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Billings Gazette (Newspaper) - May 25, 1952, Billings, Montana 23 UNITED PRESS Tear Gas Routs 300 Convicts Rioting in Idaho Warden Refuses All Inmates Demands Despite Destruction Boise Idaho May 24 W Three hundred prisoners rioted at Idaho state penitentiary for more than four hours Saturday before a tear-gas barrage broke their lion The men started two fires smashed furniture and broke dows before state and city police routed them from stronghold in a barricaded recreation hall The prisoners bad armed selves with butcher knives and other crude weapons If anyone tries to go over the wall stop them and 1 don't care how you do Warden L E Clapp told guards The choking prisoners finally stumbled from the gas-filled hall as police and guards held a ring of guns about them from the walls Approximately three-fourths of the inmates had themselves in the recreation hall Guards fired tear gas after Clapp's ultimatum to surrender passed unheeded Fire broke out in a new block being constructed adjacent to the recreation hall when 1C guards went into the prison yard armed with clubs They herded prisoners who were not involved in the riot into their cells and a joined them few of the rioters AH guards had been withdrawn from the interior of the prison shortly before the trouble broke out None was taken hostage Clapp said Clapp reported the riot broke out when guards locked up four of five ringleaders who he said at- tempted to take over the duties of a prison grievance committee The prisoners took over the Continued on Page 14 Column 4 Air Force Backs Jet Airlines Washington May force has reversed itself and assured the senate it of civilian jet air was learned Saturday The information was to Chairman Edwin C of the senate commerce com- after the Colorado crat had assailed the military sition on jet passenger planes as entirely negative During recent hearings on bills to aid civil aircraft development Air Force Secretary Edwin V Huggins told the committee by letter that all he bills should he deferred He said development of jet air liners might interfere with military plane production After reading Huggins letter Before the committee Colonel John D Bridges testified it was doubtful that jet development should be started now even out government aid because of effects on tary production But Air Force Undersecretary Koswell L Gilpatric later dis- patched a letter informing son he understands the defense department favors jet transport de- velopment at any time that it can be carried on without inter- Continued on Page 14 Column 6 The FORECASTS and warm AIRPORT WEATHER DATA 1 cath bureau for lt June i sin a tai ot May a sea 1 58 total normal MONTANA DATA Suite Max Mln 46 33 Cheyenne Chicago Havre Helena Max Mln MONTANA SUNDAY MAY 25 1952 Kansas City 71 Minneapolis 72 New Orleans if U New York 15 Late 19 i 19 3 48 43 Vital Statistics Mrs J Mrs Badger Basin Wyo Fourth avenue Mrs j Keller Roundup MARRIAGE LICENSES 10 Oregon Residents Perish in Variety Of Fatal Accidents By United Press Ten have died so far this week end in one of the state's largest ity lists on record At Ore the lives of two men were snuffed out in an collision Four In- dians drowned in the Columbia river near A young swimmer drowned near Falls a woman was to death in Hood River a man was gored to by a bull in Klamath county and a farmer in Lane county died when his tractor over on top of him General Wins In Washington Spokane Wash May General Dwight D Eisenhower scored a thumping victory over Senator Robert A Taft Re- publican Ohio Saturday night in a bitter drawn out battle for 24 votes for the can presidential nomination The general's backers armed with a majority of the 900 gates at the state convention were in control from the start and swept in their slate amid consuming debates mentary wrangles Taft supporters could win only the delegates from two of the six congressional districts Two were elected from each Eisenhower backers won in the other four and took all 12 delegates Threats of a Taft walkout over the controversial unit rule in the big King county Seattle tion vanished as the hours wore on and the Eisenhower majority on the floor held up The Taft forces weary from de- bate conceded as the convention went well info he night and didn't even contest the last six delegates The convention agreed to permit the Eisenhower con- trolled King county delegation to cast its 92 votes as a unit The vote on it was The Taft camp attempted to throw out the decision by claiming the matter needed a two thirds majority to pass George Kinnear an Eisenhower man who was elected permanent chairman dis- agreed and the the ruling by Taft forces contending the unit rule is illegal and unfair had been expected to walk out at this point but they stayed on and continued the losing battle The unit rule imposed on the King delegation by the county con- vention which was controlled by Eisenhower supporters meant that all 292 votes could be cast as the majority decided An early roll call showed Taft had 91 delegates out of the 292 Walkout Halts Western Shipping San Francisco May A week-end walkout by American Federation of Labor sailors tled