British Traveller And Commercial And Law Gazette (Newspaper) - October 20, 1832, London, Middlesex No 3512 LIFE ASSURANCE and ' ANNUITY 9 ' Price 7d Esq. Samuel Esq. Lc Esq. John G. Shaw Esq. BBS Esq William Esq. The Premiums of this Office are lower than any offered ilic tlie whole period may at the time of taking out their lo pay Premiums in any way most suitable and Officers in the Army and Navy when in active chronic and other and M nfc heyond the limits of arc also 01 and nil necessary information may be Michael AND SATURDAY October 20, 1832, LIFE ASSURANCE and Esq M Stanley Esq. mm Esq. A. Esq. M.U. Hugh Esq. John Esq. Sir William and Alderman J. Petty Esq. Slium Esq. Matthew Tliomas BY THIS A uf by which the same amount Offices lo insure will claim arise sooner or and of n lo in decked along the shores and and between them and from lo given for iho surrender of In cases where it may be desirable to discontinue TO CAPTAINS OF &c. Collection of NOVELS and consisting of Fifteen Hundred most of the works of the best and many recent ones to Michaelmas 1832, arc off red at low price of Is. 9d. per volume bound for ready or a Selection may he made froin of 750, 500, or even 850 a advance in or may be had in ihe on and which can be sent by lo A. K. Newman NEW PASTILLE simple of this enables any person to adjust it in a neither lube or lire it cannot be broken It is most efficient and agreeable and purifying the air of the great Antiseptic will keep in action any length of and a at only and sold by G. MARSHALL and and sold by ai Perfume 1 Npw at Johnson's Plate 37, and lo prevent it is be bad at any House in The Public requested to the name and be engraved on the extinguisher of every which they nill not be Messrs. G. M. and Co. continue to prepare and wr the moU philosophical certain present AND remedy for which the Biliary Head the &c. do not contala Mercury in with more general approval than any other They unite every recommendation of mild effect; and require no restraint or during their In where the ol an I vitiated bile areso and efficient They are likewise lo correct from excesses of lo restore the and to remove most hy irregularity of the Sold in at 2!.9d. 4s. 6d., 11.. and by Messrs. corner of St. Edinburgh Bow Chui 4S the principal Dealers in Patent Of 1 liad IMPROVED an excellent for Colds and in Spasmodic this lias He most decided beneficial In Bottles at 2s. 9d. MINUTES UF EVIDENCE the COMMITTEE of the house op appointed to into the STATE OF THE SILK from our Paper of loUN by the Right Hon. 0. Have you been for in I have been there for four or five being to inquire into the general commercial relations of ihc two and the operation of those legislative changes which affect The result of my inquiries has that the from England to trance and those from Stance to are about equal in I been struck with of one remarkable which that whilst in the articles imported into England labour forms a very small in those into France it forms pne obvious consequence of which iss that lessen tne between the two must be prejudicial the interests of this Although the object of your mission was to inquire into the general relations of the two your attention has recently been more immediately to the cate of the silk trade in doing so I am anxious to bear testimony to ihe invariable which I experienced from the Ministers of and other and to their readiness to afford me the most cordial in my work of Besides that you had a Government commission to make had yuu any other means of procuring my acquaintance with the silk me many opportunities of private I observe that my inquiries were not entirely free from as some of the newspapers vehemently opposed my attempts to examine their Alderman I submit that this is anything but a relevant Mr. you wish to take exceptions to the mode of evidence we must clear the Strangers On out the Doctor was proceeding his newspaper stating thai a large majority of the press encouraged his and irt opposition to some of their brother journalists contended that the time for secrecy was gone said the there may be said to be at this time an English interest pervading the Continent highly favourable to growth of amicable relations between the What is the present state of the silk trade in France One of great arising from some of its There is a tax on the importation of the raw to protect the there is a tax on wood and iron to protect those all of which tend to embarrass their speculation although a partial relief is obtained for them just now by ihe migrations of the weavers from the towns into other pans of Have you any account of the importation of raw and thrown silk into I have a table of this which 1 put in as an official document made upon the authority of the French Minister of think of calling a preference to articles of French prod tion a than I should call of works of a If exists at it is in favour of articles of fact which I have frequently observed ia the different where the supposed of British skill procures an article a a and not by a reference to its actual here put exhibiting Ihe increased quantity of into What do these articles of British manufacture imported iato France consists of Are you sure they are or may they not be India produce printed in this country all Asiatic in if known to be but how dp you know that they were not the produce of sent as manufactures I am not competent to judge what in but I do not be France