Winnipeg Free Press, February 6, 1945

Winnipeg Free Press

February 06, 1945

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Issue date: Tuesday, February 6, 1945

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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - February 6, 1945, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION Winnipeg Free Press VOL. PAGES. Sun rises, sun uets. 18.30. Moon rises, moon sets, WINNIPEG, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1945 COLD. RUSSIAN BRIDGEHEADS SPAN THE ODER Owen Sound, Ont., Feb. Case, one-time Liberal, who challenged the dominion government on its conscription policy, yesterday Avon Grey North constituency for the Progressive Conservatives with a cleeisi by-election victorv Minister McNaughton, Liberal candidate, and Result Of Voting Spurs Talk Of General Election By CHESTER BLOOM Ottawa. Feb. 6. over the effect the victory of Garfield Case in Grey North will have on a general election is at white heat in Ottawa. Prime Minister King, in a statement, made it clear that there will be no session of par- liament now before a general election. Also, as Mr. King said, the attitude of the opposition parties in the by-election campaign made ;t a question whether they have not made a general election inevitable. How soon, is debatable. But beyond all questions of a parliamentary session, or when a general election may be held, is the net effect on all Progressive ele- ments Canada of the Conserva- tive party comeback in Grey North. Mr. King emphasized the servative victory was the splitting of the vote of those "who are op- posed to reactionary forces." Unquestionably, another factor was the incendiary article which appeared in L'Action Catholique, the mouthpiece of the hierarchy in Quebec City. The ridiculous alle- gation that the King government was considering Canadian indepen- dence from Britain was published in the French language last Satur- day morning. But it was picked up by the Toronto Globe and Mail iii a hurry and rushed into the BLOOM Continued on Page 8. Column 4 -K -K -K King Doubts New Session Feasible Ottawa, Feb. 6. Minister Mackenzie King said last night in a statement that the result of Monday's Grey North bv-election "raises immediately the question as to whether or not any useful purpose can be served by having another ses- sion of" parliament before a general election." In a 300-word statement, com- GARFIELD CASE Lead to Nation, Says Bracken Ottawa, Feb. 6. (CP) John Bracken, Progressive Conservative national leader, said last night in a statement that the result of Mon- day's Grey North by-election indi- cated that "decisions on military matters must be determined by military needs, not by political ex- Denting on the election of Garfield Case Progressive Conservative, and the defeat of Defence Minister Mc- Naughton. Mr. King said: "As everyone is aware, I have al. along sought to avoid a general elec- tion while our men are fighting the front. "The toy-election has. raised the' question of whether, by their attitude in the present cam- which have of- the government ,arl Godfrey, C.C.F. Less than :wo hours after the polls closed The Canadian Press flashed the victory of the ex-mayor of Owen Sound in a hard-fought contest upon which the political eyes of the entire nation had seen focussed for weeks. Final returns showed Mr. Case with more votes than Gen McNaughton, and more than Mr. Godfrey. The final result, with all 127 polls complete, was: Case McNaughton 6.099. Godfrey In the 1940 general election Wil- liam Telfoid. Liberal, won with a majority over V. C. Por- teous. National Government (Con- and 5.104 over Mr. Case who in that campaign ran as a Na- tional Liberal Progressive. The complete 1940 vote was: Tclford Porteous. Case, 2.434. Despite recent heavy snows in the constituency, more voters turned ou for the by-election than in the North balloting in the March, 1940 general election. Monday's total o' 1G.573 indicated about 70 per cent of the total voting strength of 23.000 made its appearance. In 1940 there were ballots cast, and in the October, 1935. general election there were 17.750 votes. See-Saiv Fight in Beginning First returns last night indicated a see-saw fight between the Pro- gressive Conservative and Liberal candidates, but gradually Mr. Case culled into a lead that grew slowly as reports from the 127 polling divi- sions came in. Until a trend was established, tenseness of the ballot-counting was as great as the pitch of the cam- paign that brought into the riding all federal party leaders directly concerned except Prime Minister Mackenzie King, who at one time threatened to call off the by-elec- tion and now must soon make known when a general election will held. As soon as the Grey North de- cision became