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Medicine Hat Morning Times (Newspaper) - April 12, 1955, Medicine Hat, Alberta don ime pril ;ov- tail on- à CUudy and Showery L«w 35 — High 55 MM. Hat 55 28 L'bridge 51 28 S. Current 49 28 CyJgary 44 28 The Medicine Hat News ÿkol. 44. No. 228 451 medicine hat, alberta, Tuesday, april 12,1955 SALK VACCINE WINS 10 Fage& Price 5 cents. ___ ANNUAL WAGE DEMAND Today at U.S. Ford; OF POLIO SIGHTED Thursday Oshawa! OSHAWA, Ont. (CP) — The first demand for a guaranteed annual wage in Canada will be made Thursday for 10,000 workers here when the United Automobile Workers union (CIO-CCL) meets General Motors Corporation at the bargaining table. The tallts are expected to progress slowly as negotiators keep a watchful eye on their United States counterparts. The Oshawa negotiations open a week after similar talks began in Detroit. The plan, devised by union researchers in an attempt to cut down the wide up-and-down swings of employment in the auto Indus try, is being presented by the UAW to General Motors in the U.S. Canadian director George Burt has given the union negotiators here orders to “drag their feet. Canadian UAW Local 22 accepted the guaranteed annual wage as a bargaining goal March 24. Leaders of the local had not given much more than passive acceptance to the plan before that. The General Motors workers want straight hourly rates as paid by Ford and Chrysler, tlie other member of the “big three” in the auto industry. They also want an undisclosed pay boost and a company-paid health plan. ' Ford and Chrysler have already signed 1955 agreements with the UAW. Basic raté at Chrysler is $1.75 an hour and $1.70 at Ford. Ï W.m Civic Employees Ask Conciliation Local Wage Issue Confirmation that some 120 civic employees are going to conciliation against the City of Medicine Hat in a current wage dispute was given in Calgary last night by Gordon P. Wilkinson, T.L.C. repre-sentative. The Civic Employees Union, No. 46, has asked the government for conciliation, over a “wage separation” of five cents per hour, fringe benefits and classification readjustments. The city’s offer, it is claimed, had represented an eight-cent per hour increase, three cents on wages, and five cents for pension fund benefits. The city has been seeking to bolster the pension fund, as a long-term benefit, with $50,-000 to be added this year to that fund. Other points of the crigirtal contract sought by the union, include nine statutory holidays; New Year’s day, Good Friday, Victoria Day, Dominion Day, Labour Day, Thanksgiving Day, Armistice Day, Christmas Day, Boxing Day. One week’s sick leave with pay for each year of service with the city; same to be cumulative to Jan. 1, 1947, and since that date, one week sick leave for each year’s «ervice, less time off for sickness. Two weeks’ holidays with pay during second and subsequ e n t years of service, and three weeks after five years’ service. Service pay of $5 per month after 10 years’ continuous service and $10 per month after 20 years’ continuous service. No person over 40 years of age ghall be hired to fill a permanent position with the city, except in See — CIVIC.......(Page 10) DETROIT (AP) — The Ford Motor Co. today joined the high-stakes poker game being played in the booming American automobile industry over a union demand for guaranteed year-around employment. Representatives of tlie' CIO United Auto Workers union prepared to start new bargaining talks with Ford this afternoon, similar to those begun by the UAW last week with the rival General Motors Corp. Walter Reuther, president of the UAW and the CIO, has said he expects to put over the guaranteed annual wage- idea with the big United States automobile producers, then spread it throughout the UAW’s claimed 1,500,000 member ship and eventually throughout in dustry via other CIO unions. Both Ford and'GM, while avoid ing taking any public stand on the year- around pay plan, have stressed in pronouncements this week tliat they have done a good job in making pay and employ ment regular. SEEKS STABILI’TY Ernest R. Breech, Ford board chairman, said in a speech to New York financial writers Monday night that Ford is doing “every thing in our power to maintain stable employment in an industry that has usually been subject to wide swings in consumer demand.” The union demands that employ ers contribute toward “rainy day funds that will keep workers’ pay rolling in when they are laid off because of lack of work. Neither Ford nor GM has ex pressed outright opposition to Reu ther’s plan. The union demands for pay and pension boosts 31so are prime is sues. With nearly two months to go before existing labor contracts expire, the negotiators have little to say about their closed-door talks. Canada Ready Boost Output For 1000,000 POWER BREAK COSTLY Some claims may be lodged