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Bluefield Daily Telegraph (Newspaper) - January 2, 1938, Bluefield, West Virginia READ Paul Mallon's column In The Telegraph Volume No. 314. I WEATHER Generally fair 8unday and Monday except light mow flurries in north east and north Colder and Sunday W. Sunday Jan. 2, 1938. Five Cents Interest Keen In FDR's Message To Congress Monday PRESIDENT TO f BEFORE SOLONS Tax Laws Will Get Emphasis FOREIGN POLICY EYED Regular Session Convenes With Important * Problems To Be Solved Jan. 1. President Roosevelt worked today on an annual message to congress which seemed likely to bear down heavily upon the notes of tax budget balancing and stronger The chief executive discussed the general legislative situation at a luncheon with Speaker Bankhead at which arrangements were completed tor Mr. Roosevelt to deliver the message to congress No Limits Yet 1 Although Bankhead said he talked of numerous subjects with the president and down the the Alabaman gave no hint of what new legislative if the message would blistering attacks of big business and monopolistic practices earlier this week by two administration Secretary Ickes and Robert H. inspired widespread belief that the president would have considerable to say to congress this Senator Borah Arch Foe of said was needed to meet the Is time to Demands for revision of the corporate tax particularly the undistributed profits and capital gains reached a crescendo recent special session leaders have indicated compliance will be one of the major tasks of the regular A special house tax subcommittee has been working for weeks on a to effect the Move For Defense Bankhead told newsmen there was a disposition In congress to as much as but that the troubled international situation make some in appropriations for national The president already has Informed congress that world events which were causing him might Impel him to recommend a naval construction program which would substantially exceed one on Which a house appropriations subcommittee has been working for This would provide for construction of 18 new warships and would increase the naval appropriation the current Uncertainty over the probable effect of the current economic setback on government revenues and relief needs added to the task of the president and his aides in charting the financial course of the In suggesting curtailment of federal highway expenditures the president told congressional Democrats because of their huge they would have to assume full responsibility for in excess of his A note of opposition to any attempt to reduce relief expenditures to Page 15, Walks Again After 2 Years Of W. Jan. 1. Betty Jean Boggs celebrated New Year's day by walking around the garage while her father greased the and then went to a That isn't anything unusual for the ordinary but to Betty Jean they are still thrilling experiences is able to normally again after two years and four months of face Even more exciting is the prospect of returning to school this month after an absence of three Because she studied while she was in she doesn't expect to lose more than a Betty Jean suffered deep burns on her back from her neck to her January 4, 1935, when her pajamas and bathrobe caught fire from a gas Physicians despaired of her life but managed to save her with seven blood Her Mrs. N. commenting on Betty Jean's slow even had to learn how to eat sitting up all over she was so accustomed to eating while lying on her She added her daughter is expected to be good as in although one burn still is not Betty Jean spent the weary months in bed writing and reading letters from correspondents in 23 states and a Presbyterian missionary in and a letter from President trying to make up lost time Mrs. Boggs laughed can leave the house unless Betty Jean goes that's just all right with IN SHANTUNG AREA Converge On In Effort To Get Control Of Important Railway FALL WOULD CUT OFF ESCAPE Loyalists Hold Teruel Against Rebels In One Of War's Worst Battles Insurgent Efforts To Reoccupy City Said To Have Been Beaten Claim They Dominate City s T AS 11 L Nippon's Forces Move To Complete Extensive Bombing Operations Carried On By Jap Planes In Taishan And Suchow Declares He Will Support FDR Plea For Road Cut SAYS DEFICIT WILL GROW Presidential Declaration On International Affairs Will Be Broadcast To Every Point Of War-Torn Globe By JOHN LEAR Associated Press Staff Writer President Roosevelt's message to the opening session of. the 78th congress on Monday will be hammered home to a world as the words of no other president have Whatever he has say about America's views on international affairs will go to every nook and comer of the globe in a record-breaking radio Without knowing what the president planned to include in his acting only on the assump tlon that something of worldwide importance was bound to follow recent white pronouncements on world rearmament and the Japanese the National Broadcasting company began Fri day to send out short wave mes sages informing the peoples of the world they could hear the In. 10 separate in different linguists drummed up an audience over the New Year's week-end with announcements of when and where to By Monday the broadcasters were the world in general would be tuned in. The International hook-up was bo arranged that when President Roosevelt began his message In Washington about l p.m. standard his words would go to Page Avers Spending For Prosperity Has Been Exploded By U.S. Experience Jan. 