known, attention shifted to Ottawa for some indica- tion of immediate plans for the Liberal "overnment. whose defence minister is without n seat in the house commons. The by-election was called when the sitting member, Mr Tclford. resigned to open a seat Konev's Forces Capture Steinau In Big Sweep Through Silesia London, Feb. 6. Germans reported today that the Red irffl.y had thrown three bridgeheads across the Oder 32 to 35 miles from Berlin and had captured the Silesian citadel of Steinau west of the Oder. Marshal Zhukpv's shock troops stormed across the Oder south of Frankfurt and "have seen able to build up two rather small while a bird was- established at Kienitz, .0 miles northwest of Kustrin, a German military spokesman General Douglas MacArthur, pointing, looks over the wreckage of Japanese planes on Mabalacat airfield near Bamban on the road to Manila, Philippines capital, which was entered by the Yanks Sunday. At left is Col. Lloyd Lehrbas, aide to Gen. MacAr'.hur. Speech From Throne Looks To Peacetime Government health services for Manitoba and the appoint- ment of a special board under 1he department of health and public welfare to deal with old age and blind pension problems were highlights of the speech from the thvone at the opening of the legislative session, Tuesday afternoon. pediency." Commenting on the election of Garfielci Case. Progressive Conserv- ative candidate, Mr Bracken's state- ment follows: lead to the nation on the plebiscite. Now they have given a second one on the manpower issue. Their de- cision today will be a great com- fort to the men who are so valiant- ly serving us overseas. "The results indicate three things', first, that when a government takes its people into war it must call upon its manpower fairly, not unfairly: second, that when the nation's sons are called upon to de- fend us in the line of battle, the provision for standing behind them with reinforcements must be ade- quate not stinted: third, that in a matter where the lives of our youth are at stake, there must be an ap- proach to equality cf service and equality of on military matters must be determin- ed by 'military needs, not by poli- tical expediency. "I need not say that I am deeply appreciative of the work of our or- ganization in Grey North and also for the expression of confidence in our policy and in our candidate, Mr. Case, so positively indicated by the electors of that constituency." Not Persona] Victory, Says Case Owen Sound, Ont., Feb. 6. (CP) Case, winner in the Grey North by-election, said last night after the results were known that he did not look upon the victory BRACKEN Continued on Page 8. Column 3 in the by-election have not created and fostered the very circumstances which make a general election in- evitable, and this at what may well prove to be the most critical of all stages of the war. "To this aspect of the situation, the government will give immediate and close attention." Text of Statement Text of Mr. King's statement fol- result of the by-election in Grey North raises immediately the MACKENZIE KING Continued on Page 8. Column 6 for the new minister. Mr King has already snid the call for a general election will come be- GABFIELD CASE Continued on Page 8. Column 4 Party Standing in House of Commons By THE CANADIAN PRESS Party standing in the Canadian house of commons after last night's Progressive Conservative victory in the Grey North by-election: Liberals Progressive Conservatives Defeat Johnson And Wood Rinks Two former dominion championship skips were shunted to the side-lines, Tuesday morning, in the opening draw of the Birks-Dingwall competition in the -Manitoba Curling associ- C.C.F Social Credit Others Vacant Total 156 40 10 10 18 11 24 A tang of the post-war era _lavored the speech, which was read by Hon. R. F. McWilliams, ieutenant-governor, in formally opening the fourth session of the legislature. Pivot points in- cluded: A rural electrification project in three experimental districts; Province wide veterinarian services; Co-ordination of all correc- tional schools under the attor- ney-general's department; All-inclusive rehabilitation schemes for returned men and women; Revision of wage schedules for labor and a stepped-up educational programme. Bills which will be introduced to amend and revise statutes were .isted as well as a new act to pro- vide for the appointment of com- missioners to promote a uniformity of legislation in Canada. The speech emphasized Mani- :oba's high production levels, stat- ng that many previous records lave been 'surpassed, such as beef and pork production The speech said Manitoba's lealth project had been designed .0 fall in .with a dominion health .nsurance plan and was divided into four services: preventive medi- cine; diagnostic facilities free to t all citizens, except in the sense I that they will pay through taxa- tion: curative medicine and hos- pital facilities. 