against the city for damage to washing machine motors, coming with t-he power failure this morning. Reports are that several electric motors were damaged 4n the slow-down of power from the plant. SMILESTONES “There are two kinds of failures,” said the pessimist: “Those who thought and never did, and those^who did and never thought.” GAS PARLEY EDMONTON (CP) — The Al-berta natural gas situation and export to Eastern Canada was discussed today in Premire Manning’s office. Taking part In “exploratory” talks are Hon. Dana Porter, Ontario attorney general; Nathan E. Tanner, president of Trans-Canada Pipelines Ltd. and former Alberta mines minister; and other pipe line and producer officials. By HAROLD MORRISON Canadian Press Staff Writer OTTAWA (CP) — The government today announced it will continue financial contributious for Salk vaccine production this year in efforts to boost supplies of the polio preventive for Cana-dian children. Health department authorities estimated that sufficient vaccine will be produced by July to inoculate 1,000,000 Canadian youngsters. To encourage greater production, Health Minister Martin announced in a statement issued there that the federal administration will share 50-50 with the provinces in production costs as it did in 1954. The statement followed an announcement at Ann Afbor, Mich., where the University of Michigan’s Dr. Thomas Francis Jr. said mass tests of the vaccine show it to be 80 to 90 per cent effective in preventing paralytic polio. AT TORONTO, MONTREAL Canadian production will be concentrated at the University of Toronto’s Connaught Laboratories and at the University of Montreal Institute of Microbiology. . Ottawa and the provinces last year put up about $750,000 for production at Connaught, which turned out 90 per cfent of the polio virus for the vaccine used in big international trials in 1954. There was no indication how will be contributed this year, but federal authorities said they will go all out for production. In addition to Connaught and the Montreal institute, at least two commercial drug companies are planning distribution in Canada as soon as the vaccine* is licensed for sale. Control over the distribution of vaccines is in the hands of the provinces, but Mr. Martin, a victim of polio in his yonth, said he hopes children will get free inoculations. Polio resulted in slightly restricted use of Mr. Martin’s right arm. INDEBTED TO SCIENTISTS The development and evaluation of the Salk polio Vaccine is a great fomard step in our campaign to bring poliomyelitis eventually under control,” he said. “I know that I echo the thanks of every Canadian parent when I acknowledge our indebtedness to the medical scientists who have made this advance possible.” Federal - provincial grants last year covered the purchase of vaccine to__immunize 500,000 children. Connaught, which played a major role in developing wayS of mass-producing the vaccine, has increased production to about 600,-000 complete doses and output likely will total about 800,000 by next July, authorities here estimated. The Montreal Institute of Microbiology is just entering the mass-production field and is expected to produce about 200,000 complete doses by July. Most of some 5,000 Canadian children who participated in the mass international vaccine field ★ ★ ★ * See — CANADA____(Page 10) 113 Cases PROVES EFFECTIVE — Seven-year-old Harry Laiendigen of Toronto, like children in the Mcdicine Hat area, now is glad that he was inoculated with the Salic polio vaccine last year. Harry and other Canadians learned today that the vaccine is 80 to 90 per cent effective in combatting the dreaded disease. More Than1,000to Be Inoculated Local Unit BY BRUCE W. HOGLE • More than 1,000 children in 81 schools of the Medicine Hat health unit area will be inoculated with the Salk polio serum this year in an extensive two-month schedule starting April 18. In an exclusive interview today with THE NEWS, Dr. J. M. Brown, MOH, outlined the 1955 plans for his department and Reviewed the 1954 vaccine program. The cherry-colored vaccine was proved 80 to 90 per cent effective UBC Starts Research Treatment of Leukemia I VANCOUVER (CP) — The University of British Columbia is starting a new research*progfai which scientists hope may^ lead an effective treatment for leukcf mia. ' Leukemia is a form of -cancer that attacks the blood cells and is one of the most serious types of the disease. The research will be financed by B.C. division, Canadian Cancer So- ciety, and the B.C. Cancer Founda-tion. ’' Officials of the 'biochemistry department said Saturday that studies at UBC in the last year have uncovered substances which can stop the growth of certain types of experimental tumors. This is exciting news in the world of cancer research, but Dr. * Sec — UBC STARTS . . (Page 10) ANOTHER BLIZZARD WHIPS ACROSS COLORADO AND PARTS WYOMING; RED RIVER REACHES A NEW CREST DENVER (A?)