "might have brought about order if they had used force.1 It would have taken a mixed force service and civilian police to handle the V-E day mob here. "Did the servicemen complicate the asked Mr. Bethune. "I would think witness re- PAs'a result two meetings civic R.C.M.P. and service police in anticipation of V-E day it had been understood "that each service force would look after its own. and the city police force would be re- sponsible Housing Situation Becoming Worse With June fast approaching and more eviction notices due to be- come effective, the housing situ- ation is becoming progressively worse, C. Argue, chief of the city s housing registry office, 521 Mc- Intyre block, said Friday. His main trouble was finding places for families, he declared. "The attitude seems to be that so far as youngsters are concerned, they can go and sleep In a barn, Mr. Argue said. Daily, he receives new applica- tions for shelter, while those who already have their applications in keep coming back in the hope that something may fcave been found for them. "They're really trying on their own, Mr. Argue said.