'To prevent disease it is pro- posed to set up health units which will provide a comprehensive disease prevention programme throughout the whole of Manitoba. "Free diagnostic facilities will cover all of the necessary diagnos- tic and laboratory te_sts incidental to the diagnosis of disease, free of cost to the physician or his patient. The initial capital cost of equip- ment will be provided by the prov- ince. The maintenance cost will be divided, the province paying two- thirds and the municipalities paying one-third." For Curative Medicine Local areas will be responsible for the HON. ROBERT HAWKINS Speaker -of the Manitoba legisla ture, was taken to the hospita Tuesday morning with a seven case of grippe and did not presidi at the opening of the legislativi afternoon. Hi r___ ___ by the speaker, N. B. Bachynsky, M.L-A for Fisher. session Tuesday- place was taken ation's 57th annual bonspiel. Leo Johnson, Strathcpna club, was the first to go, bowing out to Jim Irving. Grain Exchange, by a slim 11-10 count in a tight battle played at the Fort Rouge rink. Leo won the British Conpol trophy in last year's spiel. Howard Wood, Granite ace, also was out of the running in the Birks-Dingwall, bowing to a rink to an extra end before nosing out Pepper of Deloraine by an 8-7 count. The second contest was played on Fort Rouge ice, where the LaRivierc foursome, skipped oy Ab Fallis, went into extra play be- fore defeating the Lemon rink from Mackenzie Island, 15-13. The Lemon rink scored a five- ender on the sixlii end, but the LaHiviere boys came right back from Pilot Mound. D. Collins skip- and marked up a six ender on the ped the out-of-towners to the vie- (.jghth, and deadlocked the count tory. The unexpected win also puti 13.13 on xhe tenth, the Collins rink among the fourrl Dr E crossley Hunter, chaplain somes which will bear watching among the 216 out-of-town entries. Two extra enders were chalked up in the morning draw. The first was reported at Strathcona. where Burnell of Strathclair, was forcea of the M.C.A., also went, down to defeat when the Wilde foursome from Fort Garry trounced him 10-7 BONSPIEL Continued on Page 8. Column 5 providing curative medicine, speech revealed, but if and when such areas join the pro- gramme of disease prevention and THRONE SPEECH Continued on Page 4. Column 5 WINDY, TOO Winnipeg Chilled To The Marrow TEMPERATURE READINGS Low during1 the nijrht 7.30 a.m., Feb. 6 10.30 a.m., Feb. 6 1.30 p.m., Feb. fi This day last year A nine-below temperature in Winnipeg from 9.30 to 11.30 a.m., Tuesday, and a 22-miIe-an-hour northeast wind that swept puffs of over the sidewalks made uncomfortable for weather will continue de- cidedly cold, Tuesday night and Wednesday, with strong winds, says the weatherman. The Pas was the snow things trians. The coldest recorded prairie point Mon- aid. The unconfirmed Nazi reports ndicated that in smashes through the Oder river line the lussians have been able to grab Second Siegfried Belt Is Pierced London, Feb. 6 (BUP) Mar- shal Stalin announced tonight that the Red Army had smashed through the Oder river defence line in Silesia on a 50-mile front. Tradition Marks Session Opening Much of the peacetime color o an opening of the legislature wa missing. Tuesday afternoon, wher Manitoba's legislators gathered ti begin their deliberations for tin fourth session of the province's 21s egislature. Members' wives and guests who filled the galleries. followed the ceremony as it proceeded through the traditional practices of a British parliament. The full-dress military uniforms and colorful formal gowns of pre-war days were lacking, but none of those symbolic measures which represent the sovereignty of the people's members over their rulers was relinquished. When Hon. R. F. McWilliams, lieutenant-governor, had read the speech from the throne in the name of the King, foreshadowing those bills and acts which his govern- ment proposed to place before the members, he and his parly with- drew. The mace, symbol of sovereignty, was then returned to the chaniber and the traditional Bill of Defiance was read by Premier Stuart Garson. This bill symbolizes the right of the commons to proceed with any business whatsoever regardless of the requests of the King. After dealing with the appoint- ment of legislative standing com- mittees, adjourned for the day. In attendance on the lieutenant- governor were his two aides: H. G. H. Smith and Major Archie F. Brown.'1 The guard of honor was more or less solid footholds which, if developed, will serve as springboards for a plunge over the last lap of the road to Berlin. The two new bridgeheads across he Oder on the Berlin one at Kienitz xvas