—Another spring blizard howled across Wyoming and eastern Colorado Monday night, snarling traffic and causing a series of school-bus mishaps. The storm dumped up to seven inches of snow, and 60-mile winds reduced visibility to zero at some points. Ail roads in eastern Wyoming Trial Run for Hat Dayliner By HELEN ANDERSON News Staff Writer The trial run of the new Canadian Pacific Railway Dayliner between Medicine Hat and Lethbridge and between Lethbridge and Calgary was launched yesterday morning. The R.D.C. 2 an all-stainless-steel self propelled rail diesel car is capable of reaching an 80 mph speed within 360 seconds of a standing start. The Dayliner is powered by 275 horsepower General Motors engines located beneath the floor of the Once-Water less Brooks Now a Lush • \ Prairie Town with Own Lake Resort BROOKS, Alta. (CP)—Quaint beginnings and gaudy characters will be recalled when this once-water-less southern Alberta town joins others in celebrating Alberta’s golden jubilee this summer. The town of Brooks started only a year before Alberta became a province in 1905. Now surrounded by lush, irrigated farmland. Brooks will remember the days 50 years «go when water was transported over more than 100 miles of dusty prairie rail line from Medicine Hat. The railway was the town’s be-Hiiuiing. As the steel pushed west- ward to the Rockies, a stockyard and a box-car were left at the bleak prairie point for the fabulously - large ranches which stretched acros the southern territories. PIONEER DAYS The Jown’s founder was Ernest Morden Crookson who in 1904 came from Bronte, Ont., to set up a building next to the stockyard. The building was a store and post office in front, a dining room at the rear—Mrs. Crookson served meals to travelling cowboys—and an upstairs bedroom. When Crookston arrived, only two ranches occupied the land stretching 140 miles south of the railroad. On one of them was 24,000 head of livestock. Three years later, the town boasted a population of nine. Among the ranchers who began moving into the territory were such men as Delaval Beresford, a brother of Lord Charles Beresford, and hiis foreman, H. G. (Happy Jack) Jackson, who always toted a gun and wore a high Mexican hat decorated with silver dollars. BIG TRANSFORMATION Brooks’ story is told in a copy-, righted article by Ken Liddell In the Calgary Herald. Brooks is in the middle of the dry belt. There is only enough rain every two years for a crop. The alteration—there now are rows of trees across the once-bald land— was the result of irrigation started by the Canadian Pacific Railway. Eight-mile-long Lake Newell was crcatert by a dam on the Bow river south of neighboring B a s s a n o, which calls itself “best in the west by a dam site.’* The eastern irrigation district, as it was called, was taken over by the farmers in 1937. Today, Lake Newell is skirted with summer cottages, provides both sport and commercial fishing, and has helped make the Brooks area one of Alberta’s most popular grounds for upland-bird hunting. Brooks now has a 76-bed hospital, four hotels, three banks and the provincial pheasant hatchery. A shade of frugality might have helped the growth. The sign over the town hall says “city hafi.” The story goes that it was cheaper to have wood cut-outs made for “city hall” than it would have been for 'town hall.” car and driven through torque converters, and is capable of reach ing a sjlee'd of 44 miles per hour within one minute from a standing start. Commencing Sunday, April 24 the Dayliner service will be offered between Medicine Hat and Calgary via Lethbridge, with a stop over at Lethbridge in place of steam train services now. provid ed. The travelling time between Medicine Hat and Lethbridge by Dayliner will be two hours and ten minutes compared to the travelling time of the steam train service and three hours and fifteen minutes, with a reduction in travelling time of one hour and five minutes. The present schedule of steam train service between Lethbridge and. Calgary of four hours and fifteen minutes will be reduced by one hour and 50 minutes by way of the Dayliner. The crew of the new RDC 2 leaving Medicine Hat will consist of one engineer, one fireman and one conductor whereas the crew of the steam service consisted of one en gineer, one fireman, one conductor and two trainmen. SINGLE OR DOUBLE The up-to-date Dayliner, built by the BUdd Company of Philadelphia can be operated as a single unit or coupled with other cars, but in either case one man using simple controls, located in a vestibule at either end of tlie car, drives tlie diesel. The cars are equipped with Budd disc brakes, a great advance in railway braking since the invention ot air brakes. These brakes provide the smootliest possible stop in a short distance and have