private shipping in Pacific coast ports Saturday and owners claimed that even ity military cargoes for Korea were being delayed Hardest hit by the wage dispute were 400 passengers aboard the liner President Wilson in San cisco whose or Hawaii and orient points already had been several hours delayed by the out At Los Angeles another 400 passengers waited with fading hope for the ship's arrival Shortly after 4 p.m American President lines officials postponed he President Wilson's sailing time for the day and re- scheduled it tentatively for noon Sunday It is patent that the union will not provide a crew an spokesman said There is no assurance we will Have a crew tomorrow The Sailors Union of Pacific headed by fiery Harry Lundeberg staged the walkout lo Jack up demands for tive bargaining by owners in re- negotiating the wage provisions of their working agreement The sailors quit work at 4 p.m and voted at work meetings in principal west coast ports to stay off the job at least until 5 p.m Monday They authorized a full-dress strike against the Pacific Maritime representing he Continued on Page 14 Column 3 Texas Town Hit By Flash Flood By Associated Press Showers spread across a huge ASSOCIATED PRESS Mutinous Red Knuckle Under to Allies General Get Tough Policy Said Paying Off Koje Island Korea May Rebellious communist war prisoners knuckled under to the allies new get tough policy and hauled down their gal flags and taunting propaganda banners A North Korean spokesman for the prisoners assured Brigadier General Haydon L Boatner the island's new the are now willing to obey orders General Mark W Clark had ordered Boatner to regain uncontested control of the pris The first flags to come down were in notorious compound 76 where former Brigadier General Francis T Dodd was kidnaped Later captives in nine of the 17 compounds on this island pulled down their communist flags and banners and the remainder were expected to do so shortly Washington dispatches disclosed General Matthew B Ridgway ad- vised congress the communist truce team had threatened re- against allied prisoners if harsh action was taken against the rebellious prisoners However no harsh action responsible for the communists knuckling under to Boatner The communist action appeared the face of a show of force by American paratroopers and newly arrived British wealth troops North Korean on leader Colonel Lee Hak Koo wrote Boatner requesting a ing and said the prisoners were now willing to obey orders Boatner received Lee in a room where he told him the requires that prisoners of war act in a dis- respectful manner and that flying flags and displaying signs is contrary to discipline and respect He said the signs must come Continued on Page 7 Column 5 Report Exposes in China section of the United Slates Waters from the Bosque river gushed into Hico a town of about in north central Texas The water rose to a level of three feet in some homes in the community Soaking rains were reported at many points in the midwest south and west Most of the east coast and the far west had fair weather Washington May intelligence report the Chinese reds bona fide Moscow directed cc was published Saturday night by the senate internal ity subcommittee e report noted that some ob- servers then contended the nese communists were agrarian re- forms or Democrats and not real communists It said the tion failed to bear this out It also concluded there is son to believe hat Soviet Russia plans to create areas in Manchuria Korea and probably north China The document pre- pared before Japan's surrender in World war II gave a detailed count of the history of the nese communists including their political and military activities It also discussed the possibility of a postwar coalition government m subject that later was to become a hot political issue in this hut set out no nite conclusion The document originally was classified as secret but this label was taken off August The senate committee however said it does not believe it has previously been made available to the public The senators issued it in con- with the year-long gation they have been conducting m search for any communist ences on United States far eastern policies The report was dated July 5 1945 and stated military in- service undertook the project late in 1944 in an effort Continued on Page 14 Column 6 10 Indians Killed In Lightning Fire Tahlequah Okla May Ten Cherokee Indians perished in flames Friday touched off by a bolt of lightning during a violent thunderstorm members of two families nine of them children burned to death when heir three-room frame dwelling was consumed by fire in a matter of minutes A witness said the hut seemed almost lo explode It went up like a torch Mrs Dorothy Scott about 30 died in a hospital shortly after four of her children and five more belonging to a Mrs Scott lost their lives in the pre-dawn tragedy Runaway Scolt husband of the dead woman was hospitalized with his only remaining child ward 3 The oldest child was 7 Scott said he first fled in panic when bolt struck and later tad time only to pull his wife and son from inferno His sister Mrs Eunice Scott was away at he time PRICE TEN CENTS Well Matched Horses