1. Harry F. Byrd coupled a statement today that he would support President Roosevelt's proposed in appropriation for roads with a demand that at the same time extravagances and luxuries of government get the and by a major Since July 1, he the federal government had spent more than in the same period of last myth of spending ourselves into limes Are Worse are spending as much or more than and times are getting he revenue will not reach the estimates because of the business I predict that the deficit for the fiscal 1938. will be more than double the estimate crisis is and drastic and determined action is necessary to avoid a huge increase in general because our financial solvency demands that the budget be balanced Senator Byrd said he not only would support the proposed reduction in federal road funds but would support other expenditure reduction program he am he those in the senate with whom I have been cooperating for four years in support of a balanced budget will do as we to Page The Associated Jan. 2.-(Sunday) Japanese columns moving rapidly southward to complete the conquest of Shantung province today were important railway junction near the province's southern Japanese said the two skirting a Chinese resistance center around the sacred already had captured and west of the which marks the main line of the Japanese Would Bar Escape Capture of it was would cut off escape for the Chinese forces still battling the invaders around Taishan and the nearby city of is 70 miles south of the captured provincial and about 100 miles north of junction of the and the latter being the main east-west trunk line of The Chinese at Taishan were reported led bv the famous Feng long among the most bitterly anti-Japanese of China's military Japanese airplanes were said to have dropped more than 700 bombs in the Taishan destroying or damaging many of the famous temples that crown the mountain i or nestle on its Suchow also I has been heavily bombed by the Japanese Two hundred Chinese civilians were Reported killed or wounded in the The Shanghai ruling the International took stern measures to cope with terrorism following Saturday's bombing in which four Japanese soldiers were Five grenades were thrown at the group by unidentified probably from a Chinese hotel at a busy settlement Several Chinese pedestrians including a also were To Search For Arms The council gave the police sweeping authority to search public or private property for unauthorized threatening to expel from the settlement anyone committing armed crime and offering rewards up to to anyone supplying information leading to the arrest of terrorists or seizure of unauthorized Settlement American and hoped to prevent development of a terroristic campaign against Japan's domination of the Shanghai Friday Lo eminent Chinese Catholic layman and was assassinated in the French concession shortly after he assumed leadership of a Chinese committee co operating with the Japanese in restoring normal conditions the Shanghai port to ward which a Japanese army is driving from the was A public safety commission having restored order after two weeks of destruction and looting of Japan ese property by Chinese which departed 182 Remain One hundred eighty-two Ameri cans remained in Tsingtao and its and Samuel the United States reported all safe and all American property The destroyer Pope arrived at Shanghai from bringing five children of American residents of the Shantung port. About 70 Americans have left Tsingtao since Chinese began burning Japanese cotton mills and the Japanese invasion of Shantung began in Canton Bombed Hongkong dispatches reported Japanese airplanes heavily bombed to Page Jan. 1. government war communique late tonight declared government troops still held Teruel where Insurgent attempts to reoccupy the strategic city were said to have been beaten Terrific pressure from Insurgent planes and artillery forced the government to give the announcement but later one position was to the French frontier said the Insurgents were celebrating recapture of object surprise government offensive two of bitter winter fighting since a weeks Insurgents reported they dominated the city The communique said mechanized Insurgent assisted by great masses of aviation and moved at dawn across the plains outside Teruel forcing government forces to give Two powerful Insurgent attacks captured one strategic but the communique said government troops regained it The one of the greatest of the civil raged in heavy winter weather that Impeded all operations in deep Troops of both armies suffered from the and communications virtually were at a around the contested 135 miles east of Madrilenos celebrated New Year's day by receiving the gift of 100 grams of sugar 3.5 and the right to purchase one egg each with their dally food The heaviest snow in seven years blocked street car traffic and blanketed the gaping shell holes in downtown Many citizens suffered from the cold since were to surrender all blankets except two apiece last fall for the use of Barcelona dispatches said a terrific snowstorm handicapped gov efforts to send supplies and reinforcements to halt the Insurgent Forty armored three big guns and over 100 trucks were stalled In snow waiting better Communiques declared to Page Golden Bears Beat Tide 13-0; Mountaineers Get 7-6 Victory Over Texas Tech BOWL GAMES RING DOWN CURTAIN ON GRID GAMES East-West Tie At Santa Clara Trounces 6-0 In Sugar Bowl Bice Takes Colorado 28-14 And Auburn Beats Michigan stories on