reported yester- between and Furstenberg, the military spokes- man was quoted by the Berlin radio. They were located as two or three miles south of the last great citadel before Berlin, which was threatened by any flanking drive Zhukov is able to develop from these reported crossings. The Nazi spokesman said the main Soviet masses already were lighting on the Frankfurt-Kustrin ine of the pder, suggesting that Zhukov's major units had moved up to the river and were ready :o resume the push on Berlin, tem- porarily checked by the Oder de- fences. Triphammer Blows The entire Oder river defence line through Silesia appeared to be crumbling under the triphammer Dlows of Marshal Konev's 1st Ukrainian Army. The fall of Steinau, key city 139 miles southeast of Berlin and 34 northwest of Breslau, was reported in a supplement to the German communique, issued from Hitler's headquarters. It indicated that Konev's forces were well beyond Steinau in reporting that the city's garrison had fought its way through to the German The troops defended Steinan in a heroic struggle for five days against far superior infantry and tank forces of the enemy, the state- ment said, and "only when all ammunition was used up did the gallant garrison light its way through to our lines, according to orders." The Nazi command also reported that Konev had deepened his bridgehead in the Brieg area south- east of Breslau. which already was about a dozen miles wide and deep. A communique said that south- west of Brieg the Soviets pressed deeper into "Silesia "in the face of tough opposition from our troops." The stand-or-die line on which the Germans were pinning their Paris, Feb. 6. of the United States 1st Army slashed into the second concrete belt of German fortifi- cations today to within yards of G'emund and yards of Schleiden, last bastion towns of the Siegfried line. the Roer river. Tw have been captured. The 3rd Arms1, miles deep in Germany. Prum. The' moved back inti the 3rd Army had through the Siegfried line. South of Strasl divisions am Army widened to cut-off corridor wl mar pocket betw and the Vosses German rearguan in a death trap, caving in the pocl up to five miles in a day. the 78th escape. A dozen or more the west towns were taken. hin 1.500 was no word of important 3f the along Field Marshal headwaters 21st Army eroup. A field despatch from Douslas 'o of the Canadian Press war cor- said men of an Ontario fighting seven nany, battalion found capers on a dead German officer which indi- village of the Germans are offeree uthwest of for successful defence c.f tions centre positions against Canadian lans. The paper showed that the andscied. "good work" in intercept- i driven a patrol had brought him a re- ed of 100 cigarettes and two bot- urg. for Amer-the French 1st ive miles their :h split the Col-n the 111 river oothills. where were hemmed he Allies were t with gains of cognac. Rain on Canadian Front With the 1st Canadian Army in Holland, Feb. G. CCP Cold driving rain swept the Canadian army area yesterday after three spring-like days that cleared the fields of snow and began to wash the ice from rivers and canals. The storm followed a clear night which patrols continued one probing of opposing posi- f the road both Canadian and German. ibrisach and the Nijmegen salient patrols cap- 5e was cut four prisoners and killed two boxed Germans, while west of Nrj- the south enemy patrols crossed the s and boats river. Jap Remnants In Manila Encircled Manila. Feb 6. American divisions encircled fanatically resisting Japanese remnants in Manila today, virtu- ally completing the liberation of the Philippines and setting the stage for the next -phase of the march on Tokyo. hopes for Berlin was a successful defence of buckling dangerously along a 70-mile stretch of the Oder the. direct eastern ap- Gen. Douglas MacArthur official- ly proclaimed the fall of Manila capital of the Philippines and larg- est city yet liberated in the Pacific war, and said the motto of his command now was: "On to Tokyo.' He said another American and Allied war prisoners and civ- Manila, P.I., Feb. 6. The business district of Manila was in flames Monday as trap- ped Japanese soldiers put the torch to the Escolta district. ilian internees had been freed yes- terday with the capture of ancient Bilibid prison. (Writing off the eventual loss of Manila, Japanese propagandists heard by the FCC said that the ming of the Americans to Manila ,.as "exactlv what pur side waited for, and our bleeding tactics will now enter the positive preaches" to the capital. Enemy spokesmen indicated the battle was moving swiftly toward a climax. Moscow remained silent on the German reports as well as on another enemy announcement that Red army forces had launched powerful supporting offensives against the upper