been ■k -k * * Sea — TRIAL RUN . . . (Page 10) were blocked. They had been reopened only a few days after an earlier blizard left up to 39 inches of snow. In the Cheyenne area of southeastern Wyoming highway patrolmen checked reports of a missing school bus, stranded motorists and traffic accidents. A school bus and car collided head-on a few miles south of Cheyenne but none of tlie 16 children aboard was injured. The driver of the car suffered minor injuries. One school bus was believed missing in the Cheyenne vicinity. Authorities said it carried only the driver and two children. Another was marooned at a ranch house but the occupants were reported safe. ★ ★ ★ * See -1 ANOTHER .... (Page 10) be published tomorrow. today in combatting dreaded paralytic polio. Dr. Brown said 1,100 children will be inoculated this year. This includes pupils in grades 1, 2 and 3 who received the “dummy” last year instead of the actual serum, as well as all pupils entering grade 1 for tlie first time and children who did not receive any shots last year because of communicable disease etc. It is not known what percentage of the 791 children who were vaccinated last year received the vaccine. Dr. Brown explained that all bottles were coded and until he received the code’s sola-tion, no figures could be released. “Each child this year, who has parents consent, will receive three inoculations at three weeks intervals,” he said. “Each dosage will consist of 1 cc. “We have records of every child who took part in the field trials last' year and the ones who received the Salk shots will not be inoculated this year. We will inform the parents whether their child received the serum or the dummy.” Although he did riot know of last year’s field trial results. Dr. Brown did say that polio in the health unit region in 1954 dropped, by more than half from the preceding year. “In 1954 there were four cases In Medicine Hat and six in the unit area,’' he said. “None died. But in 1953 there were a total of 40 cases and three deaths, all of the eases and one death being in the Hat.” The medical officer said two nurses had' joined the staff this year for the large program. One team of a doctor and two nurses will handle all of the inoculations. Children of the 11 schools in the city will receive tlieir initial inoculations in the week of April 18-22 while country schools in the unit will receive their first shots April 25-29. A full schedule of all schools taking part in this year’s trials will By ALTON L. BLAKESLEE • ANN ARBOR, Mich. (AP)—The Salk polio vaccine works —s&fely, potently—and can virtually end the icy fear ■ that long has gripped the hearts of parents. The vaccine was officially declared today to have proved to be 80 to 90 per cent effective in preventing paralytic polio. -And Dr. Jonas E. Salk, who developed it, declared he is certain it can be made almost 100 per cent potent to smash polio’s terror and tragedies. , The triumph of the vaccine was announced'in an atmosphere of supercharged excitement by Dr. Thomas Francis Jr. of the University of Michigan at a scientific meeting. Point by point, he detailed the saving of life and limb from a vaccine made of safely killed poUo virus: Only 71 of 440,000 vaccinated children paralyzed by polio last summer. In comparison, 445 unvaccinatcd children were paralyzed. . Only 113 cases of proven polio among the vaccinated children, many recovering with no damage. But 750 cases of proven polio among the non-vaccinated. Not one child dead of polio among the non-vaccinated. Not one child dead of polio among vaccinated youngsters, excluding one who died after receiving only his second shot of vaccine and undergoing surgery for tonsil removal during a polio epidemic. Fifteen killed by the disease among about 1,400,000 children not vaccinated. IxVCREDIBLY SAFE The vaccine, first developed by Salk in a chemical medium produced in Toronto’s Connaught Laboratories, was found incredibly safe, with only .4 of one per cent of children tested suffering minor ; reactions. < - So-called “major reactions” were-almost completely lacking. The time of protection from the: Seeding Started In Medicine Hat Region CALGARY (gP) — Fine weather brought southern Alberta farmers to the fields over the holiday. Seeding started in several areas around Medicine Hat and Bow Island, the Alberta Wheat Pool said. , Planting operations were at least one month ahead of 1954, pool of- vaccine appeared reasonably good ficials stated. Operations are one week in advance of the regular scheduled time, usually set for April 15. First in Hislory; 'Hat Kiwanians Win Curling Title Two rinks of Medicine Hat Ki-wanis Club curlers won the Alberta inter-club curling championship in Calgary yesterday, when they ousted the strong South Edmonton entry by seven points. President Art Bowes directed the tourney, with all provincial