if to be the produce among the more 1829 1830 1831 1,256,000 1,132,000 1,000,000 is from the Milanese pro. SALE BY lit - By W INST AN LEY and on October 23, at 12, in Two by order of ihc of Stephen Esq. FAMILY held for a long term of at a low ground a handsome dining and drawing room 18, windows opening on a verandah lo lie a store and man's also a large room built for and used as four best bed with dressing and water laid four bed rooms with linen an excellent wine offices on the basement good a small green and productive and il- ' particulars may be n5 H SiLVEK of United from fortnight before he left Copiapo discovered in that said to be Im He has on a of pure virgin silver found on the fne number of criminals executed at gaol from its completion in 1706 up lo Ihe a period of 36 was 18, giving an of one for every tivo out of a Of the above criminals 1 for cutting and 4 for horse and sheep ' A novel kind of lighthouse has been erected the in the 51,1 and the Isle of in lat. and longitude 13 min. 47 M It will Tie lighted on the 1st of J from sunset to eminence 61S feet above the level consists of an iron on which of are suspended in Rich has a sidereal I a powerful argand lamp is whole circumference of the sea in a clear at German it may be sufficiently dis I to the I * the sea Pomeranian vessels as a circumference only ai a Warrington was h. anil M and two other house M place on the 31 st of Chief Justice Marshall was silling aa of the first five Were and Cr blu or not ih sec or hear as m The sufferer are ail 1825 944,000 182C 890,000 1.1S5.000 1B28 1,206,000, Of these the largest quantity the next largest from and the next &c. I have also a the money paid for a series of years for silk imported into In 1825 it will be seen the sum paid was 29 millions of In 1831, 33 N.B. Very little could be gleaned of the tables and calculations put in by Dr. as he handed them over to the short hand writer to be entered on the whilst he only hastily read over the or perhaps gave the final Can you state how much duty France pays upon her importations of raw Duty were imported which 1,887,000 46,278 1831 1,142,000 40,511 Have you any account of the extent of production in France at the present annual amount of the manufacture of France is estimated at 110 millions of of which she ts 130 millions and keeps the remaining 10 millions for home Of this 140 80 millions is supposed to be the value of the raw The number of looms employed in 30,000: St. 20,000; and in several smaller 20,000; making a total of 70,000 each of these looms are calculated to consume 60 lb. weight every Have these estimates been submitted to the inspection of persons competent to of their correctness I have shewn them to several respectable who have given their testimony to the substantial correctness of these Bowring here exhibited some specimens of ran which had been purchased in the open market at some of which he siid were as high as 40a. per lb. others not mote than 18s. 5d.; a schedule of prices was put particulars of which we could not Is the consumption of French raw eilk on the increase or on the decrease on the increase there is no speculation so profitable in France as the cultivation of the mulberry tree it yields a profit to the agriculturist of from 15 to 25 per cent. The price of eggs is about two francs and a half per one of eggs will make 1 lb. of are about 1} francs per lb. A mulberry tree will yield about I cwt. of leaves upon nn although they sometimes produce 3 cwt. The price of a mulberry tree is from 60 centimes to a What is the price of a pound of French silk of native growth of the principal growers stated it to be about 18 Have the French any for discovering the fineness of silk they have a machine by which they can wind 400 yards upon a when taken is and its fineness is determined by the number of or 24 being equal to a a discovery ' Are any means by or by the common consent of the to determine the quality or goodness of silk previous to use there is what is called the an institution which belongs to the Chamber of the object of which is to protect the buyer from the fraud of the It is well known to many gentlemen in this that silk imbibes a certain portion of which will sometimes subject it to a decrease In weight of 18 per within twenty-four To obviate the 1 ss which would ihus accrue to the all previous to is submitted to the ordeal of ihe being an atmosphere of sufficient to extract the here it until the change of weight within twenty-four hours comes down to that minimum of loss which is deemed lo render it fit for sale for this an impost of three francs per kilogram is and the seller receives a of its having been thus tested from the officers of the Do the French allow of the exportation of their raws Do vou happen to know what is the general feeling upon the propriety of this restriction is considered to be a matter of very grave and has been a subject of It is true that there are those who represent that the removal of this prohibition would have an injurious tendency but I have reason to believe that the increasing good feeling between this country and France will soon induce the Government of that county to allow the of To what do you attribute the prosperous condition ot the Silk trade in apprehend it may be to itt free and unrestricted intercourse with foreign which has enabled it to add lo ils own ingenuity the combined taste of the whole Do you