and lower reaches of the Oder in a double-barrelled attempt to roll up the flanks of the Berlin Into City From South The llth airborne division completed the stranglehold on the battered Japanese garrison in Manila by smashing into the city from the south yesterday after an overnight dash of 35 miles. The 37th infantry division, pouring into the capital from the north, and the first cavalry division, from the east, linked up in the heart of Manila and cleared all of the city Thinks Go-Could Stan Confidence that the co-operative movement in Manitoba would still be able to go ahead although at a slower rate if taxed to the same extent as other businesses, was expressed Tuesday morning by E. B. Chown, manager of the Manitoba Co-operative Wholesale. He was the third witness to appear before the royal commission on taxation of co-operatives in the course of its Winnipeg hearings. G S. Thorvaldson. president of the Income Tax Payers association, suggested to Mr. Chown that d Taxation garded as fundamental to the cooperative way of doing business. When the taxation position of British co-operatives was mentioned during questioning, he noted that those organizations are assessed a tax only on their reserves, not on patronage dividends. In this respect, he agreed, co-operatives are on terms of equality with private business as no corporation income lax is applied in Britain. Tabular Statement Presented A tabular statement was pre- Brown.' The guard or nonor to Mr. Chown that if made up of the senior officers of !private business enjoyed similar tax the three armed services and the Royal Canadian Mounted police: Air Vice-Marshal K. M. Guthrie. Briga- dier R. O. G. Morton. Commander G F. Kernohan. and Superinten- dent J. A. Wright, of the R.C.M.P, IN WINTER'S SILENCE Old Man Talks Of Real Canada This is one of n scries of articles dealing with the attitude of the Frcnch-Car.adians in Quebec. By CLIFFORD M. SIFTON Quebec City, Feb. 6. old man drew his chair UD to the hearth of the fine Norman fire- place where the embers glowed richly. The great hotel slept silently. Outside heavy snowflakes drifted down on the ancient roofs as it had every winter since Champlain first raised his habitation here three centuries and some years ago. It was a time, in that silence, for aood talk. It was talk that, came from the old man. Not talk of Quebec oolitics nor of Quebec economics nor of social had covered all those over a vnry dinner. The old man talked of Canada in terms of men and in terms soil and lakes and land The old man talked the real Canada. "Well voune man." he besan. "you have seen our province in these weeks. You have written stories us and about the Quebec oroblem. But now I would" like to write a storv for last story. Don't take it don t think vou will have much trouble remembering it. have heard much talk of disunity in this land nf ours these past months. We have disagreed, your people and mine, on things which we think arc im- portant We have disagreed on conscription for m- We also disagree about the system of educa- tion and .about provincial autonomy and a dozen or two other things. But are these things Canada? They are not. They are no more the real Canada than those clothes of yours are the real you." The old man rose from his chair and led me to the great window leaning out over Quebec's rock. We stood looking for a moment. Levis Prepares For Rest Across the St. Lawrence a few dim lights marked where the Rood, folk of Levis were preparing for rest. The last ferrv was busily bunting its way through the ice-flows moving upriver with the tide. "There." said the old man waving his hand across the window, "there is the national tragedy of these past weeks is that we have forgotten that this is Canada. "Family ciuarrels are the bitterest of all quarrels __they can afford to be for the mystic inner unity of a family can withstand almost any quarrel. If love ot the shared reality of fam'lv is great enough ouarrels need never rend it. "So it is with this land of ours. You liave seen Quebec from horse and cutter, from motor car and snowmobile, from fc-.iin windows. The hills you saw. tHs Lower St. Lawrence there below us is as much Canada as the Red river: Lake St. John is Canada too and so are the long narrow farms that run Back from the river with their houses close together for comfort and safety on lust such nights as this. These too are Canada as much as the great tracts of prairie on Page 7, Col. 2. The first bombs from B-17 Flying Fortresses head for the heart of Berlin during the United Slates army eighth air force assault on the German capital February 3. Templebof airdrome lower left aiid Templehof rail yards are at right centre. is seen al Macdonald of the firm of Miller ixemption, jt, able to de- Macdonald and company, chartered