Displayed by Helena Shriners Sheiks from Algeria temple of Helena rode their well-matched horses in Saturday's The temple's mounted patrol decked in Arabic finery and carrying rifles lent K to the rocession procession The patrol under Captain Paul Knapp is the only one of its kind n Sn It has appeared at the Calgary stampede and at the Pacific Northwest meeting las in yea Tn the mystic Stassen Proposes Institute Diplomatic Academy Spokane May Harold E Slassen Republican presidential aspirant Saturday proposed an academy for diplo- macy for stale department em- ployes Stassen in a keynote address o state Republicans here lo chose 24 delegates to attend the national convention said high principles would put a Republican in the White House for the first lime in 20 years Red Air Power Worries Solons Washington May tors showed obvious concern day over what General Matthew B Ridgway told them about the air strength of the com- in Asia although they withheld just what it was he said The testimony of General way on the growing strength of communist aviation in Manchuria and Korea essential in my Senator Wyoming said thai congress have a completely factual presentation on the relative strength of the United States and communist Congress in this session is face to face with the decision whether or riot we shall yield air ity to the Kremlin O'Mahoney made the comment in a statement in which he an- that a senate tions subcommittee on defense funds which he heads has called upon Secretary of the Air Force Finletter for an up-to-the-minute report on relative air strength Just before Ridgway the former Korean war commander left here Saturday for New York and Parish where he will succeed General Dwight D Eisenhower the senate armed services committee released Continued on Page 9 Column 4 More Oil Plant Workers Return Denver May further stepup in the flow of the nation's gasoline and oil interrupted by a strike was promised Saturday as additional refinery workers agreements Developments on the fifth day since the strike was called April 30 by a coalition of 22 and independent unions the walkout of workers at the huge Whiting Ind refinery of Standard Oil ended Friday night with an agreement based on a cent hourly wage hike mended 10 days ago by the wage stabilization board The scale in the industry averaged 2.10 per hour for day work at he Texas company's Port Arthur Texas plant also voted an end of their strike leaving only five major refineries in Texas still shut down workers in 30 locals of Oklahoma and Kansas cast votes on whether to accept a in- crease offered by the Cities Service Oil company A union source at Denver Parade Grand Ball Close Pacific Northwest Shrine Meet The Pacific Northwest Shrine association ended one of the gest and most successful tions in its history Saturday in Billings with an immense parade and an banquet in the Northern hotel and grand ball in AI temple's auditorium Saturday night Hundreds of smartly stepping and flashily costumed staging a grand public finale to the Pacific northwest meeting paraded under sunny skies Saturday through downtown Billings before the greatest out of spectators in the city's an- Billings police and Shrine con- vention officials estimated between and persons packed the sidelines along the parade route to view the lar closing event on the northwest association's program The turnout they said is ex- to set a new record for an outdoor spectacle in Montana R G Bonell past of Al temple and general man in charge of arrangements for the regional Shrine meeting and other officials described the lings convention largest and most successful ever Stockmen Elect Grassrange Man Butle May R burn of Grassrange was president of the Montana association at the sion of the sixty-eighth annual convention here Saturday Dan Fulton Ismay was elected first vice president J S Brenner Grant second vice president and E A Phillips Helena reelected secretary Dale E Metlen stead was elected to the executive committee and Len McDonald ser F T Browne Poison man Wesley A D'Ewart Wilsall were William Mackay Roscoe arid Gene Etchart Glasgow are holdover members of the board In resolutions the went on record as being opposed to the petition now being circulated to amend he state workmen's com- law took a stand against continuation of price controls on meat and recommended changes in a congressional act to build a oratory for he study of hoof and mouth disease The proposed amendments would staged for the Pacific Northwest association Serving with Bonell in directing general convention arrangements were Robert E vice chairman and A A D Rahn Jr director general Registration for the convention went over the mark Continued on Page 7 Column 5 Potato Shortage Believed Easing Washington May 24 Farm officials said Saturday the shortage of potatoes has reached its peak and that housewives should be able o buy normal quantities within three weeks While no official forecast of this year's production has been made yet agriculture department ex- perts estimate that between 20 and 25 million bushels of early potatoes should move to market June The shortage developed 1 Production of late 1951-crop grown in northern the nation's supplies