believe that the preference given to French manufactures arises from any or from some actual of workmanship and taste such preference must solely be ascribed to the superior taste of the superiority which always maintain in articles of which taste is a component With regard to I should no more sensible classes of society in France on the admission of the manufactures of other authentic of I learn that such have been beneficial to the manufacturers and the country at the opposition which the first adoption of such a system Invariably met As an I might cite the crape by reason of the importation from this has now become an article of extensive manufacture at What impart duly does Fiance levy on British silks About 17 per cent. Do you know any thing of the history of the loom like all other is greatly opposed to but the introduction of the Jacquard loom is perhaps one of the most Interesting events in the history of mechanical I will lelate it as I received it from old M. I said a straw hat and until the peace of had a more intimate connexion with did I ever turn my attention to anything of this sort it was then happening to meet with an I observed thai a premium was offered to anyone who should invent a machine for the making of This I succeeded in not with any ulterior on the had tio sooner produced my than 1 laid it shown it to a 1 about three during the arbitrary feign of arrested and carried to Here being questioned by the Prefect as to my being the author of this I at first disclaimed the for so little did I attach to the that I had at the moment forgotten I had ever discovered it. I accused of doing that which none but God Almighty could for it was said I wanted to form a knot with a straight I said I could do that and In three produced the I retired to my native village with a I met with such that I narrowly escaped with my My machinery was the wood sold for and the iron for This the French have been since compelled to by the difficulty they find in coping with their foreign The bat loom is an invention of more recent and ijs origin with two Swiss one of whom a in consequence of the obloquy treatment to which his new exposed In what manner are the goods disposed order is first given to the puts it into Ihe hands of a master or loom who employs under him a person called a the last is Ihe actual who has his food cooked for and his loom provided by the master with whom he for which the master receives one half of the and the companion the other although the wages to the weaver may be the expenses incidental lo the manufacture of the ate very Docs not the French manufacturer suffer a good deal from the duties on the importation of machinery Yes every of machinery imported from abroad is taxed at from 15 to 33 per protect the machinist in his has to pay IJO per moie for bis iron and wood lo protect those respective nnd thus the protective system interferes with all What other disadvantages stand in the way of French oppressive system of local which in the weaving districts is found exceedingly What was Ihe prevailing opinion of the continuance of these whilst they are exposed to foreign general opinion of sensible men that unless Government immediately consented to a repeal of these obnoxious Fiance must sink under Ihe influence of foreign and roote particularly that of whose improved manufactures has changed her from a mere byword to a formidable one of the deputies of a silk district told me that if he wished to consult the interest of he should be glad to see the British ports closed against French Do you ground your assertion of this great improvement in British manufactures upon your knowledge of the give it as the opinion of those who are suffering from competition with this although I don't think any candid observer can doubt the great improvement which has been made in it's manufactures within the last few When you talk about the increased exportation of British are you aware that we have it in evidence from Mr. of the that very few silk goods are that these few ate principally exported for the sake of the and but for that there in all be none at all cad know nothing of Zhave delivered In a paper exhibiting the increased into of British and which paper is attested by the French Minister of Finance if he has furnished me statements the responsibility is and in point of you know nothing at all of the except what you may have been told by these French authorities course the worthy Alderman is at liberty to the veracity of these accounts if he ytt i will repeat that they have been submitted to the test of highly respectable and competent and the result has invariably been a substantial of their Do these of British goods consist of the fancy articles 1-No I say that in all articles of which taste forms a component we may as a general that France maintains a To deny this would be to imitate the conduct of the insane who said that all the world was nnd he alone was in his Do they not generally consist of the coarser ot believe they Mr. Stuart think it would be much more Mr. if you would allew us to proceed with the examination in Mr. Alderman know that I Here is a gentleman stating a point ef and when any one attempts to controvert them he by a long Dr. apprehend I ant in the hands of the Committee lo be corrected if I an irrelevant and notwithstanding the observations of tha worthy I submit that the facts which I had anti the calculations I have ate few in number not unimportant in their Dr. Bowring here delivered in a table of French during the years 1828 and 1829 1828. 