accountants, auditors for many co- thei.r operatives in the province. This statement, covering operating re- elop" al a faster rale too. "Or thev could lower irices." was his comment. pokesmen had done during the present enquiry, objected to any aaxtion of patronage dividends, re- the Mr. Chown, as other co-operative during CO-OPERATIVES Continued on Page 8. Column 2 north of the Pasig river with the exception of scattered groups ot snipers. The Japanese blew up the Quezon and Ayala. bridges across the broad Pasig as they fell back into the southern half of Manila for a last stand. Two other bridges remained intact, however. Japanese demolition squads con- tinued their destructive work m louthern Manila, working feverishly against their own imminent de- struction. Numerous fires cast a leavy pall of smoke over the city. Over Prisoners Released The S7th Infantry division cap- tured Bilibid prison in the northern lalf of Manila yesterday, releasing more than 800 war prisoners and about 550 additional civilian in- :ernees, including women ana children. That brought to more than the number of Allied prisoners rescued in the past week, including those at the Santo Tomas univer- sity concentration camp in and the Cabantuan prison camp in central Luzon. Most were Americans, but the number also included a scattering of British. Australians, Canadian, Dutch and ether Allied nationals. MacArthur said the names of those rescued at Santo Tomas and Bilibid would be released as soon as they have been tabulated, probably a matter of several days. Bataan peninsula, where the Am- ericans made a bloody stand in 1912 before retiring to Corregidor, .-was sealed off by a junction of Eighth army's llth corps and tha Sixth army's 14 corps at Dinahipi- han. 37 miles northwes_t of Manila. With American forces in control ol all roads leading into Bataan, the way was blocked for any prolonged Japanese stand on the peninsula. Continuing to prepare the way for an attack on Corregidor, the largest force yet of Liberators struck the island fort in two raids Saturday. Corregidor must be cap- tured before Manila bay can be opened to American shipping. Awarded Ottawa, Feb. 6. force headquarters announced last night the award of the Distinguished Service Order to Fit. Lt. J. A. Anderson, of 367 Scotia street, Win- nipeg, for his high degree of gal- lantry and devotion in operations against the enemy. POLE HEAD SPEAKS Outlines Liberated Area Policy This in the first a series of despatches covering a trip Leigh White has just completed to Warsaw. Lodz and other forward areas of Poland, newly liberated by the Red Army. By LEIGH WHITE Warsaw, Tuesday, Feb. 6. (CDN) Boleslaw Bierul. president of the Polish provisional govern- ment, told visiting American correspondents Monday lhat the Teschen area of Upper Silesia will not automatically be returned to Czechoslovakia on its impending liberation but instead will become the subject of negotiations. Bierut said that although the provisional govern- -nent disapproves of the manner in which the pre- Polish government acquired Teschen from bzechoslovakia. it nevertheless believes that areas vhere Poles are in the majority should remain areas regardless of whether or not they ormerly pertained to a friendly or hostile govern- "Asked if he considered Teschen such an area he of course, but added that he was confident he Teschen problem could be satisfactorily solved in riendly conversations between Polish and Czech Tescnen'embVaces an industrial area of 410. square miles and a population of Jt was seized by Poland following the Munich conference in October. 1938. Bierut told us that the provisional government has set up a bureau of western territories to handle problems arising from the liberation not only 9f western Poland but of East Prussia and all of Silesia and Pomerania as far west as the rivers Neisse and Oder. Oppeln. Silesia, is the only town m Germany proper which has so far been handed over to the provisional government. Bierut said, but other towns and cities in the aforementioned provinces will be placed under Polish iurisdiction as rapidly as the Poles can organize a suitable government apparatus. Apparently the Soviet government has no intention of governing any of the areas claimed by Poland except the northern strio of East Prussia including Insterburg and the important Baltic seaport of Koenigsberg. 4i. Bierut said he saw no reason why any of the three "real powers should wish to interfere, especially since their attitude is already clear. At this point. Bierut's premier and foreign minister, Edward Osubka-Morawski. interjected that .Prime Minister Winston Churchill, during his visit to Moscow last summer hao. indicated to him person- ally that Great Britain would consent to the terri- on Page 7, Col. 2. ;