the bowl football games will be found in the sport section of tills 10 Million Jobless In V. 5. Indicated In National Count FIRST OF 7,822,912 Report Themselves As Unemployed Man Crown With Story About Wife's Inertia Intensive Drive To Enlarge Trade Body Planned TO PUBLICIZE BLUEFIELD Additional Revenue Will Be Put Into Effort To Advertise City ICG TO RESUME CASE Operators Seeking Lower Rail Rate To Hampton Roads MARKETS ENDANGERED chamber of commerce's campaign to raise a sizeable fund to publicize Greater Bluefield will start this Every cent of money raised by en- the membership of the trade Virginia and Eastern Present Charges Favor To Eastern Is Claimed Jan. 1. Interstate commerce commission will resume Wednesday consideration of a complaint rail rates on bituminous coal from points in West body will be spent to advertise Blue field's attractions from two center and as an ideal place In which to live and lear a Three media will be dally radio an attractive booklet and space in out-of-town It is the most ambitious program has ever G. L. chamber It is believed that the program will mean thousands of dollars In new business for Bluefield and many new particularly from the canvass for new members to raise funds to publicize W. is not a charitable campaign but an emest effort to enlist new recruits the chamber of commerce has for its sole purpose the promotion of the city's business and commercial Edward are not going out to solicit funds for the promotion of the interest of any one group no matter how our purpose is one dedicated to the advancement of Greater Bluefield's prosperity of every man and woman earning his or her livelihood in the have no apologies to our approach to the person who is not a member of the chamber is in the nature of presenting an offer to assist in a worthy endeavor which yields a return to every individual earning his livelihood in secretary In the last month the membership has been increased 60 per thus sufficient revenue to take care of all of its other activities except the proposed advertising Miss Martha Jane Williams of the WHIS staff has been loaned to the chamber of commerce to assist with the She will work under the direction of chamber officials in obtaining the new Still 1937 As French Deputies Wrestle With Budget Figures Nation Counts 164 New Year W. Va. Road Toll Drops Autos Take Highest Toll As Celebrants Greet 1938; State Has 9 Percent Decrease In Auto With None Reported For Day By The Associated Press At least 164 persons died with the old year in the United Automobiles skidding and careening on damp and streets took the heaviest accounting for 137 of the fatalities reported from 32 Virginia's constabulary wiped the slate clean Saturday after a year which brought a 9 per cent decrease in highway and looked hopefully for a larger reduction in 1938. Sergeant W. B. statistician for the department of public announced 465 persons were killed in 1937 automobile accidents as compared with 503 the previous Kanawha was outstanding among Tyree with a decrease of 16 per cent over 1936. The 1937 death toll In the county from highway mishaps was 54. While the state recovered from New Year's the police department credited to a vigilant campaign by West county and local officers against drunken driving the failure to a report of a single fatal Twelve were killed over the Christmas Superintendent C. C. Tallman had appealed to celebrants to stay from behind steering wheels after drinking and police visited night clubs and dance halls at intervals to remind crowds of the in Greenbrier celebrated the New Year today with the traditional A steady rain failed to dampen enthusiasm of participants in the 78th annual event Celebrants throughout the state awoke to find similar Uain fell in several sections and cloudy skies augured anything but aa to Page Jan. 1 still was officially 1937 today in the French whose two chambers were wrestling with the 1938 Clocks were stopped 10 minutes before last midnight and the shuttling of the budget between the chamber of deputies and the senate Late today the chamber finished the third reading and sent the budget to the This showed an anticipated deficit of nearly 400,000,000 francs France's dangerous strike situation remained with arbitrators and union leaders alike celebrating the New There several points of dispute between unions and employers upon which may hinge the question of whether the Communist party will continue to support the people's front tucky to Hampton Roads for outside the Virginia The filed with the commission early In the said the rates were unreasonable and in violation of the interstate commerce act. Hearings were begun in and continued until Rates Protected The rates are per gross ton from the New Winding Gulf and Greenbrier from Kanawha and Logan from the big district to Hampton Roads ports for and a five cent dumping The complaint charged the Hampton Roads were handicapped and prejudiced in meeting various forms of competition by excessive and unreasonable rates and that they have lost a large tonnage for New England consumers by reason of maintenance of excessive and unreasonable rates and charges to Hampton Roads as compared to rates maintained by the Pennsylvania railroad nad the New York Central railroad and their The complaint was filed in the name of the property owners composed of representatives of the Big and Winding Gulf Operators N. & W. Cited Defendants cited were the Chesapeake and the Norfolk and the the Campbell's the Kanawha the Glen