1829. Whole amount exported for England legally or United States Germany England Low Countries Spain Sardinia Brazil Other places which the Dr. enumerated too rapidly to be noted 334 18 17 10 6 3 14 3 171 33 19 10 11 7 24 24 1 24 224 115 111 Witness next a fable of French lo Eng. land during a series of of which we could just catch the following 1818- 1,700,000, all 6,000,000, 18?e__ 7.500,000 1827.-11,460.000 1828.-17,000,000 1829.-10,000,000 1830.-16,000,000, The of 1831 were not made but were by Dr. B. ot 18,000,000 The amount of at the present he thought was about the same as in 1826. Do you know anything of the history of and its connexion with the silk trade connexion with this manufacture is of very considerable although it has been subject to many fluctuations at different all growing out of the oppressive regulations of whose arbitrary regime Lyons has and Its brought to the abyss of He then pat in a table of the number of looms from 1786 to the present of which we caught the 1786..................... 3,500 1800..................... 5,800 1812.................... 10,720 1825 20,101 its present number he gave as 10,899 looms employed plains 2,911 jacquards 711 velvets 390......................... 614......................... tulles 473.......................... ribbons 1,398 of 17,404 This I should is only the intra or the interior of the the suburban districts would probably increase the number to 30,000 of when we consider the effect produced by the and the internal disorders of the not more than 25,000 can be said to be in full Have there been many fluctuations of price in the Lyons market I have here a table of quotation prices during a series of and upon the same quality of put The result will be found to exhibit a downward which I believe is still going This too has been substantially corroborated by several Will you state to what you conceive is owing the superiority of French taste and design is upon this paint that t am more particularly desirous to claim Ihc attention of the as it is here that I conceive the British manufacturer principally I do not want to the skill or taste of the English but certainly this department of the trade has not been sufficiently attended whilst in France there is not a weaver's house that you can enter in which one or more members of the family are not skilled in the art of and whilst the elder branches ate engaged in forming beautiful the children are to be seen gathering flowers from the fiehl to ideas to them and of so great importance is this art that public schools are and Government grants for its and ho sooner does a boy develope gome of natural or extraordinary aptitude for the study of the fine than he is placed at one of those public where he may receive five years gratuitous Hither are known to resort and notwithstanding the eminence may have reached in their respective have been known to abandon in order to cultivate the more department of the designing of or become The tutors and professors in these institutions arc often men of considerable reputation and and amongst them are to be found painters of the highest When a on visiting these discovers a youth of promising talent or dinary he introduces him into his at a salary of 401. per In a few the elegance of his ot the success of his will procure him a rapidly and at Are there more schools than one And Is there much difficulty in procuring admission the principle upon which these establishments are conducted is sufficiently liberal to apportion the supply to the in the opinion of the their of taste is to be to these schools of design for such is the course of education which the pupils that it is not merely to the elegance of but to a general correctness of that their studies are directed sometime ago an attempt was made lo patterns from the changes of a and the mixing of Persian designs with but it would not and thus it is that the French have some of thai blending of and those incongruities of which are found in those patterns which I take to be of English This I conceive to the principal advantage of the for after the pattern is the subsequent processes do not receive an equal degree of care and their for is in a very and backward Are not immense sums paid sometimes fur a single pattern 4,000 francs have been given for a single pattern when designers become so it becomes the interest of a to take them into Are they protected by the legislature in their right to a particular pattern What is the school of weaving school after the pattern is the mechanics study how it may be put to work so as to produce the best Hdw is it supported Ihc and a grant from the Chamber of Are the schools of design exclusively confined to the cultivation of patterns for manufacture they are open to other departments of particularly the siudy of the human frame but at those schools which are situated in the silk the attention of the pupils is exclusively devoted to designs for manufacture not that they aro compelled lo follow that but simply that experience has proved it the most be A few weeks in excavating underneath the old Castle at n large stone was in a perfect several which must have to a man of immense the arm bone exceeding by six inches that of an ordinary man of the present A considerable of silver coins were also