for the following winter and was short 2 Harvest of his year's early in southern states and been later than usual Now that the shortage soon may be officials are casting an eye a possible repeat appearance a year from now veys made planting son indicated that there would be less land seeded to potatoes this year than last Last year's crop of 325 million bushels was 25 per cent smaller than the previous year's harvest Farmers reduced planting sharply because congress withdrew price supports Producers reported they ivere fearful of a severe price col- lapse and many turned to more crops In addition un- favorable weather held down the yield Under the price support gram which had been in effect for about 10 years the government bought supplies which growers could not yell o consumer markets at prices Over the years the department ought several hundred million bushels at a cost of more than 600 million dollars Unlike some crops provide that the laboratory be as wheal corn dry authorized to work on all vesicular beans tobacco and and virus diseases of livestock and construction of the laboratory lie authorized within the boundaries of the United States rather than on an island Other resolutions opposed in- creases in intrastate freight rales and commended the Montana road commission for its actions urged allocation of steel and other materials for railroads to build freight cars monthly The association opposed a recent by he federal meal in service providing that meat may be included in Hamburger and sausage if properly This the association said might induce further scandals in the sale of horse meat as beef Another resolution urged the Continued on Page 9 Column Continued on Page 14 Column 7 General Clark Seeks Data On Russia's Intentions Tokyo May Mark Clark says he knows the capabilities of the Russian tary buildup in the far east but ho would like lo know morn about Russian intentions In my briefings since 1 took command I have been informed of the increase of Soviet military forces in the far the new commander ot united nations forces said in an interview We know the capabilities of the Russians but we'd like to know more about their intentions General Matthew B whom Clark succeeded on May 12 said in Washington this week that me Soviet military machine was building up its far-eastern forces Ridgway's remarks put the in- formation on the record publicly although it had been of dire con- cern among officers in the far east command for the last year The Chinese have taken ad- vantage of the lull in fighting in Korea to build up Clark said But 1 am deeply impressed with the high morale of General James A Van Fleet's Eighth army and 1 Hunk he will take care of them if they start anything toes cannot be stored in years of surplus production and held for yenrs of shortage because they are highly perishable As it was the vast quantity Continued on Page 14 Column 6 Truman Prepares lo Pass Buck M a y President Truman is prepared lo throw the ball to congress if the supreme court voids his seizure of the steel industry and the United strike again informed sources revealed day These sources said Truman has no present intention of invoking the ment act to obtain a injunction if the union quits the mills again following a court de- that the seizure was illegal Instead he will tell congress to go ahead and cope with the tional emergency a would produce The high court may rule day its regular decision day on the the dent's seizure of the industry April S Many ob- servers believed however that the importance of ruling will de- lay a decision until later in the week or possibly beyond the court's last scheduled decision day in the current term June 2 There was no way of forecasting how the court would rule It send case back lo a lower court France Reluctantly Agrees to Sign West German Peace Treaty Battle Is Seen In Senate Over Aid Slash Connolly to Lead Fight for Boost Over House Measure Washington May ator Connally of Texas Democratic foreign policy leader in the senate said Saturday he would conduct an all-out fight for a foreign aid bigger than the house voted Cabinet Authorizes Move to Join U.S And Great Britain Bonn Germany May France agreed reluctantly night to join the United Slates and Britain in signing a separate peace treaty with West Germany The French cabinet in a minute French Foreign Minister Robert The house with a Republicans and a coalition of number of Democrats in control Friday night passed a measure to strengthen foreign nations against communism This was 000 less than the President Truman asked Two senate committees have proved a billion-dollar reduction in the Truman program bringing it down to and Con- nally will fight to prevent further cuts in the senate debate opening Monday Advocates of deeper cuts de- clared the solvency of the United States is a main consideration in erecting defenses against nism and that he contains SOVIET ASKS PARLEY London May Soviet union to the United States Saturday proposed four-power talks on an peace treaty without delay despite existing The Russian note broadcast by Moscow radio replied to can British and French notes of May 13 The allies said at that dme they were willing to join in