Jean and the Creek and the Kelly's the New York the Fayette and and the i Numerous leaves to Intervene In the case were granted by the They included the New England Paper and Pulp Traffic the Port of Ocean Traffic the Boston Chamber of the chamber of commerce and the Maine Traffic Associated Industries of the Maine State chamber of numerous eastern the New England Traffic lea the Pennsylvania Public utilities Manufacturers Association of Associated Industries of Western Pennsylvania Coal Traffic bureau and the Eastern Bituminous Coal association and the New Bedford board of The Associated California's battering Bears and Whizzer White lived up to all advance notices today as the one exploded the Alabama Rose Bowl myth sky high and the other fought his heart out in a losing cause in headline attractions of the annual New Year's day football bowl West Virginia university's Mountaineers held a one point lead for nearly three periods to defeat the Texas Tech Red Raiders by a 7-6 score in the Sun Bowl at El 13,000 people saw the northerns and in their first invasion of the bowl yet emerge More than 262,000 fans turned out for the six games on the holiday card from coast to Some 90,000 of them watched Stub Allison's hang a 13-0 beating on thereby turning back the Crimson Tide for the first time in five Rose Bowl Fumble Beat Alabama By the simple means of taking advantage of Alabama ripping the line and pouring their bruising particularly Vic and Sam through the resulting the Bears bulled over a touchdown each in the second and periods to For individual the Cotton Bowl and its clash was the thriller for the leading the underdog astonished 37,000 fans by personally taking charge of two first-quarter touchdown drives to send the Rocky Mountain champions away to a flying 14-0 That's where sophomore Ernie who turned out to be a whole lot of entered the and when he came Colorado's chances went Ernie scored one touchdown himself and passed for the other three as Rice shoved over three in a big second added another in the and waltzed In with a 28-14 decision over the Buffalo Brigade that had gone through its regular season unbeaten and Santa Clara Upset L. S. V. Upsetters of the day were the Bucking Broncos of Santa who again whipped the stripes off Louisiana State's Bayou Tigers by opening a whole bag of tricks for a 6-0 victory in a repeat performance of last year's Sugar Bowl About 45,000 fans turned out for this year's The picked teams of east and performing before 59,000 spectators at San tussled all over the but wound up just where they started in a scoreless Auburn's second team shoved over a touchdown In the second quarter and topped Michigan State 6-0 before 18.700 in the Orange Bowl game at Jan. 1 P. Zelenak short but tall story pf his wife's inertia being the mother of an astounding invention won him the crown of world champion liar who probably will get crowned a second time by the subject of this so lazy she feeds the chickens pop corn so that when she frys the eggs they turn over by Those 22 words hit officials of the Burlington club in the eye like a grapefruit squirt as they sorted through 10,000 lies submitted by aspiring during the last O. C. club and his fellow officers came to Chicago today to of had captured the club's championship medal for the best lie of 1937. Huett proudly described the medal as diamond If he wasn't just think what the whole would have been Each New year's since 1929 the club has been choosing The club started as a but in a few years became Internationally In 1929 the present officers ran an informal conquest In Burlington on New Year's eve and asked the police chief to He told them he never had told a lie in his life and didn't propose to start especially with a new year on the They decided that was the best they had heard and gave him the ACCURACY QUESTIONED COm ATTORNEY Gets One Of Major Posts Under New Set-Up HEADQUARTERS IN CITY Will Handle All Legal Matters In Connection With Enforcing Codes Whole Family Fetes Anniversaries Announcer Breaks Show Goes On N. cT Jan. 1, announcer broke both but the show went J. B. Clark tripped and fell early this morning while hurrying radio station here to start the morning's He continued to the opened his program as usual and remained at the for two Then he a who put splints on his broken Woman Hits Woman In Eye For Pursuing W. 1 Mrs. Agnes Lilly walked into the office of Magistrate Frank Lemon and demanded that she be fined for hitting another woman in a downtown hit her with my and gave her a black she told she had been running around with my Lemon fined Mrs. Lilly heard she was going to swear out a warrant for Mrs. Lilly added after I got here Lemon assured her she shouldn't be fined for the same offense Just want to tell Mrs. Lilly have more for you If she doesn't leave that man W. Jan. 1. It was wedding anniversary day for the whole family at the home of S. R. who celebrated his 60th anniversary today with his 87, and his 74, joined their daughters and Mr. and Mrs. Charles Willis and Mr. and Mrs. Frank all of in the Both daughters were married on New Walter Virgil widely known Bluefield has been appointed attorney for District No. 7 of the Notional Bituminous Coal with headquarters in The appointment made by the commission in D. was announced here yesterday by Herbert D. manager of the statistical bureau of District No. 7. The appointment is one of the major posts coming under District No. 7 the entire area of the great smokeless which includes the Tug