found of ihe reigns of Edward I. and 1I, and Charles 1., bU in a slate of excellent North Devon Fatal Effects of Wednesday evening a woman was found by a policeman lying on the steps of a door in the quite insensible from the effects of she was conveyed to the and presently an alarming change came over The inspector immediately scut for a bui he arrived too for the poor died during the absence of the A robbery was committed at the Cavalry on Wednesday a containing cash to the amount of 2001., having been stolen from the apartment of cue of the officers sf the Dragoon The box was found next morning in an adjacent A corporal of the regiment is in custody on The herring has been The average of barrels cured at Peterhead to be 30,000) is than last The fishermen were paid 10s. a and whisky for the and some sales have been delivered on at 22s. 6d. a which leaves a fait profit to the The good news from Straits has put those as well as in great there has not not been such a good whale fishing in Peterhead since 1823__Glasgow Thursday about eight a fire broke out on board the Sobo steam at which was not extinguished for near an hour and a and then not until the whole of her works were occasioning damage to the amount of 5001. THE LONDON OCTOBER 19, 1832. St. Oct. 12. The King was tUy pleased to confer the honour of Knighthood on Charles Esq. King of Arms of the moat distinguished Order of St. Michael St. - Wat Oct. 19. Ist Life to be Cornet and by vice Lord Charles who 4th Dragoon Hosken to be by vice 3d Light Martin to be by vice 5th John Wingfield from the to be vice George who receiving the 9th Charles from the 24th to be vice William who retires on the of the Royal Staff 24th William Camons from the of the Royal Staff to be vice appointed to the 9ih 67th to he vice whose appointment bns not taken 77ih Surgeon Charles from Ihe 13th Light lo be vice commission of Deputy Commissary Matthew has been cancelled from the 4th he having accepted a commuted allowance for his DECLARATION OF William Thomas and Isaac Narrow 18. BANKRUPTS to surrender in John Maycock yard and livery Nov. 2, 31), at 2. Mr. William Watson Oxford Nov. 2, 30, at 11. Mr. Argyle Oxford John and Park Grosvenor 30, at Nov. 31), at 11.' Mr. Queen street Upper Thames Benjamin St. Helen's Oct. 2G, at 2, Nov. 30, at 11. Kearsey and Loth William Denmark Oct. 26, Nov. 30, at 10. Mr. Bedford BANKRUPTS to surrender in the William Nov. 5, 0, 30, at 2, at the Star Johnson and or Booth and Marsden John Williom common Oct. 26, Nov. 30, at 11, at the King's Arms Mr. Verulam Gray's London or Mr. John jun. malt Nov. 13, 14, 30, at 2, at the Spread Eagle Hanging and Co. Bedford London or Mr. DIVIDENDS made in J. late of Nov. 9, .it 10. G. V. jun. Nov. 9, at 11. R. Mercer and C. coal Nov. 10, at 10. T. laic of Marsh Nov. 17. at 10. J. coach Nov. 12, at U. T. C. late of Little Abingdon coal Nov. 15, al 12. Pall silk Nov. 9, at 12. L. George Mansion Nov. 9, at 11. DIVIDENDS made in the S. and F. Kingston upon Nov. 12, at 12, at the George Kingston upon W. nnd colout 30, at 12, at the Talbot 9. W. T. W. J. late of the East India Leadenhall O. Mina Old Kent J. Collins and B. of tbe Horse Goswell horse DISSOLUTION OF H. and S. Simms and silk Stonier and brass Podger and Jew's Harp Regent's Pork coal Royston and Co. Webb and screw bolt Fletcher and B. and H. Shade and High tobacco and Market Wright and Grenville Brunswick R. and J. tea Willey and cabinet Strong and neat W. Heath and It. C. jun. Mair and coal Staple ond Co. High Skerrett and Co. pro. of salt far os regards S. Dudley and Co. proprietors of salt far as regards S. Glencross and Co. far as regards W. Connell and Co. near calico Roper and Co. SCOTTISH J. The price of Brown or computed from the Returns made in week is 203. 8Jd. per hundred or PUBLIC Oct. 19. auction Barkes and Land tax of 61. 13s. 3J. per upon and arising ten at down for An Absolute Reversion to receivable on the death of a Lady aged 60 An Absolute Reversion to expectant on the decease of a Lady now aged 74-291). A Reversion to 1.6th part or share of 2,0001. New Four per Cent. receivable on the death of two 6S and 54, provided the aged 22, survives them Mil. No. 6", 106 feet with 26 feet to the comprising a warehouses of three workshops of two smith's shop and warehouse enclosed let at 1601. per A Freehold House and No. 133, let for 20 years at 1501. per A Leasehold hot and green and pleasure in all about 4 on held for 56 at 1701. a in Newmarket and Brabazon in the city of Dublin let at 321. a held for three renewable for at a head rent of 71. 5d., payable to the Earl of Three Leasehold 4, 0, and 6, Lower Islington let ut held years from 1828, nt 301. ground Three Freehold and a well uf East Mile End Old Two Leasehold Nos. 7 and Londin Hackney road let at 841., held for 80 years from 1808, at 191.10s. a Two Leasehold Nos. 6 and 7, Weymouth Hackney let at 191. 10s. held for 62 years from 1887, at 121. ground and Freehold Lodge Villa with two lodge pleasure sheet of island and gothic summer hot and green and paddock of meadow situate in the road fiom Stockwell in 17.i land tax The Reversion on the death of a Lady aged in a foutth share of 1,0001.; also the reversion in another fourth share of another 1,0001., subject to a charge 801., and a reduction of 1501., with Two Leasehold Houses and Nos. 25 and Bride Fleet held for 5(i years from 1S28, at 1101.; for 56 years from 182S, at 321.