talks on unifying Germany if the Soviets first agreed to free German elections plenty of water squeezed out which can be The administration was putting on a big campaign to cancel out the house cuts W John Kenney deputy director of the mutual security agency held a news con- ference He said the house cuts would cripple the defense of Europe pre- venting the North Atlantic treaty countries from reaching their goal of 50 divisions in Europe this year Connally chairman of the ate foreign relations committee told counting on bipartisan port of pur defense program to avoid doing what the house did We are not playing politics and we arc not demagoging z The which the senate have before it was cleared through two relations and armed services An attempt in the latter committee to cut it by 400 million more was defeated 7 to 6 Eleven Republican senators led by Senator Welker of Idaho will seek to chop a full billion from the senate next week If they fail in that they propose to cut a half billion Red Migs Edge American Jets Tokyo May built iels piloted by the enemy's best defeated American jet planes for the first time of the Korean war in a series of air battles last week the Fifth air force disclosed Saturday The air force's weekly summary showed the Migs shot down five American jets while losing four In the past the Americans have won by an 8 ratio week after week Three Sabre jets and two fighters were lost in air battles while the were shooting down four Migs In addition the allies lost seven other planes to other causes Schuman to affix his signature to the document in ceremonies here Monday morning The decision was reached after a threat by France to scuttle both the peace treaty and European army pact unless the United States congress and the British parliament gave formal guarantees that Germany would not later withdraw from the Eu- ropean army and form a separate national military establishment Fears that a stubborn holdout on the issue might prompt an American withdrawal from Eu- rope finally tipped the balance in favor of the signing The French cabinet watered down its original stiff demand for Continued on Page 7 Column 4 Allied Patrols Raid Red Lines Seoul Korea May Allied patrols raided red positions on the eastern Korean battlefront Saturday striking in the predawn darkness with hand grenades and machine guns The United States Eighth reported one patrol wiped out a communist platoon in a clash lasting one hour 35 minutes The allied patrol captured rounds of red machine gun 200 hand grenades and small arms United States Fifth air force fighters and bombers followed up their big raids Thursday and day on with strikes on com- front line bunkers The air orce reported several areas on the front were left strewn with ered timbers The Fifth air force reported that he week ended Friday was one of the worst of the war in the ance sheet of air ied planes including five in aerial combat compared with four red lets downed Three United Stales Sabre els and two were shot down by communist pilots The other seven allied planes were destroyed by antiaircraft fire Air force figures for the week did not include naval air losses Rescue flights indicated there were at least two The announcement made no comment on the loss of allied in air-to-air combat but it came just two days after ca's newest jet ace Colonel rison R Thyng disclosed Sabre jet pilots had been South Africans Battle Policemen Johannesburg South Africa au labor organizer meeting the enemy's best during wilom government ordered into the previous 15 days Thyng commander of the Fourth wing said of the communist pilots recently They're aggressive They want protect him fight and their shooting has dv improved Other allied pilots said they be- Continued on Page 14 Column 5 Anglers Rescued By Helicopter Cal May i closed in fishermen were rescued The bespectacled Sachs called by coast guard helicopter from calm But screaming women steep rock off the out his words and pressed retirement under its act to press communism was arrested Saturday at a protest meeting in front of the city hall as trade Forty persons including six whites were injured by police clubs in this incident of a wide split over the nationalist policies of Prime Minister Daniel F Malan The labor organizer E S Sachs is a professed He has been secretary of the Garment Workers union He had spoken 10 minutes to a crowd of at the test muting when the police county coast brandishing slicks and The two men not identified had clung to their pre- In confused police made carious refuge for several hours a baton charge to clear the he helicopter dispatched rom San Francisco saved them They were taken to a near-by leach about mile west of here First reports of the incident did not indicate how the fishermen lad become stranded on Goat rock n surf just south of the mouth of the Russian river hall's steps Sachs was driven away in a police van After falling back before the police charge the crowd surged up the steps again A front door of the city hall was smashed About 15 police made a second charge Men and women alike were knocked to the ground Then the police drew and the meeting
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