Winding New River and Greenbrier Widely Sought Post The it is was widely but when Mr. Ross became a candidate for the position it was generally conceded by those close to the commission that he would receive it. In announcing the appointment Mr. May expressed himself as being highly pleased with the and complimented them for their judgment in selecting a man highly as Mr. Mr. Ross will handle all legal matters arising in connection with the enforcement of the code in the smokeless The it was will require Mr. full Is Well-Known Mr. Ross Is probably one of the most active and widely known young Democratic leaders of the and has long been closely identified with Senator M. M. Neely of i He has been a resident of for the past twenty-five years to Page Present Business Recession Is Not Represented In Figures Jan. 1. The national unemployment census informed President Roosevelt today that the total of the nation's unemployed lay between 7,822,912 and a possible maximum of Its finding based upon the fact that a voluntary of the unemployed conducted between November 16 and November 20, 1937, showed 7,-822,912 to by their own out of work and wanting while a simultaneous canvas in selected areas indicated that this total was but 72 per cent Qualifies Figures In making this report to the chief John D. administrator of the said it was important to bear in mind that a certain number of people are it is not to be assumed the same number of jobs must be created to bring a return to normal he the usual family breadwinner is two or perhaps move members of the family may enter the labor when the breadwinner is satisfactorily reemployed other members of the family may withdraw from the labor you but it should perhaps be that the number of people who reported themselves as unemployed should not be confused with the number ot people who need financial assistance or Many people consider them selves unemployed who are financially not compelled to of their when they seek they the labor market and compete with others who have jobs or vitally need Ther are a factor in the unemployment problem through they may never seek Of the 7,822,812 who reported themselves a total of 2,001,877 were emergency relief Women who voluntarily registered as out of work comprised 1,996,699, including those doing emergency relief Two Classes letter to the president be divided into two One class represents those regular workers for wages who always when work is regardless of their immediate economic Work to them is not only a means of livelihood of These unemployed are clearly a part of the regular labor is also a second group consisting of those who are not regular workers for wages such as housewives who seek wage job only when the family breadwinner is daughters of sons who take jobs through choice rather than unpaid family workers on farms and in family who to Page Echoes Of Court Fight May Be Heard In Coming Session First Primaries For 1938 Congressional Contests Will Be Held Within Three Fate Of FDR Foes Is Watched With Interest ARE PUSHED FOR WEEK More Than Worth Of Merchandise Will Be On Display Here From Jan. 11 To 13 BY KIRKE L. SIMPSON Jan. 1 of the old battle over the court strangely infrequent in the special seem likely to be hearn again in the regular meeting of congress beginning next Within little more than three months comes the first primaries of the 1938 congressional Illinois party polls pick senatorial and other fall on April 12 and on May Indiana Prom then late September several states will be holding primaries every Especial interest centers upon the Indiana Senator Frederick Van whose seat is at stake was one of the half dozen senate Democrats who bolted presidential leadership on the court During the long battle it was freely predicted that disciplinary party action would be taken against the Yet there has been no talk of administration reprisals since It will be August before the second active Democratic senate foe of the court till faces a primary test. Senator Bennett Champ Clark of Missouri goes up for by Missouri Democrats August 2. During September other Democratic court bolters like McCaran of of George of and Longergan Connecticut will Political observers attach importance to the fact that the special session saw no of charges that the administration was preparing to seek the scalps of bolters in the A direct threat was voiced In the wake of the court fight by Senator Guffey of then heading the to Page The great array of new spring merchandise will be exhibited at Bluefield's semi-annual and Jan. 11, 12 and 13, will aggregate Sixty-five different representing everything from a pair of baby shoes to a living room will be on The expected to be the most elaborate in the 20 history of will require a hundred rooms at the West Virginian Officials of the sponsoring association said early reservations for the event pointed to an attendance of more than a thousand Most of them will be small town merchants and industrial store from a wide area in Sponsors say that the Bluefield week brings together a variety of merchandise that cannot be found anywhere else except in a few of the larger cities that are famed for their market Interspersing the business of the will be a varied entertainment including tw o dances and a The is Harry - Ben of are on its governing This year the chamber ot commerce Mi cooperating with the This week it mailed out more than 700 letters to store inviting them the 87th 3874 8?74
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