Kiwa-nis clubs represented. Four games were played, two at the New Calgary Club and two at Victoria Arena. It is the first time in history that the Gas City K’s have won the coveted silverware. South Edmonton was runner-up. The personnel of the local champs includes; Ivan McCallum, Doug Oland, Bob Morris and Id Haysom, skip; Gordon McArthur, Jim Carswell, Bob Crawford and John Foulston, skip, Bulletins From THE NEWS Editoriol Room* An RCAF Silver Star jet trainer crashed near Libau, Man., today. An eyewitness said he saw the pilot leap from the plane as it crashcd. The Alberta Teachers Association today passed a resolution aimed at giving more financial aid to budding teachers. Sir Anthony Eden was formally sworn in today as prime mini-Rter of England. Preparation of land for sugar beet seeding was general in all parts of southern Alberta today. Police at New Delhi wielded steel-tipped bamboo sticks to hold back an airport crowd of 5,000 Indians welcoming Egyptian premier Gamal Abdel Nasser. 1,700 Alberta children took part in the Salk vaccine tests last year. Sir Winston Churchill took off today in an airliner to begin his retirement in the sunny bills of Sicily. Austrian Chancellor Julius Raab arrived in Moscow Monday night to try to clear the way for freeing his country from 10 years of four-power occupation. A search party set out today from Banff to search for Ilenu-rick Karting of Calgary, missing since Sunday in the Rocky Mountains west of the resort town. The Princess Royal, Queen Elizabeth’s aunt, will visit Canada next autumn. Award of Contract Temporarily Halted Six bids for construction of Uie Carmelite Sisters home for the aged were rejected temporarily today. The board of trustees announced that the horiie architects had been advised to make some predetermined economies before the contract is awarded. This is e.xpected to be given out next week with construction scheduled to .start the following week. The Foundation Co. of Canada, Calgary, tendered the lowest bid today of $377,232. Other bids received include: Bird Construction, Calgary, $404,676; Johnson Construction, Medicine Hat, $415,563; Oland Construction, Lethbridge, $389,700; Poole Construction, Calgary, $417,000; Southern Alberta Construction, Lethbridge, $407,000. FLOODS THREATEN MAPLE CREEK AREA MAPLE CREEK, Sask. (CP) — Swollen by melting snow in Cypress Hills fouth of Maple Creek, Brimful rish and Maple Creeks Monday night threatened to flood the southwestern Saskatchewan town. Six ranch families west and south of the town had been forced from their homes by flood waters. Flood waters were eating away a deep fill on the not-yet completed No. 1 highway north of the town. Highway engineers feared the grade would not hold. The highway was holding back a lake of water 11 feet deep. At Dickson Dam, five miles north of the town, near the confluence of the two streams, the spillway was unable to handle the water and the water level was rising. —“the effect was Jitiaintained Witli but moderate decline after five onths.” Paralysis occurred in 33 children who received the vaccine in areas ■ where children were given either, the real vaccine or dummy shots. -None died. Just one child given the vaccine died of polio and this death followed removal of tonsils two days after his second shot of vaccine in an area where polio was already prevalent. BEST WHEN SPACED OUT Dr. Salk urged that children this year be given only two shots of vaccine in order to step up the effectiveness of .the vaccine. He said the shots should be spaced two or four weeks apart, with the third one delayed for at least seven months afterward. Dr. Salk said he finds the best protection comes when the shots are spaced this way instead of being given all within five weeljs as was done last year. H? said some variations In the vaccination results were apparently due to bad or impotent batches of vaccine. Salk also urged that children vaccinated last year be given a booster shot as soon as the vaccine is available.' Licensing of the vaccine by the United States national institute of health is expected within 48 hours to make possible a quick beginning of the huge inoculation program. MORE COULD BENEFIT It is estimated there will be enough vaccine for 30,000,000 chil-'★ * ★ ★ See — 113 CASES .... (Page 10) Weather Summary EDMONTON (CP) — A Pacific storm is moving in on the British Columbia Coast today and this will affect Alberta and western Saskatchewan Wednesday. Wednesday will be mainly sunny in Saskatchewan during the day but will cloud over In the evening. Notice to Taxpayers The City Council will sit as a COURT OF REVISION to hear appeals against Property Assessments, in the Council Chambers, City Hall, on Wednesday, April 13th, 1955, commencing at 7:30 p.m. G. G. SEPT, Acting City Assessor.
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